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Linguistic Research Topics – A Sneak Peak into the Best Research Topics

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Linguistics is a very interesting subject. Learning about languages, finding their true meanings and exploring their characteristics can be so much intriguing. Most students say that the absolutely interesting part of studying linguistics is reading about the history of languages. But no matter how interesting it is to read and learn, the difficult part is getting done with the linguistics assignments, especially if you are doing research.

Students time and again keep mentioning that everything about doing linguistic research is difficult. Be it choosing the topic or finding the right materials for the same, everything can be very confusing and thus time-consuming. But after you read this blog, hopefully, things will become clearer and comparatively easier for you. This blog will cover the essential information you must know before doing a linguistic research, the way you can do a linguistic research, the way you can choose a topic and finally, list some very significant topics for you.

So, keep reading!

What are the Sub-Fields of Linguistics?

Speaking of subfields of Linguistics, the subject can be broadly divided into 9 categories.



The study of words, their construction, and their relationships to other words in the same language are known as morphology in linguistics. It examines how words are put together, including their stems, roots, prefixes, and suffixes.


Phonology investigates how sounds or component elements of sign languages are systematically organised in various languages or dialects. The phrase can also particularly refer to a particular linguistic variety’s sound or sign system.


The descriptive study of sociolinguistics examines how society, including cultural norms, expectations, and environment, influences how language is used and how society influences language. It may cross over with language sociology, which is concerned with how language affects society.


The study of reference, meaning, or truth is known as semantics. The phrase can be used to describe subfields within a number of different disciplines, including computer science, linguistics, and philosophy.


The study of reference, meaning, or truth is known as semantics. The phrase can be used to describe subfields within a number of different disciplines, including computer science, linguistics, and philosophy.


In the case of sign languages, phonetics investigates the corresponding characteristics of signs. Phonetics is a subfield of linguistics that studies how humans make and hear sounds. Phoneticians are linguists who focus on researching the physical characteristics of speech.

Historical Linguistics

The discipline of historical linguistics, often known as diachronic linguistics, investigates how languages evolve over time.


Pragmatics is the study of how context affects meaning in the realms of linguistics and closely related disciplines. The field of research assesses the link between the interpreter and the interpreted, as well as how human language is used in social interactions. Pragmaticians are linguists who focus on pragmatics.


The study of the interactions between linguistic and psychological elements is known as psycholinguistics or the psychology of language.

The Different Approaches to Linguistic

There are majorly two approaches to linguistics. Saussure introduced these two approaches. The approaches are –

Synchronic –

With an emphasis on how meanings are established and upheld and the purposes of grammatical structures, the synchronic approach focuses on the patterns and functions of language as it is now used.

  • Diachronic –

Language historians had mostly focused their attention on historical features of language in the earlier 19th century. In this method, theories regarding the origins of language are explored, along with the historical evolution of various languages and the relationships among them. This is a diachronic approach, which is historical linguistics’ primary focus.

How to Do a Linguistic Research?

Linguistics is considered a science. Therefore, you must keep in mind that any research on linguistics will be majorly like scientific research. Whether you are developing a hypothesis or an experiment or may be addressing a core grammatical theory, each one has a prescribed method, which is to be followed compulsorily.

Based on the data, the research can be either quantitative or qualitative. But irrespective of all these, here are a few mostly generic elements of doing linguistic research.

Choice of Topic

Choosing a topic seems to be the most confusing part. It is mainly because the topic has to be both focused and interesting. This is something students fail to achieve. You have to pay special attention and ensure that the topic is not too broad, vague, or too narrow.

  • Craft the Hypothesis

There are specific components that must be included in your research project, regardless of the technique of data collection. A well-crafted hypothesis, research topic, or forecast must first be created. Keep in mind that a hypothesis is a testable prediction rather than merely an observation.

  • Framing the Literature Review

While not always significant in linguistic research, you need to keep a few things in mind while writing a literature review.

First, remember that you are not reviewing previously written papers on your topic. To support your claim that your study is crucial, carefully choose the primary sources and peer-reviewed journals. As a result, you might start by giving a very succinct and broad summary of the claims made about your subject.

  • Writing the Methodology

In the case of scientific research, methodologies are pretty straightforward. You first decide on the source of the data and then decide on the method of collecting the same. The method must be reliable and very carefully formulated. Make sure you are properly equipped to collect the necessary data.

  • Presenting the Results

Organising and properly presenting the results is very important. Readers will, of course, read this portion to comprehend the conclusion. Remember that only mentioning the results is not enough, but you also have to describe them. This is the best time to discuss the variables you have used and how they led to the result. Know that you can use tables, figures and illustrations to describe the results.

