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An Elaborate Overview Of How To Write A Synthesis Essay

The synthesis essay is one which talks about the production and development of work and connects two or more processes involved.  Initially, it can be used as a part of essay writing in school assignments. It can also be used later for business proposals and research papers.

As the term synthesis suggests, it means taking different aspects and making them whole together as a single product.  The main goal of a synthesis essay is to describe the process, sate various processes involved and giving a final opinion on them.  Taking information from different segments and finally weaving them all together or coming up with a conclusion is also objective.

How to Write a Synthesis Essay?

A synthesis essay combines information from multiple sources to create a coherent and well-supported argument.  It requires critical thinking, analysis, and effective organization.  Here is a step-by-step essay guide on how to write a synthesis essay:

Understand the prompt: Read the prompt carefully to grasp the main idea and determine the purpose of your essay.  Identify the key concepts and any specific requirements or guidelines provided.

Conduct research: Gather relevant and credible sources that relate to your topic.  These sources could include articles, books, scholarly journals, or reputable websites.  Take notes and annotate the sources to keep track of important information and ideas.

Develop a thesis statement: Formulate a clear and concise thesis statement that presents your main argument or claim.  Your thesis should reflect your analysis and interpretation of the sources and guide the direction of your essay.

How to Structure a Synthesis Piece?

If you are confused about how to organize your essay then start by determining the most effective way to present your argument.  A common structure for a synthesis essay is as follows:

  • Introduction

Start with a hook to engage the reader and provide context for the topic.  Present your thesis statement and briefly overview the sources you will be synthesizing.

  • Body paragraphs

Devote each paragraph to a specific subtopic or theme related to your thesis. Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that relates to the thesis statement.

Use evidence from your sources to support your claims and analyze and explain how the sources connect and contribute to your argument.  Make sure to integrate the sources smoothly and avoid merely summarizing them.

  • Counterarguments

Acknowledge potential counterarguments or alternative viewpoints and address them in your essay. This demonstrates a balanced and nuanced understanding of the topic.

  • Conclusion

Summarize your main points and restate your thesis in a new light.  Emphasize the significance of your argument and its broader implications.  Avoid introducing new information in the conclusion.

Steps to Write to Piece

Write Your Essay:Start with a strong introduction that sets the tone and provides a clear roadmap for the essay.  Then, develop each paragraph with a clear topic sentence, supporting evidence, analysis, and connections to the thesis.  Use transitions to create a smooth and logical flow between paragraphs.

 Revise and edit:Review your essay for clarity and effectiveness.  Ensure your arguments are well-supported, the sources are properly integrated, and the essay flows smoothly.  Pay attention to grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure.  Consider seeking feedback from a peer or instructor to gain a fresh perspective on your work.

Proofread:Carefully check for spelling mistakes, typos, and other errors.  Read your essay aloud to catch any awkward phrasing or unclear sentences.  It is crucial to present a polished and error-free final draft.

The final step is to remember to adhere to any specific formatting guidelines provided by your instructor (e.g., MLA, APA, etc.) and properly cite your sources in the appropriate citation style.

Following these steps are enough to be able to write a well-structured and extraordinary synthesis essay.

How to Create the Outline for Your Synthesis Essay?

Here is how you can draw an outline and use it as a framework:

Start with a Hook

  • Ad background information on the topic
  • Followed by a thesis statement

Discussion of Source

  • Give summary or key points of the sources involved.
  • Perform analysis and evaluation of Source
  • Connect it with the thesis statement

 Synthesis of Sources

  • Discuss about identification of common themes or patterns across the sources.
  • Comparison and contrast of the sources.
  • Give an explanation of how the sources support or contradict each other.
  • Finally develop your argument based on the synthesis of the sources.


  • Along with similarities add in potential counterarguments or opposing viewpoints.
  • Give appropriate response to the counterarguments.
  • Strengthen your argument by giving final remarks on counterarguments.


  • Restatement the final thesis statement
  • Give an ultimate summary of the main points discussed in the paper.
  • Place final thoughts or reflections on the topic.

Following this should give you a pretty good outline but remember this is generic. You can always adapt it to fit the specific demands of your work.  Each section should contain a clear heading, evidence from the sources, analysis, and connections to the thesis statement.

How to Frame the Introduction of the Paper?

