Diabetes is a chronic disorder in which a person's body is unable to produce or use insulin effectively. The disorder has no cure. However, people suffering from diabetes can live a normal life with the help of treatments like medication, lifestyle adjustments, and management of diabetes' various complications. The motive behind diabetes treatment and medication is to help the patient live a normal life by returning blood sugar to a safe threshold and reducing the risk of complications. That's what diabetes management nurses are supposed to do. Read on to get a basic idea of diabetes nurse management and the elements involved.
How Serious Disease Is Diabetes?
Diabetes occurs when your blood glucose or blood sugar shoots to an unsafe level. For those who are unaware, blood glucose is the main source of energy in the human body. Everything that you eat contributes to the formation of blood sugar. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps this glucose to get into your cells so that it can be used for energy. Sometimes, when your pancreas doesn't work well, your body either makes little or no insulin or fails to use it well. This causes glucose to build up in your blood, which may cause health problems over time.
The most common type of diabetes are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Here are some important facts and figures regarding these two type of disorders.
Type 1 diabetes
A person who has type 1 diabetes faces a lack of insulin in his body. That's because, in this type of diabetes, immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-making cells in his pancreas. Type 1 diabetes can mostly be seen in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age. Since the body fails to produce insulin in this case, the person suffering from this disorder needs to carefully balance insulin intake with eating, exercise and other activities. Also, it is mandatory for such a person to monitor their blood sugar levels continuously.
- Short of what 33% of individuals with T1D in the U.S. are reliably accomplishing target blood-glucose control levels.
- Some 1.25 million Americans are living with T1D, including around 200,000 youth (under 20 years of age) and more than 1 million grown-ups (20 years of age and more seasoned).
- Five million individuals in the U.S. are relied upon to have T1D by 2050, including almost 600,000 youth.
Type 2 diabetes
In this type of diabetes, one's body makes insulin, but it is not used well. Type 2 diabetes is mostly seen among middle-aged and older people. However, T1D can be developed even during childhood.
- The danger of creating diabetes increments with age.
- In 2015, around 9.4 per cent of the populace in the U.S. had diabetes, including 30.2 million grown-ups matured 18 years and over. Almost a fourth of those with the condition don't realize they have it.
- The CDC reports that 4.0 per cent of individuals matured 18 to 44 years are living with diabetes, 17 per cent of those matured 45 to 64 years, and 25.2 per cent of those matured more than 65 years.
Steps for Managing Diabetes
As mentioned earlier, diabetes is a chronic disorder. It cannot be cured, but people suffering from diabetes can live a normal life by managing the disorder. Here's a list of the best tips suggested by top diabetes experts across the globe:
- Watch what goes into your tummy
Since the issue is all about glucose that is produced from whatever you eat, it's imperative that people suffering from diabetes make healthy food choices. Not just this, they should also keep a check on portion sizes and ensure that they eat regular meals.
- Coordinate your meals and medications
When it comes to surviving with diabetes, it is very important to maintain a balance between meals and medications. Too little food in proportion to your diabetes medications may result in dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). On the other hand, too much food may cause blood sugar levels to shoot up (hyperglycemia). So, it's advisable that one coordinates his meals and medications under proper guidance from a health care expert.
- Follow a strict exercise plan
Exercising is yet another important element of diabetes treatment. It's necessary that a person with diabetes considers staying active. However, it is advisable to talk to a doctor about an exercise plan so as to know what exercise is safe and beneficial.
Prevention is always better than cure. So, it's always better to be ready for those unpredictable emergencies. Consider working out a sick-day plan with the health care team. This plan should include elements like instructions on what medications to take, how often to measure your blood sugar and urine ketone levels when to call a doctor and so on.
There's a lot that can be done to reduce the risks associated with diabetes. The most important steps include keeping A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels close to your goals. Moreover, if a person with diabetes is a smoker, he/she should stop smoking to avoid complications like heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, nerve damage, and eye disease.
Apart from taking all the preventive measures, it is important that diabetes patients learn to cope with their health condition. Stress can cause blood sugar levels to boost, so, it's advisable to learn ways to lower stress. Some of the best techniques include practising yoga, deep breathing, gardening, and working on a hobby. Apart from this, such people should never hesitate to ask for help if they feel down.
In such cases, not just doctors but diabetes management nurses can also be the most reliable sources to connect with. Let us have a look at all that a diabetes nursing management professional can help with.
