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Globalization and Its Impact on Global Health: A Critical Analysis

Impact of Globalization on Health

Globalisation Is Both The Cause And The Cure Of Global Health Problems Critically Evaluate This Claim Using Theory, Research And Evidence.

Globalization is considered to be the process of making interactions with the worldwide business, technology, information, people and information that can enhance the economy (Beck, 2018). Globalization benefits the society and the nation as a whole through social and economic globalization. Globalization make the increase in the knowledge and resources that fosters the information and allows the free trade. It has affected the global health problems in a significant way and causes the emergence of several diseases. Also, globalization cures the global health problems (Hirst, et al., 2015). Here, the essay has discussed the globalization and the way it causes and cures the global health problems. The essay has been supported with the relevant theories of globalization that help in the determination of effect on the health problems.

Globalization has been an important aspect of the nation that brings productivity to the economy of the nation. It has brought a positive impact on the global health as it brings several kinds of technology and the resources that can be helpful in the curing of health of the individual (Rinella & Charlton, 2016). This can be understood from the liberalism theory of globalization which states that globalization provides the liberalization for the technological advancements, economic welfare and the political liberty. Theory state that liberal economy of the nation are drivers of economic growth (Hovden & Keene, 2016). Particularly, this economic growth has led to increase in the opportunity to improve the health due to various equipment which are the result of the technological advances and the information exchanges within the entire world.

Also, this can be seen from the fact that due to the liberal economic, technological and the infrastructural changes has led to the more treatment options for the people and deal with the specific health due issue due to the tendency of the global interactions and widely sharing of the information (Forster, et al., 2019). Moreover, globalization has been making a tremendous growth in the health outcomes. Due to the fast sharing of information due the rapid advancement in the technology, there is an increase in the economic structure of the nation as the rural people can get access of the communication technology that can make the people aware of the health problems in an easier way.

Globalization affects the economic growth and the overall development of the nation through the information and knowledge transfer and increases the health status through the free trade. Additionally, technology leads to increase in knowledge and access of the data that can make the people aware of the diseases and the health problems (Soper & Emmelin, 2016). Good health is regarded as the main goal of the nation in which the ongoing communication and knowledge enhancement criteria can make the country advanced. This can enable the nation to address the health issue in more convenient way.

Liberalism Theory of Globalization and its Impact on Health

Thus, the application of the liberalism theory of globalization, it can be observed that due to the liberal exchange of information, it has been made easier for the people to determine the health determinants which are the major causes of the health services (Turner & Holton, 2015). Due to the free flow of information into the cross borders of the nation, information can be easily be manipulated and shared across the nation. The medical expertise has also increased due to the rapid increase in the globalization as the knowledge of the medical professionals has increased and the professionals have been providing quality of care to the people and ultimately cures the global health problems.

Also, there is one more theory called constructivism theory of globalization that states that the social world is constructed with the particular symbols, images or the interpretation that determine the ways to be adopted through the social interaction and creating a social interaction with the rest of the world (Mingst, et al., 2018). It emphasises on the communicative practices that can make the power relationships in the process of globalization. Thus, as per theory, social interactions can make the effective contribution in the public health as the people have been addressing the health issues more easily due to the expression of the idea. These social interactions have also enabled in the communication of the ideas the relevant information that can ensure in the health interest of the individual.

Thus, it can be understood that the public health has improved due to the social constructivism that particularly serves the purposes and welfare of the people (Haas, 2015). Globalization can ensure in the transferring of the relevant information that can make the people more knowledgeable about the several kinds of diseases that can add to the efficiency of the people to create an understanding of the health related concerns of the global world and also addressing the health concerns in such a way that it makes the person healthy.

As globalization allows the nations to interact and share useful information, it has given an advantage to the nations to globally spread the awareness of the health related concerns and also taking the help of the wellness programs internationally making the people make an understanding of the different health issues in order to improve in a significant way (Al‐Ansari, et al., 2016). The entire process of globalization affects the health relate concerns. Particularly, social interactions that create a culture and the lifestyle of the individual brings a positive impact on the health of the person due to the social-cultural interaction of the person.

Constructivism Theory of Globalization and its Impact on Health

Particularly, health related policies of the government have enabled in the good health and the economic development of the nation due to globalization. It has also influenced the population health because of the partnerships being made with the private sector which has elaborated the knowledge and resources that can add to the health of the public when the partnerships are made for the increasing the skills and capabilities of the people that can add to the knowledge of health related with the health-related concerns (Khoo, 2019). Further, transfer of knowledge through the globalized education can make the people responsible towards the social issues and thereby they can address the health issue more easily.

Further, another globalization theory can be seen such as theory of post modernism that enables the nation to make the further development and enhancing universalism. After the modernization, postmodernism theory elaborates the further development of the future that can make the nation developed (Homer, 2018). This can be helpful in the understanding of the fact that globalization can be universalism and focuses on the plurality that can be helpful in the addressing of the health-related concerns globally. Due to the globalization, people have become advanced and also have become highly knowledgeable about the causes and effects of the diseases and also treatment plans that can make the people more aware of the public health. As the theory focus on the future development, it can be observed that globalization can make the advancements into the technology making a developed nation that addresses the social concerns and also makes the medical association advanced (Cvetkovich, 2018). This can help in the quality treatment of the patients and curing the global health problems. This can be seen from the fact that global health can be addressed through the globalization technique that can provide the communication and interactive services to the people.

