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One of the most challenging aspects of writing an essay is the conclusion. They are, nonetheless, one of the most crucial components of a work because they offer insight and clarity into the subject.
In this blog, we’ll cover the many types of conclusions, discuss what to include and what to leave out when writing one, and give examples of both successful and unsuccessful ending paragraphs as well as a framework for writing them.
We will begin with what a conclusion is.
You might think that there’s no need to revise the definition of a conclusion. Maybe you are right, but you don’t know that most students fail to write proper conclusions because they fail to understand the real meaning of a conclusion. Here’s the definition for you –
The last paragraph of your essay is the conclusion. A solid conclusion should:
Your conclusion should provide your argument a sense of finality and completion while also highlighting any new issues or avenues it has opened up.
Mentioned below is the conclusion to an essay on the history of the Braille system. Have a look at it, and you’ll understand the tone usually used in the conclusion of an essay.
Louis Braille’s invention of the Braille script paved the way for a major transformation in the perception of blind individuals and their opportunities. It required sighted teachers to adapt to the needs of their visually impaired pupils rather than the other way around. Braille’s approach was to create a reading system from the perspective of the blind. This not only led to practical accessibility tools for those who need them but also contributed to significant social change in attitudes towards blindness. It is important to note that these tools can also impact the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not require them.
But note that this might differ slightly for different types of essays. We’ll have a look into the same in the later sections of this blog.
Understanding the types of conclusions will help you understand the purpose of each type and thus will make it easier for you to decide on the type required for your essay.
Remember that although various sites can list different types of essays. They can be broadly classified into these three types based on their primary purpose.
This style is frequently used when writing about technical topics in a more clinical tone, such as in surveys, definitions, and reports. It is most frequently utilised in longer writings where readers will require a refresher on the essay’s primary themes because it paraphrases those ideas. As a result, it ought to stay clear of references to personal and sentimental expressions (such as “in my opinion” or “I feel”).
When writing an essay on a controversial topic, a subject that you have a personal connection to or one that requires a call to action, it is common to use editorialization. This writing style allows you to express your opinions on the subject and demonstrate your personal investment in the topic. To achieve this, you can use anecdotes and a casual tone to emphasize issues, interpretations, political viewpoints, or emotions.
When writing essays about complex topics, it is common to use an external conclusion to transition to a related but distinct topic. This encourages readers to stay engaged in the conversation and can be seen as a new introduction with a different premise, leading to the potential for a new essay.
Wondering why an essay conclusion is important when you are already stating the facts throughout the essay? Here’s why –
Keep in mind the following points when outlining the concluding paragraph of an essay –
Here is where you restate your thesis. To eliminate repetition, make sure it is rephrased.
Briefly summarise the main ideas and arguments you make in the paper, and describe the ideas’ relevance and the connections between them.
This is when you refer back to a statement, illustration, or anecdote that was made in the introduction.It serves as your last statement on the matter and provides the reader with a sense of closure.
The reader must be persuaded that your argument is sound in order for the conclusion to be effective. The end paragraph reads, “Here’s what I proved and how,” as opposed to the opening paragraph’s “Here’s what I’ll prove and how.” In that regard, these two paragraphs ought to be nearly identical to one another, with the conclusion restating the thesis statement that was first stated at the start of the essay.
You must accomplish the following in order to successfully restate your thesis:
Below mentioned is an example of both introduction and conclusion for your better understanding –
It is a known fact that archaic civilizations with clearly defined social classes often survived longer than those without. One anomaly is seventh-century Civilization X. Close analysis of the cultural artefacts of the Civilization X region reveals that a social system that operates on exploitation rather than sharing will always fail. This lack of inclusion actually leads to a society’s downfall. Excavated military objects, remnants of tapestries and clay pots, and the poetry of the era all demonstrate the clash between exploitation and sharing, with the former leading to loss and the latter leading to success.
In the 600s C.E., Civilization X survived because it believed in inclusion and sharing rather than exploitation. As demonstrated, the civilization was often aware of the choice between sharing with others and taking from them. The cultural artefacts from the era, namely military items, household objects, and verbal art, all indicate that Civilization X believed sharing ensured survival for all while taking allowed only a few to survive for a shorter time.
When writing a conclusion, it’s important to restate the thesis and emphasize the significance of your essay’s argument by expanding upon it. In other words, you should go beyond your original thesis and develop your ideas further. If you can create a thought-provoking conclusion, your professor will likely think about your essay long after reading it, indicating that you have produced a well-written piece.
Keep in mind that your concluding paragraph should not introduce a new argument or examine a new idea in-depth. Instead, it should simply acknowledge the existence of such ideas and suggest that they should be explored further in the future.
Finally, the fresh perspective you offer in your conclusion should be based on the earlier study you did. If you get a new thought as you’re writing the body paragraphs, write it down so you can remember to bring it up in the conclusion.
Here are a few sample places to start with these fresh insights:
The last stage in drafting a closing paragraph is to include a brief personal statement. With the use of this knowledge, you can create a closer connection with your audience and improve their recall of you. Consider this phase as a chance to make a personal connection between the academic study and the lives of you and your reader.
