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Write your assignment as a business essay (use headings) with an introduction, body including sections related to the parts of the question, and conclusion.

What is Electric Car Market ?

What is Market for unleaded fuel ?

What is Market for electric vehicle charging ?

What is Government Policy to increase usage of electric cars ?

Electric Car Market

The term “market”, in economics, refers to the place where the participants in the demand and supply side forces of different commodities and services, interact with each other, to determine the quantity of the concerned commodities to be produced or demanded and also to determine the level of prices in which the transactions take place (Taussig, 2013). Thus, market plays a crucial role in determine the demand-supply interactions for different commodities and services. Apart from price, there exit other crucial factors which has considerable implications on the level of demand for goods and services, which primarily include the aspects of price elasticity of demand, the price of related goods (substitutes and complements) and also other aspects like individual preferences (Rios, McConnell & Brue, 2013). Keeping this into consideration, the concerned essay tries to analyse the markets of electric cars, unleaded fuel and electric charging and also tries to study the changes in the demand for electric cars depending upon the changes in the prices of the same, unleaded fuel and electric charging, specifically focussing on these markets in Australia.

Electric cars, have been increasingly coming into existence and becoming popular in the contemporary period, owing to the increasing awareness regarding the level of pollution and environmental damages done by conventional fuel driven cars and the need to preserve the environment. The production of the same can be seen to be increasing especially in the developed and technologically progressive countries (Ustun, Zayegh & Ozansoy, 2013). The demand for electric car, directly depends on the price of the same, which exist in the market. In case of Australia, the price of such electric cars varies from nearly $28,000 to $100,000, in Australia, with the average price level being nearly $40,000. However, as this type of cars are comparatively new and the supply of these cars are still low, therefore the elasticity of demand for these cars is high, which in turn implies that a small increase in the price of the same can decrease the demand substantially and vice-versa. Suppose, the average price of electric cars in Australia decreases from $40,000 to $35,000 (Järvinen, Orton & Nelson, 2012). The effects of the same can be seen to be as follows:

                                                                       

                                                                                        Figure 1: Demand for electric cars

                                                                                        (Source: As created by the author)

Market for unleaded fuel

As the demand for electric cars is elastic, therefore, with a small decrease in the average price of the same, the demand is expected to increase more than proportionately.

The demand for electric cars, does not only depend on the price of the same but also the prices of related goods. One such related product is that of unleaded fuel. This is because, the direct substitute of electric cars is fuel driven cars, the demand for which depends on the price of electric fuels. If the price of fuel increases then the demand for the fuel driven cars is expected to decrease, thereby increasing the demand for electric cars (Leszkiewicz-K?dzior & Welfe, 2014). However, the demand for unleaded fuel is comparatively less elastic to the price of the same, as people do not tend to decrease the usage of the unleaded fuel with an increase in the price of the same. This is because, it is generally easier for them to pay higher prices for unleaded fuel than to buy an electric car in response to a price hike of unleaded fuel. This is mostly because, electric cars are coming in the market in the recent periods and the production of the same and the price levels have not reached to a competitive and efficient level as that of fuel driven cars (Haucap, Heimeshoff & Siekmann, 2017).

In this context, the average price of unleaded petrol in Australia is 153 cents per litre. If the price increases from 153 cents per litre to suppose 170 cents per litre. The impact of the same on the demand for fuel can be seen to be as follows:

                                                                         

                                                                                            Figure 2: Demand for unleaded fuel

                                                                                             (Source: As created by the author)

As the demand for unleaded fuel is comparatively inelastic, therefore, the increase in price of the same is not expected to decrease the demand for the same significantly, which in turn implies that the demand for fuel driven cars will not decrease considerably, which in turn implies that the increase in the price of unleaded fuel is expected to increase the demand for electric cars by only a small amount.

With the increase in the demand and supply of electric cars, the market for electric vehicle charging has also been developing in the contemporary period, especially in the developed and technologically progressing countries. The cost of charging electric cars depends directly on the price of the units of electricity. In Australia, for example, it takes approximately 4.50 AUD to charge a vehicle for travelling 100 km (Finn, Fitzpatrick & Connolly, 2012).