Globalization can cause the risk of health of the individual and thereby bringing a negative impact on the health. Due to the growth of business worldwide which are harmful for the health of the individual can affect the global health to a larger extent (Holm-Hadulla & Koutsoukou-Argyraki, 2015). Spread of tobacco and alcohol has led to the wide risk to the health and often causes various kinds of diseases. Further, due to the globalization, there is rapid increase in the use of internet and communication tools which has caused issues for the health of people who are addicted to the use internet especially young people. There are numerous downsides of globalization that leads to the communicable and non-communicable diseases that leads to the emerging infectious diseases. In the developing nations, there are increasing noncommunicable diseases as globalization changes the lifestyle of the people. Obesity, hypertension and diabetes are the common health diseases that can affect the health of the nation.

Globalization and Health-related Policies

Further, due the emergence of postmodernism theory of globalization, it can be observed that the future developments of the nation have led to the increase in the information technology and the technical advances that has made people more reliant on the online mediums which is the major reason for the growing problems (Homer, 2018). Due to the new ways of doing business through the use of the tools and the techniques that can reduce the lifestyle diseases that can affect the health of the people. Due to globalization and the increase in the future advancements, it has made people highly dependent on the modernized view that can make the people more reliable on the technologies and the use of internet leading to several kinds of health issues and the spread of various diseases internationally. Also, due to the increase in the infrastructure development, it has led to the increase in pollution which has severely affected the global health problems making people ill. Globalization depends upon the educational level, socioeconomic status and location that can make the changes in the population health determinants that can make the influence on the public health (Kooienga & Carryer, 2015).

Apart from this, theory of liberalization has clearly stated that globalization allows the free interactions and free trade of the business that can lead to the health issues and has specifically affected the global health of women due to the urbanization and migration that has affected the health due to the changing patterns of employment (Hanefeld, 2018). As globalization has the primary motive of privatization of the organization that can interact with the health and the casual associations with the international firms. Besides, depression is another important determinant that can be observed to be caused into the people. As the businessmen allowing the international trade of goods and making financial investments, failure to pay the debts has led to the increased prevalence of anxiety and depression that can cause the effect on the health problems and often leading to death.

Moreover, due to the free trade in the international markets at lower cost with the processed food has led to a disease called obesity and has severely impacted the health of the people. This can be understood from the fact that globalization has encouraged the imports and exports in which free trade of the food products has led to the dangerous diseases harming the health of the people. Additionally, as the jobs has been globalized to a larger extent, it has been noted that people traveling to other countries for the employment or making holidays has led to the communicable diseases (Wilson, et al., 2016). Due to the globalization, it has led to the increased the emergence of the various kinds of the diseases due to the financial instability. Besides, reduced environmental concerns have led to the poor health of the nation leading to the global health problems. Globalization has led to the increased use of the international information that has been undertaken through the use of information technology that leads to the spread of the irrelevant information that can lead to reduced outcomes for the patients.

Post-modernism Theory of Globalization and its Impact on Health

By understanding the theory of constructivism, it can be noted that globalization can led to the increased social interactions that can lead to spread of communicable diseases (Mingst, et al., 2018). This can be seen from the fact that the people who travel in the other countries through the transport mediums have the risk of spreading the diseases such as HIV/AIDS being dispersed in the remote areas of the globe (Collins, 2015).  Also, the social interactions have increased the tendency to cause a negative effect on the health and the constructivist behaviour can lead to the health problem when the people have conflicts.

As globalization has allowed the free trade of the goods, it can be observed that pharmaceutical companies have been suffering from the various issues due to the export of the medical products. This includes the imports of the drugs and alcohol that can cause the health issues of the people that can cause the various diseases (Hirst, et al., 2015). Globalization has highly threatened the human life and due to which there is prevalence of various diseases. Due to the spread of the infectious diseases the people have been affected by the globalization of the products. There is tendency of the spreading of the information that can cause the diseases due to the communication systems and the high risk of transmission of pathogens. Application of the liberalism theory of globalization can be applied when realizing the effects of information technology and the business interactions that can lead to the development of health problems for the people.

Thus, it can be concluded that globalization can affect the health of the people and at the same time it can cure the global health problems. This can better be understood by the application of the theories of globalization that elaborate that information technology, free trade and the exchange of information that has facilitated the required information that can be helpful in the healthcare sector. Moreover, globalization can cause the increase in the health problems. This requires the steps to be undertaken for making the equitable globalization. This requires the effective leadership that can address the several issues and cause harm to the health. Further, business must allow the balanced trade that can be helpful in the balancing of the trade deficit and trade and trade surplus and somehow can reduce the health issues caused as a result of the proper financial stability. Enforcement of the rules for the concerned industries that deal imports and exports of food products can ensure the safety of the food products and can facilitate in the quality of the products leading to reduction in the global health issues.


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