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Guidelines for Chicago Style Referencing

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Chicago style is a kind of referencing that students are allotted to cite original sources in a document. Citation is giving rights to the original owner to avoid plagiarism which can help the reader refer to the original site. However, learning one particular citation style is not enough, as they all have different rules.

Today we are going to focus on the citation style of Chicago, so let us start with the guidelines:

Let us start with how you write the title when using the Chicago style

  • The title page should include the main title centered in the middle of the page.
  • The name of the author should be at the center, keeping space from the title.
  • The course title should be at the center below the name.
  • Followed by the course instructor’s name.
  • Finally, the title page ends with the date at the center.

How to Write the Author’s Name?

In Chicago styles, how you use the author’s name based on the context changes.

In general, you write the last name of the author along with the year of publication within parentheses and no commas in between.

(Johns 1998)

However, if you are quoting a particular statement or using a text, you must also mention the page numbers. Here, the publication date is followed by the page number with a dash in between to state the beginning and end of the page for more clarity for the readers.

(Johns 1998. 25-26)

If there is more than one author, all of them are enlisted in the same parenthesis, separated by semicolon in between

(Johns 1998; Smith 2001)

There are also instances where the author’s name is used in the text; in such cases, only the year is enlisted.

Johns (1998) found the evidence through chromatography experiments.

If the name is used for quoting, the page number is listed at the end of the sentences.

Johns (1998) stated, “All plants have DNA” (45-48)

When creating a reference list, the last name of the author, along with the year of publication, followed by the name of the article, is mentioned:

Johns 1998. Protein analysis on plant DNA

The author’s name and the kind of material cited also keep changing which changes the rules

In the case of journals, the author’s last name is followed by the first name. Year. Article title. Publication date.

In the case of a website, the author’s last name is the first name. Page. Title. Website link

In the case of books, the author’s last name, first name, year, chapter title, book title, editor’s first name, and last name. Page number. Place of peculation, publisher

Just in case, if there is no date mentioned, then this is how you cite the sources:

John’s n. d. Protein analysis on plant DNA (n .d stands for no date)

If you are using multiple pieces of information from the same source, meaning they have the same authors, then you need to differentiate them using different alphabets like a, b, c, etc.

For example, John’s 1998a protein analysis on plant DNA

John’s1998b Protein analysis on plant DNA

Course Information

This file extraction of dank from plants is submitted for the course Genetics. Genetics is the study of life, heredity, and genes. For years we have been focusing on human and animal lives, but plants have life too. There is less work done or rather we should say more work which can be done in this area.

Molecular genetics means working and knowing about the function and structure of genes on the molecular level. This is predominantly sued in molecular engineering which allows recombination, hybrid generation and direct manipulation of genes.

Genetics comes with various experiments which can be performed like DNA extraction, gene cloning and gene modification which formed the basis of the experiments conducted and the results obtained.

Mention the instructor’s name.

Include the date of submission (month, day, year format).

Mention course name or number

Here is how you provide information for Chicago style.

Julia smith


Master of Science in molecular genetics

Institution Information

Tennessee University of Sciences

Master of Science in molecular genetics

What to study?

  • Complete 180 points for general MSc and additional computer or mathematical science papers.
  • Complete the paper below:
  • Contemporary molecular genetics (30 Points)
  • Bioinformatics (15 Points)
  • Biomedical ethics (15 points)
  • And 90 points from:
  • Scientific research (30 points)
  • Research project (30 points)

Note: Rest of the points from additional papers

Page Number

The citation guidelines with Chicago referencing for page numbers are quite simple.

  • Chicago referencing uses Arabic numerals instead of Roman numbers
  • Page numbers are used when quoting sources with in-text citations.
  • Page numbers should also be included when paraphrasing or using important sections from others’ work.

Advantages of the Chicago Style Cover Page

If professors allow students to follow the referencing style they want, many go for the Chicago style. Chicago style offers much flexibility. It is easy to follow and practice, starting from the Chicago-style citation cover page to the entire bibliography.

Chicago style is mainly used for student’s humanities and nostrils branch. This is fundamental because often footnotes can become quite lengthy. In historical papers, the Chicago style, with its small citation methods, allows readers to focus on the paper and evidence rather than getting lost in the citation sources rooted in the middle of the work.

It is versatile and comprehensive, which works for experienced and beginners in the citation filed to work with.

Major highlights are that it allows writers to comment or provide context for the sources. The sources enhanced for the readers allow writers to be more expressive even with citations by describing it. The author and date of publication in-text citation method are easy for the writer and on the eyes of the reader as well.

How Do You Format a Cover Page in Chicago Style? Explained with Examples

Here is how you can format a cover page in Chicago style:

  • Start by elevating a 1-inch margin on the sides
  • A font like times new roman at 12 sizes is preferred
  • Double text
  • Mention the page number in the right-hand corner
  • The title page should not be numbered and does not get included in the final page count
  • Capitalize important words
  • Do not bold or use underlining on the cover page.
  • Consult if the project should be printed on one side or on two sides
  • Arrange papers in the following order
  • Title/cover page
  • Body of the paper
  • Appendix
  • Notes
  • Bibliography

Chicago Style Cover Page Format Example

Bibliography and footnotes are a big part of Chicago style, so here is how you do it:

To help you understand better, here are some examples of citation style and how it looks regarding different sources:

Chicago style, in the case of books

Footnote: – Author first name, last name, Title of Book (Place of publication: publisher, year), page number(s).

Bibliography: – Author last name, first name. Title of Book. Place of publication: publisher, year.

Chicago style, in the case of the article

Footnote: – Author first name last name, “Title of Article,” Name of Journal volume, no. issue (month and year): page number(s). DOI if applicable.

Bibliography: – Author last name, first name. “Title of Article.” Name of Journal volume, no. Issue (month/season year): page range of the article. DOI if applicable.

Chicago style in case of a website

Footnote: – “Title of Page,” Website, accessed month date, year, URL.

Bibliography: – Website. “Title of Page.” Accessed month, date, and year. URL.

Chicago style in newspaper

Footnote: Author first name, last name, “Title of Article,” Name of Publication, month, date, year, page number or URL.

Bibliography: -Author last name, first name. “Title of Article.” Name of Publication, month, date, year. URL if applicable.

Chicago style in YouTube

Footnote: – Channel name, “Video Title,” month date, year, video, length, URL.

Bibliography: – Channel name. “Video Title.” Month date, year. Video, length. URL.

And now you have a complete idea on how to make a cover page in Chicago style along with everything else you need to follow.

Hi, I am Mark, a Literature writer by profession. Fueled by a lifelong passion for Literature, story, and creative expression, I went on to get a PhD in creative writing. Over all these years, my passion has helped me manage a publication of my write ups in prominent websites and e-magazines. I have also been working part-time as a writing expert for for 5+ years now. It’s fun to guide students on academic write ups and bag those top grades like a pro. Apart from my professional life, I am a big-time foodie and travel enthusiast in my personal life. So, when I am not working, I am probably travelling places to try regional delicacies and sharing my experiences with people through my blog. 

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