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Design and implement embedded systems applications using embedded C.Configure peripheral controllers and I/O ports to interface to a variety of different sensor and actuator types.


Select sensors and actuators appropriate for a wide range of applications.Critically describe and discuss the architecture and features of embedded systems. Understand some basic principles of smart behaviour {intelligent data filtering, sensor data aggregation, context-aware decisions, trend discovery.

Peripheral Controllers and I/O Ports Configuration

Coding:

/*

    GPS Information extraction using ATmega 1281

*/define F_CPU 8000000UL

#define SREG    _SFR_IO8(0x3f)

#include <avr/io.h>

#include <string.h>

#include <stdio.h>

#include <stdlib.h>

#include <stdbool.h>

#include <util/delay.h>

#include <avr/interrupt.h>

#include "LCD_20x4_H_file.h"

#include "USART_Interrupt.h"

void convert_time_to_UTC();

void convert_to_degrees(char *);

#define Buffer_Size 150

#define degrees_buffer_size 20

char Latitude_Buffer[15],Longitude_Buffer[15],Time_Buffer[15],Altitude_Buffer[8];

char degrees_buffer[degrees_buffer_size];   /* save latitude or longitude in degree */

char GGA_Buffer[Buffer_Size];               /* save GGA string */

uint8_t GGA_Pointers[20];                   /* to store instances of ',' */

char GGA_CODE[3];

volatile uint16_t GGA_Index, CommaCounter;

bool     IsItGGAString = false,

            flag1                = false,

            flag2                = false;

void get_gpstime(){

            cli();

            uint8_t time_index=0;

            /* parse Time in GGA string stored in buffer */

            for(uint8_t index = 0;GGA_Buffer[index]!=','; index++){                       

                        Time_Buffer[time_index] = GGA_Buffer[index];

                        time_index++;

            }

            convert_time_to_UTC();

            sei();

}

void get_latitude(uint16_t lat_pointer){

            cli();

            uint8_t lat_index;

            uint8_t index = lat_pointer+1;

            lat_index=0;           

            /* parse Latitude in GGA string stored in buffer */

            for(;GGA_Buffer[index]!=',';index++){

                        Latitude_Buffer[lat_index]= GGA_Buffer[index];

                        lat_index++;           

            Latitude_Buffer[lat_index++] = GGA_Buffer[index++];

            Latitude_Buffer[lat_index]   = GGA_Buffer[index];  /* get direction */

            convert_to_degrees(Latitude_Buffer);

            sei();void get_longitude(uint16_t long_pointer){

            cli();

            uint8_t long_index;

            uint8_t index = long_pointer+1;

            long_index=0;           

            /* parse Longitude in GGA string stored in buffer */

            for( ; GGA_Buffer[index]!=','; index++){

                        Longitude_Buffer[long_index]= GGA_Buffer[index];

                        long_index++;           

            Longitude_Buffer[long_index++] = GGA_Buffer[index++];

            Longitude_Buffer[long_index]   = GGA_Buffer[index]; /* get direction */

            convert_to_degrees(Longitude_Buffer);

            sei();void get_altitude(uint16_t alt_pointer){

            cli();

            uint8_t alt_index;

            uint8_t index = alt_pointer+1;

            alt_index=0;

            /* parse Altitude in GGA string stored in buffer */

            for( ; GGA_Buffer[index]!=','; index++){

                        Altitude_Buffer[alt_index]= GGA_Buffer[index];

                        alt_index++;          }

            Altitude_Buffer[alt_index] = GGA_Buffer[index+1];

            sei();

void convert_time_to_UTC()

            unsigned int hour, min, sec;

            uint32_t Time_value;                       

