Investigate and prepare a summary report on a major engineering project where considerable damage and loss of life has resulted from the way in which the work was carried out or operated; This investigation should include any reports from Coroners, Royal Commissions, etc.
1.At the end of this unit students will be able to demonstrate the ability to investigate and objectively report in a professional manner on a major engineering project.
2.At the end of this unit students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the important responsibilities held by a professional engineer
Key Factors of Oleum Gas Leak Case
The event which is related to the Oleum Gas leak case tragedy took place in the year 1986, which passed an judgement that whoever would be affected by the event had to compensate for the event and for the sector of the affected people. . The killer gas in the concept was spread throughout the city directly sending the scurrying resident throughout the dark streets. One of the factor which can be stated here is that there was no alarm or plan of evacuation planned to stop the attack. The event was no much unplanned that when the victim of the attack reaches the hospital having problem with the breathing and blindness, the doctor did not have any idea how to treat them . The event which is discussed above can be considered as one of the major faults which can be related to the engineering work in recent times.
The main scenario which would be discussed in the report is directly related to the event of the Oleum Gas leak case tragedy. The focus point would be one on the factor which directly lead to the incident and the consequences of the attack which can be seen after the attack is initiated. At the end of the report a rectifiable process would be focus which could have been implemented which would have stopped the attack.
The main reason behind the attack was that on the night of 1986, a routine maintenance check was being generated at the plant. At about 9:30 a large amount of water directly entered into the air which contained over 40 tons of toxic chemicals. Due to this event it directly triggered a reaction which resulted in the high amount of increase of temperature and pressure in the tank . The products which was generated burst past the disc which was ruptured into the night sky of the city. The main components which was released in the sector was the 40 tons of toxic chemical along with hydrogen carbide and other reacted products. The senior member of the factors and the engineering who was posted in the plant almost one hour before the event took place knew that the event would be taking place. They did not take any form of counter measures which could directly decrease the impact or provide a protective measure which could directly stooped the attack . The safety system which was designed in the concept of the working of the plant was seen to be under design and inoperative which could have initiated a plan or countermeasures so that the lethal gas would have reached the air of the city . The siren of warning in the event to inform the neighbors about the leakage and the provide a precaution towards them was placed almost one hour after the leak had already started and poisonous gas was already into the air of the city and the damage relating to the event had already started. The chemical substances which was introduced into the air can be very much lethal from the point of view of the people and the animal who mainly reside in the area which is linked to the factory. The catastrophic event mainly encountered different section of the livelihood and it was a prolonged sector of impact which prevailed for a long period of time . There are no methods which can be stated in the sector of reducing the impact on the environment and it can be stated to be very much a prolonged event.
Consequences of Oleum Gas Leak Case
The main circumstances which can be related to the event was detected with the interview of the workers and the engineers who was posted in the site at the night when the event had actually taken into consideration . The main sector which was detected was that the system was not ready to deal with any form of event like this due to the factor that the system was designed for a plant in the center of West Virginia. On the other hand, it can be stated here that the excessive amount of the MIC had been directly be stored in the spare tank which made it nearly impossible to move the different chemicals from the leaking tanks . The instruments which were present in the system relating to the safety of the plant did not work properly which did not stop the event which had taken place. It was seen earlier that different forms of chemical event were leaked from factory which affected the life of the people who was included into the working of the different functionality of the plant . Earlier inhaling of the phosgene gas had killed a labor who had directly inhaled the gas and impacted the life. On the other hand, later on about 18 months from the event there was a linkage of the toxic gas which directly impacted the life of the common people. hence it can be stated here that the resources and the system which was involved into the sector of the working of the plant and the different engineering areas which was around the sector was not working properly which was continuously leading to different forms of event which directly impacted the life of the common people and the working which was associated with the sector. In most of the times it was seen that the engineering maintenance sector of the working of the different parts was not taken into consideration properly .
The main sector of consequences which can be stated relating to the event was that there was excessive amount of delivery of the toxic gas gas, due to this reason the different plants was trying to cut on the cost which is related to the carrying of the gas. The organization mainly focused on the aspect of disrepair and the shutdown of certain features which was related to the aspect of the security and different procedures . According to the investigation it was stated that around 10 safety feature aspect was compromised with and had been shut down which directly impacted the standard of the precaution which was seen in the sector of the working of the different functionality of the plant. Among the various safety aspect which was directly involved into the working of the concept it was seen that one of the aspect was not working since days and the engineering department had not taken into consideration any plan relating to the alteration of the system and the altering the loopholes of the system . There should be a proper orientation of working which should be included into the working so that there is no problem associated with the exposure of the different chemical substances in the working. Chemical waste can have different forms of impact on the life of the common people for example in the sector of the nervous system failure and different internal problem relating to the human being.
The Oleum Gas leak case tragedy can be considered as one of the sector of the event which is related to the faulty engineering which had resulted in a major loss of life of the people. The main area which was affected due to the incident was seen in about 40 sq.kms from the point of origin of the leakage of the gas . The effect of the event was seen in the sector of the loss of life of the people of around thousand and over 500 thousand people faced acute vomiting, pain the eyes and breathlessness as they had directly inhaled the poisonous gas. The people after the event basically tried to ran away from the poisonous gas of cloud which almost hand in the air for about 4 to 5 hours. The state of the people when they actually reached the hospital had burning lungs, agony of chocking and the doctor in the event had to call out the official and the engineers of the plant to actually know what was the actual gas which had been leaked and what was the composition of the gas . Different workers were directly linked to the working and in the working there can be different domain of implementation which directly impacted the area of the access of the divisions.
The main sector which was seen in the event was that the organization was facing some constraint relating to the funding scenario. This aspect was mainly seen due to the dispersal of the different employee and engineers who were engaged into the working of the different domains of the industry . The MIC gas protection can be stated to be very much important in the sector of the working and it directly involves monetary aspect which would be safeguarding the gas .
One of the sector of the rectification which can be stated in the domain of the event which had taken place was the education of the people . The main sector of the people who is involved is the employee and the engineers who are involved into the different working of the plant. They should have taken into consideration which chemical substances are lethal for the environment and which chemical can directly impact the life of the common people . On the other hand, it can be stated that the Government should also implement some of the safety aspect relating to the environmental sector of the working so that there are no chemical substances directed into the air which would be directly impacting the sector of the life of the common people. The training of the engineers who are involved into the working of the chemicals should be given top most priority due to the factor that chemical waste can directly degrade the quality of the environment which is related to the concept . The access area permission in the sector can be an important move which can be taken into focus so that there is no unauthorized access to the different area of the concern which is related to the working with the chemicals. In most of the sector it can be stated that there should be more and more concern area
Training and Orientation
The concept of the training can be very much beneficial in the sector of knowing what is the right and what is wrong. Sometimes it can be stated that there can be different form of problem which can be considered to be very much inevitable . In this form of scenario, the plan of mitigation can be stated to be very much important which should be taken into consideration so that there is no problem seen in the sector and no issue are faced within the working.
The report can be concluded on a note that the sector of the event which is focus in the report which is the Oleum Gas leak case tragedy is stated as one of the most tragic incident in recent times. There are various sector of implementation and faults which directly resulted in the event and it can be stated as the fault of the engineering team and the workers who are involved into the working. The precaution aspect which is related to the event are majorly discussed in the report whose implementation could have avoided the scenario. The concern of the employee towards the different factors of risk associate with the working can be primary factor of concern for which proper training would be involved into the operation of the concept. Government laws and regulation should be implemented into the different section of working which can be helpful in the planning to avoid different similar types of event.
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