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This essay is designed to develop a capacity to identify, research and critically analyse the key concepts within health promotion and health education as it relates to the role of the professional nurse. This task is intended to encourage students to practise writing and presenting researched material in a logical, concise manner that is academically rigorous, including correct referencing, spelling and grammar.

The introduction of the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion in 1986 signalled the beginning of change in the way that health professionals educate and empower individuals and populations. Using the action areas of the Ottawa charter for health promotion and YOUR health promotion project (from Expo task), explain how the nurses’ role and the concepts of Health Literacy, Health Education and Health Promotion relate to empowerment of your target population.

The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion and Health Education

Ottawa Charter is a milestone for the global healthcare professionals and organizations that are planning to conduct healthcare promotional activities and works as a reference for global healthcare professionals. This charter was passed in the first international conference for health promotion, in Ottawa on 21st November, 1986 (World Health Organization, 2019). The primary aim of charter was to provide the global healthcare domain with sixkey action areas, through which the organizations could create supportive environments, develop personal skills of professionals, build and comply with public health policies, strengthen the communication between community, and provide preventive and effective care to the patients and ensure such complication does not arise in the future (World Health Organization, 2019).

As per this charter, (name of the program) is the healthcare promotional program which have been proposed to apply in the City of Cardiana for pakehnam community as it has been known from the demographic statistics that majority of the female in the community is suffering from obesity concerns. Hence, though this essay, the application of Ottawa charter and its 5 key action areas for the health promotional program for obesity in the women of pakenham community would be provided. Further, through this essay, the competency of healthcare promotional program with Ottawa charter and its importance for global healthcare process will be discussed.

While conducting healthcare promotional program, as per Lobo, Petrich and Burns(2014), it is important to comply to the Ottawa charter so that the healthcare promotional program for the females of pakehnam community affected with obesity could include the social health, physical health, emotional health with the personal values and goals of the people of tat community. The following sections would provide the details of sixcore key actions that the (name of the program) healthcare promotional program should include.

The first action for the public healthcare program would be developing healthcare public policy so that with excellent health, equity in policy related aspects could also be developed.  Further, through this program, the social and physical environment of the healthcare is developed so that they could enhance the healthcare of the population is focus (Carter, 2014). As per Persson and Haraldsson(2017), healthcare policy is the way through which the international and national governments could focus critically on the healthcare needs of the people and they could also become aware of the healthcare concerns the communities are facing. In this healthcare promotional program for pakehnam community women affected with obesity while determining the policy of the program, the financial and fiscal measures, the local and national governmental legislations, the culture of the organization conducting the care promotional program would be implemented (Hou, 2014). So that prior to the promotional program, obesity related primary concern of the community, application of ethical considerations, taxation and other important fiscal aspects could be finalized and safe and accurate care process could be provided to the participants. Further, as per this action, it would be important to identify the social, political and environmental barriers which could affect the service of the care promotional program (Eldredge et al., 2016).

Healthcare Promotional Program for Obesity in Pakenham Community

Socio economic status of any community determines the ability of the community members to reach and achieve the educational, healthcare and financial abilities. As per Lobo, Petrich and Burns(2014), societies are composed of complex and interrelated factors as it is built of different and distinct individuals and hence, the socio- economic condition of the community also differs. However, the support environment of world, nation, locality and community should be equal and hence, the strategies, and interventions of the community health promotional program for obesity should be inclusive of simulation, satisfactory care interventions and patient education (Kelly et al., 2014). So that while conducting the care promotional program, people and their healthcare associated knowledge, their ability to change their habits and healthcare environment and preventive actions could be assessed. Therefore, while conducting healthcare promotional plan for pakehnam community females affected with obesity, their social environment, their financial abilities, their healthcare education their lifestyle, their lifestyle related to urbanization and work abilities could be assessed and depending on which, interventions could be implemented (Sparks, 2018). Further, the community would be provided with questionnaire so that their self goals, decision making abilities can be assessed and hence, it would be able to develop effective and conservational care environment so that women could be provided with educational and interventional strategies for their obesity concern (Persson&Haraldsson, 2017).

Community actions are an important aspect of community health promotional program as while conducting the program, it is useful for the promotional care organizers to determine priorities for the community, with effective decision making abilities and plan interventional strategies to implement them on the community to achieve improved health outcomes (Sowa, Warwick& Chase, 2018). However, in the care process for the community in subject in (name of the program) promotional program empowerment of the community to achieve improved health of the pakenham community will be discussed. This would help them to take ownership of their own help and they would be able to control their healthcare needs (Wold&Mittelmark, 2018). Further, within this promotional program, developing and strengthening community would help the community to develop human and material resources so that their social support, self help, public health participation (Fry &Zask, 2016). Further, this would further help the community to access all the learning resources, healthcare information, and funding support could be enhanced for the benefit of the community affected with obesity. Further, to strengthen the community actions, the community would be provided with details of their actions, which lead obesity in their health and the intervention which should be used for treating or reducing their obesity concern (Sowa, Warwick& Chase, 2018).

Complying to the Ottawa Charter Action Areas in Healthcare Promotional Program

As per the Ottawa charter, while conducting health promotional program, it is important for the organizers to focus on aspects related to community education, community capacity building, and community competency (Jolley, 2014). This would help to develop the personal skills of the communities so that through the educational information regarding to obesity, affected women of the pakenham community could be provided with enhanced life skills. This would further help the care professionals to help the community members achieve control over their obesity and make effective decisions to conduct effective health (Fertman and Allensworth, 2016). In this promotional program, the care professionals would be provided with healthcare learning, throughout their care process so that it could prepare them to progress through the care and face any chronic situation. These actions would help the professionals associated with care process to provide educational information through their professional and educational knowledge about obesity (Fry &Zask, 2016).

