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The Importance of Interpersonal Communication in Self-Concept Formation

Question:

Discuss about the Interpersonal Communication for Social and Cognitive.

The essay helps in analysing the different kind of aspects that will help in forming the self-concept of the individuals with the help of interpersonal communication. The different analysis is required to be done by the individuals as this will help them in understanding the ideas that is perceived by an individual about himself/herself.

The main aim and purpose of the essay is to understand and analyse the different aspects as this will help in understanding the process of interpersonal communication. The interpersonal communication is essential in nature as this will help in solving the different queries and provide an overview on the different reasons through which the self-concept of an individual will be affected in a positive or negative manner.

The structure of the essay will include the different aspects that will form the self-concept of the individuals. The process of interpersonal communication is required to be analysed as this will help in solving the different problems that can be faced by individuals in an ineffective manner.

Self-Concept is defined as the different kind of ideas and other perceptions that is held by individuals regarding herself or himself. These are the different kind of ideas that include the personality, physical kind of characteristics and cultural identity of the individuals. The communication is essential in nature as this helps in comparing themselves with the environment, people and other personal anxieties (Walther & Valkenburg, 2017).

Self-Concept is such a concept that will vary from person to person wherein there are different kind of examples such as one object or product of a company is liked by an individual may not be liked by other individuals. Therefore, from the instance, it can be analysed that the two kind of individuals who are facing the similar kind of objects will be having different views and their reactions will vary as per their tastes and preferences.

Furthermore, in marketing the self-concept and perceptions of the buyers relate to each other as this will help in showcasing their different kind of perceptions effectively. The personality of the consumers creates huge effect on the behaviour and the preferences of the customers while purchasing different kind of products and services in an effective manner. The self-concept of different individuals can change the aspects of the life of individuals that will affect the nature of   perception of the individuals that include level of motivation along with type of psychology. It is seen that in order to communicate in an effective manner with others, it is essential for the individuals to understand themselves as this will affect the way of communication in an effective manner.

Defining Self-Concept and Interpersonal Communication

Interpersonal Communication is defined as the exchange of the information between different individuals wherein the this includes understanding of the perception of other individuals in an effective manner. The interpersonal skills are essential in nature and it helps in influencing the self-concept of the individuals that will help the individuals in development in relationship, influencing the different strategies of communication along with analysis of response and listening skills of the different human beings.

The interpersonal communication helps in influencing the different self-concepts wherein for instance there can be a situation wherein a conversation has taken place between different individuals, however there is a group of individuals who are from different cultural backgrounds. There can be different intercultural miscommunication and this can create different kind of self-concept about themselves as well. Furthermore, it can be seen that there are individuals who feel that they are below others and they feel like keeping quiet and not to converse with other individuals in the group (Mittal, 2015).

However, it can be seen that there can be different self-concepts of other individuals wherein they are self-conscious about themselves and they feel like they will be judged if they will be commenting on some issues in the group. However, there are individuals who have strong self-concept and these kinds of individuals can communicate with one another anytime and without much difficulties. These kinds of individuals who have strong self-concept will have different kind of topics to communicate with others and they will never feel out of place in any kind of situations (Parks & Faw, 2014).

In the previous sections, it has been analysed that the intercultural kind of communication helps in influencing the self-concept of individuals. Furthermore, in order to understand how the individuals, perceive different kind of situations along with determination of different ways through which the concept of the self-concept will be understood in an effective manner. Self is the concept that can be defined easily and it is the attitudes, beliefs and feelings of the individuals (McIntyre et al., 2017). Communication helps in affecting the self-concept and self-concept helps in affecting the way of communication in an ineffective manner. It can be seen that when one has low self-concept and sees themselves as unworthy in nature, they will present themselves that will create negative response from other individuals.

The self-concepts of the individuals directly develop along with re-develops with the help of reflection of the own images of the individuals with different kind of processes such as reflected appraisals, ego busters and boosters along with social kind of comparison. The influence of the self-concept on cultural aspects differ in nature from the cultures that are individualistic cultures. In different parts of the world, such as in western kind of culture, the self is separate and they are unique in nature from other individuals in the society. This helps developing and these create more emphasis on values and decisions of the individuals in an effective manner (Fussell, S. R., & Kreuz, 2014).

