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A Comprehensive Guide To TEEL Paragraph Structuring

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TEEL, an acronym for Topic-Explanation-Evidence-Link, is a highly effective paragraph structuring technique used across all levels of academic writing. It follows a logical sequence for presenting information and developing an engaging & coherent discourse. The TEEL structure is simple, clear, engaging, and easy to implement. And this entire article is dedicated to discussing the TEEL structuring technique.

Now, what’s all the hullabaloo about paragraph structuring? Why is it so important? Well, the reasons are quite simple!

Why is Paragraph Structuring so Important?

Paragraphs are how we arrange and present information in any write-up. For them to be able to convey & communicate ideas and information successfully, paragraphs must be structured so that:

  • Readers can easily understand what’s being said.
  • The entire text is easy to read and follows.
  • There’s a logical order to all the information and the overall narrative.
  • Keywords and signpost words can help the audience navigate the writer’s discourse and get a good idea about the writer’s perspective on a topic.
  • Ideas, information, supporting arguments, and analysis can be organised & presented effectively and under the write-up’s objectives.

Introducing TEEL Paragraphing

The TEEL paragraphing technique provides a highly effective and incredibly intuitive way to present information logically and in an organised manner. Itis an effective framework for elaborating on claims & arguments, analysing facts & observations, implementing persuasive tactics and much more.

The TEEL technique is a derivative of critical thinking in writing as it:

  • Starts the paragraph with a clear and concise topicsentence about ideas, arguments, or the crux of the discussion;
  • Explains and elaborates on the central idea or argument with sound logic;
  • Provides evidencein support of the claims and adjoined analysis or explanation;
  • Links everything with the broader context of the discussion and places everything in relevance to the grand scheme of things, that is, the subject domain;
  • Wraps up the paragraph by highlighting key points, reinforcing the claim/argument/observation in the topic sentence, and transitioning smoothly into the next section;

As may be evident, the TEEL paragraph is one of the most simple and logical ways to structure a paragraph to serve its purpose successfully.

Topic Sentence

So, let’s dig into the nuances of the techniques.

Section 1: T For Topic

The topic sentence of a paragraph defines the primary point, idea, or argument to be discussed. It informs the audience about the paragraph’s purposes and sets the tone & context for the explanations & narrative discourse.

  • The topic sentence IS the point/claim/argument/observation the writer intends to make.
  • Topic sentences must support the PRIMARY ARGUMENT, IDEA, STANCE, or STATEMENT made by the writer, except when you are presenting and refuting a counter-argument or disagreeing with an opposing view.

A good example of clean and concise topic sentences can be as follows:

Rising population and unsustainable consumption are the primary drivers of climate change and pollution.”

There are some key things to note here à 

  • First, the statement or argument presents a clear-cut point.You have to now show through your explanations & evidence why you agree or disagree with this point.
  • The point presents a clear idea, opinion or argument about climate change, pollution, and environmental sustainability. Topic sentences should be connected with the main subject of the write-up.
  • It is short, straightforward and presents an idea with conviction.Precision and pertinency are key aspects of a coherent and seamless narrative.

However, keep in mind that topic sentences need not always be in direct support of the primary argument. Case in point are paragraphs where you are presenting a counter-argument or opposing opinion and then refuting them.

  • It uses keywords (climate change, pollution, population, consumption), a strong linking verb (are),and potent attributive adjectives (primary, unsustainable) to improve readability and understanding and present everything with conviction.

Once the topic sentence is in place, it is time to explain and analyse its significance in the context of the discussion.

Section 2: E For Explanation

Making a claim, stating a point, or presenting an argument without backing does not work. If you make a point, you must have the confidence, understanding, information, and logical acumen to back it up.

  • There is no way to convince your audience of your point without an explanation. Anybody can challenge or dismiss your ideas and information as hollow, inaccurate, & baseless.
  • The explanation elaborates on your point and places your ideas & understanding in the context of the discussion. The better you can explain in light of the discussion, the more credible and impressive your discourse will be.
  • Logical reasoning, objective analysis, and pertinent information must be the basis of all explanations.
  • Good explanations go into the crucial details and present everything necessary to substantiate the point.

Seamless transitioning is important in any paragraph structuring and, resultantly, for an engaging narrative. You must integrate your explanations perfectly with the point or argument in the topic sentence.

Gel everything together into a single unit by:

  • Using signposting and transition words & phrases
  • Using the keywords in the topic sentence
  • Precisely showcasing how the point or argument reinforces the primary argument, opinion, or observation;
  • Using logic to highlight relationships and relevancy with the subject under discussion.

Here’s an example à 

Rising population and unsustainable consumption are the primary drivers of climate change and pollution. As populations rise, the demand for resources increases at an exponential rate. Every human needs food & water to survive, and today it also needs access to energy sources & other material needs. The correlation between the rising human population in the last few centuries and the rapid, unregulated & unsustainable increase in resource consumption has been highlighted in many studies, including a report by the UN. Resultantly, unsustainable consumption due to massive spikes in population has led to increasing greenhouse emissions, environmental damage & eco-system loss, and rapid depletion of vital resources.”

There are different ways and approaches for explaining something. Just make sure you use logical reasoning, are objective, precise & pertinent, and encapsulate & integrate everything nicely.

Once you are satisfied with your analysis/explanation, it is time to present the evidence necessary to back everything up.

Section 3: E for Evidence

Explanations and evidence refine & substantiate claims. Altogether, they contribute to the main idea of a write-up.

