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Pharmacology Exam Questions and Injecting Techniques

## Question 1: Dosage Calculation

Please handwrite answers. Must show work to receive full credit. Credit awarded for correct answers and demonstration of work. Each question worth 2 points

1. The Health Care Provider has ordered 0.25 g of medication.  The nurse has on hand in the medication cart 250 mg tablets.  How many tablet(s) should be administered?

2. The health care provider (HCP) has ordered 1 mg/min to be administered to the patient.  The nurse has available 400 mg in 500 mL.  How many mL/hr will the nurse will set the pump?

3. Linezolid (Zyvox) 800 mg PO every 12 hours is prescribed for treatment of pneumonia. The medication is supplied as 400 mg/5 ml oral suspension.  How many milliliters are to be administered per dose?

4. The nurse needs to administer 200 mL of antibiotics to infuse over 60 minutes.  The drop rate is 20 gtts/mL.  How many gtts/min is the patient to receive?

5. A client who weighs 120 pounds is prescribed the antibiotic drug Cleocin (clindamycin) 8mg/kg/day divided into 3 equal doses. How many mg of the medication will the client receive each day?  (If needed, round to the nearest whole number.)

6. The patient has an order for cephalexin (Keflex) 400 mg orally. The medication available is cephalexin 250 mg/5 mL. How many mL will the nurse administer? ___ mL (If needed, round to the nearest whole number.)

7. The patient has an order for tolbutemide (Orinase) 0.25 g orally. The medication available is tolbutemide 125 mg/scored tablet. How many tablets will the nurse administer? ___ tab (If needed, round to the nearest whole number.)

8. The healthcare provider ordered cyclosporine (Neoral) 12 mg/kg/day. The patient weighs 150 lb. How many mgwill the nurse administer each day? ___ mg (If needed, round to the nearest whole number.)

9. You are to administer 1000 mL of Lactated Ringers over 8 hours. The tubing drop factor is 60 gtt/mL. How many gtt/min will you infuse? (If needed, round to the nearest whole number.)

10. The primary health care provider has prescribed 2L of 0.9NS (Normal Saline) to infuse over 24 hours for the client. How many milliliters per hour (mL/hr) will the nurse infuse? (if needed, round to the nearest hundredth)

11. The patient has an order for cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) 60 mcg subcutaneously. The medication available is cyanocobalamin 0.1 mg/mL. How many mL will the nurse administer? ___ mL (If needed, round to the nearest tenth.)

12. The patient has an order for potassium chloride (K Dur) 15 mEq orally. The medication available is potassium chloride 10 mEq/scored tablet. How many tablets will the nurse administer? ___ tab (If needed, round to the nearest tenth.)

13. The primary health care provider has prescribed 2g of Amikacin (Amikin) to be infused over 1 hour. The available dose for of Amikacin is 250mg/mL. The tubing drop factor is 60 gtt/mL. How many drops per minute (gtt/min) will you infuse? (If needed, round to the nearest whole number).

14. The client is prescribed metoprolol 0.1 g PO daily. You have metoprolol 50 mg tablets available. How many tablet(s) would you administer? (If needed, round to the nearest whole number)

15. The client is prescribed Mycostatin 250,000 units oral swish and swallow, qid. You have Mycostatin 100,000 units per mL oral suspension. How many mL should you provide the client? (if needed, round to the nearest tenth)

16. The client is prescribed amoxicillin 100 mg, PO, q6h. On hand, you have amoxicillin in a 250 mg/5 mL suspension. How many milliliters would you administer? (If needed, round to the nearest whole number)

17. The healthcare provider ordered cyclosporine 6 mg/kg/day. The patient weighs 156 lb. How many mg will the nurse administer each day? If needed, round to the nearest whole number.

18. The patient has an order for morphine sulfate 10 mg PO.  The medication available is morphine sulfate 10mg/10 mL. How many tsp will the nurse administer? If needed, round to the nearest whole number.

19. Prescribed is 500 mL of 0.9%NS (Normal Saline) to run over eight hours. How many milliliters per hour (mL/hr) will the nurse infuse? (if needed, round to the nearest tenth)

20. The client’s prescription is for cortisone (Cortone) 0.015 g by mouth three times a day. The pharmacy sends cortisone 15 mg scored tablets. How many tablets will the nurse give per dose? (if needed, round to the nearest whole number).

21. Describe the process of giving an IM injection

22. Describe the process of giving a subcutaneous injection

23. Describe the process of giving an intradermal injection

24. Describe the process of using a meter dose inhaler

25. Describe the process of giving eye drops to a client