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You are required to submit a research methodology and literature review on the allocated research topic (which is set out below) that will be applied in the final research paper. In preparing your literature review, you will be required to demonstrate your advanced Australian legal information retrieval skills by completing a series of focussed legal research questions. Your research methodology will provide a discussion of your overall research approach, including identification of legal and other information required for your research. Your literature review will critically analyse and synthesise the law relevant to the research topic.

WORD LENGTH: 1,000 - 1,500 words maximum. The word limit includes all material (this includes quotes) but does not include footnotes (which must not contain matters of substance) or bibliography. Material exceeding the word limit will not be read or marked.

WEIGHTING: 30%

ASSESSMENT No 2 TOPIC:

With the automation of many aspects of life through the use of robotics and artificial intelligence, the current laws often have difficulty applying fully.

Choose one or more area of life, in your work, sport or personal life, and discuss and analyse the impact of robotics or artificial intelligence, or both, by:

  1. Identifying some of the laws that apply to each area of life you have chosen;
  2. Explain how and why robotics or artificial intelligence, or both, is challenging the application of that current law and
  3. Explain what changes in the current law will resolve the challenges you have identified and how those changes can be achieved.

Provide reasons and authority for your analysis, including legislation, case law and other relevant sources of law.

Search terms

The principal issue while examining control is that of definitions, for one can't manage something without right off the bat characterizing it. Be that as it may, the term robot is specialized and includes an extensive variety of utilizations that have next to no in like manner. Because of this, it’s difficult to build up a uniting collection of standards appropriate to a wide range of mechanical applications, rather unique guidelines should apply to various classes of gadgets[1].

The huge issue while discussing custom-based law settles on mechanical self-governance is that of hazard. Computerization may, to some degree, move a bit of the present perfect models; and growing human-machine coordinated effort may influence differing plans of existing measures to cover, inciting helplessness, in this way extended suit and inconveniences in securing new things.

Search terms

Initial search terms from the research question: Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Obligation and Test. 

Research Strategy

Searched Library Catalogue and Google Scholar, utilized Lecture slides and own textbooks. 

Secondary sources

  • Rus, Daniela, and Michael T. Tolley. "Design, fabrication and control of soft robots." Nature7553 (2015): 467.
  • Annan, Brandon C., Joshua Cole, and Deborah M. Gilbert. "Dynamic interactive robot dialogue creation incorporating disparate information sources and collective feedback analysis." U.S. Patent No. 9,921,574. 20 Mar. 2018.

Primary Sources

  • Russell, S.J. and Norvig, P., 2016. Artificial intelligence: a modern approach. Malaysia; Pearson Education Limited,. Searched ‘AustLII’ for Civil Liability and Work Health and Safety legislation across jurisdictions.
  • Frankish, Keith, and William M. Ramsey, eds. The Cambridge handbook of artificial intelligence. Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Related with the above is robot attempting. A sensible honest to goodness structure for robot testing outside the constrained state of the examination focus is relied upon to assess the kind of dangers that may ascend with the use and their quantifiable repeat (furthermore for insurance purposes). Moreover, regulation and the headway of adequate, constrained uniquely designed specific rules for different kinds of robots is an important concern, both to ensure thing prosperity and the choice of possible different alternatives to existing commitment rules[2].

A possible non-issue while looking at chooses for apply self-governance is that of the attribution of personhood. This, if proposed in an ontological way, is precluded from securing any sensible setting up in both specific, philosophical and legal examinations. Or maybe, if understood in an essentially functional way the attribution of legal personhood (like for the circumstance for ventures) might be open for talk (on occasion). Thinking about some as more specific sorts of usages, particularly bio robotic contraptions and the issue of human update, its control and organization is the destiny of the best hugeness and likely without a doubt the most critical bioethical issues of the neighboring future, requiring offhand bearing to be gotten.

Finally, assurance control, access to data and data use is of pivotal importance, not only for the headway of a European Robotics industry anyway more exhaustively for a mechanized grandstand. All the predetermined issues may fall under some – prompt or underhanded – capacities of the EU and would emphatically benefit by headings got at a supranational (immediately European) level.

Research Strategy

How and Why Robotics affect the Law

Obligation: Human-machine participation will make diverse arrangements of standards cover (to be specific item risk rules and conventional tort law standards). This will cause elevated amounts of vulnerability and suit, postponing advancement. As for pay, it is, as a rule, sensible to isolate the capacity of guaranteeing item wellbeing from that of furnishing the casualty with pay. This may legitimize distinctive elective answers for be embraced: risk exclusions for clients as well as makers; making of programmed remunerations reserves (secretly or openly subsidized); necessary protection arrangements.

All the more extensively, the insufficiencies of existing tenets (specifically item obligation rules) may propose to profoundly supplant a blame based govern with a hazard administration approach holding subject the social affair who is better put to restrict the cost and get assurance[3]. A one-stop-shop approach might be sensible, deflecting complex case to assign commitment among different players notwithstanding. Which plan is best depends upon the class of usages considered, the market for such things and the probability to address those perils through insurance[4].

