Factors Affecting Investment Strategy
“Capital budgeting is a process managers use to choose among investment opportunities that have cash flows over a number of years.” (Eldenburg at. el., 2016) In such a process, the management of a company could use ‘Sensitivity and Scenario Analysis’ in their corporate investment decision making. To enhance understanding of the management, explain the concepts of (a) Sensitivity Analysis, and (b) Scenario Analysis in Capital Budgeting process. (Hints: you should incorporate differing techniques
including NPV and IRR (DCF methods) in your elaboration).
(You should follow all other requirements on how to write an essay from FIN200 unit outline for Semester 3 2018).
Berry Mount manufactures a variety of Pie products. The company is considering introducing a new product (viz., Pizza Pie). The company’s manager has been provided with the following information by their business analyst.
a. The project has an anticipated economic life of 5 years.
b. The Company plans to spend $1,250,000 on advertising campaign to boost sales.
c. The Company’s interest expense each year will be $550,000.
d. The Company is required to purchase a new machine to produce the new product. The machine’s initial cost is $6,500,000. The machine will be depreciated on a straight – line basis over 5 years. The Company anticipates that the machine will last for 10 years; the salvage value after 5 years is $600,000.
e. Six months ago, the Company also paid $400,000 to a firm to do research regarding new product.
f. If the Company goes ahead with the new product, it will have an effect on the Company’s net operating capital. The forecasted net working capital will be $250,000 (at time zero).
g. The new product is expected to generate sales revenue of $2,000,000; 2,500,000, 3,000,000; 3,500,000 and 4,000,000 in year 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively. Each year the operating cost (not including depreciation) expected equal to 25 percent of sales revenue.
h. In addition, the Company expects with introduction of new product, sale of other Pies will increase by net after tax $550,000 each year.
i. The Company’s overall WACC (weighted average cost of capital, i.e., discount rate) is 8 percent. However, the proposed project is riskier than the average project; the new project’s WACC is estimated to be 10 percent.
j. The Company’s tax rate is 30 percent.
Find the net present value, internal rate of return, payback period, discounted payback period, and profitability index of the proposed project. Based on your analysis should the project be accepted?
The situation decides the investment strategy rule. The rule of decision is basically consists of three factors projected life, discounting factor as well as cash flow. The assessment of the three factor impacts the guidelines of the decision. Valuation of cash flows include vast understanding of the plan previously it is practical in mostly macro and micro view of the economy, administration also the business. Project life is suitably important, then it would adapt the entire insight of the plan. So excessive preservation is compulsory to be experimental for resembling the project life. The discounting factor is measured for cost of capital that has knowledgeable alteration over the years. Cost of capital has unlike insinuations in different monetary values.
As there prevails numerous Capital budgeting methods grounded on conviction as well as ambiguity. These methods hard work to conglomerate risk but then again utmost significant insufficiencies are that specifying the appropriate grade of danger aimed at a project plan is pretentious through considerate occupied problems and they cannot be applied to abundant growths in surplus of period. The essay mostly emphases on Sensitivity Analysis and Scenario Analysis in Capital Budgeting procedure (Hasan 2013).
At the period of evaluating every plan of capital budgeting plan present is a condition of approximating the cash flows. This approximation be situated originated on the predictable charge along with sales. The capacity of transactions is determined by on the market proportions together with the market segment of the firm. The computation of NPV and IRR of a plan are determined through measuring the cash flows that are calculated after taxis being less from the amount available. This is decided by merging the dissimilar variables of projected cash flow, life of the project and the discounted rate. The presentation of the variables are significant indeterminate. The sensitivity analysis provisions in distinguishing in what way subtle the numerous assessed variables of the plan be there. It demonstrates in what way delicate is a scheme`s Net Present Value or Internal Rate of Return for a stated change in exact variables. The additional sensitive the Net Present Value, the additional thoughtful is the variables. Stages that are elaborate in the sensitivity analysis are:-
- Distinguish the variables that could disturb the project’s Net Present Value or Internal Rate of Return.
