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Main Body of Analysis

This assessment task requires you to write an essay on a selected chapter of the eText, in addition to at least two other items of scholarly work dealing with the same historical events, developing a detailed argument by selecting evidence, writing with clarity and precision, and correctly citing the references from which you have drawn your evidence.
 

This Paper is primarily concerned with the formation of the Third World and the impact of social changes on the Third World. Third world countries are known as those countries, which are dominated by the other countries (Aldcroft, 2006). Here Hobsbawm’s Age of Extremes (1914-1991) is going to be excavated, he had written so many chapters about the beginning of 20th century. Several; drawbacks of that time has been expressed. Decolonizing had changed the social dimensions of that time. The political dimension of that time changed drastically. At that time, the numbers of independent states, which were independent, had been increased by five times. In 1939, there were only one but now the numbers of independent states in Africa are now fifty. Decolonization has brought social reformation and due to the decolonization, the political condition of the society has been changing rapidly (Anon, 2016). In 19th century, there were only twenty independent states in America but afterwards twenty decolonized states are added. The important factor was not lies in their numbers but in the enormous and growing numbers. After the Second World War, most of the demographics had been trying to enroll their in the dependent world. There was a significant changes and the change was continuous. This change ultimately helped in balancing the population of the world. The first industrial revolution had been conducted in the sixteenth century (Barnet, 1968). This revolution in 19th century helped to understand the difference between the developed and developing country.  Developing countries are known as the Third World and no these countries are trying to uplift their position in the global competitive world.  It is necessary for the governing body of these Third World Countries to understand strategies are necessary for the development of the countries. On the other hand, the population originates from Europe are known as the “Developed” World. 

T has been seen from the perspective of Hobsbawm, it can be observed that in 1750, there are less than 20% population, which is just one third of the population of today’s. This age also helped to face several drawbacks and among the several other drawbacks, on e of the major drawbacks was Age of Catastrophe. Age of Catastrophe had frozen the situation as well as the growth but still from the middle of the period, the growth had started increasing (Egendorf, 2000).  Not only that the population had grown rapidly but also the rate had crossed all level of precedents. In addition, most of this had come from all the regions, which are one conquered or ruled by the handful empires. These empires were ruling the state on continuous basis. Being the OCED presented the nation as the part of the developed world. Most of the rich countries or the developed countries are the part of the OCED. Getting admission in OCED helps the country to be the part of richest countries in the world. Nevertheless, in 1980s, only 15 percent population or humanity of total world population was presented as the collective population of entire “developed world” (Harrison, 1981). The population of developed countries are not increasing due to their unwillingness to reproduce next generation. In “Developed World”, the population was no longer interested in giving birth of the child or in reproducing themselves.

The Difference Between Developed and Developing Countries

On the other hand, it has been seen that the population of poor countries had been increasing and there were no sign of improvement. Most of the poor countries are suffering from high level of poverty still the population is increasing. The economist was trying to stabilize the population of the country at billion but it was utterly impossible for the governing body to judge the population of the country. According to the Short Twentieth Century, the population would be stabilized at the ten billions (IFLA and the Third World, 1987). Still it could not possible to determine the population of the world. Estimation on the world population could not be determined. Since 1950, it had been observed that the population of the world had been redoubled within the span of forty years. Without any historical precedent, the population of Africa had increased less than thirty years. If the 60% of the total population, whose age are less than 15 years then it can be considered that the social and economic situation have very small impact on the development of the population.

The basic difference between the developed and developing countries is the population. The population of the developed countries was always far higher than before. Demographic explosion in the poor countries of the world is the reason behind the lack of development; it had become the serious worry at the end of the “Golden Age” (IFLA and the Third World, 1987). It had considered as the most fundamental c change. The birth rate of the poor countries is higher than the developed country and this is the prime difference between the developed and developing countries. Even the mortality rate dropped since 1940s and even in 19th century, the mortality rate had been drooped down more than four to five times. 

On the other hand, technological advancement of the Europe and development of Europe had significant impact on the growth of the developing countries. As a developed country, Europe was trying to maintain the environmental standard as well as the technological advancement. The impact of the modern technology had noteworthy effect on the growth of the country. This technological advancement worked work like the Hurricane in the Golden Age. Due to the technological advancement, the world of the drugs and transportation had been improved significantly (Kapoor, 2015). In 1940, the world had been concentrating on the development of medicines. At that time people had been dying in massive scale due to lack of treatment procedures but later with the help of the development of medical system, people of massive scale could be saved. Pharmaceutical innovation and medical innovation of that time could save life of many people. For the first time in 1940, the people were understanding the need of medicine, which could able to save their life (Kelly and Elliott, 1982).

