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Step-By-Step – Essay Writing Guide For Beginners

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Do you feel you lack imagination and ideas when writing an essay? Then don’t worry! You are not alone. Many students like you face difficulties in writing at the stipulated time in an examination. Through the writing process, you will surely be able to ace essay writing exams ahead of time as a part of your college essays, essays during college admissions and thesis to influence the perspectives of your readers!

What is Essay Writing?

Essays are short forms of writing that explains how much you understand about a topic, form an in-depth analysis, identify differences between topics, and influence your reader in favor of or against a particular viewpoint. You must also keep the doubts of your readers clear about the topic or describe reasons stating the causes, regarding the views you have mentioned in the context of a topic. You must also be able to clarify the readers’ doubts about the topic or provide a description of reasons regarding the views as stated by you in the context of a topic. The aim of an essay is to guide the students to express their views distinctly and to form a new idea and concepts during the process of writing.

How to Write an Essay?

While writing an essay, you need to bear some points in your mind that would help you to come up with unique solutions to your problems. They are as discussed below.

Understanding the Question Asked

You must be able to understand the questions you are asked regarding the topic you are supposed to discuss. In this stage, you must understand what answers the examiner is expecting in the form of definitions, comparisons, assessments, and discussion of your observations.

Establishing Your Argument

When you plan to write an essay, you must first decide what your argument will be about a particular topic. The argument should directly or indirectly speak in favor of or against that topic. The argument should not only provide a discourse on a particular angle of the topic but also discuss the general viewpoint or final message about the topic in the context of a specific contention.

Utilizing Proof to Establish Your Argument

To establish your knowledge claim, you need to first present evidence, then form associations to support your evidence, and finally, cite the claims you usually make regarding specific authors to justify them. The sources that should be present in your answers as specimens of evidence should comprise statistics, quotations, illustrations, and facts. By forming proper associations and reasoning, you can support your knowledge assertions made in the form of evidence. At the final stage, you can support the validity of your evidence with the help of citations obtained from separate authors.

Plan Out in a Sequential Manner

You should start writing your essay with the introductory paragraph. Then, in the next paragraph, you should write the body of the essay, which should describe your views with reason on a topic. In the final paragraph, you should state the conclusion of your essay, which should describe the observations you have made in the context of a thesis statement.

Ensure Clarity in Your Writing

Your writing should be conceptually and grammatically clear and free from common mistakes. You should proofread and revise your essay before submitting it. You should check and revise your work with fresh eyes and ensure that it is free from any spelling mistakes or other grammatical errors.

Proper Application of Sentences

While writing your essay, you should ensure that you can appropriately apply the sentences in complete grammatical form and that they are grammatically correct. Furthermore, you should be able to form associations between sentences, which your readers should be able to clearly understand. You should avoid repetitively using the same words and unnecessary word usage.

Appropriate Usage of Paragraphs

First, you should be able to comprehend whether the essay introduces you to the main idea of the subject. Then you must be able to identify whether every sentence present in the paragraph justifies the central idea of what you are talking about. Furthermore, you should show the association between your evidence and reasoning that would justify your evidence claims.

Preparation for Writing an Essay

Preparing what to write next and planning is a major step in the essay writing process. The main aim of writing an essay is not just to provide information covering all the points that illustrate a subject. It should also be able to draw the reader’s attention so that the reader can recall the facts explained in the essay. Writing an essay does not mean writing all the words in the form of sentences that provide any information about the subject. The views that you must explain in your essay should be relevant, meaningful, and generally agreed on accurate views. This is only possible if you explain all your ideas in an essay in the form of a logical progression that can explain the reason behind your particular viewpoint. Stated below are some of the ways in which you must begin writing as a part of the essay writing guide and the essay writing process that you must follow to accomplish your task.

Developing Ideas

Before you begin writing the essay, you must be aware of what you already know about a specific topic and what more information you need to learn about. Then, you must be able to draw observations after learning new facts about the subject and explain them in your language.

After reading the articles, books, and chapters provided, you must be able to form a summary of the writing. After consulting the study material, you must establish your viewpoints by creating a referencing list and citing other authors and respective page numbers as evidence for the truth of the facts.

Developing the Overall Structure of the Essay

You can start your essay-writing procedure by first deciding on a reasonable structure for your thesis statement to be proved with logical arguments to justify the cause of the statement. For this, you must choose the right words to express your viewpoints in the essay.

Before starting to write, you need to find out what question you are being asked and what the examiner wishes to know from you. Then, you must continue to explain how the question is different and the approach you must follow to answer it.

In the second stage, you must acknowledge the question and develop a topic sentence in the form of an argument. This would describe your argument and later provide causation to the sequence of facts you put forward in the context of the specific question. You must explain a separate point in every new paragraph. At the end, provide a summary of your question explaining your arguments and demonstrate a technique by which they provide an authentic answer to your genuine question.

