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Overview of Airport Management

Discuss about the Airport and its impact of operation.

Airport management is one of the major branches of education that is aimed at maintaining the welfare of the airport and the airlines. The management is focussed towards providing a solid overview of the airline industry. Besides that, it also creates a provision for the creation of the awareness of some of the critical factors that significantly revolves around the concept of airport management (Brueckner, Lee & Singer, 2013). Some of the factors that are concerned with the same can be named as the marketing factor, the operational factor and the financial factor. These factors are the highlighted ones that generally influence the airport management. The study concerning the airport management is based on the airline operational and the commercial priorities. Some of the sub branches of this effective knowledge gaining process includes teaching of the significant attributes of the selection of the aircraft and the impacts of the critical decision making process (Koç & Durmaz, 2015).

The selected airport for the given assignment is the prestigious Changi Airport that is located in the country of Singapore. It is a civilian airport and is one of the major transportation hubs that is located in South East Asia. The airport is one of the busiest international airports to be located not only in Asia but also in the world. The operational activities of such a huge airport is governed some of the impacts such as the social, economic and the environmental factors. The impact of these factors in the surrounding community is largely to be found, as they are distinct in nature. This report is destined to address those above mentioned impacts in the surrounding community and also recommends effective techniques through which the performance of operation can be improved with the slightest innovations (Oum, Yan & Yu, 2008). This report serves as an outline of the management and operational activities of the Changi airport.

The following section talks about the social impact of the operations of the Changi airport upon the surrounding community. After the successful completion of the Changi Airport, it has been found that the airport has several social impacts of its operations on the surrounding community. The airport in general has provided the community and the society with several social benefits (Moon, Yoon & Han, 2017). On the contrary, besides providing with the several social benefits to the society the successful implementation of the Changi Airport has exposed the society to a lot of increasing threats to societal health and the wellbeing. The threats has not only affected the society but also has largely impacted the environment where the common human lives presently resides. However, not stressing much on the facts it can be said that the availing of the airline services is one of the safest ways of public transportation.

Social Impact of Airport Operations

The affordable services offered by the Changi airline industry has offered access for the most remote areas of the country to connect to the rest of the world (Belobaba, 2009). This provision of connection for the remote areas has offered them a chance to engage in the exchange of the educational and the cultural practices from the different sectors of the world. The Changi Airport in addition to all this has created the provision for the allowance of millions of jobs and opportunities all over the world. Besides all the social benefits, the airport industry of Changi has generated social costs that have an outstanding impact on the environment.


The airline industry has provided an allowance to all of the countries to travel all across the world. The intention is to connect the cultures, the people and the places associated with for an access to the global market. The main motive of the airline industry is to form a bridge between the developing countries to the developed countries. The air travel allows the affordability to be indulged in the enriched cultural experiences and the leisure time across the world, as it is accessible to most of the world population (Pak, 2017). In accordance to this, the tourism of the country of Singapore is facilitated. The tourism attributes in turn is responsible for the improvement of the standards of living and helps in the abolishment of the negative elements of the society such as poverty. The society is benefitted from the fast delivery experience of the airline industry as well that often includes the delivery of the medical supplies, organs required for the transplantation and an array of confined instant helps. The tourism industry has affected the food and the hospitality management. From the employment of the pilot to the employment of the crew members, everyone gets an added opportunity in their life of employment.

The Changi airline industry also uses their business facilities to provide back to the global community through the help of the support of the charitable organisations. Like many of the major airlines out there in the world, the Changi Airport has contributed a lump sum amount of the capitals to the charities and the philanthropic opportunities in a yearly basis (Boston Consulting Group, 2006). The local charities are most of the times facilitated by the major hub carriers in the hub cities as well as the organisations present in the country. In addition to this, the Changi airport is based upon a mile incentive plan that allows the donation of the miles to the charities for the provision of seamless travel experience. The Changi Airport is continuously serving the society with the help of the sophisticated emergency services.

