- Understand the concept of Indigenous feminism and why it is an important field of study;
- Learn about the contributions Indigenous feminism makes to international dialogue on environmental/water security;
- Learn about Indigenous non-binary gender expressions;
- Consider the ethical principle of "responsibility" in relation to water justice;
- Learn about the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;
- Examine the role of Indigenous legal orders in achieving justice;
- Develop insights into Indigenous knowledge systems.
1. There has been Indigenous activism and resis-tance for countless generations, expressed in many international Indigenous declarations. Why must women assert their own voice? What is missing if women are not active or present?
2. All three declarations speak to the dispropor-tionate violence and discrimination that In-digenous women face in every aspect of life. Why do you think this situation exists? Why has it been so easy to ignore the experience and voice of women?
3. Anti-colonial discourse reveals the destruc-tive impacts of capitalism and colonialism on the lives of Indigenous peoples, particularly Indigenous women. What factors make wom-en more vulnerable to the negative impacts of environmental destruction?
4. Why do you believe non-binary expressions of gender have not been adequately recognized in many international environmental fora?
5. Describe the "future" that Indigenous wom-en have called for over the past decades.
- Learn about the historical context in which development and post-development studies emerged;
- Understand why posteolonial feminist critiques of development differ from earlier critiques of development discourse:
- Learn about the historical and theoretical foundations of gender and devel-opment
- Understand the links between gender and development approaches and their applications in development policies.
1. What do postcolonial feminists mean when they claim that development discourses are ahistorical?
2. Discuss the link between colonial ideas and development discourses.
3. What would be the consequence of a Postco-Ionial feminist position for practical politics, particularly with regard to improving females' well-being?
4. What do postcolonial feminists mean by dou-ble colonization?
- Develop a greater understanding of how the intersections of gender, racialized, and migration status are configured in the context of neoliberal globalization and the globalized labour market;
- Examine how the precariousness of migrant lives is constructed and main-tained;
- Learn about migrant advocacy and collective resistance to the deleterious effects of neoliberal globalization.
1. How is neoliberal globalization linked to migration?
2. What drives the demand for migrant domes-tic workers?
3. How does precariousness affect health and well-being?
4. Why do you ithink the author differentiates between precarious employment and precar-ious lives?
5. How ThighThi you stand in solidarity with migrahtâ¢ domestic workers in Canada and around the world?Â
- Learn about the origins of capitalism and colonialism;
- Understand the significance of violence as an ongoing feature of the development of capitalism in Latin America from colonial times until the present era of globalization;
- Apply feminist theories to understand how the intersection of gender, class, and racial inequalities has been played out across Latin American societies;
- Examine key features of the global economy that create conditions condu-cive to gender inequality, violence against women, and human and labour rights violations.Â
1.Â What are the parallels between the develop-ment of capitalism during colonialism (1500-170th) and the spread of neoliberalism in the past 30 years with regard to the creation and/ or consolidation of social inequalities based on race/ethnicity, class, and gender?Â
2. Why is it necessary to understand the origins and global spread of capitalism (past) as well as the mechanisms that generate the conditions for its reproduction and expansion (present) if we are to fully understand the factors that generate or aggravate violence against women?Â