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100+ Biology Research Topics Ideas for Creative Writing in 2023

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“The basic science is not physics or mathematics but biology – the study of life. We must learn to think both logically and bio-logically.” – Edward Abbey.

Biology is one of the most exciting and intriguing fields of study. There are countless developments going on in the field. One of the fantastic ways to dip your toes into the field is by crafting unique and flawless biology research papers. And to accomplish that, it is a must to get your hands on certain outstanding biology research topics.

But you may wonder, “How can I choose interesting biology topics to research?”

Intriguing biology topics of research papers need to be appealing, attention-grabbing, and academically relevant. They need to deal with debatable questions and current findings. Further, an amazing topic is one with a base of scientific arguments that has a valuable idea for science. It must also provoke further discussion and lead to remarkable upcoming studies.

If you have a hard time delivering amazing biology research papers, then this tailor-made post has got you covered! Read on to gain lucid ideas on choosing the best biological research questions and exemplary topics to help you fulfil your academic endeavours and stay relevant.

Areas of Research in Biology: A Quick Overview

Since Biology closely examines the structures, functions, growth and evolution of living organisms, there is continuous developments in the areas of research. So, you must be aware of these essential areas before you go knee-deep in the challenging process of writing perfect biology research papers. Here’s a molecular look at the different areas of research in biology-

1. Microbiology Research Topics

Microbiologists are required to investigate tiny organisms. Most of these microscopic organisms, like viruses, can cause infectious diseases. Due to this crucial aspect, a strong connection can be found between immunology and microbiology.

2. Anatomy Research Topics

Anatomy is an area of biology that studies various organisms’ structure and vital parts. It mainly focuses on the tissues and organs.

3. Cell and Molecular Biology Research Topics

This branch studies the structure and function of living organisms along with their biological processes at cellular levels. It also focuses on the macromolecules like RNA, DNA, proteins, carbohydrates and lipids that define them.

4. Environmental Biology Research Topics

This research area lays emphasis on the scientific study of the origins, functions, interactions, relationships, and natural history of living organisms. It also focuses on species, communities, and ecosystems concerning the dynamic process of the environment.

5. Marine Research Topics

This specific branch of biology mainly concerns life that prevails in the deep seas. A significant part of marine biology is oceanography.

6. Botany Research Topics

Also referred to as plant biology, this research area studies the characteristics of organisms that require water and light to survive.

7. Evolutionary  Research Topics

This specific research area deals with the evolutionary processes (like common descent, natural selection, and speciation) that generated the diversity of life on Earth.

8. Developmental Research Topics

This area of biology studies the processes by which multicellular organisms develop and grow, controlled by their genes.

9. Epidemiology Research Topics

This branch of biology investigates the determinants, occurrence, distribution, and control of a disease population.

With this clear overview in mind, you are now ready to find out the attributes of good biology research paper topics!

Good Biology Research Paper Topics: Fundamental Characteristics

An excellent research paper topic on biology explores something intriguing and can offer a completely new perspective on life. It must hook the attention of the readers, should be thought-provoking and relevant to the community. It should also challenge readers to think differently and inspire meaningful conversations.

Regardless of what it is about – plants, humans, animals, ecology, disease, and more- it should always address something from a new and unique perspective. It should make a discovery, possess the potential to result in a scientific breakthrough and establish a link between two phenomena or organisms. Furthermore, interesting topics about biology must always be expressive, precise, parsimonious, and unambiguous.

How to Choose Biology Research Paper Topics? The Real Deal!

Know half the battle of turning in an exceptional biology research paper is won when you choose the right research paper topics on biology. Undoubtedly the creative process is no easy. To aid you, we have enlisted certain sure-fire strategies to brainstorm interesting biological topics that will help you secure the much-coveted rank in your class.

Check them out!

Go for Something Specific

The key to selecting perfect biological research questions is to ensure they are not general. You may be unable to dive too much into details if your topic is too broad. Furthermore, the massive amount of information on a broad topic might also be overwhelming for both you and the readers. So, it is always wise to go for something specific.

Example –

  • Do not go for a topic like “Environmental sustainability.”
  • Write on a topic like “Environmental sustainability through a remarkable change in global diets”.

