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1. Analyse why the five factor model is effective i n developing cross-cultural questionnaries.

2. Analyse how IPIP contibutes to the development of your personality questionnarie.

The Five-factor Model and Inuit Culture

The research critically examines the Inuit children in Northern Canada, which deal about the various personality traits using Big five factors. To study the personality, in multiple works, primary objective is to recognize the importance of specific traits and its consistency that build in accord of behavior of people that are capable enough to give a particular kind of response through dispositional theories. Personality can be defined as aggregation of different ways of life and their action, which depict their unity, steadiness and uniformity. Thus, it takes place with course of individual development (Luhmann et al., 2014).

Five-factor model recognize the five dimensions that show inclusive details about the personality through the use of lexical hypothesis, which employs statistical and theoretical approach, replicated in diverse cultural background (Fama & French, 2015). In this paper, investigation of cross-cultural diversity is done through the five factors often regarded as OCEAN trait factor (Brandstätter, & Opp, 2014). The study of various kind of personality, OCEAN distinguish five characters of nature. Openness (O), conscientiousness (C), extraversion (E). Agreeableness (A) and neuroticism (N). Inuit culture is isolated from the western atmosphere; hence; personality trait shows a range of different social and cultural behavior (Alam, Stepanov & Riccardi, 2013). Five-factor model applies useful analysis of five characteristics. Openness means being inquisitive and original. Conscientiousness shows the personality of being responsible, while extraversion depicts gregariousness, agreeable traits identifies collaboration; lastly, Neuroticism highlights anxiousness and inconclusiveness (Rauthmann et al., 2015). Research has shown that the application of five-factor model is operative in developing cross-cultural questionnaire because it measures the five known bipolar aspects which show great skill to make specific profiles, of human traits (Gore, & Widiger, 2013). As cross-cultural methods have reflected limitation in equating traits scores across different culture, studies have emphasized on applying this model to children, through evaluation of parents and teachers, defines the personality of young individual and adolescents (Kral et al., 2014).

According to Stoughton, hompso and Meade, (2013) International Personality Item Pool is an accumulation of personality items obtainable by everyone around the globe through facilitating the execution of research grounded on character in free. It is often operated through databases irrespective of geographical locations. IPIP has contributed in developing questionnaires as IPIP comes in over 25 different languages that made easy for researcher to analyses the measures for various individual and supports other organization to review and improvise different set of personality traits scales (Jhonson, 2014). IPIP has three beneficial factors 1. They are cost-free; 2. Data can be obtained easily through internet; 3. It contains over 200 items which are instantaneously available (Cooper, Campbell-Bridges, & McCord, 2017). Therefore, IPIP is the critical source that allow to effortlessly identification of the correct set of scales and measure to construct questionnaires for Inuit children to identify their personality.

The International Personality Item Pool

From criterion set by the study, in the response of that it is crucial to develop an IPIP-25 based questionnaire that showed ensured dependability of response followed by conversion of language into those of Inuktitut language. For the measurement of Big five-factor as per the purpose of study it is important to develop questionnaire. It is important to note that Inuit children in Northern Canada, their culture maintain the different intellectual and perceptual abilities that aim to find their foundation in closeness of mother-child during the juvenile period. Inuit culture still believes in keeping the values and traditions of native culture (Schwan, & Lightman, 2015). Generally, Inuit family comprises of mother, father, children and uncle, aunt (Schlegel, 2013). They also believe that the result of child’s birth is retrieval of spirit of their ancestors. Thus, they treat their child as adult who is set free to act and move and also expect that they will construct mindfulness earlier than the western fellow. Therefore, to evaluate their personality, it is of prime importance to focus on the Big five factor. There is the need to include each child in the study and focus on their cognitive skills with goal to design effective and quality questions to evade any misinterpretation. Hence, in this regard, Big five-factor is association with IPIP-25 questionnaire is developed due to strong relationship among the B-5 and personality traits.

As per the objective of project, IPIP-25 is used to support the relevant questionnaire. IPIP limits the duration of participation time and investment of capital in project with the purpose to improve quality of research (Nauert, 2017). There is abundant presence of online material that guides the concrete development of the short-term questionnaire. A stimulating feature of IPIP lies on the fact that it inspires the worldwide academic interchange of content, that expand to both multi-lingual and social rank; several versions of it has been produced and many translations are present online to increase the dimension on comparative validity (Mehigan, 2013). IPIP is widely connected with western culture and their personality which is inclined by environmental and biological factor (Carr, 2013). Thus, it helps in better analysis of character and traits related to Inuit children.  In one study, it is reported that IPIP is not reliable method due to afflictive changes made by the participants (Topolewska et al., 2017). Therefore, IPIP maintains the lexically constructed questions that can contradict the issue. IPIP- questionnaire has used item descriptions that show phrase-composition to pursue OCEAN trait questions with full translation in Inuit language (Gorbaniuk et al., 2017).

