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First Name and Description of child observed

Discuss about the Clinical Observation of Electroacupuncture.

To make a child study it is need to observe the behavior of the child regularly and make an analysis on them. For this reason, the researcher selects one number of student and his different behavior at different places as a sample for child study. The age of the sample student is 5 years. The behavioral data about the sample child is collected when he perform his activities in various places such as from house which belongs to a particular cultures, from schools, and from music classroom. Child behavior is the way which shows that how a child acts in any situation or how they react to that particular situation (Becker, 2012). Generally, the behavioral patterns are described from the activities of the surrounding people and sometimes also from books. Basically, the children are mostly influenced by the culture of the family and the disciplines maintained in the schools.

The researchers select a child as a sample of their research. The name of that sample child is John. John is a school student. He is of 5 years old. According to the observation, it can be said that he is very active in nature and also has good communication ability. He has good IQ level at this age. He handles his situation very cleverly. When he played with his friends in the school, his act is observed by the observer towards his friends (Emanuel, 2014). At this level, the family member should appreciate him and help him to develop his IQ level. According to the observer, his cognitive characteristics are very strong.

At the time of observing the behavior of John, the sampler or observer should observe the physical characteristics, psychological or emotional characteristics, cognitive characteristics, spiritual characteristics and social characteristics of John (Knopf, 2015). 

The data about the child behavior are collected through many processes such as survey the characteristics or behavior of a child, , event sampling, time sampling, checklist, running record, etc. After surveying the researchers select a 5 years child, John, as their sample. As per (Fox, 2013) most of the hypothesis required a collection of unbiased data which are collected in a systematic way.

The most important objective of this observational study is to observe how John is acting in different situation and in different places. By the help of this observation, the observer can also understand the theories and analyze the matter and can provide a narrative description of the entire research. The observations are all done in normal environment (Frankel, Gorospe, Chang, & Sugar, 2010). According to Erikson’s theory, the success and failure of a child is always depending on that particular social area which is given to them.  At the time of observation, the observer noticed the changes in the cognitive development within the children behavior. At the time of observation on those selected sample children, the observers noticed that the children who are in an age group from 2 to 3 years can able to understand easy and simple instructions. However, John easily understands those simple instructions. He also understands which type of behaviors is appreciated and which are not. By the help of event sampling the observers can also able to understand the problems in the behavior of John. They collect some information from his caretaker who knows these problems closely.

Rationale for observation

The event sampling method is totally depends on the psychological behavior of a child. In this sampling method the observer continuously records the events which happen in the consecutive time. As per (Hart & Ksir, 2011) the observers also noticed that the children of age group from 4 to 5 years are able to think about the rules independently and also can discuss about the boundaries. By the help of this event sampling method the researchers can able to observe the psychological characteristics of John. 

The observer also uses checklist method. It is a list which consists of specific behavior in a logical order. The items in the checklist should be short, descriptive, positive, understandable, not judgmental, objective, not repeated, constructed equivalently and representative of the child behavior. By the help of this checklist the researcher can able to observe all types of items which they want to check within the behavior of john in different period of time at different places.

For analyzing the behavior of John, the observers also use the anecdotal records and running record to determine the reading behaviors of a student which is basically observed by the teachers. By the help of these pattern, the observers can find a significant strategies that how John make meanings of any words or any texts which he read. An anecdotal record is a type of observation which is done by the researchers to obtain short, objective and accurate data in the form of a short story about that sample child. In this record the researchers describe the incidents which are observed by them within that sample child on the basis of different time.

By utilizing the data which is collected by the help of time sampling, from the records which is taken at different times, the observers can also analyze the behavior of John at set of time. This type of observation basically related to the educational and psychological field of that particular child. According to Mary Ainsworth, some of the times the behavior of John is observed in a double way mirror. Generally, Albert Bandura uses this type of method to study the aggression behavior within the children.

The social model of Dreikur’s is basically based on four numbers of basic premises which are mentioned in Alder’s social theory. According to this theory, the child should be motivated about their society and their social responsibilities. A purpose should be provided to the behavior of a child. The immediate family should always help their child to make their decisions by own. Basically in this observation, the observer noticed the activity of John in a particular situation in a normal environment.

