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Cyber Terrorism

Discuss about the Impact Of Cyber Terrorism In Modern World.

Cyber terrorism is the new terror in today’s life. The Internet has created a huge impact on the society. The society is extremely benefitted from this impact. Everything is modern world is connected to technology and Internet (Awan, 2014). The world has become smaller because of this Internet. The major advantages of Internet are the encouragement of intelligence and creativity, access to information, improved communication and efficiency and productivity. In spite of providing such major benefits to the society, Internet do have welcomed some of the most degrading and destructive crimes for the society. This has created a negative impact for the world. Cyber terrorism is one of those crime that has shaken the entire world (Bowman-Grieve, 2015). It is the act of conducting violent and destructive activities in the society for causing danger or harming a particular organization, an individual, a city, a state or even a country. The intruders or hackers hack a particular system for conducting all kinds of activities that are related to terrorism.

The report given below provides a detailed discussion on cyber terrorism. The report gives a brief description about the challenges, problems, applications and technologies related to cyber terrorism. The social impact of cyber terrorism is also mentioned in the report with proper details. This type of crime teaches lessons in life. Cyber terrorism can be stopped by taking proper measures.

Cyber terrorism is one of the most dangerous crimes that have shaken the entire world (Tehrani, Manap & Taji, 2013). It is the act of conducting violent and destructive activities in the society for causing danger or harming a particular organization, an individual, a city, a state or even a country. It is nothing but the use of Internet and information and communications technologies with wrong intentions (Uma & Padmavathi, 2013). The intentions are only to harm and threaten other people and the world. The Internet has created a huge impact on the society. The society is extremely benefitted from this impact. Everything is modern world is connected to technology and Internet. The world has become smaller because of this Internet. The major advantages of Internet are the encouragement of intelligence and creativity, access to information, improved communication and efficiency and productivity. In spite of providing such major benefits to the society, Internet do have welcomed some of the most degrading and destructive crimes for the society (Bowman-Grieve, 2015). This has created a negative impact for the world.

Challenges

Cyber terrorism is done by cyber terrorists. They target some particular systems that are enabled with Internet. The challenges of cyber terrorism include sectors of legal, economic, social and political (Ahmad, Yunos & Sahib, 2012). All sectors in modern world are dependent on systems. The hackers hack these systems. The necessities of a particular society are present in the systems. For example, the infrastructure include utilities like water supply, electric supply, banking, finance, air traffic control and many more. These utilities are affected whenever there is any type of attack in the systems. Innocent citizens suffer due to this and thus the social sector is affected. The terrorist often demand for ransom for their activity from the nation. This affects the economic sector. Every nation has their legal rules and laws. This type of attack shakes the entire legal sector (Bogdanoski & Petreski, 2013). In some cases, it is seen that the cyber terrorists have hatred towards a particular nation and they target that nation. These challenges are extremely dangerous for any nation.

The various types of problems related to the attack of cyber terrorism are as follows:

  1. i) Passwords: The most important security measure is the password. It protects any information system from being hacked. However, this is also a major problem for that system (Tehrani, Manap & Taji, 2013). There are software that can easily hack the passwords. In spite of this threat, passwords must be present in every system. Moreover, theses passwords must be up graded time to time.
  2. ii) Political Issue: Another dangerous or issue for cyber terrorism is the political issue. Political parties want to take revenge on one another and they welcome professional hackers to create problem (Ahmad & Yunos, 2012). In some cases, it is seen that the cyber terrorists have hatred towards a particular nation and they target that nation. Most of the time it is done by some of the political parties.
  3. iii)Simple Infrastructure: The infrastructure of a system must be strong enough to deal with any type of attack in the system (Jarvis, Macdonald & Whiting, 2015). The infrastructure should not be simple at all as it can be easily hacked by the hackers or intruders and they use that system for terrorist attacks.
  1. iv) Inexpensive Infrastructure: Another problem for cyber terrorism is the inexpensive infrastructure of a system. This type of infrastructures does not have the resistance power to fight back with the hackers or intruders when they try to hack a system.
  2. v) Absence of Communication System for Government: : Another major problem for cyber terrorism is the lack of communication system for government. This type of system helps in detecting any vulnerable situation easily (Awan & Blakemore, 2016). It informs the government if there is any chance of attacks for the nation. Moreover, this system helps in collecting, sharing and distributing all data that are related to security.
  3. vi) Lack of Adding and Revision of Legislation: Presence of rules, legal actions and regulations are responsible for the success of any nation (Uma & Padmavathi, 2013). The government of any nation should modify and alter their laws and regulations in every short period of time. The laws and rules should be strict enough so that everybody will be scared for involving in such cases.
  4. vii) Lack of International Cooperation: This is another important problem in cyber terrorism. Every government should keep an healthy relation with other governments as they will be useful in helping in cases of cyber terrorism (Ahmad & Yunos, 2012). Every nation has a particular limitation or restriction in searching cyber criminals. However, the moment they approach an international help, there is no such restrictions.

Technology has both positive and negative impact on the society. The introduction of technology in the modern world has changed the technological and technical field (Taylor,  Fritsch & Liederbach, 2014). It has provided various benefits to the society. However, they do have some of the major disadvantages. The relevant technologies that are utilized while conducting cyber terrorism are as follows:

  1. i) Internet: The Internet has created a huge impact on the society. The society is extremely benefitted from this impact. Everything is modern world is connected to technology and Internet (Eid, 2012). The world has become smaller because of this Internet. This is the first and foremost requirement for conducting cyber terrorism. If internet will not be present, they cannot perform their jobs.
  2. ii) Mobile Phones: This is the second most important requirement for cyber terrorism. Mobile phones are the most utilized technology in modern world. The entire world in present in the hands of the users (Hua & Bapna, 2013). Communication is much easier with the help of mobile phones. The hackers do not avoid this opportunity as well. They hack the mobile phones of normal individuals and cause identity theft that is they claim to be user and perform their terrorist activities.
  3. iii) Computer Systems: This is the third most important requirement for cyber terrorism. Internet is utilized with the help of a device (Dawson, 2015). This device can either be a mobile phone or a computer system. The terrorists perform their terrorist activities by the help of these technologies.