The Influence of Self-Concept in Marketing

Furthermore, the collectivistic cultures help in promoting orientation and these help in emphasising on the group living concept in an effective manner. The groups help in showing credit along with contribution of reward top group decisions as well as goals. The different characteristics of the self-concept are the ones that affects the entire process of communication and it is subjective, flexible and it helps in resisting change in the organization effectively as well (Van Dijk et al., 2014).

The communication of different individuals is affected by the gender of the individual and there are different studies that has helped in analysing that the male and female individuals communicate in a different manner and these are the different kind of expectations that help in influencing the perception of the attitudes and behaviours and this will result in effecting the style of communication in an effective manner. The different beliefs, perceptions and attitudes of the individuals will affect the social surroundings of the individuals that can have huge impact on their behaviour (Scala et al. 2018).

Self-concept operates at multi-dimensional levels wherein this will help the individuals in seeing themselves and the ideal self that would be helpful for the individuals in developing proper and effective as this will help the individuals in understanding the effect of value. Furthermore, there is intimate kind of relationship between ego, self-respect and self-esteem that will help the individuals in understanding the existence of relationships between the actual and self-experience (Slotter & Emery, 2018). There are three kinds of components in self-concept that includes the following: the actual view that the individuals have for himself or herself, the value that the individual will place upon herself or himself is the self-esteem and it includes degree of evaluation that can create negative or positive views on themselves in an effective manner. 

The self-image of the individuals will not reflect the reality necessarily and it is affected by different kind of factors that include media, friends and family (Lodi-Smith & DeMarree, 2018). However, the self-esteem refers to the different kind of specific areas along with general feelings for their own self. There are different factors that will affect the self-esteem, while the affirmative kind of reactions as to develop positive reactions and self-image in an effective manner. The ideal self of an individual will help her or him in understanding the different issues that are faced by them and such knowledge will be provided to them in order to understand the different kind of happenings taking place in their life (McIntyre et al., 2014).

The Role of Interpersonal Communication in Self-Concept

It has been noticed in many studies and situations that the individuals with high self-esteem help the individuals in gaining competitive advantage in their lives. The early kind of self-concept helps in effecting the interpersonal relations of the individuals wherein the women for instance are the human beings who are attached and the early kind of identification with their mothers and the role pattern of the male individuals are different from the women. This will help in leading to the interpersonal skills that will require understanding and nurturing (Larson & Sbarra, 2015).

The different individuals who are women are not threatened in nature by communicating and intimacy at close range with different kind of individuals. On the other hand, the male individuals are reserved in nature and quite by nature wherein they do not feel comfortable in speaking up with different individuals. The male individuals are comfortable wherein the level is of separation and the male individuals will help in contributing towards the process of communication as it will cause communication to be distant in nature as well.

The self-concept will affect the attitudes and behaviour of the individuals and it has been made clear that without proper self-concept, it is not possible to communicate in an effective manner as communication plays a major role in understanding the different views of other individuals. There are different kind of aspects that helps in creating self-concept are based on psychological and motivational level to individuals. These are the different factors that play a major role in changing the perceptions and attitudes of the individuals and these help in changing the process of communicating with others.

There is a huge portion of the self-concept that comes from past wherein the perceptions and behaviours along with attitudes will help in gaining experience and the individuals may alter the self-concept in an effectual manner as well. The ego of the individuals is the opposite of the self-esteem wherein the problem with ego is that it will disguise itself and the self-esteem will help in solving the different issues and ego is like inner kind of child that will require proper attention in order to reduce such issues in an effective manner. The characteristics of the low self-esteem will require different kind of protections as this will help in solving the feeling of competence among the individuals in an effective manner.

The style of communication and self-concept of the different individuals are mutually dependent on each other and this will affect the individuals in an effective manner. The individuals need to understand their psychological type as this will help them in gaining self-concept and this will help them in solving their different issues in an effective manner as well. On the other hand, the self-concept will help in understanding the psychological type wherein the different individuals will perceive different kind of things effectively as this will help in making and taking decisions effectively that can cause stress in process of the communication.

Cultural and Gender Influence on Self-Concept and Communication

The interpersonal communication helps in influencing the self-concept of individuals wherein the communicating with others will help them in changing their views in an effective manner. The second factor is wherein the different users will define the different physical distance that will not limit the interactions in an effectual manner. The apprehension of communication is defined as the individuals level of fear or the anxiety that is associated with the anticipated communication with other individuals. There are different kind of personality traits that includes shyness, quietness and reticence that will participate apprehension of communication (Fermani et al., 2016).