Test: a uniform arrangement of guidelines permitting testing outside the research centers and even in human situations ought to be received, characterizing clear measures (specifically as for security, protection and administration of the test) in this way lessening optional forces of neighborhood experts[5].

Changes to the Law.

As a matter of first importance, the defensive capacity of law assumes a noteworthy part. As far back as the innovation banters in the 1960s, this specific thought has increased significant impact on the state control of private issues: The state's commitment to ensure has persistently been underlined and expanded. By methods for this lawful duty, the state is compelled to make and keep up societal system conditions past the general state– subject relationship. This demonstrates a commitment exists to shield no less than at least security[6].

While proceeding with this line of thought, the state additionally goes about as underwriter of an individual flexibility well beyond the state– subject relationship: It characterizes and ensures circles of opportunity for the person from interruption by private outsiders. State direction itself is an essential for empowering a person to practice his social equality and freedoms. Thus, the certifications of flexibility and assurance themselves are interconnected[7].

The two parts of this commitment to secure are profoundly important while thinking about the utilization of administration mechanical technology: The work of robots in the field of nursing may assist the elderly with protecting and keep up their distinction by empowering them to stay in the surroundings which they are acquainted with, with all the commonality and protection this suggests[8].

Secondary sources

Additionally, the utilization of coordination’s offices may shield people from performing assignments which put their wellbeing in danger. At the same time, be that as it may, it is vital to actualize legitimate direction ensuring the recipient of robot administrations, and outsiders, from being jeopardized by the utilization of such innovation. Conceivable perils incorporate the robots crushing things, trading off security or being seen as debilitating. The topic of to what degree the state must represent reasons of open welfare additionally has a place in this classification[9].

Another capacity of the law that increases importance regarding administration robots concerns development and arranging security. Administration robots are exceedingly perplexing speculations. Their fruitful usage necessitates that specific conditions are available, for example, a living domain appropriate for robots or level boulevards practical to robot headway. These conditions can be initiated by methods for legitimate control. This empowers innovation to achieve a level of usefulness to prompt great, conceivably even ideal, and socially perfect utilize.

At last, the law progressively guarantees the working of business sectors inside the financial framework[10]. Around there, administrative activity is never again legitimized by barrier against dangers yet for the reasons of market disappointment. This is likewise associated with the state's capacity as underwriter of flexibility: A breaking down market can't make an adjusted assignment of merchandise, does not generate advancement, produces negative outer impacts, and prompts a lessening in quality. In outcome, the activity of opportunity is hampered truly[11].

The utilization and spread of administration mechanical technology makes requests of the state in these capacities. The defensive capacity requires the resistance against the potential risks of broad utilize: The work of administration robots in street movement, for example, can jeopardize people and the overall population in instances of breaking down, as well as throughout typical activity also. In the meantime, singular flexibility is improved by the conceivable outcomes that the utilization of administration robots offers: in the midst of restricted government dissolvability and adequacy,

particularly concerning the human services and benefits frameworks, and a maturing populace, a move from non-utilitarian individual administrations to useful machine-controlled administrations may even give the assurance of individual opportunity and shield of pride a radical new importance. The working of the market for benefit apply autonomy, should it grow also to mechanical apply autonomy, would be imperiled without government mediation: A pattern toward imposing business model caused by organize impacts and noteworthy asymmetries of data prowls; negative outside impacts are not disguised.

Balkin, J. M. (2017). 2016 Sidley Austin Distinguished Lecture on Big Data Law and Policy: The Three Laws of Robotics in the Age of Big Data. Ohio St. LJ, 78, 1217.

Coffee Jr, John C., Hillary Sale, and M. Todd Henderson. "Securities regulation: Cases and materials." (2015).

Fentanes, J. P., Dondrup, C., & Hanheide, M. (2017, December). Navigation testing for continuous integration in robotics. In UK-RAS Conf. on Robotics and Autonomous Syst.

Müller, V. C. (2017). Legal vs. ethical obligations–a comment on the EPSRC’s principles for robotics. Connection Science, 29(2), 137-141.

Miller, K. (2017). Legal traditions in an age of disruption: How do lawyers decide what to keep and what to relinquish?. Brief, 44(6), 16.

Pigou, A. (2017). The economics of welfare. Routledge.

Saengsuwan, J., Huber, C., Schreiber, J., Schuster-Amft, C., Nef, T., & Hunt, K. J. (2015).

Feasibility of cardiopulmonary exercise testing and training using a robotics-assisted tilt table in dependent-ambulatory stroke patients. Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation, 12(1), 88.

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[Accessed 21 June 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Impact Of Robotics And Artificial Intelligence On Law - Essay.' (My Assignment Help, 2020) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/lwn305-australian-applied-law/wide-range-of-mechanical.html> accessed 21 June 2024.

My Assignment Help. Impact Of Robotics And Artificial Intelligence On Law - Essay. [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2020 [cited 21 June 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/lwn305-australian-applied-law/wide-range-of-mechanical.html.

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