Cyber terrorism has a dangerous impact on various sectors of a nation. These sectors include legal, economic, social and political. All sectors in modern world are dependent on systems. The hackers hack these systems (Akhgar, Staniforth & Bosco, 2014). The necessities of a particular society are present in the systems. For example, the infrastructure include utilities like water supply, electric supply, banking, finance, air traffic control and many more. These utilities are affected whenever there is any type of attack in the systems. Innocent citizens suffer due to this and thus the social sector is affected. The terrorist often demand for ransom for their activity from the nation. This affects the economic sector. Every nation has their legal rules and laws. This type of attack shakes the entire legal sector. In some cases, it is seen that the cyber terrorists have hatred towards a particular nation and they target that nation (Ahmad, 2012). Most of the time it is done by some of the political parties and thus the political sector is affected.

Problems

After judging the discussion, I can conclude that cyber terrorism is the most vulnerable act for modern world. I have learnt that data breaching or harming a nation is known as cyber terrorism. I have got the lesson that the various challenges of cyber terrorism are lack of rules, communication and proper agencies. There are various technologies that are utilized by the terrorist to conduct such activities like computer systems, mobile phones and internet. I have learnt that internet has both advantages and disadvantages in today’s world. All the crime are caused via Internet only. Moreover, I have known tat cyber terrorism have the impact on the political, legal, social and economic sectors of any nation. The most important lesson I have got from this report is that cyber terrorism must be avoided by taking proper measures and one should not be involved in any cyber related crime in his life.

Conclusion

Therefore, from the above discussion it can be concluded that, information and communications technology or ICT has acquired the entire technological world. Cyber terrorism is the new terror in today’s life. The Internet has created a huge impact on the society. The society is extremely benefitted from this impact. Everything is modern world is connected to technology and Internet. The world has become smaller because of this Internet. The major advantages of Internet are the encouragement of intelligence and creativity, access to information, improved communication and efficiency and productivity. In spite of providing such major benefits to the society, Internet do have welcomed some of the most degrading and destructive crimes for the society. This has created a negative impact for the world. Cyber terrorism is one of those crime that has shaken the entire world. It is the act of conducting violent and destructive activities in the society for causing danger or harming a particular organization, an individual, a city, a state or even a country. The intruders or hackers hack a particular system for conducting all kinds of activities that are related to terrorism. The above report describes about the basic concept of cyber terrorism with the help of information and communications technology. The report gives a brief description about the challenges, problems, applications and technologies related to cyber terrorism. The social impact of cyber terrorism is also mentioned in the report with proper details. This type of crime teaches lessons in life. The lesson is given in the above report. Cyber terrorism can be stopped by taking proper measures.

References

Ahmad, R. (2012). Perception on cyber terrorism: A focus group discussion approach. Journal of Information Security, 2012, 3, 231-237.

Ahmad, R., & Yunos, Z. (2012). A dynamic cyber terrorism framework. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, 10(2), 149.

Ahmad, R., & Yunos, Z. (2012). The application of mixed method in developing a cyber terrorism framework. Journal of Information Security, 2012,.

Ahmad, R., Yunos, Z., & Sahib, S. (2012, June). Understanding cyber terrorism: The grounded theory method applied. In Cyber Security, Cyber Warfare and Digital Forensic (CyberSec), 2012 International Conference on(pp. 323-328). IEEE.

Akhgar, B., Staniforth, A., & Bosco, F. (Eds.). (2014). Cyber crime and cyber terrorism investigator's handbook. Syngress.

Awan, I. (2014). Debating the Term Cyber-terrorism: issues and problems. Internet Journal of Criminology. ISSN, 2045(6743), 1-14.

Awan, I., & Blakemore, B. (Eds.). (2016). Policing cyber hate, cyber threats and cyber terrorism. Routledge.

Bogdanoski, M., & Petreski, D. (2013). Cyber terrorism–global security threat. Contemporary Macedonian Defense-International Scientific Defense, Security and Peace Journal, 13(24), 59-73.

Bowman-Grieve, L. (2015). 5 Cyberterrorism and Moral Panics. Terrorism online: Politics, law and technology, 86.

Dawson, M. (Ed.). (2015). New threats and countermeasures in digital crime and cyber terrorism. IGI Global.

Eid, M. (2012). Cyber-terrorism and ethical journalism: A need for rationalism. In Ethical Impact of Technological Advancements and Applications in Society(pp. 263-283). IGI Global.

Hua, J., & Bapna, S. (2013). The economic impact of cyber terrorism. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 22(2), 175-186.

Jarvis, L., Macdonald, S., & Whiting, A. (2015). Constructing cyberterrorism as a security threat: a study of international news media coverage. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(1).

Taylor, R. W., Fritsch, E. J., & Liederbach, J. (2014). Digital crime and digital terrorism. Prentice Hall Press.

Tehrani, P. M., Manap, N. A., & Taji, H. (2013). Cyber terrorism challenges: The need for a global response to a multi-jurisdictional crime. Computer Law & Security Review, 29(3), 207-215.

Uma, M., & Padmavathi, G. (2013). A Survey on Various Cyber Attacks and their Classification. IJ Network Security, 15(5), 390-396.

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