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Approval Process and Certificates Required

Discuss about the A Research Paper On The Construction Work.

This research paper evaluates the construction of a two-storey building by outlining the process of approval and the required certificates from applications for construction approval to the construction's occupation. The numerous categories of construction approvals which are being applied in the state in question such as local, integrated, complying, and exempt are also to be discussed by nominating clearly the category in which the development would be under. The dissimilarity between the options of privately certified versus local government approvals of the state in question.

The various defects shown in the photos are also to be identified as well as the impacts they have on the operation of the buildings. There is also a need to produce a schedule for construction in the format of critical path analysis and a Gantt chart. The initial planning will include the start and end dates, duration of every task, list of tasks. The standards that have been considered for the approval process and certification is Australia (James, 2014).

The process of construction in Australia requires a developer to put into considerations the numerous requirements that require being fulfilled before the process of building can be undertaken. Every developer needs to diligently carry out issues that are likely to be confronted in the construction process. The different types of building approvals which are applied in Australia include:

Exempt Approval: In this type of approval, there is low impact on the local government and may not require approval from Council if it attains certain standards under state environmental planning policy and state environment planning policy (Mant, 2015).

Complying Approval: This is a fast-track process of approval for proposals of developments that are straightforward like new home or renovations of homes. The standards can be determined by a private or Council certifier without the need for a complete application development. 

Local Approval: In this type of approval, all the development requiring the Council’s consent are specified under the Port Stephen Local Environment Plan of 2013. This means that in any construction, the local approval requires consent before the work is undertaken and should be lodged with the Council (Teshom, 2012).

Integrated Approval: This type of approval is an approval that involves constructions situated on land identified as prone to bushfire or constructions within the roads belonging to the public. There is a requirement of an administration fee for both the maritime and roads services. In case of this development, the type of approval that this construction would fall under is local approval which can be categorized into two major sections.

Regulations

The certification and inspection of the project is an important phase which is required by the law that will ensure that the building is in accordance with the council regulation, Building Code of Australia, relevant Australian Standards, specifications, and approved plans, to make sure that the structural amenity, safety, health, and integrity is met  (Teshom, 2012).

Regulations,

The initial step that is necessary for the developer to give them with registration certificates from the professionals who are registered that are charged with the supervision of building project construction. The certificates of registration include certificates from the structural and architect-engineer who are normally charged with ensuring stability and enforcing quality control of the structure during its construction. The professionals also fill a declaration of indemnity which indemnifies the authorities on any claims in the event of mishap or construction fault hence taking complete responsibility of ensuring that the construction is according to the relevant design standards and building codes (Teshom, 2012). Other documentation that requires being furnished to the authorities for approval of building processing include:

  • Full application for approval for building permit
  • Recent annual rates receipts
  • The property ownership documents

The major regions that the authorities charge for entails infrastructure development, site signage fees, fees for the occupational certificate, and fees for site inspection (Vandoros, 2014). 

For Private Certified Approval, there first step is to send the copy of details of the contact and the plans of Council plans together with supporting consent conditions to Private Certifiers Australia. The information can be sent through email of through phone call. The Private Certifiers Australia will then review the approved plans of the Council, supporting information, and consent conditions. The Private Certifiers Australia will then prepare an agreement of Consultancy to perform the roles on Principal Certifying Authority Role and the issue of a construction Certificate.

The services engagement shall be through acknowledgement of the consultancy agreement and work scope as outlined. The engagement and acknowledgement are is situated on the final page of the consultancy fee submission. The Private Certifiers Australia will then issue a Construction Certificate form. Ounce Private Certifiers Australia has been reviewed, received, and verified the information submitted as conforming to the consent’s conditions, the Building Code of Australia and any other necessities as stipulated by the Private Certifiers Australia. The certificate of construction will then be issued to the applicant in strict accordance with the Environmental Assessment and Planning Act 1979.

After the Construction Certificate has been issued to the applicant, the applicants will be required to inform the applicable the Environment Assessment and Planning Act 1979. Council of the Commencement of Building Works onsite. The certificate issued can be subjected to an alternate regulatory building approval framework under the Environmental Assessments and Planning Act 1979.