Conduct Preliminary Research

Remember, research paper topics of biology must always be based on robust scientific evidence. Hence, once you are done brainstorming a single idea, ensure to conduct in-depth preliminary research to assess if there are sufficiently credible and relevant resources you could use.


  • Choose a topic like ‘Organ Transplantation’. Search for resources on the operational aspect, the types of transplants, why it is clinically important, essentials to know, and the likes to turn in an impeccable research paper.
  • DO NOT trust unreliable sources like blogs, personal websites, Wikipedia, Movies, etc.

Do Not Choose Excessively Narrow Topics

When choosing research paper topics in biology, it is significant to avoid a topic that’s too narrow so find enough resources to craft the paper. Additionally, your readers will become disinterested if there’s no room for overarching questions.


  • Do not write on topics like – “Oxygen Transport”.
  • Write on a topic like – “Cell biology and treatment paths of Alzheimer’s disease”.

Explore Unique Ideas

Before sifting through current biology research papers, look for countless topics that intrigue you. That’s how you can develop in-depth knowledge of recent trends, and narrow your focus to a single idea.


  • Go through topics like Genetic Engineering and CRISPR, Ways Radiation Impacts DNA, and the Effect of BMI on Injuries to come up with an excellent idea of your own.
  • Avoid looking on search engines for “10 best biology research paper topics” or “20 biology topics for presentation”.

Ensure the Research Derive Unique Findings

Remember the topic you select and how you want to go about it must add immense value to the scientific community. Hence, try to avoid topics that won’t bring anything new to the table.


  • Do not choose topics like – “Fertilisers”.
  • Select topics like – “Speech patterns of human noticed in Asian elephants.”

Now that you know how to choose interesting biology project ideas, let us spoil you with choices of some of the most remarkable biology research paper topic examples. Here you go!

Unique Biology Research Paper Topics for High School and College Students

Writing biology research papers can cease to be an excruciating affair if you have the right strategies to come up with unique topics. However, for those looking for inspiration to set the ball rolling, here are some inspiring biology research questions for high school and college students.

We have segregated the topics as per different specialisations. So, go on and take a dip at it!

Molecular Biology Research Topics

  1. Damaging and repairing cycle of DNA
  2. Molecular biology – Development stages
  3. Omnivores and Frugivores – What are humans naturally?
  4. Discuss biological reasons behind intolerances in food
  5. Impact of sunburns on a cellular level
  6. Organisation in a viral genome- Explain
  7. Restrictions of Microarray Data Analysis

Environmental Biology Research Topics

  1. Present an analysis of environmental sustainability.
  2. Growth of greens
  3. Impact of changes in the environment on the population of seabirds
  4. Applications of geospatial science
  5. Coral reefs conservation vs destruction
  6. Significance of crustaceans for the environment
  7. Discuss the impact of genetic diseases on humans

Evolutionary Biology Research Topics

  1. Write about the original functions of the appendix in human beings
  2. Butterflies and moths – Discuss evolutionary connections
  3.  How do malaria parasites resist drugs?
  4. Discuss- Development of resistance.
  5. Ways mind vary from one human to another
  6. Discuss the evolutionary biology of infectious disease
  7. Chimpanzees vs. Gorillas – A comparative analysis of the anatomy.

Zoology Research Topics

  1. Discuss patterns seen in the migration of birds
  2. Present a detailed analysis of invasive species
  3. Domestication of canines
  4. Discuss speech in Grey Parrots of Africa
  5. Contemporary vs Classical classification methods
  6. Impact of Western historical expansion on the American Buffalo
  7. Present a NY case study on the overpopulation of while tail deer in Long Island
  8. Present a NY case study on the overpopulation of while tail deer in Long Island

Cellular Biology Research Topics

  1. Significance of Cork Tree Cell
  2. Discuss the use of Hormone Action Therapy in athletics at college
  3. Cause of cellular metabolism in marine mammals
  4. Discuss research methods in cell biology
  5. Discuss common cell infections and challenges to the immunity
  6. Discuss the heritage of Robert Brown and the nucleus
  7. Discuss the modification of ribosomes and the functioning of cell membrane

Plant Pathology Research Topics

  1. Plant Pathology – discuss measures of prevention
  2. Influence of fertilisers on plants
  3. Photosynthesis – Explain crucial aspects and functions
  4. Discuss the natural disease resistance in plants
  5. Explain the management of plant diseases facilitated by modern technology
  6. Present a detailed literature review on evolution and microbial ecology
  7. Relation between invasive plants and weedy