  • Constructing the Analysis

This section gives your readers a more in-depth explanation of how you interpret the results, what they truly show, how they support (or refute) the hypothesis, and what they add to the body of knowledge on the topic. The writer should discuss the study’s shortcomings, potential improvements, and recommendations for the following stages before coming to a conclusion.

The Major Areas of Research in Linguistics

The areas of linguistics mentioned below are the areas in which most people studying linguistics prefer doing the research.


This area deals with the theories that describe how social factors influence language construct. Sociolinguists study language’s style and discourse as well as the theoretical variables that influence how language and society interact.

Developmental Linguistics

The study of linguistic development in people, particularly language learning in early life, is known as developmental linguistics. Children acquiring new languages and adults acquiring other languages besides their mother tongue are some common topics of research in this area.


This area of linguistics mainly deals with the structures in the human brain that are aligned with communication. Researchers come from various backgrounds and bring a diverse range of experimental methods and theoretical viewpoints to the area.

Applied Linguistics

A huge portion of linguistics deals with exploring the generalities within a particular language as well as among other languages. This is referred to as the applied linguistics and is attracting several researchers lately.

100+ Linguistic Research Topics to Choose From

  1. What features of the language’s origin are there?
  2. The background of writing
  3. Communication interpretations
  4. linguistic concepts
  5. The lengthy history of the English-French term relationship
  6. The development of contemporary linguistics
  7. English or indigenous?
  8. Are we genetically predisposed to learn a language from the past?
  9. Early Egyptian society’s contribution to language.
  10. How would you rate the community or society’s language?
  11. What gender-specific linguistic differences are there?
  12. When a person is young, their speech is either formed or broken.
  13. Politicians cultivate their buzzwords with the help of linguistic study.
  14. How might linguistic trends help identify migration paths?
  15. How current language is harmed by computers
  16. Contributing to the creation of a contemporary language subculture is text messaging.
  17. Internet usage and the evolution of language
  18. A look at how languages have changed since social networking has become more popular
  19. Using social media to spread new languages
  20. How well do language learning apps work for teaching foreign languages?
  21. The prevalence of language learning apps among students
  22. An investigation on how the internet affects the spread of slang
  23. Utilising social media to spread hate speech
  24. What distinguishes hate speech from free speech?
  25. How social media platforms can stop the spread of hate speech
  26. How can people who utilise social media communicate their emotions in writing?
  27. Has the linguistic landscape changed as a result of texting?
  28. Social Changes’ Effects on language development and language change
  29. How linguistics evolves with time
  30. How well can emotion get across through nonverbal communication?
  31. Consider the various linguistic issues and diseases.
  32. Mother tongue’s effect on good communication.
  33. The value of knowing multiple dialects.
  34. Analyse your language and pronunciation skills in your mother tongue.
  35. English and French are compared and contrasted.
  36. Latin and English should be contrasted.
  37. A comparison between speech anatomy and physiology.
  38. An analysis of the language of the apes.
  39. What is a folk language?
  40. An examination of ancient languages.
  41. A thorough investigation of ethnographic semantics.
  42. The relationship between linguistics and culture.
  43. A review of phonetics in linguistics in comparison.
  44. The impact of computers on the evolution of dialects.
  45. Examine a paralinguistic dialect’s communication.
  46. A global comparative analysis of English usage.
  47. Does communication effectiveness increase with accent fluency?
  48. Neologism: A study of British English.
  49. Compare and contrast the idioms used in Australian and American English.
  50. A study of the Anglo-Saxon dialects in comparison.
  51. How beneficial is it for children to study more than one language?
  52. Why are second languages taught in elementary schools?
  53. Why is it vital for kids to study a second language?
  54. Language and culture’s effects on a child’s behaviour development
  55. Ethnolinguistics: What is it?
  56. Early childhood behavioural and language challenges co-occurring
  57. The ability of words to emphasise emotions
  58. How are changes in technology changing the forms and methods of communication?
  59. The term “neuro-linguistic programming” is used.
  60. How do successful people use NLP to achieve their personal objectives?
  61. Why do people speak various languages to one another?
  62. How language encourages gender inequality
  63. Examining Race and Colour in Addition to Sociolinguistics in America
  64. a thorough examination of British vowel pronunciation
  65. The contribution of music to the development of languages
  66. Describe the development and evolution of slang.
  67. an examination of the connection between language and thought
  68. Language’s Significance in Fostering cross-cultural Relationships
  69. study of language in both academic and informal contexts
  70. What effect does one’s age have on how they pronounce English?
  71. An examination of English-French load terms using phonetic analysis
  72. What impact does sociolinguistics have on women’s emancipation?
  73. How to master legal circumstances with vocabulary
  74. Greek philosophers’ impact on language development.
  75. Language genesis is a complex problem.
  76. Discuss the role of language in a country with a diverse population.
  77. Is language acquisition different for adults and children?
  78. An examination of how sociolinguistics can aid understanding of multilingualism
  79. An Examination of Sociolinguistics through the Lens of American Racial and ethnic diversity
  80. The Function of Sociolinguistics in the Growth of Children
  81. Psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics contrasted
  82. Gender empowerment and sociolinguistics: an examination of their relationship
  83. How media organisations utilise sociolinguistics to instil bias and gain an edge
  84. The importance of sociolinguistics education in the discipline-teaching process
  85. The historical impact of Sociolinguistics in bringing about societal change
  86. The only means of communication available to us is language.
  87. What hinders the sentence’s and words’ natural flow?
  88. Language problem symptoms and treatment options
  89. How well does audio-visual translation work?
  90. Why is oral communication less precise than written communication?
  91. Is it true that a language has an impact on society, or vice versa?
  92. Why no one can vouch for having a complete command of a language
  93. Uncertainty issues with language translation
  94. The efficiency of subject instruction and language assistance
  95. How does media language change as a result of political oppression?
  96. How was the translation made into another language?
  97. Language death causes
  98. What is the relationship between verbal communication and emotional expressions?
  99. The Impact of Language on Interactions through the Internet
  100. How language evolves as society does
  101. Is the theory of language evolution based on science?
  102. Technology’s place in linguistics
  103. A study of the difficulties in communicating when providing medical care.
  104. Identity’s impact on a heterogeneous society.
  105. Discuss the language limitations in social media.
  106. A thorough examination of hate speech.
  107. The significance of the development of applied linguistics.
  108. Social media’s detrimental influence on effective communication.
  109. The effect of culture on language proficiency.
  110. A thorough assessment of applied linguistics.
  111. Politics’ impact on linguistic media.
  112. An examination of real-world linguistics research techniques.
  113. How being multilingual improves a person’s personality.
  114. How does pronunciation differ depending on one’s mother tongue?
  115. Why do individuals speak various languages?
  116. language translation discovery
  117. Is sign language exclusively concerned with making hand motions?