There are different kind of consequences of the apprehension of communication wherein it includes emotional, social and that will help in allowing one to perceive situations with clearer idea and this will help them in perceiving the individuals having good intentions and they are distant in nature (Berger, 2014). The self-concept is the stable set of different kind of perceptions and emotional states as this will help in making the individuals understand oneself and perceive the different kind of situations in an effective manner. The self-concept of different kind of individuals will create huge perceptions for others views as this will help them in solving the issues and enhance the effectiveness of communication in an effective manner (Cicero et al., 2015).

There are different kind of instances wherein the poor self-concept will be unworthy in nature and this will affect the entire process of communication in an ineffective manner, the communication needs to be improved in an effective manner. The different perceptions, beliefs and attitudes will affect the social surroundings and poor communication can cause poor perception of oneself in different individuals (Hanley & Garland, 2017). The relationships between different kind of individuals affects two kinds of areas of self-concept that includes self-image along with the traits that the individuals possess and this can cause huge issues in the behaviour of individuals in an ineffective manner. In self-concept, self-esteem is the major kind of factor in the process of communication that will help the individuals in understanding the differences in the behaviour in an effective manner (Dunlop, 2017).

The artificial kind of self-esteem will help in solving the different kind of issues related to self-concept and this will help in understanding the changes that is required in order to improve the self-esteem in an effectual manner. The artificial inflated self-esteem will help the company in solving the different issues in an effective manner as this will help the company and the effort to appear in such a manner that will help in implementing high kind of self-esteem in an effectual manner (Braithwaite & Schrodt, 2014).

Components of Self-Concept: Actual, Ideal, and Self-Esteem

 There are different kind of characteristics wherein the individuals will have different kind of characteristics wherein it includes the following wherein firstly, the responsibility is the first factor that has to be considered in an effective manner that will help the individuals with self-esteem that are high in nature can accept themselves in such a manner that will accept themselves in such a manner completely in such a manner that take responsibility and the different consequences will be critical in nature for themselves in the future (Boucher, Bloch & Pelletier, 2016).

Secondly, the goal commitment is the other factor that will help the individuals who have high self-esteem and they will tend to create strong sense of actions and purpose in such a manner that will help them in achieving the goals in an effective manner. The genuineness of the different individuals is an essential factor that will help in connecting the different kind of individuals both emotionally and intellectually. The forgiving nature is essential in nature as this will help the individuals in corresponding with high level of tolerance as this will help the individuals to perform well in an effective manner (Wong, Vallacher & Nowak, 2016).

The internal values of the individuals have to be respected as this will help the individuals in analysing the different kind of values as this will help in solving the different aspects in an effective manner (DeMarree & Bobrowski, 2017). The positivity among the individuals is an essential factor among the individuals who have different kind of perceptions in an effective manner those who are having positive approach towards the different kind of aspects of life. The self-improvement is essential in nature as this will help in solving the negative quality of the individuals in an effective manner (Knapp, Vangelisti & Caughlin, 2014). The different characteristics of the low self-esteem is not effective as this creates ineffectiveness and unhappiness among the different individuals in the different sectors. These kinds of negative feelings will lead to depression and feeling of anxiety as this will help in solving the different issues in their life (Becht et al., 2017).

Conclusion

The feelings of inferiority have to be reduced as this will help in reducing low self-esteem as this will help in motivating individuals who do not open up with other individuals in an effective manner. Therefore, it can be concluded that self-concept and the interpersonal communication will affect the different behaviour of all the individuals. The self-concept is mutually dependent on the interpersonal communication skills as this will help in understanding the perceptions of individuals in an effective manner. The self-efficacy of the individuals has to be analysed as this will help the individuals who do not open up in front of others and solve the issues in an effective manner as well. Finally, the self-evolvement is essential in nature in different scenarios as this will help the individuals in understanding their self-concept and perform the different activities in an effective manner. 

The Relationship Between Self-Concept and Interpersonal Relationships

References

Becht, A. I., Nelemans, S. A., Dijk, M., Branje, S. J., Van Lier, P. A., Denissen, J. J., & Meeus, W. H. (2017). Clear Self, Better Relationships: Adolescents’ Self?Concept Clarity and Relationship Quality With Parents and Peers Across 5 Years. Child development, 88(6), 1823-1833.

