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Inductive Research Approach in Qualitative Research

Discuss about the Qualitative Quantitative Research Methodology.

The researcher has utilised the qualitative research method for the analysis of this research. The researcher has avoided the quantitative method, as it might fail to provide an in-depth understanding of the research. The researcher could fail in identifying the detailed evaluation on the explicit issues regarding the research topic due to the utilisation of the quantitative research method (Kothari 2004). Hence, the qualitative research approach is an appropriate research approach applied by the researcher in the research. On the other hand, the researcher has utilised the inductive research approach in this research in order to analysis the accumulated data in an efficient manner. It can be assessed that the particular research approach is an appropriate choice for the research. Due to the involvement of the inductive thematic analysis, the researcher was able to yield the flexibility as well as the potentiality of the research data (Kumar and Phrommathed 2005). Moreover, such process allowed the researcher in reflecting the reality of the participants’ experiences. It was important for the researcher to maintain the data flexibility in order to obtain explicit outcomes in an appropriate manner. In the inductive research approach, the data collection is employed in the research for the exploring a phenomenon as well as identifying themes. Moreover, such research approach has facilitated the researcher in evaluating the patterns in an appropriate manner. Due to the fact that inductive approach generalises the research topic from explicit to general, its generalizability increases to a great extent.    

When it comes to identifying whether or not there is an alternative option for the researcher to employ research approach other than inductive approach, it can be assessed that the other approaches might not be able to provide proper research analysis. For example, if the researcher selected deductive approach then the thematic analysis was unable to conduct the research, as the inductive research approach does not have the potentiality to identify the themes of the analysis (Neuman 2002). Besides this, it can be evaluated that there was no better alternative to the qualitative method for this research due to the fact that the qualitative method is a most useful method in order to obtain the in-depth knowledge as well as information from the respondents. Hence, it is evident that the both research method as well as approach utilised in this research were the appropriate selection of the researcher for obtaining an explicit outcome.

Appropriateness of the Methodological Rationale

When it comes to analysis the appropriateness of the methodological rationale, it can be assessed that the particular research consisted of proper methodological justifications in order to obtain explicit outcomes in an efficient manner (Newman and Benz 1998). The justification of the research has never been forcefully argued in the research project by the researcher.  However, the researcher has utilised the previous literature in order to provide some of the previous examples. The researcher has identified the fact that different research exploring the psychological impact of visible difference has focused on the people experiences who admitted issues regarding the social situations and the on the negative outcomes including anxiety, and depression (Marczyk, DeMatteo and Festinger 2005). On the other hand, it has been evaluated that the process of focusing solely on the pathology without considering beneficial aspects and as well as outcomes of the visible differences is unethical.

Besides the research rationale, the researcher has also articulated the research aim and questions. The aim of the research was to analysis the positive experiences as well as adjustment in order to live with a visible difference. The questions of the research were associated with the positive consequences of living with a visible difference. Moreover, the research questions included the rationale for considering the living with a visible difference as a positive process. In this context, I think the research questions and aims wee not articulated in a proper manner. For example, the researcher should also focus on analysis the negative aspects or the challenges of living with a visible difference. By articulating both positive and negative impacts of living with a visible difference, the researcher would be able to make an in-depth analysis of the research topic (Peffers et al. 2007). Besides this, several factors influencing individual living with a visible difference should have been considered in the research aims and questions so that the researcher could include detailed elements of the research analysis. The researcher should have been recommended some of the great strategies through which the individuals could easily reduce the key challenges lying under the process of living with a visible difference (Rogers and Kincaid 1981). Hence, it can be assessed that the researcher has built up the argument in a systematic manner in justifying issues in this research. However, the research aims and research questions should have been developed a more methodical way so that it could include a detailed analysis of the research topic.

Critique of the Research Design and Measurement

There different research design including explanatory, exploratory, descriptive. The researcher has utilised the conclusive research design for analysing this research topic in an efficient manner. The conclusive research design has been employed in the research in order to verify the insight as well as aid in identifying a course of action. Moreover, the data has been accumulated pragmatically. The researcher has selected the focus group interview as a primary source for data collection, as this particular process indeed encourage participants in order to evoke memories as well as attitudes from each other (Merriam 1998). Moreover, it provides the richness of data. The prime characteristic of the conclusive research design is to use the well-defined data sources, and the data needs to be accumulated from the structured process. By analysing the research article, it can be identified that the entire research has been designed in a structured method (Kerlinger and Lee 1999). The researcher has utilised the qualitative methodology due to the fact that the particular method is responsible for capturing the rich, personal accounts of participants and the perceptions of living with a visible difference. On the other hand, the quantitative method was avoided due to its fiasco of evaluating specific issues relevant to the people with a visible difference (Perry 1998). Hence, the researcher has designed the entire research appropriately according to the need of the research.