Economic Impact of Airport Operations

In addition to the social benefits offered by the Changi Airport, several social disadvantages have negatively affected the health of the community people. The passengers availing the airline transportation can be affected with the confusion of the body clock for which it results in a jet lagging of the body. Other health hazards that are a consequence of the operational activities of the airport management includes travel fatigue that is mainly caused due to the stress of travelling. Hearing loss is one of the health hazards that is caused due to the noises from the operational activities of the airline services (Gillen, 2006). Emissions from the airlines including carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, ozone, particulate matter and sulphur dioxide causes air pollution. The community standards are largely impacted due to the pollution of the environment as a result of which the health of the human lives are largely impacted.

To reduce the social impacts of the operational activities of the Changi International Airport upon the surrounding community can be served with effective recommendations through which there will be an improvisation of the airline performance. Some of the effective recommendations for the social impacts have been provided as following. The airport authority should take initiatives through which the satisfactions of the customers can be easily improved. In addition to that, a maintenance team is also recommended who will keep surveillance on the effective execution of the processes twenty four hours a day. Any sort of disruption in the facilities should be eliminated.

The following section talks about the economic impact of the operations of the Changi airport upon the surrounding community. Besides the social impacts of the operational activities of the Changi airport management, there are economic impacts of the operational activities of the Changi airport management. In the year of 2010, there were a total of 92 routes connecting the Changi international airport to the important places all over the world. There were a total of 3 outbound flights per day along the routes on an average. A collection of the 20 of the total routes was entailed in connecting the nation of Singapore to the important cities that had inhabitants which were more than 10 million in number. An average of five of the outbound flights per day are available to the passengers boarding the aeroplanes (Pels, 2008). Several city pair connections are only possible due to the fact that there is a high density of the traffic that is provided by the hub airports.

Recommendations to Reduce Impacts


The Singaporean economy has been largely transformed due to the integration of the global air transport network. The opening up of the foreign markets to Singaporean exports has facilitated the transformation of the possibilities. The transportation costs have been lowered as well, specifically over the long distances, aiding to increase the competition because suppliers have the capability of servicing the wider area (Hazeldine, 2010). In addition to it, the average costs has also been lowered the average costs, through the financial statements of the sale. The flexibility of the labour supply is also increasing that should enhance the allocative efficiency and should bring down the natural rate of unemployment.

 The economy will be further facilitated when the Singaporean business will be encouraged to invest and specialise in the areas that are concerned with the strengths of the strength of the company. The community is further positively impacted with the speeding if the adoption of the new business practices in the name of instant inventory management that is entirely based on the quick and reliable delivery of the essential supplies (Wensveen, 2007). Further, the economic growth will be facilitated with the raising of the productivity and hence the economy has a long run supply for its capacity. Through the execution of the Changi Airport project it is estimated that there would be a 10% improvement of the connectivity in relation to the GDP. This would see a $169 million per year increase in long run GDP for the economy of Singapore.

The Changi airport is an excellent place that provides an outstanding doorway for the various job profiles for the people who hold different qualifications. To make sure that there are no inconvenience for the passengers, the airport has installed several retain stores. From the above factors, the economy of the same is automatically boosted as the airport gets an opportunity to earn from the above two specifications. The taxes paid by the passengers from these premises also helps the airport to get a boost in their economy (Bok, 2015). The employees of the Changi airport also contribute in the growth of economy for the Changi airport as compared to the airports of the outside world. This is due to the fact the field is sensitive to the financial assets as compared to others.

The company is further confined to the improved economies. This is the area where the airport where the airport makes more contribution to the average economy. This is possible due to the fact that the overall GDP of the individual work is high as compared to the other employees. The staffs of the company are favoured with extremely high skill sets. It is achieved by the help of the proper training to the employees. The proper training to the employees increases the efficiency of the work and thus the productivity of the work also get increased (De Neufville, 2016). The economy has increased also due to the fact that the airport authority has discovered innovative techniques to decrease the prices of the fuel. The decrease in the prices of the fuel ha encouraged the airlines to expand the networks as well as drive the passenger traffic. The unexpected hike in the revenue of the airport authority has made them to earn a lot more and a distinct rise in the economy of the airport was noticeable (Chen et al., 2017).