Before 1940, the life of the people could not be saved but due to the medical advancement, the life of the people could be saved. In 1940, only smallpox prevented but later several medicines had been formed to treat the patients. At that time, Birth rate has increased; simultaneously, the mortality rate had been decreased so the population had been increased on continuous basis. Lower mortality rate is the prime reason behind the high population in the countries in spite of developed and developing countries. In Mexico, after twenty-five years the population had shot up but there was no significant change in the economy as well (Kurian, 1987). On the other hand, one of the incidental matters is the raised the gap between the poor and rich. The gap between the backward and poor people was increasing. In addition, the impact is not limited to the people of the nation but also to the country.  The gap remained same even if the economical growth of the countries had been same. Twice of GDP and Twice of population are another factors. If the population of the country is half then GDP can be distributed among the people but on the other hand, of the population of the country is doubled, in that case, GDP of the country is going to be half. The population of Mexico had been doubled in the period of thirty years so GDP cannot be distributes among the population in form of double (Lewis, 2011).

Technological Advancements and Their Impact on Developing Countries

While working on the any of the factor of the Third World Country, it had been understood that population explosion is one of the significant factor. Due to the population explosion the third world country, the GDP cannot be distributed equally. From the history of the developed countries, it can be determined that to be the developed country, it is necessary for the governing body to control the population of the country (Mehmet, 2002). High population can have significant affect on the growth of the nations. From the expert call of the developed country, it can be determined that “The Demographic Transition” helps to stabilize the population of the country. It is the advice of the experts to work on the population of the country, which is the major drawback of the “Developing Country”. 


The population of the developing country is so high that the gap among the poor and rich or the gap among the forward and backward is increasing. Governing body of the developing countries should adopt some strategies and those strategies are for the betterment of the country (Robinson, 1971).  Demographic Transition is the process that was taken place in several countries especially in the countries of East Asia. According to the Demographic Transition, low Birth rate and low Death rate are the process of controlling the birth. On the other hand, governing body should put focus on the birth control campaigns, which helps to spread the news that one should not have more than one or two children especially in the developed countries. In the end of the Short Twentieth Century, it could be understood that due to huge population, most of the poor countries are unable to advance in the global competitive world (Third World, 1985). Only ex-Soviet Block can able to get success with the help of the effective strategy. Increasing population is one of the reasons behind the continuous poverty.

Countries with the huge population have always suffered due to higher population and the governing body of the specific country has to feed about ten millions additional mouths every years.  Moreover, to control the population of those countries, governing body of the respective countries is taking ruthless attitudes to control the birth or other kind of family limitations are going to imposed on them in order to control the birth (Third world foundation news, 1986). This ruthless attitude is hampering the growth of the country as well as the mind of the citizens. Limitations are affecting the mind of the people. In china, “one child policy” is trying to reduce the population growth of the country.  This “One Child Policy” act is trying control the population of the developing countries and this is considered as the most popular method of reducing the population of the nation.

For the poor countries or Third World Countries or developing countries as they emerged into the post war and the postcolonial world, in that case, these were not the prime concern of the poor countries, there are several other things, on which the countries should concentrate. The problem with the developing countries was the developing countries always had to follow the imperialism of the dominating country. The developing countries had to follow the pathway of the developed countries. Conquered countries had domination on the developed countries. As ex-soviet union had achieved only success and most of the developing countries were depending on the success factors of Soviet Unions. Soviet Union was granted as the most popular developing countries, which had successfully shifted their position from the developing countries to developed countries (Third world foundation news, 1987).

Population Growth Rates and Their Impact on GDP Distribution

By using this theory, most of the countries are trying to shift their position from the developing countries to developed countries. Most of the countries of these days had tried to implement the voting system, with the help of the parliamentary republic system; people of that nation were free to choose their own minister. In the democratic republic, the single guiding party guides the people. The people of the democratic countries should follow the one party instead of two or three parties. On the other hand, the countries did not need to follow the guide of different ministers. The ideas were simple driven by only one minister so there was no trouble (Third World foundation news, 1989). Under the single guideline, the people could able to understand things more specifically.

Often it is seen that people in one particular nation are highly suffering due to contradictory ideas but if the governing body is same then in that case, people do not need to think much on the engrossed ideas.  In practice, these labels were indicating t the development of new states and the wish of the new states was to stimulate internationally. These labels were as unrealistic as the official constitutions.  In most of the cases, it had been seen that the political condition of these countries are not suitable to live.  This was so evident in the new states especially which were of communist type. The authoritarian structure and single leading party were the combination of the developed country. In addition, this combination is totally unworthy or unsuitable for the state of the developed countries or more precisely for the state of the non-western countries than the republic background (Third world prize, 1980).

On the other hand, from the analysis of the Hobsbawm it could be understood that the one of the most significant political principles was the superiority of the civilian party over the military. Governing body of these countries is taken care of the civilian party rather than the military party. Giving priorities to the Civilian rather than the military is the process of reducing the power of military on the common people (Third World'sperestroika, 1989). On the other hand, in 1980s ,it had been found that the there were many revolutionary-inspired states, like Algeria, Benin, Burma, Madagascar, Ethiopia, Somalia and Libya are the countries, which had been trying to reduce the power of military and had been trying to provide chances to the civilian to choose their own leaders. Both Syria and Iraq are under the power of the Ba’ath Socialist Party so these two countries are under the strict supervision of military. Iraq and Syria are running their operations under the strict supervisions tough in rival versions. The militants have been taking care of the activities of Iraq and Syria in 1951. 