Neurobiology Research Topics

  1. Describe the impact of music on the brain of human beings
  2. Anxiety and Gut Bacteria – Discuss the relationship
  3. Discuss the neurobiological causes that result in migraine
  4. Depression and Oxidative Stress – Links
  5.  What are the genetic causes of Schizophrenia?
  6. Discuss how cognitive neuroscience can help in problem-solving
  7. Use of neuroscience in robotic technologies – Discuss

Biotechnology Research Topics

  1. Explain the recent developments in forensic DNA
  2. How can nanotechnology be used to diagnose cancer?
  3. Discuss nanotechnology methods for the isolation of DNA
  4. What are the applications of biotechnology on food?
  5. Transplantation biology and Cardiovascular biology – Discuss the relation
  6. Pharmacogenetics – Explain the principles
  7.  RNA- based therapeutics- Explain

Genetics Research Topics

  1. Discuss the moral aspects of cloning.
  2. Ways human cloning can transform medicine
  3. Describe the different stages of lung cancer
  4. Impacts of sun exposure on the skin of human beings
  5. Discuss the safety issues concerning foods that are genetically modified
  6.  Present the correlation between obesity and genetics
  7. DNA-modified organisms – What do you know about them?

Developmental Biology Research Topics

  1. Discuss development in the cardiovascular system.
  2. Regeneration of tissues- Discuss
  3. Present your views on top killer viruses
  4. Discuss combinations of anticancer drugs
  5. What is the connection between fertilisation and gametes?
  6. Discuss birth defects
  7. Write about the diseases that are associated with the developmental origin

Marine Biology Research Topics

  1. Discuss mental accumulation in marine invertebrates.
  2. Uses of biotechnology in the study of marine life
  3. Management of the ocean – Present your views
  4. Relation between pollution and toxicology in oceans
  5. Write about the archaeological discovery of the dead sea scrolls
  6. History, causes and impacts of rising sea levels
  7. Discuss anthropogenic factors of the marine pollution

Immunology Research Topics

  1. Discuss the improved methods of transportation.
  2. Significance of vaccination in the modern era
  3. Key causes of epidemics – Discuss
  4. Relation between immune response and cell death
  5. Write the strategies of immunotherapy against pathogens
  6. Development of vaccines for infectious disease
  7. Causes of immune system disorders

Botany Research Topics

  1. Present a detailed study of the ferns
  2. Discuss the recent findings in the plant fossils’ study
  3. Write about genetic inheritance in plant species
  4. What are the recent discoveries made in plant research?
  5. Plant pathology – Common occurrences
  6. Discuss the structure and different types of fungi
  7.  Write  about growth control in plants

History of Biology Research Topics

  1. Discuss the history of genetics.
  2. Write about the history of vaccination.
  3. Present a paper on renowned biologists and their unique discoveries
  4. Impact of whale hunting
  5. Applications of technology in biology
  6.  Explain the fundamental laws of inheritance of Gregor Mendel
  7. Explain stand of Rachel Carson’s on environmental safety

Bioremediation Research Topics

  1. Discuss the bioremediation phenomenon.
  2. What do you know about the bioremediation of groundwater?
  3. Present your views on the bioremediation protocol for oil spill
  4. Discuss the method of bioremediation
  5. Present the  relationship between genomic and evolutionary microbiology
  6. What do you know about – Chemotherapy, Resistance  and Antimicrobials
  7. Enhancement of ecology with the aid of bioremediation

Trending Biology Research Questions

  1. Discuss the causes of allergic responses that result in asthma in certain persons.
  2. Present an analysis of the effective techniques of pandemic-fighting
  3. Explain the implications of coral reef biology
  4. Ways miscarriage impacts the health of women
  5. Do you think immortality is a realistic objective for human beings?
  6. What biological reasons lead to food intolerances?
  7. Embryo screening and Human cloning – Present a bioethical perspective on research

Controversial Topics in Biology

  1. Failing to vaccinate children should be considered illegal – Explain
  2. A case for or against the ending of life practice – Euthanasia
  3. Hair loss – a consequence of lifestyle or genetic setback
  4. A case for or against the use of marijuana for leisure consumption
  5. Should the choice of abortion be left to mothers and healthcare practitioners?
  6. Herbicides must be revoked – Explain
  7. How well do we know the concept of ‘cloning’?