The primary aim of the observation is find out the different behavior of the student at different places, especially in the classroom. Moreover, he paper reflects that the causes of the shouting of the child in the classroom.  The aim of the study is to confirm actions and the behavior of the child within the classroom and what made him to shout. Moreover, the paper critically examines the change in the behavior of the child when he comes across different people and situations.  The observation helps in revealing the different aspects of the child taken as the sample for the study and this helps in bringing out the desired fact related to the change in the behavior of the child.  The understanding of the behavior of the child helps in guiding him with adequate measures as to enhance his personal skills.  By the help of event sampling method the researchers observe the psychological characteristics of john’s behavior.

METHOD

TIME & SAMPLE PLACE

CHILD BEHAVIOR

Event sampling method

8.00 a.m. - Home

The researchers observe that at home john remain very quiet and does not communicate too much with other family members.

Checklist

Time record in an interval of 10mins

9.00 a.m. – School

When he was at school he remains very active and his IQ level is also very good. In school he is always good in mathematics and in quiz competition. John’s behavior at the time of reading session in the school. John has a very good memory power. He can easily remind his subjects and also have great IQ level. Checklist is a list by the help of which the observer can able to observe the specific behavior of john in a logical order. The observer records the behavior of john in a time interval of 10mins.

Anecdotal records

4.00 p.m. – Church and

5.00n p.m. – Music classroom

A long span of time taken as their observation time to detect the reading ability of John

However, when he goes to Church there he remain absolutely calm and quiet but does not talk with others so much. When John was on music classroom the observer found that he has least interest about music. Anecdotal records are used by the observers to determine the reading behaviors of a student which is basically observed by the teachers. The class teacher of John also observed some specific characteristics in

Time sampling

10.00 a.m.- Play ground

Records are take in different times at different places

When he plays in playground there also he remains very active and very goodly communicate with his friends. The observers can also analyze the behavior of John at set of time. By the help of this observation, the observers basically observe the educational and psychological characteristics of John’s behavior. Some of the times the behavior of John is observed in a double way mirror. By the help of this method, the observers can able to study the aggression behavior within the character of John.

References

Becker, P. (2012). Book Review of "Food for Tots: A Brief Guide to Feeding Your Child From Birth to Six Years Old". ICAN: Infant, Child, & Adolescent Nutrition, 4(6), 398-398. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1941406412462008

Emanuel, L. (2014). Young child observation: a development in the theory and method of infant observation. Infant Observation, 17(1), 81-86. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13698036.2014.895487

Fox, V. (2013). Marketing in the age of google, revised and updated (1st ed.). Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

Frankel, F., Gorospe, C., Chang, Y., & Sugar, C. (2010). Mothers’ reports of play dates and observation of school playground behavior of children having high-functioning autism spectrum disorders. Journal Of Child Psychology And Psychiatry, 52(5), 571-579. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02318.x

Hart, C. & Ksir, C. (2011). Drugs, society, & human behavior (1st ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Kezar., Carducci, R., & Contreras-McGavin, M. (2011). Rethinking the "L" Word in Higher Education(1st ed.). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.

Knopf, A. (2015). Brief observation not adequate to detect autism risk in young children. The Brown University Child And Adolescent Behavior Letter, 31(3), 3-4. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbl.30025

Randall, H. (2011). Learning through child observation, second edition. Infant Observation, 14(1), 107-110. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13698036.2011.552676

Sourander, A., Lempinen, L., & Brunstein Klomek, A. (2016). Changes in Mental Health, Bullying Behavior, and Service Use Among Eight-Year-Old Children Over 24 Years. Journal Of The American Academy Of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(8), 717-725.e2. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2016.05.018

Wang, C., Shang, S., & Wei, X. (2010). Clinical observation of electroacupuncture in combination with behavior therapy on child autism. Journal Of Acupuncture And Tuina Science, 8(4), 230-232. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11726-010-0414-z

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