Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

International Association For Mathematical Geosciences

tag 0 Download7 Pages 1,548 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT
a) Define the term “reservoir heterogeneity” and explain its meaning with regard to the academic literature (not dictionaries or wikipages).

b) With examples from academic literature, explain how the deposition environment impact reservoir heterogeneity?
 
 

Answer:

Introduction:

Reservoir heterogeneity is the definition of the geological complexity description of reservoirs and relating the complexity to the flow of fluid in it. The reservoirs are able to exhibit different facial and subfacial depositions which have different and common characteristics in terms of texture, stratification types and bedding architecture (Harris, & American Association of Petroleum Geologists 2005). The reservoir heterogeneity is a wellbore which is affected by matrix permeability, distribution of residual materials, distribution of flow of fluid, fluid-layer interactions and formation damages of the reservoirs. Hydrocarbon volumes in the reservoirs as well as the distribution in their productions are able to determine the reservoir heterogeneity.

The reservoir heterogeneity is highly affected by the deposition environment conditions. Pore network of the deposition environment is able to affect the reservoir heterogeneity in different ways including the formation and flow of the fluids. Pore and pore throats are some of the key characteristics which affect the reservoir heterogeneity (Sydansk, & Romero-Zero?n 2011). The flow of the fluids in the reservoir will be determined the sizes of the grains which dictate the pore sizes. The reservoir heterogeneity flow depends on the grains sizes, grain packing formulation and composition of the grains and therefore determine the amount of flow which will be experienced. In addition, the formation of the deposition environment is able to determine the flow which will be experienced on the reservoirs. The bedding style of the deposition layers will determine the formation type of the reservoir layers (Nader 2017). The stratification of the deposition environment will therefore able to impact the reservoir heterogeneity through the control of packaging of the layers. The deposition formula of the deposition layers is able to affect the porosity, permeability and fluid saturations which are characteristics of the reservoir heterogeneity. There are major characteristics of the deposition environments and which will affect the fluid flow in reservoir heterogeneity.

The reservoir quality is impacted by different characteristics of stratigraphic environment which are related to different parameters. The compaction impact is a key stratigraphic environment which is present during the stratification process and high impacts the reservoir quality. Compaction forces play a critical layer in the physical characteristics of the layers and thus affecting the fluid movement within the layers. Compaction environment and forces play a critical role in pore formation which are essential element in the reservoir quality (Campbell, & Southern Methodist University 2016). Hydrocarbon extraction depend on the compaction of the layers for the reservoir and the pores sizes available. The movement of the hydrocarbons will be related to the pores characteristics which are determined by the compaction impact of the layers. The storage capacity and deliverability of the hydrocarbons are able to determine the quality of the reservoir quality. The deliverability factor, which also affect the reservoir quality is a function of the permeability and also affected by the compaction forces during the stratification process. Effective porosity of the reservoir is defined as the percentage of the interconnected pores within the rock surface (International Association for Mathematical Geosciences., & In Raju 2016). These pores are able to influence the flow and filtration of the fluid in the reservoir and thus affecting the final quality of the reservoir. The final characteristics of the layers which allow the movement of the fluids are dependent on the compaction forces applied during the stratification process.

The stratification process determines the sizes and amount of the pores which will be achieved at the end of formation. The pore sizes are important in the determination of the fluid flow within the reservoir. Additionally, these pores determines the amount of hydrocarbons which will be carried during the flow. The quality of the reservoir will be depended on the filtration process which the layers will be able to offer. The permeability which is defined by the ability of the layers to transmit the fluid is depended on the pore sizes and amount of pores present. (Beigi, Jafarian, Javanbakht, Wanas, Mattern, & Tabatabaei 2017, p.182). The pore formation will be able to affect layers permeability and thus affecting the fluid flow within the layers. The permeability level will in turn affect the quality of filtration process and therefore determine the final level of reservoir quality. Permeability depend on the compaction forces applied. High compaction forces reduce the amount of pores and thus reducing the permeability rate of the layers.  The pores determine the flow rate of the fluid present along the section of the layer (International Association for Mathematical Geosciences, & In Raju 2016). The reservoir quality is dependent on the fluid movement and filtrations process of the same. High filtration rate can be achieved with high level of efficiency on the compaction process. The compaction impact determines the arrangement of the grains and therefore dictating the pores sizes and structures.