Different kinds of evidence can be added, some more suitable than others under specific circumstances. Statistics, facts, findings from expert studies, practical examples from real life, textual evidence or case studies — there can be a plethora of evidential information; the trick is to use the most pertinent and credible one!

Adding the right kind of evidence is important to:

  • To validate and substantiate your claim;
  • Persuade readers to accept your claims and explanation;
  • Countering any opposition;
  • Increasing the quality and credibility of your perspective, reasoning, and discussion

There are three primary categories of evidence for backing up claims and points. They are:


The strongest form of evidence, facts, can instantly establish a point’s irrefutability instantly. Presenting facts can help you win over your audience. Facts can be quantitative and qualitative and can be presented as textual evidence from books, statistical evidence from formal research papers & case studies, and nominal or ordinal information from expert studies.

Accuracy, correctness, quality and credibility are vital to any factual evidence. Be sure of these aspects before utilising any evidence.


While facts may be powerful persuaders, they alone cannot carry an argument. You have to deliver some judgement on the facts presented and, thereby, integrate them with your explanations. An acute judgement, founded on solid reasoning and sound logic and in line with a clear & precise explanation, can reinforce any argument with conviction.


Testimonies from an expert or an eyewitness are as powerful as cold, hard facts. Both of these lend credibility and validate points being made. Testimonies from eyewitnesses & subjects who have been in the thick of it are irrefutable facts, while those from subject matter experts can be undeniable judgments or scientifically-backed opinions.

Follow the tips below to evaluate & select the most valid pieces of evidence à 

  • Choose the most authoritative sources you can find.
  • Use different evidential sources against each other. COMPARE & CONTRAST between different kinds of evidence.
  • Think if there will be any ambiguity in interpretation.
  • To what extent does the evidence support your point & explanation?
  • Are there any potential gaps or limitations?
  • Will you be able to validate the credibility of the source & defend the concreteness of the evidence?
  • What are the most probable implications?

Finally, note down the metadata of every information source you use. You will have to use them for citations & references. Jot down key information such as:

  • Titles
  • Author names
  • Journal & article titles (where applicable)
  • Year of publication
  • Publisher
  • Page numbers
  • DOI
  • URL

Once you are done explaining and presenting evidence, it is time to draw things close by harking back to the topic sentence and linking everything to the primary argument & the subject under discussion.

Section 4: L for Link

Linking everything with the discussion and discourse is vital to ensure absolute relevancy.

  • Linking shows that your answer is relevant to the research question.
  • Links connect the paragraph’s argument, logic, and evidence with the wider subject of discussion.
  • Links are also important for transitioning to the next point. Transition words and phrases enhance ideas’ logical flow and bring coherence to the discourse.
  • By linking ideas and explanations, you are painting a complete picture of your discussion in front of the readers.

Again, use keywords from the essay question, the paragraph’s topic, and the primary argument to establish a link in a broader context. Here are some good transition words and phrases for maintaining coherence & a logical flow à 

  • Consequently…
  • Furthermore…
  • Subsequently…
  • This demonstrates…
  • The argument strongly suggests…
  • Similarly…
  • As a result,
  • In addition…
  • Moreover…

Finally, once you have placed the paragraph in the context of your discussion, wrap it up with a stirring concluding statement.

Section 5: The Concluding Statement

Leaving an ever-lasting impression on readers is what every writer yearns for. Statements made with conviction, clear, logical, & in-depth explanations, undisputable evidence, and overall contextual cohesion are essential for doing so. But so are touching conclusions.

  • A strong concluding statement will keep readers thinking and leave them with an impression.
  • Summarising key aspects of the explanation and key evidence is a great way to reinforce the topic sentence.
  • Like topic sentences, concluding sentences must also be firm and confident.
  • Reinforce the key insights of the paragraph but do not add anything new.
  • Synthesise don’t just summarise. Bring together the main point, key aspects of the explanation, and crucial evidence.
  • Link back to the subject under discussion.
  • Close with something provocative for a more profound impact.
  • You can also merge the linking portion and concluding statement to boost contextual coherence.

And that’s how you implement the TEEL paragraphing technique.

In Conclusion

The TEEL structure is highly effective as it incorporates critical thinking into the writing structure. Use the TEEL structure to organise ideas, improve cohesivity, develop a seamless narrative, achieve a logical flow of ideas, and turn paragraphs into complete units of irrefutable arguments & insightful information.

TEEL paragraphing keeps the writing focused and is a derivative of critical writing. Through effective use of explanation, evidence, and links, TEEL paragraphs leave no place for any ambiguity, paradox, fallacies, or flaws. It makes for strong and convincing textual discourse on any subject in any domain.

Use the TEEL technique in your write-ups, and you can be sure of scoring great grades & garnering accolades for your writing & researching skills, knowledge, presentation, and way of thinking.

Hi, I am Mark, a Literature writer by profession. Fueled by a lifelong passion for Literature, story, and creative expression, I went on to get a PhD in creative writing. Over all these years, my passion has helped me manage a publication of my write ups in prominent websites and e-magazines. I have also been working part-time as a writing expert for for 5+ years now. It’s fun to guide students on academic write ups and bag those top grades like a pro. Apart from my professional life, I am a big-time foodie and travel enthusiast in my personal life. So, when I am not working, I am probably travelling places to try regional delicacies and sharing my experiences with people through my blog. 

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