Here is how you write an excellent introduction for your paper:

  • Have an attention grabber:Start your introduction with a compelling statement, unique statistics, or thought-provoking question to grab the reader’s attention.  This could be a surprising fact, a relevant quote, or a brief scenario related to your topic.
  • Background information:Providing background information on the topic to create awareness is a must for any topic.  This helps the reader understand the significance and relevance of the subject matter.  You can briefly overview the issue, its historical context, or any relevant statistics or trends.
  • Thesis statement: State your thesis statement, which presents the main argument or claim you will make in your essay.  Make sure it is clear, concise, and specific.  Your thesis should reflect the overall purpose of your essay and your aim and objectives with it.
  • Blueprint of the essay:Provide a brief overview of the sources you will be synthesizing and the main points you will discuss in your essay.  This helps to set up the structure of your essay and gives the reader a roadmap of what to expect.

 The introduction should be engaging, concise, attention worthy and set the tone for your essay.  It should capture the reader’s interest and create a smooth flow for the readers to continue.

How to Write a Conclusion for a Synthesis Essay?

Writing a conclusion for a synthesis essay involves summarizing the main points discussed and reinforcing the thesis statement.  Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to write a strong conclusion for your synthesis essay:

  • Restate the thesis statement:Begin your conclusion by restating your thesis statement but slightly differently.  This helps to remind the reader of your main argument and reinforces its significance.
  • Summarize the main points:Provide a concise summary of the main points discussed in your essay without making it repetitive.  Highlight the key ideas or arguments you presented in each body paragraph.  However, avoid introducing new information or evidence in the conclusion.
  • Highlight the synthesis of sources:Emphasize how your synthesized sources support or contribute to your overall argument.  Explain the connections and patterns you discovered among the sources and demonstrate how they collectively strengthen your overall thesis statement.
  • Discuss the broader implications:Reflect on, the broader implications of your argument and its relevance to the larger context.  Consider the implications for the field of study, society, or any other relevant aspect.  Discuss why your synthesis is significant and how it adds to the understanding of the topic.
  • Provide a closing thought or call to action:End your conclusion with a thought-provoking statement, or a suggestion for further research or consideration.  This helps to leave a lasting impression on the reader and encourages them to think more deeply about the topic.
  • Avoid introducing new information:Remember that the conclusion is not the place to introduce new information, arguments, or evidence.  It should serve as a summary and synthesis of the ideas presented in the essay.
  • Keep it concise:Keep your conclusion concise and to the point.  Aim to wrap up your essay effectively without unnecessary repetition or wordiness.
  • Revise and proofread: Edit your conclusion to ensure clarity, coherence, and perfection.  Your conclusion should provide a sense of closure to your synthesis essay and leave the reader with a clear understanding of your main argument and its significance with zero confusion.

And there is how you can make your conclusion meaningful without adding irrelevant stuff to make up for the word count.

How to Structure Your Synthesis Essay?

To structure a synthesis essay effectively, you can follow this recommended format:


Body paragraphs:

  • Talk About Synthesis:
  • State Counterarguments:


Additional tips:

  • Use clear topic sentences and logical organization to ensure each paragraph has a specific focus.
  • Use evidence from your sources to support your claims and provide analysis and explanation.
  • Integrate your sources smoothly, avoiding excessive summarization or long quotations.
  • Ensure you cite your sources using the appropriate citation style (e.g., MLA, APA).
  • Revise and edit your essay to ensure clarity, coherence, and proper grammar and punctuation.

Following this structure is the correct way of presenting can present your ideas logically and persuasively. Also this allows effectively synthesizing information from multiple sources to support your argument.

How to Format a Synthesis Essay?

When formatting a synthesis essay, following the guidelines provided by your instructor or the specific citation style required for your essay is important.  However, in general, here are some formatting guidelines to consider for a synthesis essay:

  • Font and size:Using a standard, readable font such as Times New Roman, Arial, or Calibri is more acceptable. The recommended font size is 12.
  • Margins:Set one-inch margins on all sides of the document.
  • Line spacing:Double-spacing throughout the essay, including the body paragraphs, quotations, and reference list.  This provides ample space for readers to review and annotate your essay.
  • Page numbering:Number the pages in the header or footer of the document, typically in the top right corner.
  • Title:Add a descriptive title for your synthesis essay at the beginning of the document.  Centre-align or place it in the upper left corner of the first page, depending on the formatting style required.
  • Introduction, body, and conclusion:Separate these sections with headings or subheadings, and ensure they are appropriately indented.
  • In-text citations: When referring to specific information or ideas from your sources, use in-text citations to give credit to the original authors.  Follow the appropriate citation style (e.g., MLA, APA, Chicago) for formatting in-text citations.  This includes using parenthetical citations, footnotes, or endnotes, depending on the style guide.
  • Reference list or works cited page:Include a separate page at the end of your essay that lists all the sources you cited or consulted.  Follow the specific citation style guidelines for formatting the reference list or works cited page.
  • Headings and subheadings:Use them to organize your essay’s structure and make it easier for readers to follow.  Use consistent formatting for headings throughout the essay.
  • Pagination:Ensure that each page is numbered sequentially, from the introduction’s first page to the conclusion’s last page.