Essay Planning Models

With a proper plan, it will be easier for you to produce your first draft and help you adjust your ideas to the new writing plan you developed. Your essay can be developed based on two broad essay planning models: bullet points and linear points and visual plans and spider diagrams.

  • Bullet Points/Linear Points: You need to develop main points in the form of numbers or bullet points in the format of every paragraph containing a central point and a detailed plan with separate sub-points. However, you must justify each of your points with a reason that aligns with the topic sentence. You must control the number of points you add to your plan. If you add too many extra points, then you must reduce them. However, if are hunting for points to add, then increase the number of your points with more subpoints during the process of your writing plan.
  • Spider Diagrams/Visual Plans:You can plan your writing using mind maps, which consist of a writing plan explaining the main points on a page comprising keywords and phrases regarding the main question asked in the essay. Subsequently, you can arrange your ideas by forming numbering patterns to create spider diagrams. This is a dynamic and creative technique, and you can apply these points in your essay in the direction of a straight line and form associations between the points.

Understanding Essay Types

Below are three distinct kinds of essay formats where you must portray your essay-writing skills.

Narrative Essays

This type of essay is a kind of high school and college essay in which you discuss your personal views creatively and use a story. It usually draws the attention of the readers. They usually comprise telling an interesting story about a real-life individual or event. This form of essay can begin with a curious question; it can provide references to statistics or apply the usage of an important form of quotation. This kind of essay should begin its first sentence with a central idea about the topic of the essay in 3-5 sentences. In the thesis statement, you should propose your argument in the form of an essay, acknowledgment, or a story that can be categorized as a report. You should develop separate paragraphs, each describing a new viewpoint comprising 3-5 blocks, and finally, you will disclose your observations in regards to the topic in 3-5 well-structured sentences that would help the examiner to understand whether you are on the right track of the topic.

Persuasive Essays

A persuasive essay is a kind of essay where you write solely to influence your reader’s views about a particular topic. Some of the elements of a persuasive essay include pathos, logos, and ethos. Pathos describes every detail of an essay using a tone and voice of language to change the views of the readers to invoke an emotional response. The logos in a persuasive essay means the element logos present in the form of facts and statistics and you should justify these elements with your views. The ethos comprises the vibe ethos, which should describe the information available in the correct manner and, meanwhile, curate the opinions of your readers.

Descriptive Essays

A descriptive essay aims to illustrate in detail a specific situation, place, object, and person facing that particular situation. To write an outstanding essay, you use different words to evoke an emotional reaction by drawing the reader’s attention.

Expository Essays

You can describe in detail, clarify any existing doubts that may be present, or provide balanced different angles of view about a particular subject or a concept. In contrast to other forms of essay that look into indulging in personal storytelling and conveying personal opinions, the expository essay makes sure that the information you provide is factually correct and goal-oriented. The main aim of this essay is to present you with broader and clearer views on a particular subject. This form of essay looks towards experimenting with the different angles of the evidence and stating your rational observations.         

Synthetic Essays

In Synthetic essays, you can experiment with different angles of ideas and concepts and express your opinion about a particular complicated subject. Synthetic essays are of two types, including argumentative and explanatory essays. Argumentative essays contain your personal opinion and how you try to influence your readers. This type of essay concentrates on obtaining information from various sources and proving one’s point with the help of a strong argument. This form of essay also utilizes rhetorical strategies to influence the reader’s opinions.

An explanatory essay involves describing the facts in the form of summaries, breaking down parts of complicated information for a wider audience. These forms of essays try to avoid situations of stigma and depend more on facts and advanced opinions of individuals.    

Helpful Tips For Essay Writing

You can only master the tricks of writing good essays at your fingertips if you feel passionately involved in the process of writing. If you want to share some of your unique experiences regarding a common outlook, then essay writing is the perfect choice for you. Stated below are some tips and tricks that would help you master essay writing.


You should be able to arrange your thoughts and develop ideas and concepts. You are supposed to be involved in this brainstorming approach to increase your level of thinking and imagination about the research thesis statement and gather as many viewpoints as possible for inclusion in your college essay.


In this stage of essay writing, you need to develop an outline of your essay structure and gather resources for the research process. You need to structure an essay in a rational and progressive continuity. You can provide observable evidence or citations that complement the insights. You can follow some common rules of citation including APA, Chicago, and MLA. Reference style.


In this stage of writing, you have to focus on collecting your ideas and arranging them in a new style to provide different forms of information. You are free to make mistakes since this is not the final essay you are going to submit, and you can make changes here later on. The final draft of your essay would simply focus on your comprehension patterns and visualization techniques regarding a particular topic.


If you are a perfectionist and focus on removing the slightest grammatical mistakes from your first draft, you can create drafts while writing enumerable times. You must pay attention to word choices and use clear tense and passive voice in your writing. You should follow grammatically correct sentence and paragraph structures in your essay.


