Critical evaluation of the current literature
Discuss about the Received Systematic Investigation Of The Leadership Development.
The current literature is taken from the study of Ladegard and Gjerde (2014). Based on the literature it has been received systematic investigation of the leadership development interventions is rare in literature. Due to the shortage of systematic investigation and poor connection between the theories, the leadership development program becomes costly. In order to solve this problem leadership coaching process is beneficial. However, leadership development is an integration strategy, which allows the individuals to learn how to coordinate their efforts and establish a social network to maximize the team performance. From the given study it has been found that several challenges are associated with the leadership development tool and the gap is developed due to lack of evaluation of proper leadership tool. Leadership coaching is the coaching of leaders and the managers to establish a one-on-one relationship. Leadership coaching focuses on the work-related issue and it aims to improve the effectiveness of the leader. Leader role efficacy (LTR) and leader’s trust subordinates (LTS) are the two major components of leadership coaching.
From the literature review section, it has been addressed that leadership coaching identifies various issues such as depression, stress, workplace challenges and well-being challenges (Ladegard and Gjerde 2014). However, this current study shows that leadership coaching is an effective tool to develop the leaders by addressing their specific needs. Hence, it can be said that leadership coaching has a significant impact on the leader's behavior. A combination of systematic coaching and 360-degree feedback is beneficial to improve the leader's behavior and increase the self-awareness. This results in the development of an effective leader with decreased turnover intention. This literature supports the focus group discussion as it helps to define the variables of the study. However, leader role efficacy or self-efficacy refers to the ability of an individual to motivate other and to use cognitive resources. For a leader, it is important to motivate the team members, which is done by increasing the leader efficacy. Hence, leadership coaching has a positive effect on leader efficacy. Based on recent leadership development theory it is found that the leadership can be generated through the relational process. This theory is known as the relational leadership theory, which influences the relationship between the leader and its subordinates. In order to maximize the performance of the leaders, it is crucial for them to trust their subordinates and give them the experience of autonomy and competence. In this present literature, the author made an argument, which highlights that LRE and LTS are similar and both are vital to compare the leaders across different organizations. On the other hand, it has been found that the coach behavior should be facilitative as it generates an active mechanism to predict the changes in leader role efficacy. Based on the entire literature review it can be said that leadership coaching increases LRE however, there is limited information about the role of leadership coaching in maximizing LTS. Therefore, four hypotheses are developed based on the literature, which ensures the positive outcomes of leadership coaching in developing leaders.
Analysis of the mixed method, description of research design, and effectiveness of the design in fulfilling objectives
This current includes mixed methodology. However, the researcher has used the mixed methodology to obtain data. Both quantitative and qualitative methods are used in this research paper. In order to give a broader perspective, the researcher has used the mixed method in this study. In this current study, a comprehensive data is given by the researcher. This is done by using mixed methodology. To gain more detailed information mixed methodology has been used in this research article. To conduct literature review qualitative method has been used and to conduct the focus group discussion quantitative data analysis has been used. Application of mixed methodology provides in-depth information regarding the leadership coaching. Mixed method gives more appropriate data and it combines both inductive and deductive method. It also helped the researcher to discard the personal biases.
The researcher has used a two-phase sequential exploratory design to reveal the effectiveness of leadership coaching. The first objective of this study focuses on the development of substantive theory based on the leadership coaching. In this present study relational theory is used to discuss the leader's trust on the subordinate. However, there is no theory to explain the LRE. Hence, this literature needs to explore more theories as a result; the first objective is not met completely. The second objective is to measure the effectiveness of the leadership development and leadership coaching through taking a rigorous test based on the coaching outcomes. Exploratory design supports the concept of testing. In order to use an exploratory design method, it is important to check the concept before its implementation. This current article focuses on the effectiveness of leadership coaching based on the outcome. Thus, the second objective of the study is fulfilled by the exploratory design method.
The third objective is to generate knowledge through this study, which will help the HR managers and other leaders maximize their performance and conduct the leadership development program in their organization. By using the exploratory research design the researcher has revealed the positive impact of leadership coaching on leadership development. However, the significance of leadership coaching development explores that this tool is helpful to identify the workplace issues and other challenges associated with the leadership. On the other hand, this research design explores that leadership coaching highlights the needs of the researcher. Therefore, this study will help the managers and leaders to develop a clear concept regarding the effectiveness of the leadership coaching as a result; this current research design is appropriate to meet the third objective. The theories are not developed properly in this article as a result; the first objective is not met completely. Application of descriptive design could be beneficial for the researcher to meet the first objective. Descriptive design focuses on the development of theories to ensure the links between the variables. Hence, application of descriptive research design might be effective for this study to generate different theories based on leadership coaching.