The Third World is affected by the dominance of military. The main body of The Third World communist regimes is North Korea, Indochinese, China and Cuba. After excluding the main body of The Third World Countries and this long-established regimes had sprung from the Mexican Revolution. Among the several other countries, India is at the top of the position of The Third World country and India is considered as the most impressive example of the Third World state. Now the governing body of India is trying to present the country as the secular country; along with that, the country is concentrating on the unbroken civilian supremacy (Wolf‐Phillips, 1979). On the contrary, it can be predicted that if any third world country like India is trying to sustain its position in the global world of developed country then it is necessary for the governing body of the country should put concentration on the development of fair election policies.

After taking a leap from Hobsbawm’s perception about The Third World, this research paper is trying to excavate the point of view of Peter Worsely. Worsely (1970) has depicted the political side of The Third World Countries. In accordance with Worsely (1970) this paper is not providing any information related to Communist Countries as Peter does not believe that most of the communist countries are sharing same problems and there is a significant difference between the political cultures of The Third Worlds Countries. On the other hand, Peter (1970) also added that the problems in The Third World Countries are rising due to ignorance.

On the other hand, Chamdra Talpade Mohanty and Ann Russo (1991) are depicting about the condition of the women in the Third world countries. C.T. Mohanty (1991) is stating about women’s involvement in political party. Allen C. Kelley (1988) has depicted about the impact of economic factors on the population of The Third World. The era is about the demographic history and for thousands years the population of The Third World is growing a snail’s Speed but now the pace quickened. This is a difficult topic and cannot be addressed from one side. These authors are exhibiting different issues in The Third World Countries. 

From the above analysis of the paper, it can be understood the difference between the developed and developing countries. The prime reason behind the developing countries and developed countries can be understood through the poverty level and the prime reason behind being developed country is the increased rate of population (Third World, 1985). It is often seen that after before the development in the medical sector, most of the people are dies due to lack of treatment but after the development in the medical field, the mortality has been reduced. Decrease rate in mortality rate is affecting the population of the nations, high birth rate and low mortality rate is affecting the performance of the country. If is seen from the close quarter, it can be judged that population of most of the developed countries are higher than the developing countries. There are some possible solutions to this and the solutions are the governing body of developed country should put stress on the Birth Control Rate of the country, the inhabitant should get chance of choosing their governing body, people should listen to one government rather than several, listening to one minister help the people to understand the rules more clearly. Apart from this, government should reduce the power of military and starts taking charge of the nation. These processes can help the developed country to shift its position from the developed country to developing country.  

References

Aldcroft, D. (2006). Europe's third world: the European periphery in the interwar years. Aldershot, Hants, England: Ashgate Pub. Co.

Barnet, R. (1968). Intervention and revolution. New York: World Pub. Co.

Egendorf, L. (2000). The Third World. San Diego, Calif.: Greenhaven Press.

Harrison, P. (1981). Inside the Third World. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England: Penguin.

IFLA and the Third World. (1987). [The Hague, Netherland]: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions.

Kapoor, I. (2015). The queer Third World. Third World Quarterly, 36(9), pp.1611-1628.

Kelly, G. and Elliott, C. (1982). Women's education in the Third World. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Kelley, A.C., (1988). Economic consequences of population change in the Third World. Journal of Economic Literature, 26(4), pp.1685-1728.

Kurian, G. (1987). The encyclopedia of the Third World. New York, N.Y.: Facts on File.

Lewis, M. (2011). Boomerang. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.

Mehmet, O. (2002). Westernizing the Third World. London: Routledge.

Mohanty, C.T. and Russo, A., (1991). Third world women and the politics of feminism (Vol. 632). Indiana University Press.

Robinson, R. (1971). Developing the third world. Cambridge [England]: University Press.

Third world foundation news. (1986). Third World Quarterly, 8(3), pp.1071-1073.

Third world foundation news. (1987). Third World Quarterly, 9(4), pp.1449-1461.

Third World foundation news. (1987). Third World Quarterly, 9(1), pp.333-334.

Third World foundation news. (1989). Third World Quarterly, 11(1), pp.223-225.

Third world prize. (1980). Third World Quarterly, 2(2), pp.311-314.

Third World. (1985). Penang, Malaysia: Third World Network.

Third World'sperestroika. (1989). Third World Quarterly, 11(1), pp.5-5.

Wolf‐Phillips, L. (1979). Why third world?. Third World Quarterly, 1(1), pp.105-114.

Worsley, P., (1970). The third world. University of Chicago Press.

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