This is the final stage of writing, where you should revise your work to avoid spelling mistakes, punctuation errors, and formatting errors while revising your work.

A Checklist for Essay Writing

A checklist for short essay writing would comprise the rules that you would follow. You can develop the structure and format of the essay in three parts. These three parts would comprise points that explain the beginning, the main idea, and the final insights regarding the subject. These three points are arranged in one introduction paragraph, providing an idea about what the essay is going to speak about; it comprises a body paragraph that speaks in favor of or against a particular viewpoint and a conclusion paragraph that would provide insight into the writer explaining a new concept to the reader. Stated below are the three-paragraph structure formats for writing an essay.


Your introductory paragraph should comprise viewpoints that are believed by all in association with the topic sentence. It should generalize both the views of the reader in common and what the writer intends to tell about a specific topic. When you write an essay introduction, even the first few words should be clear about what your essay is going to discuss.

Body Paragraph

This paragraph usually speaks in favor of or against a particular contention and can be written in separate paragraphs. It might justify the observations you have made with proof. Here, you can write down each separate idea with a topic sentence and reasoning. You can then form logical connections between words and sentences to express the central idea. Here, you must explain your point, another viewpoint that counters your point, and arguments favouring your point and contradicting the points that counter your idea. You should be able to provide evidence that proves your viewpoint.

Conclusion Paragraph

For those wondering how to write a conclusion for an essay, just remember the thumb rule: Do not introduce any new data here. So, present your insights validated by data or evidence that supports your knowledge claims with proper justification that may be accepted by the readers.

Five-Paragraph Essay Format

If you desire, you can also arrange your essay in a 5-paragraph essay format, which is also a type of simple essay that does not require your technical proficiency. Here, you just have an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. Here, you can write about more advanced topics quickly and smoothly.

On Parting Thoughts,

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Frequently Asked Questions

Q1.What are the 5 steps to writing an essay?

Ans.The 5 broad steps that you need to follow to write an essay comprise prewriting, creating a draft, revision of your write-up, editing, and publishing your write-up. In the first stage, you need to conduct research and organize and plan your write-up before writing your essay.

While drafting your essay, you need to first structure the topic you want to write. While revising, you need to modify your essay formats in a refined language to make your write-ups synchronous. In the editing stage, you must check for minor errors like grammar and spelling to polish your writing style. In the publishing phase, make sure your writing is well-formatted, has a bibliography, and fulfills the needs of an essay.

Q2.What are the guidelines for writing an essay?

Ans.The rules for writing a good college admissions essay first include planning the essay, structuring it, justifying your essay with reasonable quotes, and being creative and original while writing. While planning your essay, you need to create a mind map by connecting dots in your essay in the form of a flowchart, bulleted points, and a table. While structuring your short essay, you must mention your opinion about the topic and state your agreement or disagreement with the subject. In the next phase, to justify your observations, you can use literary techniques like tautology comprising different choices of words meaning the same thing. You can also use other literary agents like alliteration, meaning using similar vowel sounds but different meanings in different forms and anaphora comprising repetitive words with importance to a specific point.

Q3.What are the 5 C’s in an essay?

Ans.The 5 C’s is an important rule while writing an essay. It focuses on Clarity, Conciseness, Consistency, Completion, and accurate information. You should focus on providing clear information that would help you to understand the text in any format. Then you should provide concise information that should contain information on the subject matter in a brief summary. You should explain a complete matter in just a few words. You should provide trustworthy information that makes your essay consistent using similar phrases, texts, and words to explain a particular attribute, action, operation, or feature. Furthermore, you should provide information that explains the whole meaning of a subject. Last, you should provide correct information, and it should be free from grammatical errors and overcome typographical errors. Moreover, your content should be reliable and truthful of the facts provided and should be relevant

Q4.What are the 3 basic parts of an essay?

Ans.A short essay usually comprises three parts, including an introduction, a body, and a conclusion paragraph. You should start to write an essay introduction explaining to your readers about the topic you are starting to write. The body paragraph should contain your discussion about the topic in the form of logical reasoning explaining the cause behind the occurrences of the facts. Then write a conclusion for an essay that explains your new insights gained about the subject and the reasons behind your observations.

Georgia Taylor

Hi, I am Georgia Taylor. I am a certified midwife nurse. Though I am a nurse by profession, I could never let my passion for reading and writing subside. Caring for ailing people gives me as much joy as does helping out students trying to earn their degrees. While working hard during my MSN days, I saw how my non-native batch mates struggled to work on English essays and assignments. As much as their dreams of getting into the medical field mattered to them, their struggle with English essay tasks was real and challenging. That's what ignited the desire to be a guide to such people. From helping my fellows to becoming a part-time English essay writer, the journey has been quite exciting. As my profession teaches us for being kind, that's my way of abiding by this responsibility. 

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