Discussion of the focus group analysis and justification of the current data analysis process
In this current study focus group, discussion has been selected to conduct a qualitative analysis. In order to collect feedback, questionnaires have been used. However, focus group analysis helped the researcher to gain real-time data for their study. Focus group analysis is the primary format of qualitative research methodology. This study is based on the leadership coaching and its role in developing the leadership. In order to reveal the effect of leadership coaching the researcher has selected focus group analysis. To understand the effectiveness of leadership coaching in-depth information is required, which is obtained by using focus group analysis. However, focus group discussion provides deeper insight to the researcher regarding any research problem. It allows the researcher to conduct an interactive research and collect interactive feedback. In this study, the researcher has discussed the challenges of the leaders in organizations. It has been observed that that workplace issue and stress are the major challenges, which affect the effectiveness of a leader. The researchers wanted to identify the needs and problems of the leaders. Hence, by using focus group discussion the researcher was able to find the exact needs of the leaders for their development.
Focus group discussion is a cost-effective process and it provides instant data. Therefore, the interactive feedback can draw useful data more typically which is not possible through individual response. Hence, it can be said that the focus group discussion is appropriate for this study. From this research article, it has been found that a control group is used to carry out the focus group discussion. A quasi-experimental field study is carried out among the leaders who have taken a six months coaching program. Both leaders and their subordinates were taken part in mixed method process.
The questionnaires were distributed among 34 participants. Out of 34 participants, 30 candidates responded. Therefore, the final sample contains 24 participants out of which 6 candidates were selected. The candidates belong from middle and upper-level managerial posts. Similarly, 192 emails were sent to the subordinates. Questionnaire design was effective for this current research as it enabled the researcher to reach to the exact issue of the leaders that they face during their work. The researcher was able to understand the viewpoints of the leaders regarding their current challenges as based on this issues. Often individual response creates conflicts during the data collection. Thus, by using focus group discussion along with open-ended questions the researcher was able to find the problems and solution regarding the leadership development.
Focus group discussion is beneficial for this current study to gain in-depth information regarding the effect of coaching leadership. Therefore, this study includes quasi-experimental field study. However, use of survey is required in this study as focus group analysis was done based on the open-ended questions while survey provides closed-ended questions. In order to get valid data, it is important to provide both closed and open-ended questions. Survey is crucial to obtain individual data. Therefore, survey allows the researcher to collect feedback from a huge population. As a result, reliable and valid data can be obtained. This current study requires survey besides focus group discussion to get individual and collaborative feedback.
This current study includes four hypotheses. From the findings of the research, it has been received that leadership coaching is associated with the increased level of LRE. Hence, it can be said that leadership coaching program helps to maximize the LRE, which also ensures the leadership development. This supports hypothesis 1. On the other hand, results show that LTS may be different at across various groups at a similar time, which is supported by hypothesis 2. However, the current result did not show any significant correlation between the changes in Leader's trust in subordinates. As a result, hypothesis 3 was not supported. The entire findings and discussion show that leadership coaching is a promising tool of leadership development. The first objective is to develop a theory on leadership coaching to ensure that it is an effective leadership tool. Hence, the current findings support the objective 1.
The entire article reveals the effectiveness of coaching in increasing the LRE however; there is little information about the effectiveness of the coaching in increasing LTS. In the result, no correlation has been found between the changes in LTS. As a result, this concept is not clear. Therefore, the author argued that LRE and LTS are similar while both components have different functions in leadership development. The second objective is to conduct a rigorous test to evaluate the effectiveness of the coaching program based on its outcome. Findings highlight the specific behavior rather than the general leadership efficacy. It has been addressed that LRE occurs as a robust outcome of the leadership coaching. Based on this outcome the future research can be conducted, which will provide more information regarding the leadership development. The outcome of this study includes general information regarding the leadership development and particular information regarding the leadership coaching. Therefore, the second objective focuses on the effectiveness of coaching in leadership development. As a result, the researcher is able to fulfill the second objective based on the research outcome. The third objective of this study is to develop vast knowledge to help the leaders to increase their efficacy.
Maximum studies provide information regarding the subordinates trust in the leader. This study shows leader's trust in subordinates. This current study includes a theoretical contribution relates to LTS. This is the significant outcome of this study. It provides a new idea to the HR managers of an organization and influences them to increase their trust in their subordinates. Hence, the third objective is fulfilled. Apart from this, the overall objective of this study is to contribute more in developing the theories related to leadership development tool and leadership coaching. Therefore, little information is provided regarding the executive coaching, which is carried out by HRD. Therefore, the researcher did not develop more theories as a result, this study lacks theoretical evidence. Thus, the researcher failed to meet the first objective. Despite this application of mixed methodology enables the researcher to give a clear explanation regarding the effectiveness of coaching program in leadership development.
Ladegard, G. and Gjerde, S., 2014. Leadership coaching, leader role-efficacy, and trust in subordinates. A mixed methods study assessing leadership coaching as a leadership development tool. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(4), pp.631-646.
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