To reduce the economic impacts of the operational activities of the Changi International Airport upon the surrounding community can be served with effective recommendations through which there will be an improvisation of the airline performance. Some of the effective recommendations for the economic impacts have been provided as following. The airport authority should take measures through which the growth in the overall economy can be easily facilitated. The authority should the urge of introducing new partnership models and the establishment of new connections. This way the employees of company will be motivated as a result of which a sheer automatic growth in the economy will be evident.

The following section talks about the environmental impact of the operations of the Changi airport upon the surrounding community. Besides the social and economic impacts of the operational activities of the Changi airport management, there are economic impacts of the operational activities of the Changi airport management. The Changi airport has several negative impacts on the environment. Pollution is one of the very such impacts that the operational activities of the Changi airport have on the surrounding community. Specifically the air pollution has a negative impact on the health of the people residing in the community (Fu & Yang, 2017). Emission of the harmful gases such as the nitrogen oxides, carbon mono oxides, hydrocarbon and the sulphur di oxides along with the green houses are harmful for the people who spend a time for more than 8 hours in the area near the Changi International Airport.

The engineers and the crew members associated with the maintenance of the Changi airport are not taking enough measures to come to a point where the quality regarding the mentioned factors are being taken into account ((Humphreys & Francis, 2016). There have been a high percentage of the uprising health hazards due to these gases. Besides all these, the volatile compounds present in the emissions of those gases are even harmful for the operational activities of the airport as well. In one of the notable incidents, it was found that the fire had broken down in one of the terminals of the Changi airport for which there was a lot of emission of the gases that were harmful to the human health (Graham & Morrell, 2016). Not only the human health but also the plant and the animal health were also affected due to the breaking down of such a fire.

Further, the incident had also encouraged the process of eutrophication of the lakes and the nearby water bodies. Sustainability of the operational activities of an airport helps to combat the serious issues of the environmental pollution and mainly aims at bettering the processes through which the global footprint of the airport can be easily brought down to a minimum level (Pedrielli et al., 2016). Some of the notable initiatives that the Changi International airport took right after the breaking down of the fire is that the authority engaged themselves in the adoption of the eco-friendly and recyclable Light Emitting Diodes (LED) lights. In addition to this, the airport authority has also taken initiatives to improve and engage in the new and innovative techniques such as the electric movement of the load tractors for a seamless handling of the packages in and from the airport (Halpern & Graham, 2018). The purpose of this type of initiative is that the Changi Airport wanted to bring down the amount of the Greenhouse gases and the harmful emissions that were present in the atmosphere.


With the passage of days, more number of vehicles are being introduced every day. The airport authority has also imposed the involvement of the new stakeholders into the system in the name of the ground handling members to look out for the successful approaches to a better world (Henderson, 2015). The rapid involvement of the stakeholders helped the airport authority to begin with the installation process of the electronic pool changers which are found to be environment friendly in nature.

To reduce the environmental impacts of the operational activities of the Changi International Airport upon the surrounding community can be served with effective recommendations through which there will be an improvisation of the airline performance. Some of the effective recommendations for the environmental impacts have been provided as following. The airport authority should take initiatives through which the environmental issues can be fixed is that the authority must take immense measure to bring down the global footprint to minimum level. In addition to it, careful observations of the handling of the fuel must also be taken into account.

Conclusion:

From the analysis of the above sections of this essay, it can be conclude that the Changi International Airport of Singapore is one of the prestigious airports in the world. However, there are certain social, economic and environmental impacts of the operational activities of the airport upon the surrounding community. These impacts of the operational activities is huge on the surrounding community and is required to be kept under strict supervision. There are positive and negative impacts of all the three factors on the community among which the negative activities should be detected out and are needed to be limited to a minimum level.

The essay frames the social, economic and environmental impacts of the operational activities of the airport upon the surrounding community. In addition to it, recommendations for improving the performance of the airport authority have also been provided so that negative impacts can be brought down to a level of minimum. In general, it can be said that this essays gives the outline of the impacts and the techniques to improve the performance.