Health services and its orientation play an important role in determining the health achievement of the associated community as people who differ depending on their socio- economic conditions, achieve different levels of health, education and other sources of living (Porter, 2016). In this aspect, it is important to reorient the process of healthcare and divide in it several stages such as community health, individual health, government and private healthcare organization and different healthcare professionals so that each stage of the community could be provided with effective care (Huff et al., 2014). Further, the care promotional program of the obesity concern of pakenham should be able to clinical and physical exercise related curative services so that need of the entire community could be addressed through political, economic and social components (Wold&Mittelmark, 2018). Besides this, reorientation of care process would help the healthcare professionals to provide healthcare training and education so that community’s attitude regarding the health concern and brings the focus back to the needs of the community (Sowa, Warwick& Chase, 2018).

As per the Ottawa charter, it is important for the care process to provide the care service users to with services so that through these interventions people could develop knowledge about health (Jolley, 2014). Further, it is important for the healthcare promotional events to understand the future events so that the community could use its competency and abilities to overcome any crucial and critical situation (Kelly et al., 2014). Therefore, in this promotional program for pakenham community affected with obesity, they would be provided with educational sessions and intervention strategies to prevent their future healthcare concerns. Further, the guiding principles could help the organizers to develop program through planning, implementation, evaluation of the care programs could be achieved (Jolley, 2014).

Developing Personal Skills and Competency of Community Members through Healthcare Promotional Program

Conclusion

Ottawa charter is the guideline through which healthcare facilities around the world is provided with the strategies which could be used to develop healthcare promotional programs. In this aspect this essay mentioned the six aspects which should be included in the care promotional program so that its effectiveness could be increased and majority of the community participants could be included. This essay included pakenham community women who were affected with obesity as the community for healthcare promotional program and provided details of all the six aspects and its importance for achieving a competence care promotional program.

References

Carter, S. M. (2014). Health promotion: an ethical analysis. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 25(1), 19-24.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1071/HE13074

Eldredge, L. K. B., Markham, C. M., Ruiter, R. A., Kok, G., Fernandez, M. E., & Parcel, G. S. (2016). Planning health promotion programs: an intervention mapping approach. 4th edn, vol 1, John Wiley & Sons. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=UyrdCQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR11&dq=Healthcare+promotion+program+book&ots=Od8w7ANLCB&sig=xD8JIgD6h7YhIe8bOFpm7QM6SnA#v=onepage&q=Healthcare%20promotion%20program%20book&f=false

Fertman, C.I. and Allensworth, D.D. eds., 2016. Health promotion programs: from theory to practice. 2nd edn, vol 1, John Wiley & Sons. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=gsE0DQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR18&dq=Healthcare+promotion+program+book&ots=zinv_yt8JR&sig=vhzyUotLvqCACjaTa0zkz9lrlWk#v=onepage&q=Healthcare%20promotion%20program%20book&f=false

Fry, D., &Zask, A. (2016). Applying the Ottawa Charter to inform health promotion programme design. Health promotion international, 32(5), 901-912.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daw022

Hou, S. I. (2014). Health education: theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies. Health promotion practice, 15(5), 619-621. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1524839914538045

Huff, R. M., Kline, M. V., & Peterson, D. V. (Eds.). (2014). Health promotion in multicultural populations: A handbook for practitioners and students. 3rd edition, volume 1, SAGE publications. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=IXtZDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=Healthcare+promotion+program+book&ots=rp4YfneLeV&sig=dmoedTbvUBDiejlVQOzsYHiYLg8#v=onepage&q=Healthcare%20promotion%20program%20book&f=false

Jolley, G. (2014). Evaluating complex community-based health promotion: addressing the challenges. Evaluation and program planning, 45, 71-81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2014.03.006

Kelly, B., King, L., Bauman, A. E., Baur, L. A., Macniven, R., Chapman, K., & Smith, B. J. (2014). Identifying important and feasible policies and actions for health at community sports clubs: A consensus-generating approach. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(1), 61-66. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.02.011

Lobo, R., Petrich, M., & Burns, S. K. (2014). Supporting health promotion practitioners to undertake evaluation for program development. BMC public health, 14(1), 1315. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1315

Persson, L., &Haraldsson, K. (2017). Health promotion in Swedish schools: school managers' views. Health promotion international, 32(2), 231-240. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dat073

Porter, C. M. (2016). Revisiting Precede–Proceed: A leading model for ecological and ethical health promotion. Health Education Journal, 75(6), 753-764.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0017896915619645

Sowa, S., Warwick, I., & Chase, E. (2018). Producing and using community health education films in low-and middle-income countries. Health Education Journal, 77(7), 803-814.DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0017896918769693

Sparks, M. (2018). Keeping up with change—challenges for the health promotion field.Health Promotion International, Volume 33, Issue 3, June 2018, Pages 373–377DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/day044

Wold, B., &Mittelmark, M. B. (2018). Health-promotion research over three decades: The social-ecological model and challenges in implementation of interventions. Scandinavian journal of public health, 46(20_suppl), 20-26.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1403494817743893

World Health Organization. (2019). The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/healthpromotion/conferences/previous/ottawa/en/index1.html

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