These were some of the best topics that you can tweak and use for your research paper. Next up, we have tried to address and answer some of the most common doubts students have about linguistic research writing. Let’s decode them!

Frequently Asked Questions:

What can I research in linguistics?

In linguistics, you can research any of the following –

  • General linguistics
  • Comparative linguistics
  • Applied linguistics
  • Corpus linguistics
  • Cognitive linguistics

Why is research important in linguistics?

Beyond comprehending the nuances of many languages, this information can enhance interpersonal communication, aid in translation projects, promote literacy, and treat speech disorders.

What are the 9 branches of linguistics?

The 9 branches of linguistics are –

  • Morphology
  • Phonology
  • Sociolinguistics.
  • Semantics
  • Syntax
  • Phonetics
  • Historical linguistics.
  • Pragmatics
  • Psycholinguistics

What is the purpose of linguistic research?

Linguistic research aims to represent the structure of various aspects of a language or explain various linguistic patterns. Another purpose is to examine how different components of different languages interact with one another.

How is linguistics used in everyday life?

Beyond comprehending the nuances of many languages, this information can enhance interpersonal communication, aid in translation projects, promote literacy, and treat speech disorders.

What types of research methods are commonly used in linguistics?

The common types of research methods commonly used in linguistics are –

  • Observation / Participant Observation.
  • Surveys.
  • Interviews.
  • Experiments.
  • Secondary Data Analysis / Archival Study.
  • Mixed Methods

How to do research in linguistics?

Research in linguistics is like any other scientific research and should be carried out based on the formulated techniques of any scientific research.

Hi, I am Mark, a Literature writer by profession. Fueled by a lifelong passion for Literature, story, and creative expression, I went on to get a PhD in creative writing. Over all these years, my passion has helped me manage a publication of my write ups in prominent websites and e-magazines. I have also been working part-time as a writing expert for for 5+ years now. It’s fun to guide students on academic write ups and bag those top grades like a pro. Apart from my professional life, I am a big-time foodie and travel enthusiast in my personal life. So, when I am not working, I am probably travelling places to try regional delicacies and sharing my experiences with people through my blog. 

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