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Financial Calculations and Planning

Questions:
A Present and Future Value
U is equal to 64 in each equation.
1. Compute how much tax is owed if your company earns \$760,000+U dollars pretax (and pays out all the net income to yourself) under 3 different forms of organizations: proprietorship, limited liability company, and corporation (assuming your personal income tax rate is 37% and the corporate income tax rate is 21%).

2. Compute how much you personally owe if your business goes bankrupt with \$20,000+U more in liabilities than assets under 3 different forms of organization: proprietorship, limited liability company, and corporation.

3. Compute how much money you would have in U+1 years if you have \$2000 and earn 6% per year.

4. Compute how much money you would have in U+1 years if you have \$2000 and earn 1.21% per year.

5. Compute how much money you would need to invest today in order to have \$1 million in U+20 years if you earn 10% per year.

6. Compute how much money you would need to invest today in order to have \$1 million in U+20 years if you earn 1.57% per year.

7. Compute how much money you would have in U+1 years if you invest \$2000 per year and earn 6% per year.

8. Compute how much money you would have in U+1 years if you invest \$2000 per year and earn 2.47% per year.

9. Compute how much money you would have in U+1 years if you invest \$2000 per year and earn 8.88% per year.

10. Compute how much money you would need to invest each year for U+20 years in order to have \$1 million in U+20 years if you earn 10% per year.

11. Compute how much money you would need to invest each year for U+20 years in order to have \$1 million in U+20 years if you earn 2.47% per year.

12. Compute how much money you would need to invest each year for U+20 years in order to have \$1 million in U+20 years if you earn 8.88% per year.

13. Compute the monthly payment on a 5-year car loan of \$24,000+U dollars if the APR is 12%?

14. Compute the monthly payment on a 10-year student loan of \$33,000+U dollars if the APR is 0.99%?

15. Compute the monthly payment on a 30-year mortgage of \$147,000+U dollars if the APR is 2.46%?

16. Compute the effective interest rate on a credit card loan balance that requires monthly payments and has an APR of U+14.1%.

17. If a company wanted to create a scholarship fund at a particular college that would eternally pay \$1500+U dollars to a different deserving student each year, compute how much money the company needs to donate to the college to do so if interest rates are 5%.

18. A pension fund currently makes payouts to beneficiaries of \$1,000,000U per year, with those payouts expected to grow with a forecasted inflation rate of 2% per year forever. Compute how much money the pension fund currently needs to have now in order to fully fund that liability (and ensure those payouts to pensioners are made) if interest rates are 2.87%.

19. A pension fund currently makes payouts to beneficiaries of \$1,000,000U per year, with those payouts expected to grow with a forecasted inflation rate of 2% per year for 30 years. Compute how much money the pension fund currently needs to have now in order to fully fund that liability (and ensure those payouts to pensioners are made) if interest rates are 2.87%.
1. Compute how much money you need to invest today in order to be able to have retirement income of \$60,000 per year for U+20 years if you can earn 4.92% per year and if you plan to retire in 40 years?