Diabetes Management Nursing; Roles and Responsibilities
Wondering what all a diabetes management nursing professional does? Here's a list of roles and responsibilities that a diabetes management nursing has to take care of:
This is one of the most important responsibilities of a diabetes management nurse. Self-management lessons include tips and tricks that help diabetes patients, especially the ones with T1D to handle it on their own.
As already mentioned, the entire problem in diabetes revolves around blood glucose levels, resulting from food choices. That's exactly what diabetes nurses are supposed to guide patients with Type 2 diabetes. The diabetes management professionals are responsible for recommending nutrition therapy to treat both Type 1 and 2 diabetics.
Diabetes nurses are also responsible for managing the condition by prescribing insulin, a hormone that helps regulate blood glucose levels. They are supposed to guide patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes on insulin doses that they are supposed to take in order to keep their blood glucose levels under control.
Qualities And Skills Required To Be A Diabetes Management Nurse
It takes a set of certain qualities and skills to become a diabetes management nurse. Here are the top skills that you must possess in case you wish to take up diabetes management as a career:
- Deep knowledge of the respective field
In this case, diabetes is the field that a nurse should have in-depth knowledge about. Every diabetes patient who comes in will have a lot of queries regarding his/her health conditions. Diabetes management nurses should be able to resolve all their queries in a satisfactory manner.
These skills include an understanding of the cutting-edge technology and complex procedures particular to diabetes treatment and demonstration of basic patient care. One needs to have the ability to pay special attention to the documentation of patients' health status.
Diabetes management requires nurses to study patient information in detail. This further requires an ability to analyze patient information so that appropriate adjustments in medications can be made. Appropriate analytical skills are essential for a diabetes management nurse in order to prescribe proper insulin dosage, adjust target blood glucose goals, and update insulin-to-carb ratios.
As a matter of fact, patients feel much better physically and emotionally when they have someone to listen to their health issues. So, it's imperative that you have strong listening skills and have a caring and emotionally mature personality who can communicate just the way your patient expects from you.
Critical thinking and decision making is yet another important skill that you need to possess in order to be a diabetes management nurse. However, the overall scope of your role will depend on the requirements of the employer and the training and education needed will reflect this.
License and Certification Required to Operate As A Diabetes Nurse
Are you planning to become a diabetes management nurse? Well, it requires both education and experience. The very first step towards becoming a diabetes nurse is, getting a two-year associate's or four-year bachelor's degree. Once that's done, it's time to qualify the National Council Licensing Examination (NCLEX-RN) to become a registered nurse. There are a lot of facilities that may require diabetes nurses to become certified as advanced diabetes specialists. In order to become eligible for the most preferred certification called the Advanced Diabetes Management Certification exam, nurses further need to get a master's level degree along with a minimum of 500 hours of professional nursing experience in a diabetes setting. After you have gained the said certification, you are required to complete regular continued education classes in diabetes so as to stay updated on the latest technology in the field of diabetes.
Famous Accreditation Centres
Now, the next question in your mind would be, what are the best courses to opt for when looking forward to becoming a diabetes management nurse? Let us first know what it takes to get into the best diabetes management courses across the globe. In order to get into most of the MSN in diabetes nursing programs, applicants are required to have a bachelor’s degree in nursing earned at an accredited school. A majority of these programs also expect students to have a 3.0 GPA or higher. In addition to a bachelor’s degree, applicants also require licensure as a registered nurse. Provided that an applicant fulfils all of these requirements, he/she can submit an application including a resume, a personal goals statement, and 2-3 reference letters. Coming to the most preferred diabetes management courses, here are the top two:
The university allows the students to pursue diabetes nursing courses online through the master of science in diabetes management and education program. It offers a 36-credit degree that consists of 18 hours of diabetes-related courses, three credits in multicultural courses, and nine credits of health electives.
- University of California, San Francisco
Upon admission, the University of California requires students to complete three additional courses regarding diabetes management. These courses consist of advanced management of pediatric diabetes, family and behavioural approaches to diabetes management, and advanced clinical management of adult diabetes.
Several students around the globe take up diabetes management as a career. They struggle hard to get into prestigious courses to fulfil their dreams. However, the struggle involved in becoming a diabetes management nurse often tends to take a toll on students' health. This happens due to the pressure of finishing complex nursing assignments on hand while performing good in exams. Students often get confused due to the huge information available. Moreover, online help services are not always sincere enough, and that can lead you to a very complicated situation. But fret not! Because reliable online assignment he
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