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Harvard Referencing Style

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Example References for .

Example Reference

Example In-Text Citation for a

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What Is The Harvard Referencing System?

Back in the 1880s, a professor of zoology from Harvard University brought forth the concept of Harvard referencing style. Now, it’s a common parenthetical author-date reference system used in different universities all over the world. This referencing style encompasses the two types of citations as follows:

  • In-text citations:This is used when you need to quote or paraphrase a source directly in the middle of your sentences in the document.
  • Reference lists: These are usually located at the end of your document, and consist of all the citations for sources used throughout your paper.

Why Is Referencing Important?

Referencing is very crucial when it comes to writing assignments. Whether you are writing essays, dissertations, theses or any other paper, a citation is something you shouldn’t miss. Here is why referencing is important for students.

Acknowledgement of other writer’s work

For most of the assignments, you may have to draw words, ideas or research of other writers. You need to acknowledge their work through proper referencing.

Evidence to support the claims

You may have provided strong evidence to support your claims in the paper. Citing the sources make your professors believe that you are aware of the topic.

Avoids plagiarism

Most of the professors assume that you may have plagiarised someone else’s work when you don’t cite the sources in your document. It is better that you cite the sources to avoid the risks of plagiarism in your paper.

Harvard referencing style is one of the most common referencing styles, followed by different universities. Check out the formats and styles as discussed below to cite the sources in Harvard style easily.

Harvard Formatting and Style Guidelines: An Overview

At times, your professors may want to trace back to the sources and learn more about the topic. Thus, it is crucial that you follow the right principles, style and format while citing in Harvard style. Check out the Harvard referencing format for different sources such as:

How To Cite A Book In Harvard Referencing?

This is perhaps the most common referencing style used by the students to cite different works and extracted information from resourceful books that are relevant to their genres of academic works. In case you do not know about the required components to be included while citing a book in the Harvard referencing, here something for you.

In-text citation

You are required to mention a page number in case you are summarising, paraphrasing or quoting directly.

Author's name, publication year, the title of the book, name of the publisher, Place of publication.

Examples: Single author: In-text citation

(Holt 1994) or Holt (1994) said that…

Reference list

Holt, HD 1994, Management practises and principles, Prentice-Hall, Sydney.

Note: Mention the names of all the authors in the reference list.

How To Cite An EBook In Harvard Referencing?

The instant availability of EBooks across the globe has gradually helped students get easy access to a world of knowledge, opportunities and research materials in no time. Since EBooks have become one of the most used and commonest academic sources for the students, students should learn how to cite them as well. Here are the useful tips one must consider taking note of prior to referencing EBooks in the Harvard format.

The standard format:

Name of the author, Year of Publication, Title of the online source, Place: Name of the publisher, Library database [Accessed date].

Examples 1.Entire E-book In-text citations

(Drucker 2012)

Reference list

Drucker, T 2012, Managing the NGOs, Routledge, London. Available from Ebook Library. [4 September 2012]

How To Cite A Journal In Harvard Referencing?

The reference list entry and in-text citation according to the Harvard referencing format comprises the following components. Take note of the same and draft a stellar paper.

  • Include the surname of the author or the authors, followed by the first initials.
  • Year of publication of the journal article.
  • Include the title of the article in single inverted commas.
  • Write the title of the journal in Italics.
  • Mention the volume and issue number of the journal.
  • Mention the page range of the journal.
Examples

Journal article available via unit readings

In-text citations

(Jones 1995, p. 65)

Reference list

Jones, W 1995, ‘The competitive advantage and performance of small organisations: a perspective of management’, International Small Business Journal, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 65-81. Available from: The University of Australian Library Unit Readings. [5 September 2017]

How To Cite A Website In Harvard Referencing?

If you are unaware of the conventions required to be followed while citing a website in Harvard referencing format, consider taking note of the following points.

  • Include the name of the authoring body or the author.
  • Mention the name of the editor or the compiler.
  • Include the date on which the page was published, updated or last revised.

I hope the explicit information and examples regarding the various aspects of Harvard referencing will help you. Remember, the use of misleading quotes and failing to acknowledge the sources used in your academic work will only lead you to face the negative consequences of plagiarism. Thus, it is safer and wiser to abide by the university norms and referencing standards for a successfully drafted academic paper in every semester.

Examples 1.Website In-text citations

(University London 2012)

Reference list

University London 2013, University Library Home Page, 25 January 2013, the University of Australia. Available from: the website’s URL. [31 June 2013]

How To Cite A Court Case In Harvard Referencing?

Citing and referencing legal resources in the Harvard referencing style requires a thorough understanding of the several elements associated with the same. Here’s a detailed explanation of the fundamental aspects of citing court cases in Harvard referencing style. Take note.

In-Text Citations And References

  • Italicise the name of the case and consider placing the year in brackets.
  • In case of specific page reference, consider using the word “at” instead of “p”.

In-Text Citation: The State of Palestine v. The Commonwealth (1978) 12 CLR 45 Bowie v. Brown (1982) 101 CLR 172 at 179 Reference: The State of Palestine v. The Commonwealth (1978) 12 CLR 45

The standard format for citing cases:

  • Title of the case (in italics)
  • Year
  • Volume
  • Reporter abbreviation
  • First-page number
Example

In-text citation

(R v Mang (2007) 237 CLR 1)

Reference list

R v Mang (2007) CLR 1.

The standard format for citing bills:

  • Name of the bill
  • The Legislative body
  • Jurisdiction abbreviation

How To Cite A Newspaper Or Magazine In Harvard Referencing?

