Module learning outcomes addressed:
- LO3 – Explain the role of site investigation and ground engineering in design and construction and demonstrate awareness of how substructure works impact on health and safety, and sustainability.
- LO4 – Describe principles of land surveying in the context of construction engineering and demonstrate competence in operating basic surveying instruments.
The coursework for the first semester is based on a fictional scenario involving a small-scale construction project. The purpose of this scenario is to provide the appropriate context for the delivery and assessment of the module.
Palkin Developments Ltd, a local property developer in Harrow area, has been granted a planning application by the local Council, to build two three-storey blocks of flats in Woodcock Dell Sport Fields, to alleviate recent accommodation issues in Harrow, London, due to recent population growth. The planning application approval has been granted for the following items:
- Construction of two blocks of flats in the area between 50 Woodcock Dell Avenue (HA3 0NS) and John Billham Resource Centre (HA3 0PQ), with a height of ground floor + three floors each.
- A linear extension of Woodcock Dell Avenue between Number 50 (existing road) and John Billham Resource Centre by an additional 70 linear meters, to provide the future residents with access to flats and the proposed car park. The road will have one pedestrian foot way on the buildings side, as shown in the site photo below.
- A 600m2 car park at the end of the road extension, to provide 32 parking bays, thus accommodate the parking needs of the future local resident. The car park will be constructed at the side of the second building as shown in the photo below.
Firstly, Palkin Developments Ltd will undertake the main project, delivering both blocks of flats (1). Secondly, the car park construction (3) will be undertaken by Instant Car Parks Ltd (ICPL). Lastly, the road extension (2) will be delivered by Opus-Arup, a design and civil engineering contractor. You, as the appointed Opus-Arup designer and site engineer will have to design the road extension (2) for your client, Palkin Developments Ltd.
The Client asked you, as project designer and site engineer to produce a 2000 +/- 10% words Site Engineering Report, that covers the following areas:
1. Outline a structured site investigation procedure and justify the measures required to assess the site suitability for design and construction of the proposed road extension.
2. Produce a brief desk study containing gathered site-specific information.
3. A preliminary site investigation revealed that:
a. The existing ground is sloping towards the line of trees adjacent to the train tracks and towards the proposed buildings, therefore the road crossfall will be towards the same direction.
b. A recent Plate Load Test has revealed a CBR value of 10% of the sub-grade soil.
Therefore, outline the type of pavement, road structure and materials based on conditions a. and b. including thickness values for each layer within this structure and use academic sources to support the proposed pavement outline. Additionally, propose a suitable road drainage solution in the given conditions above, to address the presence of stormwater on the road, and use academic sources to support your drainage solution.
4. A preliminary site investigation revealed that the existing Finish of Road Level (FRL) is at the same level with the Temporary Benchmark (TBM), at 45.750m above OS Datum. The proposed road extension FRL will be at the same level with the existing road level. Indicate the reduced levels on top of each layer of material in the composition of your road, starting with the excavation to foundation level.