Most Popular Questions Searched By Students:

Q1. What are the most interesting topics in biology?

Regardless of whether you are looking for a specialising area in biology or searching for an inspiring research paper topic, here are certain intriguing things going on in the world of biology currently-

  • Coronavirus and Epidemiology
  • Changes in climate
  • Cancer Biology
  • Behavioural Economics  
  • Recovery of Endangered Species

Q2. What are the possible biology research topics?

Have a look at some possible biology research topics-

  • Theoretical foundations of the origins of humankind
  • Periods of gestation observed in mammals
  • Science behind addiction for drugs
  • Essential principles of cloning

Q3. How do you come up with a biology research topic?

Choosing a remarkable biology research paper topic can be an uphill task. Here are certain golden strategies to know to zero in on an intriguing topic-

  • Narrow down a subject
  • Scour current research papers
  • Brainstorm a single area
  • Conduct preliminary in-depth research
  • Create a list of keywords

Go through relevant examples

Q4. What are good biology research questions?

Here are certain inspiring and best biology research paper questions –

  • Conducting experiments with stem cells
  • Biological perceptions of abortion
  • Ways stem cells are used in medical treatment
  • Biological impacts of pollution
  • Benefits of vaccinations

Q5. What are debatable topics in biology?

Here are certain debatable topics in biology –

  • Differences or similarities between the birth of twins
  • Pros and cons of being a vegetarian
  • Discuss-  sugar is  a new addiction wave to health hazards
  • What makes us humans? – Brains or emotions
  • Women should be recruited more in government and military

Q6. What is a research question in biology?

At some point during your biology degree, you will need to create your research question. The research question should state the problem or issue your paper will focus on. It should be clear and focused, not too easy or challenging to answer, not too broad or not too narrow, researchable and analytical instead of being descriptive.

Q7. What are the common themes of biology?

Broadly, biology is categorised into three key themes- interdependence, evolution and diversity. It also incorporates other crucial themes like –

  • Cell structure and function
  • Homeostasis and Stability
  • Inheritance and reproduction
  • Evolution
  • Matter, Energy and Organisation
  • Reproduction
  • Adaptation

Q8. What are the specialty areas in biology?

When pursuing biology, students can specialise in the below-enlisted areas –

  • Biotechnology
  • Botany
  • Ecology
  • Genetics
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology
  • Physiology
  • Zoology

Q9. What do students study in biology?

 Students pursuing biology mainly require studying living organisms and their vital processes. It also helps study the structure, growth, function, evolution, origin and classification of various living organisms.

Q10. What is an example of a research question and hypothesis?

An example of a research question in biology is “What are the demographic outcomes of ecological interactions?” Whereas, the example of a remarkable hypothesis statement in biology is- “Consumption of excessive sugary drinks regularly will result in long-term obesity”.

Q11. What are some hard biology questions?

Here are certain biology questions that are believed to be difficult –

  • How do cells figure out the correct size to grow before dividing?
  • Can human beings directly view a proton?
  • Do you think gender traits are a complete outcome of expectations of society?
  • In what ways can we unlock the 90% of our brain that we never use?

Q12. What are the major biological issues today?

Have a look at the major biological issues in the current era –

  • Synthetic Biology – Discuss the ethical issues
  • Species that are endangered
  • Global warming
  • Acidification of oceans
  • Pollution

Q13. What are the big ideas in biology?

Here are certain outstanding ideas of biology that require a detailed discussion –

  • Evolution by natural selection
  • Gene as a mechanism of heredity
  • Cell as the basic functional and structural life unit
  •  Life as chemistry

Grace Turner

I am Grace Turner. I have been passionate about writing ever since I was a child. That's what inspired me to pursue a PhD in English and make a career as a higher education administrator. All the time spent earning a PhD introduced me to the hardships, one faces working on essays and dissertations. Though I am a HEA, I am keen on sharing my experiences and knowledge about essay writing with students worldwide. So, I also work as an English essay writing expert for, helping students tackle essay tasks like a pro. When I am not at my workplace or writing essays, I'mI'm probably cooking something delicious for my family or reading an epic suspense thriller.

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