Citing newspaper articles in the Harvard referencing format makes it mandatory for students to follow certain rules which are included here. Take your time to observe the regulations prior to initiating the task of referencing newspaper/magazine articles in the Harvard referencing style.

  • Include the name of the author/by-line.
  • Mention the year of publication in round brackets.
  • Mention the title of the newspaper/magazine article in single quotation marks.
  • Consider mentioning the title of the newspaper/magazine in Italics.
  • Include the name of the edition if required, in round brackets.
  • Month and day.
  • Page reference.

In-text citation:“College students and professors are coming together for the protest march” (Lee, 2012, p. 5).

Reference List:Lee, D. (2012) ‘Protest March for Racial Discrimination in College Campuses”, The Daily Press, Melbourne 19 July, p.5.

Example

Newspaper print

In-text citations

(Deblin 2010)

Reference list

Deblin, M 2010, ‘The path to success by the under-privileged’, the Australian, 15 November, p. 32.

How To Cite A Dissertation In Harvard Referencing?

Citing dissertations and thesis in Harvard referencing style is no child’s play. You got to take note of all the requisite formatting conventions prior to including anything in the paper. Here’s everything you should know.

  • Include the name of the author.
  • Mention the year of submission in round brackets.
  • Include the title of the thesis or the dissertation in Italics.
  • Mention the Degree statement.
  • Include the Degree awarding body.

If you are mentioning online sources, then consider including

Available at: URL

(Accessed: Date)

ExamplesResearch by Miller (1988) suggests that....

Reference List:

Miller, S. (1988) The Art of Meditation and Yoga. B.A. Dissertation. University of Dundee.

How To Cite A Blog In Harvard Referencing?

Blogs are equally important and one of the most used academic resources. Students these days are inclined towards reading informative blogs and extracting useful information to cite in their works. However, citing a blog in Harvard referencing format is done on the basis of certain conventions. If you are in need of a constructive insight into citing a blog in Harvard referencing, here is all you need to know.

Components Of Harvard Referencing Format For Blogs

Take note of each of the aspects.

  • Author of the Message.
  • Year of publication/last updated (to be mentioned in round brackets).
  • Title of the message (to be mentioned in single quotation marks).
  • Title of the internet site (to be mentioned in italics).
  • Month/ Day of the posted message.
  • The URL of the blog.
  • Accessed date.

In-text citation: The political scenario was (Dawson, 2011) critical with too many contradictions.

Reference List: Dawson, A. (2011) ‘World Politics in the 70s’, The News Times, 18 April. Available at: http://www.thenewstimes.com/news/daily-comment/the-world -politics -70s (Accessed: 21 June 2013).

How To Cite An Edited Book In Harvard Referencing?

Citing an edited book might get complicated if the piece of work comprises each chapter having different authors. The idea is to cite the editors in case you are referencing the edited volume. You are also required to cite the authors of the chapter while referring to a particular chapter or essay.

In case you are citing an edited volume as a whole, the information required to be included in the reference list is similar to that of any other book. The only exception is the “ed” which indicates the name mentioned is of the editor rather than the author of the book.

Citing The Entire Edited Volume

Surname of the Editor, Initial. (ed.) (Year of Publication) Title of Book, City of Publication, Name of the Publisher.

Belafonte, S., & Miller, A. (eds.) (1998) The Secret to a Happy Life: Lifestyle and Healthy Living, New York, The BlueDot Printhouse.

Citing a Chapter

Author’s Surname, Initial(s). (Year of Publication) ‘Title of the Chapter’, in Editor Surname and Initial(s), (ed[s]) Title of Book, Place of Publication: Publisher, page range.

Parker, S (1998) “Of Life and Health”, in Belafonte, S., & Miller, A. (eds.) The Philosophy of Art: Readings Ancient and Modern, New York, McGraw-Hill, pp. 98-110.

How To Cite A Government Publication In Harvard Referencing?

Referencing in accordance with the conventions followed in Harvard referencing comprises certain academic regulations. It goes without saying that you got to keep track of the same while adding referencing and citing sources in your work. Here’s what you need to know. Take a look.

Key Components

  • Name of the official committee or the government department.
  • Mention the year of publication in round brackets.
  • Include the name of the title in Italic.
  • Mention the name of the publisher along with the name of the publication.
  • Add series or the paper number in brackets.

However, for digital sources you need to consider the following elements.

(Accessed: date)

(Available at: URL)

Examples

In-text citation: In 2013, the British government published a report on globalisation in the field of technological advancement (Great Britain. Department of Science and Technology, Innovation and Progress, 2013, p. 4)

Reference list: Great Britain. Department of Science and Technology, Innovation and Progress. (2013)Of Business and Global Expansion: Global Standards in Local Trading. Available at:

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/31116/11-616- Of Business-and-Global-Expansion-Global-Standards-in Local-Trading.pdf (Accessed: 22 July 2015).

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Flexible with multiple sources

You can use our Harvard style bibliography generator for all types of sources you want. Our tool is flexible with different sources such as books, e-books, journals, articles, magazines, lecture notes, etc. Choose the source you want to cite and follow the instructions strictly.

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Harvard referencing consists of different formats for different sources. You may get confused with all the complications and fail to deliver the perfect work. The use of wrong quotes or improper details in the citation can put you in trouble. Thus, it is better if you use our Harvard referencing generator and get rid of your citation blues easily. MyAssignmenthelp.com has got you covered.

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