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The concept of sustainable development is a central point for all the organizations, operating in any sector. Sustainable development allows and guides the organization to deal with their activities in a sustainable manner that does not affect any elements in the nearby surroundings. Tourism is sectors that affect the entire society by its operations; because tourism industries are fully based on nature, environment, and society, hence they directly affect the common living people in the society, natural environment, and resources of a particular area.
This essay will focus on the importance of sustainable development in the tourism sector and the role of various international organizations to ensure the sustainable development of the tourism sector. The tourism sector takes its financial stability from natural resource hence it is responsible to manage profitable returns to the environment including social, cultural and economic development of nature. Sustainability in tourism means potentially using the available resource to protecting these resources the future use and ensures proper management and development of the available resources.
Role Of International Organizations In Planning And Implementation Of Sustainable Tourism Management And Development
The tourism organizations include many international and non-governmental organizations; these organizations help the industries to manage their activities sustainably. These international organizations are engaged in education and training, socio-cultural programs and many other activities. Many tourism organizations are actively taking interest in the development of the tourism industry by contributing to various functions of industries helping them to run their business smoothly (Boluk, Christina, & Hggins-Freya, 2017). The travel sector is adventurous and leading and one of the world's biggest industries. Its open door for employment and contributes towards the development and recognition of the tourist visiting places. Tourism activities include traveling for many purposes like adventure, study, and business. These activities affect the environment and destination communities and the tourism industry in many ways hence the tourism industry affects positive and negative manners (Waligo, Clarke, & Hawkins, 3013)
Positive economic impacts of tourism at a particular place include increased foreign exchange rates, contributes to the increased revenue to the economy, generate employment opportunities for the local people, support local community business. The negative economic impact of tourism includes high inflation rates, seasonable issues and it raises opportunities for employment in the seasonal character in spite of this all it affects the continuous flow of the economic activities in a particular place (Coccossis, 2016)
Positive and negative impacts of tourism on the economy, society, and environment
The socio-cultural environment of a tourist represents the unique features of that particular tourist place; these unique features are sometimes attracting a large number of tourists towards it and raise the income of the tourism industries. Positive impacts of tourism industries include preservation of the culture for tourism promotion, restore ad manage the traditional culture and identity of a place, and tourists from different cultures create a cross-sectional exchange of each culture (Hák, Janoušková, & Moldan, 2016). Negative impact of tourism activities affects the cultures' identity, loss of original authority over handcraft and artwork and increases threat if misunderstanding between the cross-cultural people majorly rural area and its people face threat to interact with the foreigners (Hák, Janoušková, & Moldan, 2016).
Environment includes climate, weather and seasons of a particular place, a proper balance of all these elements creates proper living conditions. Tourism activities and environment interact with each other in many ways, both affect each other, favorable environmental situations create opportunities for the increased tourist activities and vice versa. Increased tourism affects the natural environment of a place by polluting it in many ways like, over-tourism increase the population that create several types of issues to the environment, this essay has detailed discussion of role played by the international organizations to manage the sustainable planning and implementation of the tourism activities (Pan, Gao, Kim, Shah, Pei, & Chiang, 2018)
International organizations active in the management activities of tourism activities are many, these organization foci on public sector and private sector tourism companies. The tourism industry can operate its business at any single or multi-level sector but these all industries are essential to focus the guidelines of suitable development in their activities (Ghosh, Siddique, & Gabbay, 2017).
For example, the World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) is a responsible specialized agency of the United Nations. It is responsible for worldwide management of sustainable, universal, and accessible tourism activities. It is a leading international organization includes many comities, these governing agencies and committees discuss the guidelines for the tourism industries, and these guidelines are based on the promotion of sustainable activities supporting the effective management of different elements in the tourism sector (Hall, 2013).
Tourism sector is potential to grow very fast in the international industries, many developing countries have high possibility to increase tourism sector, UNWTO identify the place have high competency to handle tourists, increased tourism facilities the country’s economic stability and growth, countries like Myanmar and India, with many truism place have possibility to earn economic growth through tourism.