Local Government Approvals

Defects in the Proposed Development and how they can be impacted upon

The foundation defect below is known as brick footing backfill damage. The defect is as a result of earth pressure, frost, and water.

In the masonry block construction, wall or foundation cracks happen more frequently in the joints of the motor, however, may also happen through and across the blocks themselves. The defect above can be prevented by not exceeding the pressure limits of the building which may cause the footing to crack. Floods passing below the footing level can also cause this defect since the running water will weaken the footing by washing away the components that strengthen the wall. This defect can be prevented by making the footing to be strong enough to withstand pressure and water from outside (Vandoros, 2014).

The construction defect shown in the figure below is known as vertical cracking. The vertical cracking occurs due to shrinkage and expansion of concrete blocks.

The cracks in the construction walls tend to be more serious on the walls of the centre from the external pressure and loading. The defect of the wall takes place during settlement of foundation. Weak foundation is normally caused by wrong ration of mixture of the concrete, water, and sand (Vandoros, 2014).

The defect below is known as Diagonal Cracks and occurs in footing as well as the block wall. The diagonal crack can appear in numerous structural components and materials and it indicates the actual differential settlement or vertical movement in the structure. The defect is caused by a sinkhole near or under the footing and also occasionally frost heaves (Silva, 2013).

List of Tasks for Project 1

Task

Duration (Days)

Start

General Requirement                

4

01/01/2018

Site Preparation

2

Concrete Construction

3

Brick and Block Construction

6

Installation

3

Roofing

4

Cladding

2

Doors and Windows

2

Block and Tile Finishes

3

Painting

4

Timber Fixtures

3

Electrical and Mechanical installation

3

Fences and External Walls

4

Landscaping

2

02/12/2017

After laying out the list of tasks, the correct activities sequence and network diagram would look like the figure below before the calculation of the earliest start time and latest finish time for every activity (Vandoros, 2014).

The next step is to determine the earliest start time for every activity in the list of tasks above. The remaining earliest start time may be added to the diagram of the network as shown below:

The latest finish time portrays the latest time an activity must be finished by evading delay to the project (James, 2014). The latest finish time is determined by observing the right to left on the network diagram as shown below:

The Gantt chart which will be utilized by the research team during the period research is as shown in the figure below:

Conclusion

This research paper is about construction work and plan building. The approval process and certificates required for the construction of the building in question have been discussed according to the regulations of Australia. The different types of building approvals namely local, integrated, complying, exempt, and NSW have been discussed in this paper. The two major areas of involvement in approvals while constructing the building below in Australia is through seeking approvals from the National Construction Code and from the municipal councils. A municipal council is an option of local government in Australia while National Construction Code is a privately certified approval. The various types of defects that can occur in the walls and foundation of a building include vertical failure, horizontal failure, and block foundation backfill damage.

James, K., 2014. Critical-Path Planning and Scheduling. Melbourne: Proceedings of the Eastern Joint Computer Conference.

Mant, J., 2015. Observations on NSW Land Use Planning and Regulations. Sidney: IEEE.

Silva, V., 2013. Defects of No-Loadbearing Masonry Walls Due to Partial Basal Supports. Moscow: Journal of Construction and Building Materials.

Thom, T., 2012. Durability Problems of 20th Century Reinforced Concrete Heritage Structures and Their Restorations. Michigan: Technical University of Catalonia.

Vandoros, K., 2014. Concrete jacket construction detail effectiveness when strengthening RC columns, Construction and Building Materials. Perth: Gale Art and Engineering Lite Package.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2019). Research Paper On Construction Work: Approval Process And Certificates. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/a-research-paper-on-the-construction-work.

"Research Paper On Construction Work: Approval Process And Certificates." My Assignment Help, 2019, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/a-research-paper-on-the-construction-work.

My Assignment Help (2019) Research Paper On Construction Work: Approval Process And Certificates [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/a-research-paper-on-the-construction-work
[Accessed 19 July 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Research Paper On Construction Work: Approval Process And Certificates' (My Assignment Help, 2019) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/a-research-paper-on-the-construction-work> accessed 19 July 2024.

My Assignment Help. Research Paper On Construction Work: Approval Process And Certificates [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2019 [cited 19 July 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/a-research-paper-on-the-construction-work.

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