- Evaluate the effect of the modification in collaboration of the variables on the scheme’s Net Present Value or Internal Rate of Return.
- Designate the important suggestion among the variables.
The Plan’s either Net Present Value or Internal Rate of Return can be intended below succeeding three prospects in sensitivity analysis.
- Undesirable that is the most awful
- Expectable that is the most credible
- Optimistic that is the premium 9(Hasan 2013).
- It compels the statement producer to identify the variables affecting the cash flow estimation that helps in accepting the venture plan in completely.
- It identifies the unsafe variables for that uncommon actions can be occupied.
It directs the assumption manufacturer to careful on valid variables for the plan.
- The collection of values suggested by the technique may not be dependable. The relations ‘optimistic and ‘Undesirable` might perhaps mean not the similar effects to unlike individuals.
- It be unsuccessful to stress on the interrelationship between variables. The evaluation of inconsistency of one piece at a phase, possession added variables unceasing may not had ample judgement.
For illustration, auctions volume may be associated to value and amount. One cannot examine the outcome of alteration in value keeping volume unceasing (Andor Mohanty and Toth 2015).
In sensitivity analysis, characteristically particular variable is diverse at a time. If variables are associated, as they are farthest credible toward be, it is supportive to gaze by convinced sensible situations, each situation on behalf of a reliable combination of variables.
The steps explained in scenario analysis are as given beneath:
- Excellent the feature altogether over the place wherever situations would be made. The feature particularly basically be the main substance of improbableness for the attainment of the project. It may be the complaint of the economy, interest rate or mechanical development or answer of the market.
- Estimation of the standards of all of the variables in asset scrutiny such as asset expenditure, earnings, amounts, and life of the project for each situation.
- Analyse the Net Present Value and Internal Rate of Return underneath every scenario. For example if a corporation chooses to present a new project it would like to assess the project.
Exposed going on the answer of the market - the feature that is the major basis of uncertainty for the achievement of the project - the government of the firm has acknowledged three situations:
The manufactured goods –
- Would have a sensible demand to clienteles over and done with the panel at an uncertain price.
- Would strongly demand to a great segment of the market place that is enormously control-sensitive.
- Would demand to an unimportant section of the market, they would be excited to compensate a great value (Ahmed 2013).
In this essay, approaches of capital budgeting beneath the report of certainty as well as uncertainty had been discussed, highlighting their proportional metiers along with demerits. The asset special made by directors would adjust a number of considerable materials like the cash flows formed by the corporation, the expenditures compensated out by the commercial, the market value of the company, the presence of the company etc. Many managers talk about the gut feel, or higher expertise, that certificates them to roughly a plan must be presumed horizontal however it category out not to give the impression to have an optimistic Net Present Value. It is stimulating to count their value, so the gut feel technique is normal just to “assessment” that the project is profitable and previously to go onward with it. In part, the practise of capital budgeting techniques license for plentiful experienced choices by incomes of the care that their proposal makes developing more stimulating in a stage of immediate technical and financial alteration.
Ahmed, I.E., 2013. Factors determining the selection of capital budgeting techniques. Journal of Finance and Investment Analysis, 2(2), pp.77-88.
Andor, G., Mohanty, S.K. and Toth, T., 2015. Capital budgeting practices: A survey of Central and Eastern European firms. Emerging Markets Review, 23, pp.148-172.
Hasan, M., 2013. Capital budgeting techniques used by small manufacturing companies. Journal of Service Science and Management, 6(01), p.38.
Rossi, M., 2014. Capital budgeting in Europe: confronting theory with practice. International Journal of Managerial and Financial Accounting, 6(4), pp.341-356.
Turner, M.J. and Guilding, C., 2013. Capital budgeting implications arising from locus of hotel owner/operator power. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 35, pp.261-273.
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