Hypothesis Based on IPIP-25 Analysis

Based on the questionnaire, hypothesis can be made on the basis of IPIP-25 analysis which showed openness and its related features. According to the research, it can be predicted that cultural personality in the life of children is reflected as being ethnic conscious (Badea et al., 2015). This can be said based on the role model that illustrates the individual acquirement of values and rules that is regarded as true Inuit. It can be said that children 9-12 of age overrule the distinct personality. Inuit culture can be measured as communist culture, diverse from the western culture and their communities. This can be justified by the recent that has been conducted in this area and theory of Big five factors. Therefore, the hypothesis states that IPIP-25 item factor examines the trait of children of Inuit background that showed openness, realization, extraversion, sociability and neuroticism in them (C Findlay & E Kohen, 2013).

Reference

Alam, F., Stepanov, E. A., & Riccardi, G. (2013, June). Personality traits recognition on social network-facebook. In Seventh International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media.

Brandstätter, H., & Opp, K. D. (2014). Personality traits (“Big Five”) and the propensity to political protest: Alternative models. Political Psychology, 35(4), 515-537.

Badea, C., Er-Rafiy, A., Chekroun, P., Légal, J. B., & Gosling, P. (2015). Ethnic in-group evaluation and adhesion to acculturation ideologies: The case of Moroccan immigrants in France. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 45, 47-55.

C Findlay, L., & E Kohen, D. (2013). Linking Culture and Language to Aboriginal Children’s Outcomes: Lessons from Canadian Data.

Carr, A. (2013). Positive psychology: The science of happiness and human strengths. Routledge.

Cooper, C. A., Campbell-Bridges, W., & McCord, D. M. (2017). Personality and the teaching of public administration: a case for the big five. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 23(2), 677-690.

Fama, E. F., & French, K. R. (2015). A five-factor asset pricing model. Journal of financial economics, 116(1), 1-22.

Gorbaniuk, O., Szczepa?ska, N., Suchomska, M., Ivanova, A., & Zygierska, M. (2017). Adjective markers of Polish indigenous lexical personality factors: A peer-rating study. Roczniki Psychologiczne/Annals of Psychology, 17(2), 309-325.

Gore, W. L., & Widiger, T. A. (2013). The DSM-5 dimensional trait model and five-factor models of general personality. Journal of abnormal psychology, 122(3), 816.

Johnson, J. A. (2014). Measuring thirty facets of the Five Factor Model with a 120-item public domain inventory: Development of the IPIP-NEO-120. Journal of Research in Personality, 51, 78-89.

Kral, M. J., Salusky, I., Inuksuk, P., Angutimarik, L., & Tulugardjuk, N. (2014). Tunngajuq: stress and resilience among Inuit youth in Nunavut, Canada. Transcultural Psychiatry, 51(5), 673-692.

Luhmann, M., Orth, U., Specht, J., Kandler, C., & Lucas, R. E. (2014). Studying changes in life circumstances and personality: It's about time. European Journal of Personality, 28(3), 256-266.

Mehigan, T. J. (2013). Automatic detection of learner-style for adaptive eLearning.

Nauert, J. A. (2017). Stable inconsistency: a study of response inconsistency over time.

Rauthmann, J. F., Sherman, R. A., Nave, C. S., & Funder, D. C. (2015). Personality-driven situation experience, contact, and construal: How people’s personality traits predict characteristics of their situations in daily life. Journal of Research in Personality, 55, 98-111.

Schlegel, A. (2013). A cross-cultural approach to adolescence. In Adolescent Identities (pp. 49-62). Routledge.

Schwan, K. J., & Lightman, E. (2015). Fostering resistance, cultivating decolonization: the intersection of Canadian colonial history and contemporary arts programming with Inuit youth. Cultural Studies? Critical Methodologies, 15(1), 15-29.

Stoughton, J. W., Thompson, L. F., & Meade, A. W. (2013). Big five personality traits reflected in job applicants' social media postings. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16(11), 800-805.

Topolewska, E., Skimina, E., Strus, W., Cieciuch, J., & Rowi?ski, T. (2017). The short IPIP-BFM-20 questionnaire for measuring the Big Five. Roczniki Psychologiczne/Annals of Psychology, 17(2), 385-402.

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My Assignment Help. 'A Study Of Inuit Children In Northern Canada: Personality Traits Using Big Five Factors' (My Assignment Help, 2020) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/lpsy-316-factor-analysis-of-personality-data-for-diverse-cultural-background> accessed 27 February 2024.

My Assignment Help. A Study Of Inuit Children In Northern Canada: Personality Traits Using Big Five Factors [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2020 [cited 27 February 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/lpsy-316-factor-analysis-of-personality-data-for-diverse-cultural-background.

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