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IEEE Citation & Referencing According to IEEE Format by Citation Generator

UserSienna Kelly time16 February,2019

Citation of sources is one of the fundamental requirements of academic writing. As a student, you must be aware of that. Interestingly, there are several standards for formatting and citation. And each one of them has its own set of requirements.

IEEE Citation and Referencing

IEEE citation style is one of the major citation standards, that is currently in practice. It is named after the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers – a professional organisation that supports several branches of engineering, computer science, and information technology. As you may have guessed, the IEEE citation format is primarily used in technical fields.

In this IEEE citation guide, we will discuss the requirements for in-text citations of various sources of information, in different forms of documents. We will also highlight the basic requirements of formatting the paper.

What is IEEE citation?

IEEE referencing style is the brainchild of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). The organisation supports and sanctions research in the areas of electrical and electronics engineering. The IEEE citation style is the go-to referencing style for telecommunications, information technology, computer science, and related disciplines of engineering.

The IEEE citation style has three prominent traits.

  • The last name of the author follows the first name in IEEE citations.
    For example, you would need to cite “James Joyce” as author name instead of other referencing conventions of citing it as “Joyce, J.”
  • Titles of conference papers, articles, patents, etc. go in quotation marks.

Example: “What is electrical engineering today and what it is likely to become?”

  • Titles of books and journals go in italics.

Example: To Kill a Mockingbird

The IEEE reference format ensures that readers grasp all the relevant info with just a glance. Punctuation, dates and page numbers depend on the type of citation style you are choosing. Be careful with those when citing sources in IEEE referencing style.

How to cite in IEEE citation format?

As you may already know, the process of citation helps an author acknowledge the sources of quotes, statistics and other pieces of information used in the document. In IEEE citation style, you need to follow the following instructions while citing the references:

In-text citation standards:

  • The IEEE in-text citation uses the numeric style. To include a brief in-text citation, within the main body of the content you need to use specific reference number, enclosed in square brackets. The reference number is next to the material you have used, with a space before the bracket.
  • Once a source has been cited, you can use the same number for citing repeatedly, for all subsequent citations, to the same source.
  • The citations should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text.

2. The citations should lead the readers to a full reference to the source in the reference list at the end of your   paper.

3.The same citation process is used for both print and electronic references while citing them within the text.

4.You do not need to mention the author’s name or the data of reference, while citing the references. Use them only when it is relevant to the text.

  • While talking about a cited reference in the text, you do not need to write “In reference [17]”. Writing “In [17] is enough”.

Citing multiple references at the same time:

  • When you need to cite more than one source at a time, you need to list each reference number separately enclosed in square brackets, with a comma or dash between each reference.
  • For instance, you can use either this method [11], [12], [13], or use [11] - [13].

5.You can also use the reference numbers inside one pair of brackets, with a comma or dash between each reference.

  • For instance, you can use [11, 12, 13] or [11-13] depending on your preference

How to create IEEE style referencing list?

As mentioned earlier in the IEEE citation guide, the citations in the text lead the reader to a list of references at the end of your document. The list is arranged numerically in the order you have cited within the paper. You need to follow these following standards while creating the referencing list.

  • The list should be titled “References.” It should be aligned either to centre or left side of the page.
  • Create a hanging indent for every reference, with the bracketed numbers flush on the left side of the page. These hanging indents highlight the numerical sequence of the references.
  • The name of the author (or authors) should be listed as first initial, last name. For example, Earl Robert Babbie would be cited as E. R. Babbie (not Babbie, Earl Robert).
  • The title of an article should be listed in quotation marks.
  • The title of a journal or book should be listed in italics.

Refer to this following IEEE reference format example for better understanding.

Image 2: Example of IEEE style referencing list

Source: Murdoch University Library

What is the IEEE citation generator?

IEEE referencing generators are the shizz right now. If you are active on social media, you must have come across student platforms, groups, and discussion forums raving about IEEE citation generators. It is essentially a resourceful tool with a simple interface.