Market for electric vehicle charging

The demand for charging of electric vehicles are not very high elastic or very highly inelastic and ranges in between the same as with the changes in the price of the electric charging, the demand for the same does not show massively visible patterns of shift, but the shifts are more observable than that of inelastic goods like non-lead fuel (Frank & Cartwright, 2013). Thus, the effects of a decrease in the price of electric vehicle charging, from 4.50 AUD to suppose 3.50 AUD can be seen to be as follows:

                                                                           

                                                                                        Figure 3: Demand for electric car charging

                                                                                               (Source: As created by the author)

Thus, with the fall in the price of electric car charging, the demand for the same is expired to increase to some extent, which in turn, is expected to have indirect positive effects in increasing the demand for electric cars.

From the above discussion and analysis of the demand-supply dynamics in different markets of electric car and related markets of electric car charging and unleaded fuel, it can be asserted that the market is highly elastic in case of the electric cars, which implies that a small decrease in the price of the electric cars can increase the demand for the same to a considerable extent (Frank & Cartwright, 2013). In this context, it seems to be the most appropriate policy for the government to provide financial supports to the companies producing electric cars, like that of subsidies and incentives, so as to decrease the price of the cars in the market, by increasing the supply of the same, the effects of which can be seen to be as follows:

                                                                             

                                                                         Figure 4: Increase in the supply of electric cars in the market

                                                                                          (Source: As created by the author)

As can be seen from the above figure, with the government aid to the producers, if the supply of electric cars increases, then the price of the same is expected to fall to a considerable extent. This in turn, is expected to increase the demand for the electric cars by a more than proportionate quantity, as the demand for the same is highly elastic and responsive to the change in the prices of the same (Rader, 2014).

Conclusion

The above discussion makes it evident that the demand and supply of different commodities and services are subjected to factors like the own price, the prices of the related commodities as well as the level of price elasticity of demand for the same. In this context, the demand for electric cars can be seen to be inversely related to the price of the same, directly related to the price of non-lead fuels and also inversely related to the cost of charging of electric cars. Among them, the demand for electric cars being highly price elastic, the governments can implement the policies targeted to increase the supply of the same, which in turn is expected to increase the demand for the electric cars substantially.

References

Finn, P., Fitzpatrick, C., & Connolly, D. (2012). Demand side management of electric car charging: Benefits for consumer and grid. Energy, 42(1), 358-363.

Frank, R., & Cartwright, E. (2013). Microeconomics and behaviour. McGraw Hill.

Haucap, J., Heimeshoff, U., & Siekmann, M. (2017). Fuel Prices and Station Heterogeneity on Retail Gasoline Markets. The Energy Journal, 38(6), 81-103.

Järvinen, J., Orton, F., & Nelson, T. (2012). Electric vehicles in australia's national electricity market: Energy market and policy implications. The Electricity Journal, 25(2), 63-87.

Leszkiewicz-K?dzior, K., & Welfe, A. (2014). Asymmetric price adjustments in the fuel market. Central European Journal of Economic Modelling and Econometrics, 2, 105-127.

Rader, T. (2014). Theory of microeconomics. Academic Press.

Rios, M. C., McConnell, C. R., & Brue, S. L. (2013). Economics: Principles, problems, and policies. McGraw-Hill.

Taussig, F. W. (2013). Principles of economics (Vol. 2). Cosimo, Inc..

Ustun, T. S., Zayegh, A., & Ozansoy, C. (2013). Electric vehicle potential in Australia: Its impact on smartgrids. IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine, 7(4), 15-25.

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My Assignment Help. (2021). Electric Car Market And Related Essay Markets In Australia.. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/mgb302-business-economics/electric-car.html.

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My Assignment Help (2021) Electric Car Market And Related Essay Markets In Australia. [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/mgb302-business-economics/electric-car.html
[Accessed 20 July 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Electric Car Market And Related Essay Markets In Australia.' (My Assignment Help, 2021) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/mgb302-business-economics/electric-car.html> accessed 20 July 2024.

My Assignment Help. Electric Car Market And Related Essay Markets In Australia. [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2021 [cited 20 July 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/mgb302-business-economics/electric-car.html.

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