1. What are the reasons behind ladder fall?
2. Who are mainly affected by this?
3. How the victims are suffering due to the ladder fall?
Background and significance of the study
Background of the study helps to determine the key concern of the paper. There are several people, who are admitted in the hospital due to ladder fall in workplace or within the premise of house. This problem has become so significant that even the governing body of the organization is worried about this. Several health care organizations are going to take initiative for public awareness ("A retrospective case-control study of ladder fall accidents", 2002). VicHealth is trying to raise fund for Public Awareness Campaign to reduce the numbers of Ladder falls. However, due to lack of proper information, this public awareness programs cannot be implemented properly. There is no particular reason behind the fall from ladder and there is no particular place of fall. To reduce the chance of ladder fall in workplaces training are provided to the employees but in domestic situation public awareness programs are initiated ("A scenario analysis of ladder fall accidents", 2002).
There is certainly significance behind conducting this study. Almost 582 cases are registered, who are admitted in the Alfred Hospital of Australia due to ladder fall. Among them 58 patients are admitted in the ICU and 15 of them are dead within the period of Five years (Animal caretaker breaks arm and wrist after ladder fall, 2011). In average almost 120 people are injured in ladder fall. Therefore, it is necessary to judge the reason behind such incident. Often the researcher is trying to find out the reason behind this fall and they conclude with that patients are often unable to get back their real life. The reason behind their fall is lack of techniques, improper footwear, lack of training, and bad condition of ladders (Astley, 2006).
Research question and Aims and hypothesis
- What are the reasons behind ladder fall?
- Who are mainly affected by this?
- How the victims are suffering due to the ladder fall?
While conducting the research, the researcher is going to face several aspects of the research. Here, the researcher is trying to sum up all the supposition in form of hypotheses (Biddle & Emmett, 2011). Researcher here mainly concentrates on two types of research hypothesis one is null hypothesis and another is Alternative hypothesis.
H0: Public Awareness Campaign can mitigate the chance of ladder fall by providing them training.
H1: Public Awareness Campaign cannot mitigate the chance of ladder fall by providing them training
Method with information on the research design
Between two types of research approaches, researcher is going to concentrate on the Primary Research Approach; the reason behind selecting the primary research approach enables the researcher to understand the in-depth view regarding the topic (Cohen & Lin, 2001). In case of the primary research approach, the researcher will focus on the interviews to the respondents. Between qualitative and quantitative research process, researcher is going to undertake Quantitative research process for the evaluation of data. Quantitative research approach mainly has two section one is primary and another is secondary, and researcher is going to concentrate on both (Fall from ladder, 2006).
For primary quantitative analysis, researcher is going to take help of the respondents. Before that, researcher has to form a close-ended questionnaire to judge the point of view of the respondents (Freeman, 2003). Statistical data will be analysed in this scenario for the better analysis of the topic. For secondary data, researcher will take help of the bars, charts and diagrams, which help to understand the details of the topic.
After understating research approaches, research should concentrate on the research philosophy. Positivism and realism are two research philosophies that help the research in the process of analysis (Hagger, 2002). As researcher is going to take help of the Mixed Research Approach to gather data; for two types of data (primary and secondary), research should choose Descriptive Research Design for analysis of the Primary research approach and Exploratory Research Design for the secondary research approach. Exploratory research Design correctly goes with the Secondary quantitative research approach, as it helps to explore new statistical information. Along with that, researcher should focus on the strategies, for the further analysis of the research; researcher is going to choose Quantitative Research Strategies ("II. GENERAL METHODOLOGY", 2011). For the Quantitative Research Strategy takes help from the questionnaire, statistical data and interviews.
Here for the analysis of the research, researcher will use Mixed Approach to conduct the research as researcher is going to take help from the primary and secondary quantitative data. More specifically, researcher is going to take help of the quantitative analysis only for the better analysis of the paper. Both types of data enable the researchers peep through the findings (Jha, 2008).
For sampling researcher has to choose respondents from different sectors. The sectors can be fire service or civil or any other sectors where ladders are used particularly. For respondents, researcher can choose the family members of the victims also and witness can be the respondents also (Ketchen & Bergh, 2004). Therefore, researchers should take helps of the Probability Sampling; probability sampling enables the researchers to collect respondents from any sectors. Simple Random Sampling is going to undertake for the better analysis of the research. Here, researchers do not have to face any kind of boundaries to choose respondents (Keys, 2008). Simple random sampling is the significant part of the probability sampling and according to this process; researcher can ask a set of questions to any group of male and female.
100 respondents will be chosen for the analysis of the paper. Respondents can be hospital staffs, doctors, victims, family members of victims and managers of organization.
Dissemination of findings
For determining the result, the researcher can take help of the Pilot study, which helps the researcher to predict the result of the research. For the successful analysis of the research, researcher will take help of both types of research approaches. For successful analysis of the research, the researcher should read the books, journals and articles. From the analysis of the books, journals and articles, researcher can able to gather contradictory knowledge on the particular topic. In journals, articles and books point of view of different personalities are imprinted. From different views, researcher can able to understand the in-depth analysis of the papers. For Secondary quantitative dada analysis, researcher should focus on the statistical data from the Alfred hospital and many other working sectors. Prime drawback of this research approach is to gather data from the domestic situation.
For Primary quantitative research approach, researcher has to form close-ended questionnaire. Bars, charts, pie-charts and diagrams help to gather accurate data. In case of the secondary quantitative data, researcher cannot able to gather accurate data but in case of the primary Quantitative research Approach, researcher can able to gather accurate information regarding the topic.
There are several ethical factors, on which researcher should focus. It is the sole responsibility of the researchers to abide by the ethical considerations. Researcher should ask for the permission of the respondents before asking them any questions (Kothari, 2004). Besides, at the time of formation of the research questions, researcher should look after that questions are not personal or hurt emotion of anyone. Confidentiality is the main ethical consideration; while collecting information, researcher should make promise that no personal data of respondents are going to be explored (Kumar, 2005).
Apart from these, it is the sole responsibility of the researchers to conclude the research within the specific time and allotted money. Ethical consideration is necessary for shaping the entire research. There should definitely have some rules, which guide the researcher to understand the differences between the rights and wrong (Newman & Benz, 2008). Honesty is the integral part of every research paper; researcher should run the entire research ethically. Researcher should conduct the entire research ethically and honestly report the results. The role of the researchers is based on certain objectivity like the researcher should avoid biasness while analysis of data and interpretation of data (O’Sullivan, et al, 2004). In case of the peer review and personnel decision, researcher should run the entire process ethically. Biasness should be mitigated as it can affect the research process. Besides, integrity is the inevitable part of every research project. Researcher should not make any false promises and should avoid agreements breaching (Popping, 2012). Personal data should not be revealed at any cost; researcher should be solely devoted to his or her job, there should not be any complex issues. On the other hand, researcher should maintain the consistency of the research project, so it is the sole responsibility of the researcher to maintain the consistency of action and thought. Carefulness is the integral part of every research paper, while gathering data, researcher should be more careful to avoid error and negligence. At the time of carrying pit the research, the researcher should focus on the work of the peers also to avoid the risk factors.
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