Berger, J. (2014). Word of mouth and interpersonal communication: A review and directions for future research. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 24(4), 586-607.

Boucher, H. C., Bloch, T., & Pelletier, A. (2016). Fluid compensation following threats to self-concept clarity. Self and Identity, 15(2), 152-172.

Braithwaite, D. O., & Schrodt, P. (Eds.). (2014). Engaging theories in interpersonal communication: Multiple perspectives. Sage Publications.

Cicero, D. C., Docherty, A. R., Becker, T. M., Martin, E. A., & Kerns, J. G. (2015). Aberrant salience, self-concept clarity, and interview-rated psychotic-like experiences. Journal of personality disorders, 29(1), 79.

DeMarree, K. G., & Bobrowski, M. E. (2017). Structure and validity of self-concept clarity measures. In Self-Concept Clarity (pp. 1-17). Springer, Cham.

Dunlop, W. L. (2017). Situating Self-Concept Clarity in the Landscape of Personality. In Self-Concept Clarity (pp. 19-41). Springer, Cham.

Fermani, A., Muzi, M., Crocetti, E., & Meeus, W. (2016). Are Parents Vital for the Self-Concept Clarity? A Comparison of Students and Workers. Psicologia clinica dello sviluppo, 20(1), 55-82.

Fussell, S. R., & Kreuz, R. J. (2014). Social and cognitive approaches to interpersonal communication. Psychology Press.

Hanley, A. W., & Garland, E. L. (2017). Clarity of mind: Structural equation modeling of associations between dispositional mindfulness, self-concept clarity and psychological well-being. Personality and individual differences, 106, 334-339.

Knapp, M. L., Vangelisti, A. L., & Caughlin, J. P. (2014). Interpersonal communication and human relationships. Pearson Higher Ed.

Larson, G. M., & Sbarra, D. A. (2015). Participating in research on romantic breakups promotes emotional recovery via changes in self-concept clarity. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6(4), 399-406.

Lodi-Smith, J., & DeMarree, K. G. (Eds.). (2018). Self-Concept Clarity: Perspectives on Assessment, Research, and Applications. Springer.

McIntyre, K. P., Mattingly, B. A., & Lewandowski, G. W. (2017). Self-Concept Clarity and Romantic Relationships. In Self-Concept Clarity (pp. 107-124). Springer, Cham.

McIntyre, K. P., Mattingly, B. A., Lewandowski Jr, G. W., & Simpson, A. (2014). Workplace self-expansion: Implications for job satisfaction, commitment, self-concept clarity, and self-esteem among the employed and unemployed. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 36(1), 59-69.

Mittal, B. (2015). Self-concept clarity: Exploring its role in consumer behavior. Journal of Economic Psychology, 46, 98-110.

Parks, M. R., & Faw, M. H. (2014). Relationships among relationships: Interpersonal communication and social networks. Interpersonal Communication, 6, 395.

Scala, J. W., Levy, K. N., Johnson, B. N., Kivity, Y., Ellison, W. D., Pincus, A. L., ... & Newman, M. G. (2018). The role of negative affect and self-concept clarity in predicting self-injurious urges in borderline personality disorder using ecological momentary assessment. Journal of personality disorders, 32(Supplement), 36-57.

Slotter, E. B., & Emery, L. F. (2018). Self-concept clarity mediates the effects of adverse childhood experiences on adult suicide behavior, depression, loneliness, perceived stress, and life distress. Self and Identity, 1-20.17). Self-Concept Clarity and Social Role Transitions. In Self-Concept Clarity (pp. 85-106). Springer, Cham.

Van Dijk, M. P., Branje, S., Keijsers, L., Hawk, S. T., Hale, W. W., & Meeus, W. (2014). Self-concept clarity across adolescence: Longitudinal associations with open communication with parents and internalizing symptoms. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(11), 1861-1876.

Walther, J. B., & Valkenburg, P. M. (2017). Merging mass and interpersonal communication via interactive communication technology: A symposium. Human Communication Research, 43(4), 415-423.

Wong, A. E., Vallacher, R. R., & Nowak, A. (2016). Intrinsic dynamics of state self-esteem: The role of self-concept clarity. Personality and Individual Differences, 100, 167-172.

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