Grammar and Style•Write in the third person (no I, we, our etc.)•Check your spelling •Watch your paragraph length (If you have a paragraph longer than one page, something is wrong •Use direct quotes infrequently. Instead, write in your own words and cite the source. (No ‘cutting and pasting’ together your paper.)•Use long quote formatting for quotes longer than three lines. (There should be no more than one or two long quotes in a paper.)•Consider using headings• Sourcing•Peer-reviewed academic sources are the ‘gold standard’.•Other academic sources which are not peer-reviewed are often problematic and should not be used. For example, an article published by an academic on a website or blog has not been assessed. If you must use a source like this, then you should also provide an assessment of the source in your analysis. (Note: It’s probably not a good idea to use the source.)•Primary sources (such as government publications) are acceptable; however you need to consider that the methodology used to prepare them cannot be assessed. Again, this will have to be addressed in your analysis. Sourcing•Books are not peer-reviewed and (generally speaking) should not be used. There is one exception to this – sourcing your theory. Developing a theory or philosophical perspective often takes place in books. A book is fine to use as a source in this context. •Students often want to cite the textbook because it mentions the research of other(s). Try to find the original source based on the citation. If you can find the original source, cite that. If not, cite the original source via the textbook using APA. (Try not to do this frequently.)•Generally speaking, news sources are only acceptable regarding the date and time of incident(s). These should be rare. •Other sources, such as blogs, wikis, online articles are not acceptable. Youth Violence in Schools Thesis Statement •Keep it simple and straightforward.•This is NOT a description, it is a statement to be proven. (For example, your thesis statement should NOT be about ‘describing the historical events that led to the relationship between the aboriginal community and police’.)•Think back to research methods. For a graduate paper, you should have a population, one independent variable and one dependent variable. If you have more than one independent or dependent variable – you probably won’t be able to prove your thesis in the length of the paper.•Define all key terms, especially if they are in your thesis statement. People talk about positive outcomes, success, a negative relationship etc. You need to define such terms in your introduction. Critical Analysis•Sourcing is tied to your analysis. At this level, you should be providing assessments of the research you use in your research.•Refer to your research methods courses to consider the validity and reliability of sources. Often, the results of various studies are limited. Issues of validity, reliability and limitations should be discussed.•Consider using such limitations as areas of future research recommendations in your conclusion.•Your entire paper MUST be properly sourced. If you have even one paragraph that is not cited, review it again. You have probably missed a source.•Personal opinions and experiences are not acceptable.•You are presenting an objective argument, bolstered by research. Introduction•Your thesis statement needs to be in your introduction.•This should be relatively short (one or two paragraphs) and at the beginning of your paper. If I have to read two pages to get to your thesis statement, you’ve ‘gotten lost’. Remember, most of your paper should be your analysis (proving your thesis), so put your thesis up front and center for the reader. •Include your theoretical perspective (framework) Conclusion•Your conclusion should be the last portion of your paper. •Read your conclusion and then read your introduction. Are they both dealing with your thesis? They should be. •Then review your paper. Make sure every paragraph has relevance to BOTH your introduction and conclusion. •Make sure your theory is explained not only in your introduction, but in the body and conclusion as well •If there are areas of criticism or things you feel you couldn’t deal with well, use them as recommendations for future research here.