Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia
- It registers midwifery and nursing practitioners as well as students
- It approves the accredited courses of study and accreditation standards.
- It handles investigations, complaints, notifications as well as disciplinary hearings.
- It develops guidelines, codes, and standards, for the midwifery and nursing profession.
- It also assesses and evaluates the oversea trained practitioners who are willing to practice midwifery and nursing in Australia.
- Membership of the Victorian branch of the ANMF provides one with access to legal, profession, and industrial representation.
- Membership enables one to access quality assistance and advice during problems or issues at workplace or when one questions about workplace conditions or entitlements.
- According to Reale, (2012), the members of the ANMF are entitled to receiving professional and legal indemnity insurance.
- Additionally, membership enables one to have access to quality consistent professional development via discount conferences, workshops, seminars, and accredited courses.
- Members also have aces to the ANMF academic resources and library (Reale, 2012).
- Having a Medicare scheme allows an individual to choose to be offered treatment as a public patient among the public healthcare facilities at no charge. The patient is treated by a medical practitioner appointed by the healthcare facility. Through the Medicare scheme, the patient has the ability or prowess to claim certain medical expenses.
- The Private health insurance-highest coverage offers a patient extra or additional financial protection. It also provides access to medical professionals or experts as well as peace of mind.
- The Veterans’ Affairs-Gold card gives cover to all conditions within the country. It covers permanently or totally incapacitated citizens. It gives individuals to an array of private and public health care services at the expense of the department. In addition, it covers conditions such as cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis as well as mental health conditions.
- Private health insurance has got greater flexibility in that a patient can choose the doctor right for his or her private healthcare.
- It has shorter waiting time, for example, during elective surgeries.
- Through the private health insurance, an individual has a significant control over where and when to be treated.
- It covers some of the services which are not offered by Medicare including physiotherapy, ambulance, and optical.
- It frees up the regime’s funds to upgrade healthcare facilities and relieves strain on public healthcare facilities.
One of the major services provided through government funding include the VicHealth which enhances the development of health enhancement policies via an array of approaches which include establishment of knowledge networks. On the other hand, one of the services provided through federal funding include Medicare. It is important to note that if these finding are reduced the immediate impact would be decrease in quality service delivery or it would lead to poor service delivery, individuals would not be able to receive treatment due to lack of funds, and poor health among citizens.
The health care service options available in my region include:
- Pain management
- Wound care
- Management of ongoing illness
- Continence management care and nutrition services
The strengths of the local health care service is that they help in maintaining health, the services at lower costs, and offer personalized care. On the other hand, the weaknesses include, lack of proper equipment to administer treatment, lack of highly-qualified personnel, and poor services.
- One of the health care issues in my local area is prevalence of obesity.
- This is a current because most of the people suffer from this condition and it also result to chronic diseases such as cancer and diabetes.
- There have several policies in regards to this condition including establishment of the physical activity and nutritional diet Act in schools.
- I consider this policy effective because physical activity helps individuals to burn calories and fats which results in obesity. Eating nutritional diet such vegetables and fruits also help in reducing the condition.
World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as a state of complete social, mental, and physical wellbeing and not necessarily the nonexistence of infirmity or disease.
- Universal health care access as well as coverage on the basis of need
- Health care equity as it forms part of the development oriented towards social fairness or justice
- Community or local participations in defining as well as implementing health agenda
- Inter-sectorial approaches towards health
- Appropriate technology
- Intersectoral coordination
- Quality service delivery
Healthcare services are categorized into three basic levels including primary care level, secondary care level, and tertiary care level. The primary care level refers to the first level of contact of community, family, and individual with the health facility or system. Notably, it is the most close and effective to persons and comprises clinics, PHC. The secondary care level refers to higher level of healthcare where more complex problems are addressed or dealt with, for example, hospitals, health centers, and DHQ. On the other hand, tertiary care level is where specialized care offered or provided, for example, regional hospitals.
- Accessing health care facilities or hospitals (Ziersch et al., 2017)
- Mental problems such as trauma
- Poor nutrition or diet leading to poor health
Some of the services which can be provided to address these challenges include covering the refugees through medical coverage insurance and providing them with better diets as well as basic needs such as clean water.
- circulatory diseases
- neoplasms such as cancer
- metabolic, endocrine, as well as nutritional disorders (Couzos & Thiele, 2016)
- respiratory diseases
- Allied health services that can be utilized for endocrine disorders include the endocrine's feedback system which aids in controlling the balance of the bloodstream hormones. Secondly, the secretions of hormones have to be regulated or controlled within the precise limit.
- i) employing a greater number of nurses and other medical practitioners
- ii) Employ universal coverage to the health services via Medicare to help in improving health care equity
iii) Implement service delivery models and packages
- iv) Establish hospitals at the local levels to provide basic health care services.
- Public safety/unsafe shelter- lack of security or shelter results in mental and psychological disorders.
- Living wages- low living wages can results in poor living conditions due insufficient money to buy basic needs such as dietary food.
- Socio-economic conditions like poverty- According to Jo Pacquiao (2016), poverty deprive individuals’ access to healthy food.
Coronary heart disease
Behavioral risk factors
Biomedical risk factor
High blood pressure
Inactivity- it can result in obesity since the body would not be burning the excess fats and calories. According to HealthInfoNet (2014), inactivity can also lead to depression and anxiety as well as type 2 diabetes.
High blood pressure (Nossent et al., 2016)- can lead to heart failure since it narrows the blood vessels found in the kidneys.
Natural products- examples of natural products encompass herbal remedies and dietary supplements. The supplements and herbs are taken in as tablets, syrup, powders, oils, and capsules. The natural products are very beneficial because they cure and treat diseases.
Mind and body practices- it is quite beneficial since it strengthens the communication amidst mind and body.
Homeopathy-the approach utilizes drug doses. It is beneficial since it aids in stimulating the self-healing response of the body.
As an EN, I will advise the patient on the impact of using the traditional Chinese medicines.
Couzos, S., & Thiele, D. D. (2016). Aboriginal peoples participation in their health care: A patient right and an obligation for health care providers. Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Jo Pacquiao, D. F. (2016). Social Determinants of Health. Global Health Care: Issues and Policies, 159.urnal, 40, 6.
HealthInfoNet, A. I. (2014). Overview of Australian Indigenous health status. Perth: Edith Cowan University.
Nossent, J., Raymond, W., Divitini, M., & Knuiman, M. (2016). Asymptomatic hyperuricemia is not an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events or overall mortality in the general population of the Busselton Health Study. BMC cardiovascular disorders, 16(1), 256.
Reale, E. (2012). Australian Nursing Federation e-library project. Health Inform, 21(1/2), 3.
Ziersch, A., Walsh, M., Due, C., & Duivesteyn, E. (2017). Exploring the relationship between housing and health for refugees and asylum seekers in South Australia: a qualitative study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 14(9), 1036.