IEEE citation machines promise to take a load off your chest when it comes to referencing external sources for your paper. However, there’s much more to an online IEEE citation generator than meets the eye. Here are a few tricks to choose the perfect IEEE citation machine online.

  • Check out reviews for reliable IEEE citation machines from scholars who have used it before
  • Take a trial run before you dump all publications for citation
  • Know IEEE reference format beforehand to spot discrepancies, if any
  • Check to see if it provides citations for free or charges exorbitant rates to get it done

Once you zero in on an IEEE referencing generator, all that remains is to get your list of references done from the same.

How to use the IEEE citation machine?

Most citation and referencing generators online are easy to use. You should choose one that simplifies the whole process instead of making it even harder. Sure, creating an entire list of references for your electrical engineering dissertation may seem too laborious at times. An IEEE referencing generator will definitely make it easier for you.

You can use online citation machines including the IEEE citation and reference generator of Here’s how you can use the tool:

  • Log on to the online citation machine
  • Select the citation or referencing style you want (in this case, IEEE citation style)
  • Provide information source to the machine and click on the begin button
  • Wait for a few seconds, and get a fully cited section that you can directly copy and paste to your paper

See, that wasn’t too difficult. Using citation generators online is the wise thing to do. Not only does it ensure precise references and citation, but also helps you save on precious time and effort.

Dissertations, research papers, essays, term papers or theses don’t have to be too long-drawn when you have citation generators by your side. Set smooth sail with online citation generators you can rely on. Pick one that ticks all the boxes, and you can submit a paper with a flawless citation. However, you must know the basics of any citation style (take IEEE citation as an instance) before you take the help of an online citation generator. Good luck with the papers this term.

IEEE style guide for formatting an assignment

IEEE or engineering citation style dictates how you should cite the references in your paper. However, if you check the IEEE editorial style manual, you may see that it has some standards for the assignment format as well. While drafting the body of the paper, you should follow the guidelines outlined in the IEEE formatting guide.


  • An abstract appears in the text in bold face.
  • Abstracts do not need numbered mathematical equations or numbered references.

Index terms:

  • The index terms should be in boldface type, just like the abstract.
  • They should appear in an alphabetical order, as a final paragraph of the abstract.
  • Define acronyms that are used in the paper in index terms.


  • Nomenclature lists (lists of symbols and definitions) usually follow the Abstract and Index terms and precede the Introduction.

Text section headings:

  • There are four levels of section headings – primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary heads.
  • You can number these sections if you want, but it is not mandatory. However, you need to be consistent about the choice throughout the paper.
  • Primary heads are enumerated by Roman numerals and centred above the text.
  • Secondary heads are enumerated by capital letters, followed by periods, flush left, upper and lower case, and italic.
  • Tertiary heads are Arabic numerals, followed by parentheses.
  • The quaternary heads are similar to tertiary heads. Only lower case letters are used as labels and only the first letter of the heading is capitalised.
  • Reference and acknowledgement headings are never enumerated. They are more like primary headings with labels.
  • Appendix headings are set according to the usual style of a primary heading. You can use Roman numerals as heading numbers (Appendix I) or letters (Appendix A).

Text equations:

  • Equations within an assignment are numbered consecutively, from the beginning to the end of the assignment.
  • You can number the equations by sections, e.g., (1.1), (1.2.1), (A1), etc.


  • The placement of Acknowledgement appears after the final text of the paper, prior to the References section.
  • When citing names within the Acknowledgement, use first initials only, not full names. Do not use Mr., Ms., Mrs., or Miss. Use titles like Dr. or Prof. with each name separately.
  • Acknowledgement needs to be written in the third person.

Hopefully, you have developed a fair amount of idea about the citation and formatting style after going through the IEEE citation guide. However, if you have any problem understanding the requirements, you can look for IEEE format examples by visiting

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