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Process Safety Regulations in UK: Lessons Learned from Buncefield Oil Storage Depot Explosion


a. Turnitin is a software package that automatically checks assignments for plagiarism, comparing them with other students’ coursework, at Coventry and other universities, and with other existing documents, such as those that may be found on the web. Only electronic submission is required. Submit your assignment to the Turnitin link on your Module Aula no later than 18.00 on the day of submission. Uploading can take a while; you are strongly advised to upload your work no later than 1 hour before the submission deadline. Late submission will be awarded 0%. Take care that the document submitted is the version you wish to be marked, no alternatives can be accepted – the version submitted will be marked.

b. The University wants you to do your best. However we know that sometimes events happen which mean that you can’t submit your coursework by the deadline – these events should be beyond your control.  If this happens, you can apply for an extension to your deadline for up to two weeks, or if you need longer, you can apply for a deferral, which takes you to the next assessment period (for example, to the resit period following the main Assessment Boards). You must apply before the deadline.

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Coursework that is submitted on time will normally be marked within 3 term weeks of submission.

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1. Review relevant Process Safety legislative framework


2. Appraise fundamental process safety concepts


3. Appraise the concepts of Reliability, Availability, Maintainability (RAM)

4. Evaluate Reliability Based Maintenance (RBM) practical approaches

You are the Process Safety Manager for a medium-sized petrochemical company in the UK.
One of your company’s planned projects for expansion is building an Oil Storage Depot similar to Buncefield Oil Storage Depot, UK. 

Produce a report for the director in charge of operations in response to his/her request below.

“Dear PSM,
 I am emailing about the Oil Storage Depot project planned for expansion between 2022 and 2025.
We have not yet received full details, but it is evident the complex is similar to that of Buncefield Oil Storage Depot, UK. As you are aware, the depot suffered a major explosion and fire in December 2005. The explosion registered 2.4 on the Richter Scale, breaking windows up to 1 km away. The subsequent fire burned for several days, destroying most of the site. Over 40 people were injured, and there was significant damage to commercial and residential property, but fortunately, no fatalities. The cost of the incident in terms of the damage to property and loss of business is estimated to have been in the region of £1 bn. I would like you to provide me with a report setting out what is known about the explosion and lessons we can take into consideration for this new project. 
I don’t understand the (UK) law concerning process safety, so I would be grateful if you could explain this in the report. Please include:

Submission arrangement online via

1. Process safety regulations in the UK with particular reference to Buncefield Oil Storage Depot. What would you consider our regulatory duties in the UK with specific regard to explosion and fire?

2. Analysis of the accident using the HAZOP and FMEA.
I am not interested in complex probability calculations. However, your HAZOP and FMEA analysis should identify and present significant causes and consequences as well as detailed proactive and reactive barrier analysis.

3. Systematic analysis of the accident based on the foundations of effective process safety programs.


Assessment Criteria


Assessment Criteria description

% of Mark



· Introduces the report in context. [Provide at least 2 references]  [3]

· Explains the problem and states the aim/s of the report. [2]



Process safety regulations in the UK with particular reference to explosion and fire (a brief review). [Provide at least 4 references] [5]

What would you consider our regulatory duties?  Aim and Objectives of the coursework. [Provide at least 2 references] [5]




A brief review & analysis of the accident using HAZOP [Provide at least 3 references]




A brief review & analysis of the accident using FMEA [Provide at least 3 references]




Final Discussions - Systematic analysis of the accident based on the foundations of effective process safety programs

· Safety culture & leadership (SCL) [Provide at least 3 references] [10]

· Process safety systems (PSS) [Provide at least 3 references] [10]

· Operational discipline (OD) [Provide at least 3 references] [10]






Report Presentation [5]

Referencing [10]

•  A good range of current academic and/or technical references

• Cited and listed references must adhere to Coventry University APA guidelines




Appendix section  with well explained and referenced HAZOP and FMEA scoring tables [Provide at least 2 references]




You will not be scored on sections 3 and 4 above without section 7 [Appendix] showing well-referenced HAZOP and FMEA scoring tables with clear explanations of how you carried out the scoring and obtained results reported.


It is IMPOSSIBLE to pass this module without;

- undertaking the HAZOP and FMEA scoring exercise following well-referenced, suitable scoring tables as stated above.


1. You are expected to use the Coventry University APA Referencing Style. For support and advice on this, students can contact the Centre for Academic Writing (CAW).


2. Please notify your registry course support team and module leader for disability support.


3. Any student requiring an extension or deferral should follow the university process as outlined here.


4. The University cannot take responsibility for any coursework lost or corrupted on disks, laptops or personal computer. Students should therefore regularly back-up any work and are advised to save it on the University system.


5. If there are technical or performance issues that prevent students from submitting coursework through the online coursework submission system on the day of a coursework deadline, an appropriate extension to the coursework


6. submission deadline will be agreed. This extension will normally be 24 hours or the next working day if the deadline falls on a Friday or over the weekend period. This will be communicated via your Module Leader.


7. Assignments that are more than 10% over the word limit will result in a deduction of 10% of the mark, i.e. a mark of 60% will lead to a reduction of 6% to 54%. The word limit includes quotations but excludes the bibliography, reference list and tables.


8. You are encouraged to check the originality of your work by using the draft Turnitin links on your Aula Web.


9. Collusion between students (where sections of your work are similar to the work submitted by other students in this or previous module cohorts) is taken extremely seriously and will be reported to the academic conduct panel. This applies to both coursework and exam answers.


10. A marked difference between your writing style, knowledge and skill level demonstrated in-class discussion, any test conditions and that demonstrated in a coursework assignment may result in you having to undertake a Viva Voce in order to prove the coursework assignment is entirely your own work.


11. If you make use of the services of a proof reader in your work, you must keep your original version and make it available as a demonstration of your written efforts.


12. You must not submit work for assessment that you have already submitted (partially or in full), either for your current course or for another qualification of this University, unless this is specifically provided for in your assignment brief or specific course or module information. Where earlier work by you is citable, i.e. it has already been


13.published/submitted, you must reference it clearly. Identical pieces of work submitted concurrently will also be considered to be self-plagiarism.

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