Role of international organizations in sustainable tourism management and development
This organization aims to make effective efforts towards the promotion of sustainable tourism at the international level; it aims to manage the peaceful relations at the international level and to attain the fundamental freedom for all human beings. It plans activities to secure the natural climate and identity of a particular place by paying individual attention to the tourism sector. Biodiversity management and management of the socio-cultural aspect is one of the focused areas of UNWTO. Innovative transformation of the organization aims to plan strategies for the introduction of digitalization in the tourism industry at the international level. Digitalization will create innovation of attractive unique features in the tourism industry and this will create employment opportunities within the country to manage the economic sustainable development of a country.
United Federation of Travel Agents Association (UFTAA) is an intentional non-profit organization that came in the exist in Rome in 1966 with the merger of two famous associations- the International Federation of Travel Agencies Association (IFTAA) and Universal Organisation of Travel Agents Association (UOTAA). It works as a policymaking body working to facilitate the traveling agencies in a legal manner. It aims to manage negotiation between various branches of the tourism and traveling industry, it uses professional and legal guidelines to secure the rights of travellers and travel industries. Simply it works as disputes resolving organizations in the traveling industry (Nee, 2011).
Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) is a non-profit organization, working as a sustainable tourism promoter in the sector of the tourism industry of Asian countries, which was founded in 1951. PATA aims to manage the activities of the tourism industry to manage the sustainable development of tourism and other tourism-related industries. It has partnerships with many travel agencies, airlines, airports, and training and education centers. Corporate social responsibility practices of the organization include the waste management activities and donation groups, motivating the other to invest in the tourism sector. Developing countries like India, Myanmar, and other Asian countries are focused in the sustainable goals prospects of the organisation. PATA include tourism departments from the developing countries to solve the tourism related issues in these countries. These organizations are engaged in working to attain the aim of tourism development in the Asian Pacific reign. It works with the proper coordination of different agencies and organizations to manage the peaceful relation with the cross-sectional communities of different industries and to develop a tourist place with proper development (PATA, 2020)
Another global organization naming the American Society of Travel Advisors (ASTA) working as the legal advisor and advocate for the organizations and individuals engaged in the activities related to the traveling and travel agencies. It includes travel advisors, and many organizations sells their services in the traveling sector like rental cars, hotels, motels, airlines, tourist guides and many more. Members of the organization help to develop suitable traveling options to increase the numbers of tourist, this lead the issues as well. Hence, it works to solve the disputes, issues queries and many complaints from the traveling agencies and organizations. This advocacy position aimed to make the tourism industry risk free and attract more tourists to travel, helping to increase the economic stability and sustainable development of the associated countries (Cameron, 2013).
These are some examples of the international profit and non-profit organizations, these organizations work to manage the activities of the tourism industries to manage their actions by putting regulations and bindings (Nee, 2011). Tourism affects the place where it is operated hence these agencies are responsible to manage their impacts on any particular place must be positive and sustainable, these organizations use their planning and controlling strategies to ensure an increase in tourism activities and sustainable development (JIn, Hu, & Kavan, 2016).
Based on the discussion in the above essay, it concluded that the tourism sector is the world's largest developing sector. It has the potential to grow more in the near future, tourism activities have beneficial and risky impacts over the tourist place. These impacts in this essay are discussed as economic, ecological, and socio-cultural factors. International organization plays a very important role to decide the activities, which are not fitted in the frame of sustainable development goals. Sustainable development of the tourism industry includes the promotion of the art and culture of the particular tourist place, preserving the natural climate and promoting the local business to increase the economic stability of that particular country. Tourism is the most earning sector for many countries hence it has a high risk of increased harm to culture, climate, and economy as well. An international organization helps to manage the sustainable development of the tourism industry. This essay concludes that tourism sector agencies are guided by the international organizations to follow the suggested guidelines of the sustainable development goals, which are recognized internationally, and to manage these goals in the corporate social responsibility policies of the organization.
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