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A Handbook On How To Write A Conclusion For An Essay

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One of the most challenging aspects of writing an essay is the conclusion. They are, nonetheless, one of the most crucial components of a work because they offer insight and clarity into the subject.

In this blog, we’ll cover the many types of conclusions, discuss what to include and what to leave out when writing one, and give examples of both successful and unsuccessful ending paragraphs as well as a framework for writing them.

We will begin with what a conclusion is.

What is a Conclusion?

You might think that there’s no need to revise the definition of a conclusion. Maybe you are right, but you don’t know that most students fail to write proper conclusions because they fail to understand the real meaning of a conclusion. Here’s the definition for you –

The last paragraph of your essay is the conclusion. A solid conclusion should:

  • Connect the essay’s primary ideas.
  • Show the importance of your argument.
  • Leave a lasting effect on the reader

Your conclusion should provide your argument a sense of finality and completion while also highlighting any new issues or avenues it has opened up.

Mentioned below is the conclusion to an essay on the history of the Braille system. Have a look at it, and you’ll understand the tone usually used in the conclusion of an essay.

Louis Braille’s invention of the Braille script paved the way for a major transformation in the perception of blind individuals and their opportunities. It required sighted teachers to adapt to the needs of their visually impaired pupils rather than the other way around. Braille’s approach was to create a reading system from the perspective of the blind. This not only led to practical accessibility tools for those who need them but also contributed to significant social change in attitudes towards blindness. It is important to note that these tools can also impact the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not require them.

But note that this might differ slightly for different types of essays. We’ll have a look into the same in the later sections of this blog.

A Peek into the Types of Conclusions

Understanding the types of conclusions will help you understand the purpose of each type and thus will make it easier for you to decide on the type required for your essay.

Remember that although various sites can list different types of essays. They can be broadly classified into these three types based on their primary purpose.


This style is frequently used when writing about technical topics in a more clinical tone, such as in surveys, definitions, and reports. It is most frequently utilised in longer writings where readers will require a refresher on the essay’s primary themes because it paraphrases those ideas. As a result, it ought to stay clear of references to personal and sentimental expressions (such as “in my opinion” or “I feel”).


When writing an essay on a controversial topic, a subject that you have a personal connection to or one that requires a call to action, it is common to use editorialization. This writing style allows you to express your opinions on the subject and demonstrate your personal investment in the topic. To achieve this, you can use anecdotes and a casual tone to emphasize issues, interpretations, political viewpoints, or emotions.


When writing essays about complex topics, it is common to use an external conclusion to transition to a related but distinct topic. This encourages readers to stay engaged in the conversation and can be seen as a new introduction with a different premise, leading to the potential for a new essay.

The Importance of Essay Conclusion

Wondering why an essay conclusion is important when you are already stating the facts throughout the essay? Here’s why –

  • This is your final opportunity to persuade the reader. As a result, you must make sure that they fully comprehend your viewpoint.
  • The conclusion is a place where you can organise and restate your ideas. It’s crucial because you sometimes have to summarise your arguments in a way that will help the reader understand where you stand because you may have discussed multiple opposing positions.
  • Many authors do not read the entire essay for various reasons. Instead, they focus on the most important parts to grasp the main ideas. Thus, the opening and conclusion are the most commonly read sections, as they contain the thesis statement, an explanation of the topic, and a summary of the essay for the reader.

Assignment Conclusion Examples to Help You Conclude with Confidence

Writing an exemplary assignment is not enough. You also need to know how to wrap it up concisely. Refer to our compiled samples to know how to compose effective conclusion for writing an assignment effectively. Learn the best ways to summarise key points, reiterate thesis and leave a lasting impression on your readers like a pro.

Conclusion For An Essay Example

Check This Conclusion For An Essay Example

View Sample

What should be the Outline of a Conclusion?

Keep in mind the following points when outlining the concluding paragraph of an essay –

  • Focus phrase

Here is where you restate your thesis. To eliminate repetition, make sure it is rephrased.

  • Supporting phrases

Briefly summarise the main ideas and arguments you make in the paper, and describe the ideas’ relevance and the connections between them.

  • Concluding phrase

This is when you refer back to a statement, illustration, or anecdote that was made in the introduction.It serves as your last statement on the matter and provides the reader with a sense of closure.

3 Easy Steps to Write Essay Conclusions

Restate Your Claims with Evidence

The reader must be persuaded that your argument is sound in order for the Conclusion Generator to be effective. The end paragraph reads, “Here’s what I proved and how,” as opposed to the opening paragraph’s “Here’s what I’ll prove and how.” In that regard, these two paragraphs ought to be nearly identical to one another, with the conclusion restating the thesis statement that was first stated at the start of the essay.

You must accomplish the following in order to successfully restate your thesis:

  • To determine your paper’s core argument, carefully read over your introduction.
  • Pay close attention to the examples you used throughout the essay to support your thesis.
  • Rephrase the thesis in your conclusion and list the supporting details.
  • Use verbs like “as demonstrated” and “this paper established” in the past tense.