            Time_value = atol(Time_Buffer);       /* convert string to integer */

            hour = (Time_value / 10000);          /* extract hour from integer */

            min  = (Time_value % 10000) / 100;    /* extract minute from integer */

            sec  = (Time_value % 10000) % 100;    /* extract second from integer*/

            sprintf(Time_Buffer, "%d:%d:%d", hour,min,sec);

void convert_to_degrees(char *raw){           

            double value;

            float decimal_value,temp;           

            int32_t degrees;           

            float position;

            value = atof(raw);    /* convert string into float for conversion */           

            /* convert raw latitude/longitude into degree format */

            decimal_value = (value/100);

            degrees       = (int)(decimal_value);

            temp          = (decimal_value - (int)decimal_value)/0.6;

            position      = (float)degrees + temp;           

            dtostrf(position, 6, 4, degrees_buffer);  /* convert float value into string */int main() {

            GGA_Index=0;

            memset(GGA_Buffer, 0, Buffer_Size);

            memset(degrees_buffer,0,degrees_buffer_size);           

            LCD_Init();              /* initialize LCD16x2 */

            _delay_ms(3000);         /* wait for GPS receiver to initialize */

            USART_Init(9600);        /* initialize USART with 9600 baud rate */

            sei();

            LCD_Clear();

            while (1)

            {

                        _delay_ms(1000);

                        LCD_String_xy(1,0,"UTC Time: ");

                        get_gpstime();                   /* Extract Time in UTC */

                        LCD_String(Time_Buffer);

                        LCD_String("  ");

                        LCD_String_xy(2,0,"Lat: ");

                        get_latitude(GGA_Pointers[0]);   /* Extract Latitude */

                        LCD_String(degrees_buffer);      /* display latitude in degree */

                        memset(degrees_buffer,0,degrees_buffer_size

                        LCD_String_xy(3,0,"Long: ");

                        get_longitude(GGA_Pointers[2]);  /* Extract Longitude */

                        LCD_String(degrees_buffer);      /* display longitude in degree */

                        memset(degrees_buffer,0,degrees_buffer_size);

                        LCD_String_xy(4,0,"Alt: ");

                        get_altitude(GGA_Pointers[7]);   /* Extract Altitude in meters*/

                        LCD_String(Altitude_Buffer);      

ISR (USART_RXC_vect)

            uint8_t oldsrg = SREG;

            cli();

            char received_char = UDR;

            if(received_char =='$'){                 /* check for '$' */

                        GGA_Index = 0;

                        CommaCounter = 0;

                        IsItGGAString = false;

            }

            else if(IsItGGAString == true){          /* if true save GGA info. into buffer */

                        if(received_char == ',' ) GGA_Pointers[CommaCounter++] = GGA_Index;     /* store instances of ',' in buffer */

                        GGA_Buffer[GGA_Index++] = received_char;

            }

            else if(GGA_CODE[0] == 'G' && GGA_CODE[1] == 'G' && GGA_CODE[2] == 'A'){    /* check for GGA string */

                        IsItGGAString = true;

                        GGA_CODE[0] = 0; GGA_CODE[1] = 0; GGA_CODE[2] = 0;

            }

            else{

                        GGA_CODE[0] = GGA_CODE[1];  GGA_CODE[1] = GGA_CODE[2]; GGA_CODE[2] = received_char;

            }

            SREG = oldsrg;

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My Assignment Help. (2021). Design And Implementation Of Embedded Systems Applications Using Embedded C Essay.. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/comp1659-introduction-to-smart-systems/stdlib.html.

"Design And Implementation Of Embedded Systems Applications Using Embedded C Essay.." My Assignment Help, 2021, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/comp1659-introduction-to-smart-systems/stdlib.html.

My Assignment Help (2021) Design And Implementation Of Embedded Systems Applications Using Embedded C Essay. [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/comp1659-introduction-to-smart-systems/stdlib.html
[Accessed 18 May 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Design And Implementation Of Embedded Systems Applications Using Embedded C Essay.' (My Assignment Help, 2021) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/comp1659-introduction-to-smart-systems/stdlib.html> accessed 18 May 2024.

My Assignment Help. Design And Implementation Of Embedded Systems Applications Using Embedded C Essay. [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2021 [cited 18 May 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/comp1659-introduction-to-smart-systems/stdlib.html.

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