References

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Belobaba, P.  (2016).  Airline Operating Costs and Measures of Productivity.  In Belobaba, P., Odoni, A., & Barnhart, C.  (2016).  The Global Airline Industry (2nd Ed).  Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, p.161-194.

 Bok, R. (2015). Airports on the move? The policy mobilities of Singapore Changi Airport at home and abroad. Urban Studies, 52(14), 2724-2740.

Boston Consulting Group.  (2006).  Understanding the Demand for Air Travel: How to Compete More Effectively - Meeting the New Challenges of the Airline Industry.  Retrieved from https://www.bcg.com/documents/file14820.pdf

Brueckner, J.K., Lee, D., & Singer, E.S.  (2013).  Airline competition and domestic US airfares: A comprehensive reappraisal.  Economics of Transportation, 2, 1-17.

Chen, Z., Kikuchi, K., Yano, Y., Nakamura, T., & Kuchiki, A. (2017). Quantitative Analyses of the Economies of Sequence: The Impact of New Airport Construction on Tourism Industry Growth—A Case Study of Hong Kong and Singapore. In A Multi-Industrial Linkages Approach to Cluster Building in East Asia (pp. 207-224). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

De Neufville, R. (2016). Airport systems planning and design. Air Transport Management: An International Perspective, 61.

Fu, X., & Yang, H. (2017). Airport–Airline Arrangements: An Interpretive Review of Industry Practices and Recent Studies. In The Economics of Airport Operations (pp. 97-122). Emerald Publishing Limited.

Gillen, D.  (2006).  Airline Business Models and Networks: Regulation, Competition and Evolution in Aviation Markets.. Review of Network Economics, 5 (4), 366-385.

Gittel, J.H., von Nordenflycht, A., Kochan, T.A., Bamber, G.J., & McKersie, R.B.  (2016).  Labour relations and Human resource management in the airline industry. In Belobaba, P., Odoni, A., & Barnhart, C.  (2016).  The Global Airline Industry (2nd Ed).  Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, p.336-380.

Graham, A., & Morrell, P. (2016). Airport Finance and Investment in the Global Economy. Routledge.

Halpern, N., & Graham, A. (Eds.). (2018). The Routledge Companion to Air Transport Management. Routledge.

Hazeldine, T.  (2010).  Pricing, Competition and Policy in Australasian Air Travel Markets.  Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 44 (1), 37-58.

Henderson, J. C. (2015). Destination development and transformation: 50 years of tourism after independence in Singapore. International Journal of Tourism Cities, 1(4), 269-281.

Humphreys, I., & Francis, G. (2016). The airport–airline relationship. Air Transport Management: An international perspective, 95.

Koç, S., & Durmaz, V. (2015). Airport corporate sustainability: an analysis of indicators essayed in the sustainability practices. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 181, 158-170.

Moon, H., Yoon, H. J., & Han, H. (2017). The effect of airport atmospherics on satisfaction and behavioral intentions: testing the moderating role of perceived safety. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 34(6), 749-763.

 Oum, T. H., Yan, J., & Yu, C. (2008). Ownership forms matter for airport efficiency: A stochastic frontier investigation of worldwide airports. Journal of Urban Economics, 64(2), 422–435. doi:10.1016/j.jue.2008.03.001

Pak, J. K. (2017). Exploring Evolving Programs in Architecture: A Detailed Analysis and Design for Future Proofing Singapore’s Changi Airport.

Pedrielli, G., Chew, E. P., Lee, L. H., & White, C. (2016). Singapore: The Future of Logistic Hubs. In 50 Years Of Transportation In Singapore: Achievements And Challenges (pp. 347-402).

Pels, E. (2008). Airline network competition: Full-Service airlines, low-cost airlines and long-haul markets.  Research in Transportation Economics, 68-74

Wensveen, J.G.  (2007).  Air Transportation:  A Management Perspective (6th Ed).  Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing (p.343-369).

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