Below mentioned is an example of both introduction and conclusion for your better understanding –


It is a known fact that archaic civilizations with clearly defined social classes often survived longer than those without. One anomaly is seventh-century Civilization X. Close analysis of the cultural artefacts of the Civilization X region reveals that a social system that operates on exploitation rather than sharing will always fail. This lack of inclusion actually leads to a society’s downfall. Excavated military objects, remnants of tapestries and clay pots, and the poetry of the era all demonstrate the clash between exploitation and sharing, with the former leading to loss and the latter leading to success.


In the 600s C.E., Civilization X survived because it believed in inclusion and sharing rather than exploitation. As demonstrated, the civilization was often aware of the choice between sharing with others and taking from them. The cultural artefacts from the era, namely military items, household objects, and verbal art, all indicate that Civilization X believed sharing ensured survival for all while taking allowed only a few to survive for a shorter time.

 Provide Some Interesting Insight

When writing a conclusion, it’s important to restate the thesis and emphasize the significance of your essay’s argument by expanding upon it. In other words, you should go beyond your original thesis and develop your ideas further. If you can create a thought-provoking conclusion, your professor will likely think about your essay long after reading it, indicating that you have produced a well-written piece.

Keep in mind that your concluding paragraph should not introduce a new argument or examine a new idea in-depth. Instead, it should simply acknowledge the existence of such ideas and suggest that they should be explored further in the future.

Finally, the fresh perspective you offer in your conclusion should be based on the earlier study you did. If you get a new thought as you’re writing the body paragraphs, write it down so you can remember to bring it up in the conclusion.

Here are a few sample places to start with these fresh insights:

  • A fresh insight that, given the opportunity, would have led you to revise your thesis
  • A fresh perspective that would support your argument
  • You found some evidence that contradicts your claim, but you can still justify it.
  • A distinct subject that allows you to use the same thesis and/or perspectives

 Try to Form a Connection with the Reader

The last stage in drafting a closing paragraph is to include a brief personal statement. With the use of this knowledge, you can create a closer connection with your audience and improve their recall of you. Consider this phase as a chance to make a personal connection between the academic study and the lives of you and your reader.

You and I are common first- and second-person pronouns avoided in formal essay writing. The introductory and closing paragraphs are the two exceptions to this guideline.

To emphasize that the essay’s claim is your own, it is acceptable to use the pronouns “I” or “me” once in the opening. In the conclusion, first-person pronouns can be used to create an emotional connection with the reader, provided that the connection relates to the main argument.

Here is an example –

Civilization X believed that invading Civilization Y would help them survive long, hunger-inducing winters. But all people go through moments when they crave security, especially in times of scarcity. I would never consider taking a neighbour’s belongings, nor, I expect, would you? Yet we must consider the Civilization X artefacts that justify “taking” as signs of more than simple bloodthirst — they are also revelations of the basic human need for security. Perhaps if we had lived during the 600s C.E., you and I would have also taken from others, even while commanding others not to take from us.

The example above contains both the first and second person to connect to the student’s perspective.

What to Include in a Conclusion?

Now that you know how to write a conclusion, keep these brief points in mind:

The purpose of a conclusion is to restate the essay’s arguments and thesis. In other words, it offers a sense of closure and conveys the idea that the piece’s objective has been met. To make your conclusion successful, be sure to contain the following important elements:

  • A conclusion should be optimistic.
  • Explain the significance of your thoughts on the topic.
  • Give the reader a sense of completion
  • Summarise and restate your primary points.
  • Your thesis statement should be revised and then restated.

After this, let’s see what not to include in a conclusion.

Things to Avoid in a Conclusion

It is said that the easiest way to make a conclusion perfect is to remove the following things from the same –

  • No New Evidence

The main part of your essay should include all relevant analysis and supporting evidence for your topic. You could add a few sentences in the conclusion exploring broader implications or include a quote summarising your main point. However, the conclusion should not introduce any new major ideas or sources that need further explanation.

  • No Concluding Phrases

Avoid stating your intentions to the reader in overt standard phrases:

“In summary…” – Although not strictly forbidden, such words can give your writing a weak sound. You should avoid explicitly stating how you finish the essay because it will be evident by the time you get back to your major point.

  • No Undermining Your Argument

Avoid apologetic expressions that appear doubtful or perplexed:

  • “This is but one strategy out of several.”
  • “This issue has solid justifications on both sides,”
  • “This problem does not have a simple solution.”

Your personal stance should be obvious even if other points of view were discussed in your essay. There may be a variety of ways to approach the subject, but you want the reader to be persuaded that yours is the best one.

Here are examples of two conclusions. You decide which is poorer among them.