In this research, the key variable of the research are the different aspects of the participants such as age, gender, etc. A variable can be defined as the foremost characteristic or attribute of an individual, group or the educational system, which has the adequate interest in researching a study (Murry and Hammons 1995). In this research paper, the researcher has utilised the participants who had coped well with their visible differences. The variables like age, gender were measured correctly. In order to measure these variables, the researcher has used the inductive research approach. Thirty-eight participants were sent the details of the study, as they meet the criteria in an efficient manner. In this research, the researcher has selected the twelve people consists of 9 female participants aged between 31 to 80 years. Hence, the average age of the participants was 56.7 years.  Hence, it can be assessed that the researcher has successfully measured the age of the participants in this research. On the other hand, for simplifying the calculation of different variables, the researcher has invited the participants to take part in the small focus group. Due to the involvement of the three individual interview groups, the researcher has easily calculated the variables in this research (Reigeluth and Frick 1999). Another fact is that the researcher has included small to medium sample size for this research, which somehow facilitated him in measuring the variables in an appropriate manner.

Critique of the Adherence to Ethical Standards

Ethical standards are the most important aspects of the research. In the particular research paper, the researcher has followed the ethical criteria for the research. The research was conducted ethically in order to obtain explicit outcomes in an efficient manner. In order to discuss the ethical approaches followed by the researcher in this research, various aspects can be identified. For example, the researcher has accumulated all necessary NHS as well as University approvals prior to the recruitment of the participants in the research. Without obtaining these approvals, the researcher might not be able to conduct the data collection process in an ethical way (Noor 2008). Prior to involving any participants in the research, the researcher should obtain all approvals from the organisations. Besides this, the participants employed in the research were over 18 years of age. Hence, the researcher has not engaged any respondents to belong to the minor age group. Involving minor aged participant needs to be avoided strictly, as they may not be able to provide adequate information regarding the research topic.

In this research, the researcher has also identified the self-reported visible difference of some kind. On the other hand, the researcher has also employed the participants, who had participated in the past in the same genre of research activities. Consequently, it made easier for the researcher to identify the explicit outcome of the research in an efficient manner. Another fact was considered by the researcher while selecting the respondents for this research. For example, the researcher has employed those participants who considered to be “coped well with their visible difference”. The researcher has also provided the consent of the participant to participate in the future research. The researcher has also followed all aspects of the data protection. Data protection is one of the integral parts of the research. By protecting the data of the research, the researcher indeed maintains the secrecy of the respondents’ information (Mackey and Gass 2015). Most importantly, no participant was forced to provide information regarding the research topic.


The participants were given adequate opportunities in taking part in their favourite data collection processes. For example, the researcher invited the potential participants in a small focus group. There were two different options for the participants to be involved in the data sharing process. If it was not possible for the participants to be involved in a focus group interview, then they were allowed to participate in the face-to-face interview process with the researcher. For the alternative way, the researcher also had an option to obtain information as well as valuable data regarding the research topic from the telephonic interview. Hence, it is quite evident that the researcher has provided several options for the respondents in order to share information and data regarding the research topic. The entire data has been gathered from the participants without creating any pressure on them. Hence, it can be assessed that the research has been conducted by considering different ethical approaches, which facilitated the researcher in identifying the explicit outcome of the research.

References:

Kerlinger, F.N. and Lee, H.B., 1999. Foundations of behavioral research.

Kothari, C.R., 2004. Research methodology: Methods and techniques. New Age International.

Kumar, S. and Phrommathed, P., 2005. Research methodology (pp. 43-50). Springer US.

Mackey, A. and Gass, S.M., 2015. Second language research: Methodology and design. Routledge.

Marczyk, G., DeMatteo, D. and Festinger, D., 2005. Essentials of research design and methodology. John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Merriam, S.B., 1998. Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education. Revised and Expanded from" Case Study Research in Education.". Jossey-Bass Publishers, 350 Sansome St, San Francisco, CA 94104.

Murry, J.W. and Hammons, J.O., 1995. Delphi: A versatile methodology for conducting qualitative research. The Review of Higher Education, 18(4), p.423.

Neuman, L.W., 2002. Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches.

Newman, I. and Benz, C.R., 1998. Qualitative-quantitative research methodology: Exploring the interactive continuum. SIU Press.

Noor, K.B.M., 2008. Case study: A strategic research methodology. American journal of applied sciences, 5(11), pp.1602-1604.

Peffers, K., Tuunanen, T., Rothenberger, M.A. and Chatterjee, S., 2007. A design science research methodology for information systems research. Journal of management information systems, 24(3), pp.45-77.

Perry, C., 1998. Processes of a case study methodology for postgraduate research in marketing. European journal of marketing, 32(9/10), pp.785-802.

Reigeluth, C.M. and Frick, T.W., 1999. Formative research: A methodology for creating and improving design theories. In In CM Reigeluth (Ed.), Instructional-design theories.

Rogers, E.M. and Kincaid, D.L., 1981. Communication networks: toward a new paradigm for research.

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