You and I are common first- and second-person pronouns avoided in formal essay writing. The introductory and closing paragraphs are the two exceptions to this guideline.
To emphasize that the essay’s claim is your own, it is acceptable to use the pronouns “I” or “me” once in the opening. In the conclusion, first-person pronouns can be used to create an emotional connection with the reader, provided that the connection relates to the main argument.
Here is an example –
Civilization X believed that invading Civilization Y would help them survive long, hunger-inducing winters. But all people go through moments when they crave security, especially in times of scarcity. I would never consider taking a neighbour’s belongings, nor, I expect, would you? Yet we must consider the Civilization X artefacts that justify “taking” as signs of more than simple bloodthirst — they are also revelations of the basic human need for security. Perhaps if we had lived during the 600s C.E., you and I would have also taken from others, even while commanding others not to take from us.
The example above contains both the first and second person to connect to the student’s perspective.
Now that you know how to write a conclusion, keep these brief points in mind:
The purpose of a conclusion is to restate the essay’s arguments and thesis. In other words, it offers a sense of closure and conveys the idea that the piece’s objective has been met. To make your conclusion successful, be sure to contain the following important elements:
After this, let’s see what not to include in a conclusion.
It is said that the easiest way to make a conclusion perfect is to remove the following things from the same –
The main part of your essay should include all relevant analysis and supporting evidence for your topic. You could add a few sentences in the conclusion exploring broader implications or include a quote summarising your main point. However, the conclusion should not introduce any new major ideas or sources that need further explanation.
Avoid stating your intentions to the reader in overt standard phrases:
“In summary…” – Although not strictly forbidden, such words can give your writing a weak sound. You should avoid explicitly stating how you finish the essay because it will be evident by the time you get back to your major point.
Avoid apologetic expressions that appear doubtful or perplexed:
Your personal stance should be obvious even if other points of view were discussed in your essay. There may be a variety of ways to approach the subject, but you want the reader to be persuaded that yours is the best one.
Here are examples of two conclusions. You decide which is poorer among them.
Democratic leadership is the most effective style of management for the contemporary workplace, despite the fact that there has been much discussion on the matter. This is demonstrated by the fact that workers have acquired progressively higher levels of education and competency throughout the past century. In addition, there is an increasing emphasis on independence, creativity, and free thought, which indicates that team members are realising they have something valuable to give that could offer an insightful perspective. These factors make democratic leadership—where ideas and divergent viewpoints are valued—appropriate for the majority of organisations.
In conclusion, because he fought to end slavery and was incredibly honest, Abraham Lincoln was the best president.
Hopefully, it is clear that the first conclusion is way more effective than the second one. Here is why the second one is inefficient in comparison to the first one.
My time spent in the Rocky Mountains served as a reminder of the value of and need to preserve our natural environment. I will always remember that experience, and it has further fueled my desire to do my part to preserve nature so that future generations can also appreciate its beauty.
Despite occasional hiccups, the internet has significantly improved education; its worth is demonstrated in a wide range of applications. The opportunities the internet creates for interaction, communication, and study are crucial to the future of education. Students love the flexibility and accessibility provided by digital education, as evidenced by the popularity of distance learning, and instructors should fully embrace these benefits. Sceptics have written extensively on the internet’s real and imagined risks, but since it is here to stay, it is time to seriously consider its positive potential.
The printing press’s creation significantly impacted politics and religion throughout Europe in addition to its immediate cultural and economic repercussions. The largely static intellectual climate of the Middle Ages gave way to the Reformation and Renaissance in the century that followed the advent of the printing press. A single technological advancement had facilitated the entire restructuring of the continent.
Two notable novels set after World War II are “On the Road” and “The Third Policeman.” Despite sharing the same era and some similarities, their writing styles, themes, imagery, and language differ greatly. Brian O’Nolan’s work is a surreal mystery with multiple layers of reality, while Jack Kerouac’s can be considered a documentary-style diary that captures real-life events and focuses on Beat Generation issues. “The Third Policeman” is beloved by fans of surreal mysteries, while “On the Road” appeals to a wider audience. However, both novels feature compelling characters and portray people in difficult circumstances.
In today’s world, many individuals, particularly children, prefer using a computer mouse over hand written texts. Despite this, most people still spend their free time watching TV instead of reading. Nevertheless, being able to read and write is more important now than ever before, considering all the above factors, to minimize losses and maximize rewards.
Now that you know what conclusion is, its types and how it should be written, writing conclusion should not be a difficult task for you anymore. Follow the above-mentioned examples carefully to make the process easier. And also keep a note on the changes included in the conclusions for different types of essays.
While writing the conclusion for an enduring issue essay, remember to restate your thesis, demonstrate how the problem still exists today with examples from today, utilise transitional words and phrases to connect cause and effect, and incorporate outside information.
The steps of writing a conclusion for an essay are the same and do not have to do anything with your education level. Revisiting the significant areas of the essay body without introducing any new information should be the key thought.
A conclusion paragraph or paragraphs and a list of references are included at the end of an APA-styled work (APA, 2020). The paragraph(s) that conclude the body section are not titled “Conclusion” and provide details regarding any conclusions or discoveries gleaned from the research process.
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