 


The formation process involves the layers compaction which affects the porosity of the layers. The porosity determines the flow which essential for the distribution of flow of other materials and reservoir quality (Kordi 2013). Less compaction will lead to high distribution and large sizes of the pores. These will have poor filtration rate and therefore lead to poor quality of the reservoir. Increasing the compaction force will reduce the sizes of the pores and increase their distribution over the layers. This will ensure increased filtration rate which will help to increase the quality of reservoir. Residues will be highly filtered when there is high distribution of the pores and small sizes. The pressure of the compaction is able to determine the grain forms suturing and the stylolitization (Dey, & Sen, 2017 p.465). Grains shape during the layer formation is important to the filtration process. The configuration of the pores will be depended on the grain shapes and thus affecting the porosity and permeability of the independent layers. High compacted layers with irregular grain shapes will have small pores with pores on different directions. These will increase the efficiency of the filtration process for the reservoir and therefore able to increase the reservoir final quality.

The compaction impact is a clear stratigraphic environment which affects the quality of the reservoirs. The grain arrangement is also dependent on the environment compaction during the stratification process. The arrangement process is a critical process which helps to determine the final filtration rate of the fluid and thus determining the reservoir quality. Porosity and permeability will be affected by the grains arrangement and which is dependent on the compaction of the layers (Campbell, & Southern Methodist University 2016). The impact of the compact is therefore a critical environment which need to be controlled to define the specific characteristics of the strata. The compaction force is able to determine the physical parameters of the strata which is an important part for the filtration and reservoir quality. As seen, the matching of the analogues is dependent on the compaction of the layers.

In conclusion, the compaction impact plays a critical role in the reservoir quality. The compaction forces are found during the stratification process and helps to determine the physical properties of the layers. First, the pores sizes are directly related with the amount of compact impact is applied to the layer. The sizes determine the fluid flow within the layers and thus a factor in determining the reservoir quality. The compaction impact also plays a critical role in the pores distribution and therefore affecting the fluid flow rate within the layer. The compaction impact for the stratigraphic environment helps to provide a critical filtration process which helps to come out with reservoir quality. The pore characteristics helps to control the residue filtration resulting to the final quality of the reservoir. The compaction impact will determine the sizes of the pores, their arrangement and structure of the layers which will affect the fluid flow within the stratigraphic environment and therefore affecting the reservoir quality.

 

References

Beigi, M., Jafarian, A., Javanbakht, M., Wanas, H. A., Mattern, F., & Tabatabaei, A. (May 01, 2017). Facies analysis, diagenesis and sequence stratigraphy of the carbonate-evaporite succession of the Upper Jurassic Surmeh Formation: Impacts on reservoir quality (Salman Oil Field, Persian Gulf, Iran). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 129, 179-194.

Campbell, R., & Southern Methodist University,. (2016). Stratigraphic architecture and reservoir characteristics of slumped distributary mouth bar deposits, Cretaceous Ferron Sandstone, Utah: An analysis of sedimentary fabric and facies utilizing outcrop and core data. (Masters Abstracts International, 55-5.).

Dey, J., & Sen, S. (April 01, 2017). Impact of bioturbation on reservoir quality and production - A review. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 89, 4, 460-470.

Harris, P. M., & American Association of Petroleum Geologists. (2005). Carbonate facies and reservoir heterogeneity: The value of modern analogs. Tulsa, OK: AAPG/Datapages.

International Association for Mathematical Geosciences., & In Raju, N. J. (2016). Geostatistical and geospatial approaches for the characterization of natural resources in the environment: Challenges, processes and strategies. Retrieved from: https://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=4182175.

Kordi, M. (2013). Characterization and prediction of reservoir quality in chlorite-coated sandstones: Evidence from the Late Cretaceous Lower Tuscaloosa Formation at Cranfield Field, Mississippi, U.S.A. [Austin, Tex.]: [University of Texas]

Nader, F. H. (2017). Multi-scale Quantitative Diagenesis and Impacts on Heterogeneity of Carbonate Reservoir Rocks. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Sydansk, R. D., & Romero-Zero?n, L. (2011). Reservoir conformance improvement. Richardson, TX : Society of Petroleum Engineers.

OR

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2019). International Association For Mathematical Geosciences. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/international-association-for-mathematical-geosciences.