Example 1

Democratic leadership is the most effective style of management for the contemporary workplace, despite the fact that there has been much discussion on the matter. This is demonstrated by the fact that workers have acquired progressively higher levels of education and competency throughout the past century. In addition, there is an increasing emphasis on independence, creativity, and free thought, which indicates that team members are realising they have something valuable to give that could offer an insightful perspective. These factors make democratic leadership—where ideas and divergent viewpoints are valued—appropriate for the majority of organisations.

Example 2

In conclusion, because he fought to end slavery and was incredibly honest, Abraham Lincoln was the best president.

Hopefully, it is clear that the first conclusion is way more effective than the second one. Here is why the second one is inefficient in comparison to the first one.

  • It’s too brief to use this example. An effective conclusion should include a paragraph describing the arguments’ supporting points.
  • Although there are two supporting arguments, they are not specific. A strong conclusion should include specific examples.
  • The words “in conclusion” are unnecessary at the beginning of a conclusion.

Examples of Conclusion for Different Types of Essays

Descriptive Essay

My time spent in the Rocky Mountains served as a reminder of the value of and need to preserve our natural environment. I will always remember that experience, and it has further fueled my desire to do my part to preserve nature so that future generations can also appreciate its beauty.

Argumentative Essay

Despite occasional hiccups, the internet has significantly improved education; its worth is demonstrated in a wide range of applications. The opportunities the internet creates for interaction, communication, and study are crucial to the future of education. Students love the flexibility and accessibility provided by digital education, as evidenced by the popularity of distance learning, and instructors should fully embrace these benefits. Sceptics have written extensively on the internet’s real and imagined risks, but since it is here to stay, it is time to seriously consider its positive potential.

 Expository Essay

The printing press’s creation significantly impacted politics and religion throughout Europe in addition to its immediate cultural and economic repercussions. The largely static intellectual climate of the Middle Ages gave way to the Reformation and Renaissance in the century that followed the advent of the printing press. A single technological advancement had facilitated the entire restructuring of the continent.

 Compare and Contrast Essay

Two notable novels set after World War II are “On the Road” and “The Third Policeman.” Despite sharing the same era and some similarities, their writing styles, themes, imagery, and language differ greatly. Brian O’Nolan’s work is a surreal mystery with multiple layers of reality, while Jack Kerouac’s can be considered a documentary-style diary that captures real-life events and focuses on Beat Generation issues. “The Third Policeman” is beloved by fans of surreal mysteries, while “On the Road” appeals to a wider audience. However, both novels feature compelling characters and portray people in difficult circumstances.

 Persuasive Essay

In today’s world, many individuals, particularly children, prefer using a computer mouse over hand written texts. Despite this, most people still spend their free time watching TV instead of reading. Nevertheless, being able to read and write is more important now than ever before, considering all the above factors, to minimize losses and maximize rewards.

Now that you know what conclusion is, its types and how it should be written, writing conclusion should not be a difficult task for you anymore. Follow the above-mentioned examples carefully to make the process easier. And also keep a note on the changes included in the conclusions for different types of essays.

Most Popular Questions Searched By Students

How to write a conclusion for an enduring issue essay?

While writing the conclusion for an enduring issue essay, remember to restate your thesis, demonstrate how the problem still exists today with examples from today, utilise transitional words and phrases to connect cause and effect, and incorporate outside information.

How to write a conclusion for an essay in middle school?

The steps of writing a conclusion for an essay are the same and do not have to do anything with your education level. Revisiting the significant areas of the essay body without introducing any new information should be the key thought.

 How to write a conclusion for an essay about a book?

  • Grab the reader with a great hook.
  • Restate the book’s thesis.
  • Summarize the chapters.
  • Call to action: what should the reader do when they finish the book?

How to write a conclusion for an essay in APA?

A conclusion paragraph or paragraphs and a list of references are included at the end of an APA-styled work (APA, 2020). The paragraph(s) that conclude the body section are not titled “Conclusion” and provide details regarding any conclusions or discoveries gleaned from the research process.

 How to write a long conclusion for an essay?

  • Be optimistic in a conclusion.
  • Explain the significance of your thoughts on the topic.
  • Give the reader a sense of completion.
  • Summarise your major points and restate them.
  • Your thesis statement should be revised and then restated. Offers Essay Conclusion Examples, Customised Papers and More

If you are finding it challenging to write the conclusion to your essay, you must be looking for online essay generators. In case your answer is a resounding yes, then visit at the earliest. We offer other kinds of essay writing help services like essay topic selection, essay formatting, editing and proofreading services.

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Alice Anderson

Hi, I am Alice Anderson, a full-time academic writer at ABC and an essay writing expert at My struggles as a non-native English speaking student taught me the most effective ways to deal with English essays and assignments in the most fruitful ways. Now, as a full-time academic writer, specializing in English essay writing, I help non-native students tackle their English essays like a pro. I am an active blogger who likes sharing his learning and experiences with everyone. I like to spend my free time with my furry friend "Balto". Yes, you guessed that right! I am a die-hard dog-lover!

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