For specific formatting guidelines, consult the appropriate style guide (such as the MLA Handbook or the APA Publication Manual).  Adhering to the required formatting style demonstrates attention to detail and enhances the overall professionalism of your synthesis essay.

Synthesis Essay Example

“On my last trip to the beach, I looked out at the ocean and saw nothing but waste.  Plastic, bottles, boxes, and bags crowded the water and piled up on the shore.  As a society, we must find more sustainable packaging means to prevent this pile of garbage from growing and cluttering more.  The sustainability of glass and plastic, in particular, is hotly debated.  Due to problematic factors involved in plastic recycling, glass and paper packaging is a more sustainable option and should be employed by manufacturers.”

Master Synthesis Essay Writing with Examples

Synthesis essays aren’t just essays that you get in college. You’ll have to apply the skills that you learn here to craft business proposals and research papers as well. So, learn how to write a synthesis essay by going through these samples.

Elaborate Overview Of How To Write A Synthesis Essay Example

Check This Synthesis Essay Example

View Sample

How to Start a Synthesis Essay?

To start a synthesis essay effectively, you can use one of the following strategies:

  1. Start with a relevant quote:Begin your essay with a compelling quote that relates to your topic or encapsulates the main idea you will be discussing.  Ensure that the quote is from a credible source and aligns with the overall argument of your essay.
  2. Present a thought-provoking question:Begin with a question that engages the reader’s curiosity and encourages them to think critically about the topic.  This can create an immediate connection and interest the reader in further exploring your essay.
  • Share a compelling anecdote or story:Introduce your synthesis essay with a brief story that illustrates the topic’s significance.  This helps establish an emotional connection with the reader and provides a relatable context for the discussion.
  1. State a surprising fact or statistic:Begin your essay with an attention-grabbing fact or statistic that immediately captures the reader’s interest.  This can be an unexpected piece of information or a striking statistic highlighting the topic’s importance.
  2. Provide background information:Start with a brief overview or background information about the topic.  This helps set the context and provides the foundation for understanding the issues discussed in your synthesis essay.
  3. Begin with a strong thesis statement:Start your essay by presenting a clear and concise thesis statement that outlines your main argument or claim.  This approach allows you to establish the purpose and direction of your essay immediately.

Whichever strategy you choose, ensuring that it is relevant to your topic and captures the reader’s attention essay is essential. Maintaining the correct and same tone throughout should also be carried out. Remember to smoothly transition from your opening to the main body paragraphs, where you will synthesize the sources and present your argument in more detail.

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Most Popular Questions Searched By Students

How do you start a synthesis essay?

To start a synthesis essay, one must briefly explain the topic.  Synthesis essay can be quite complex to understand, so an easy guide on the components involved can be helpful for the readers.

What is the format of a synthesis essay?

Like every other typical essay, a synthesis essay has an introduction, body and conclusion.

What are the steps in writing a synthesis?

To write a synthesis essay, come up with an interesting topic.  Do an extensive research and make an appropriate outline.  Finally, start writing on it and do a few rounds of editing before final submission.

How do you start a synthesis example?

To start a synthesis essay add a hook in the beginning. State the components involved or mention the final results, and you can talk about how you received them throughout your work.

What is an example sentence for synthesis?

Few examples for synthesis sentences include:

  • “In this paper, I have shown synthesis of food in plants”
  • “The last two compounds are essential for synthesis of…”

How do you write a synthesis paper for a research paper?

To start writing a synthesis paper finds a good topic and do immense research on it.  Frame a good outline that helps to connect the entire paragraph and edit it thoroughly. Also don’t forget to write a compelling introduction and conclusion and not just focus on the body.

Thomas Taylor

Hi, I am Thomas Taylor, an English essay writing expert at I have completed my MBA from Binghamton university. During my days at university, I experienced the hardships of juggling with academic stress and essay writing tasks. I closely examined all the problems that fellow students and I faced completing such tasks. Once I landed my dream job, I dedicated some of my time to freelance essay writing. As the years went by, my passion for writing grew stronger, and now I work as a full-time English essay writing expert. I love helping students, guiding them on how to write killer essays and grab those A grades. Apart from that, I love photography and bike racing. 

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