"International Association For Mathematical Geosciences." My Assignment Help, 2019, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/international-association-for-mathematical-geosciences.

My Assignment Help (2019) International Association For Mathematical Geosciences [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/international-association-for-mathematical-geosciences
[Accessed 12 December 2019].

My Assignment Help. 'International Association For Mathematical Geosciences' (My Assignment Help, 2019) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/international-association-for-mathematical-geosciences> accessed 12 December 2019.

My Assignment Help. International Association For Mathematical Geosciences [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2019 [cited 12 December 2019]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/international-association-for-mathematical-geosciences.


With a decade's experience in providing essay help, MyAssignmenthelp.com has emerged as the leading assignment writing company in Australia. We have gained our popularity not because we provide top-quality essay help, but because we understand students' needs. In order to help students, we have introduced proposal essay help, literature essay help, etc into our services. Some of our popular services include English essay help, nursing essay help, law essay help, MBA essay help and much more.

Latest Management Samples

BMA583: Managing People And The Employment Relationship

Download : 0 | Pages : 10

Answer: Introduction  Unitel is a telecommunications organization which is involved in providing telecommunication services to the different customers in the Asia-Pacific Region. Previously, the company was a public limited company but it was recently privatized in the 1990s. The company understands that as the business environment has become considerably competitive, it thereby becomes very important for the management to ensure that th...

Read More arrow

MGT2BET Business Ethics

Download : 0 | Pages : 4

Answer: Introduction and Background Amazon is a very well known firm across the world. It sells absolutely everything through its Ecommerce business. In the year 2012, some of the workers came forward to discuss their experiences if working with Amazon in the warehouse located in Breinigsville, Pennsylvania. Those were the former employees of the company. There was a man named Neal Heimbach who filed the case lawsuits against Amazon (Umb...

Read More arrow

MK3111 – International Marketing

Download : 0 | Pages : 10

Answer: Introduction: Marketing is a process or strategy which every company adopts; this is done nationally or internationally. Where national or domestic market states that commercialization of goods and services within the national boundaries and they act within the regulations governed by the administration of a specific country which caters smaller area. Whereas international marketing highlights that type of marketing which gives elasti...

Read More arrow

BUSM4611 Business Project Management

Download : 0 | Pages : 13

Answer: Introduction Project management is concerned with organising, planning, leading and controlling of organisation resources for short-term objectives that are advanced to accomplish particular objectives and goals (Kerzner, and Kerzner, 2017). Accordingly, project management brings together different teams to see to that they work in unison to realise a given agenda. Project are usually accomplished within a specified timeframe, restric...

Read More arrow

PROJ6000: Principles Of Project Management1

Download : 0 | Pages : 4

Answer: Introduction The project development life cycle plays an important role in the development of the project. In this case, the development of the project is regarding the development of the software. The software we have developed is regarding the online ticket booking system. The project was done on the visual basic platform.   Discussion We have stated the project with requirement gathering  for the project. In order to ...

Read More arrow
Next
watch

Save Time & improve Grades

Just share your requirements and get customized solutions on time.

question
We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

1,162,585

Orders

4.9/5

Overall Rating

5,051

Experts

Our Amazing Features

delivery

On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.

work

Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.

time

24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.

subject

Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.

price

Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

134 Order Completed

95% Response Time

Thomas Nelson

MS in Information Systems Technology with Specialization in Database Administration

New Jersey, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2830 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Leroy Bicknell

MBA in Marketing

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

2594 Order Completed

95% Response Time

Michael Johnson

Masters of MSc in Economics

Washington, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1692 Order Completed

98% Response Time

Alfred Dodd

PhD in Computer and Information Science with specialization in Database

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me

FREE Tools

plagiarism

Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.

essay

Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.

edit

GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.

referencing

Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.

calculator

Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability

1

1

1

Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

The project was well organized and I got good grade. I could understand clearly and follow what the expert did.

flag

User Id: 186794 - 12 Dec 2019

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Was a very fast response as usual and I am very happy with my mark. Thank you so much

flag

User Id: 348363 - 12 Dec 2019

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

You are the best. You provided exactly what I need. The expert who did the work is a great. Thank you very much.

flag

User Id: 298410 - 12 Dec 2019

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

I got HD in my one assignment that I bought from here. Very happy and surely gonna need help from you guys for the next time too.

flag

User Id: 311195 - 12 Dec 2019

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
Have any Query?