The Clinical Reasoning Process
In essence, clinical reasoning, clinical judgment, as well as decision making are considered to be habitually used exchangeable in literature. In this light, clinical rationale is often used to elaborate the overall processor instead the procedure through which a particular nurse tend to gather cues, deal with the information, arrive in a specific understanding of the patient’s situation, prepare as well as execute available interventions, assess the acquired results, and imitate from the entire process (Audétat, Laurin, Dory, Charlin, & Nendaz, 2017). In essence, this process is often reliant on the overall critical thinking characters and is, therefore, affected by the person’s attitude as well as perceptions. In this light, this procedure is not considered to be a simple one, but it can be a conceptual procedure particularly as a coil of the concurrent as well as clinical meet in progress (Higgs, Jones, Loftus, & Christensen, 2018). This paper proposes to discuss in detail the process of clinical reasoning in regards to Ms. Melody King, demonstrate as well as substantiate the reasons as to why nurses are required to study critical thinking.
Considering The Patient’s Situation
We have Ms. Melody King who has been presented in the Emergency Department with preferably 2 to 3 days of a severe Right Lower Quadrant abnormal pain. In this light, she requires an emergency laparoscopic surgery particularly for the removal of a ruptured appendix. In essence, Ms. Melody King has been considered to have a past medical history of asthma as well as depression. In this light, she is under a current prescribed and compliant medications list including Ventolin, Sertraline, and Seretide. Notably, she has been complaining about an apparent increase in nausea as well as centralized abdominal pain 7 to 8 on a scale of 0 to about 10. To further investigate her overall conditions, the pathology results indicate a slightly raised white blood cells count and CRP. As a result of the ruptured appendix, Ms. Melody King has obtained peritonitis. In essence, this is a type of infection that has proven to be life-threatening to most individuals across the globe, and therefore Ms. Melody King is in a risky situation.
Collect Cues/ Information
a) Review current information
After considering the situation of Ms. Melody King, the next step of this clinical reasoning cycle would be to try and collect all the relevant cues as well as information regarding the current patient. Notably, this should start by reviewing as well as thinking about Mr. Melody King current observations. Ms. Melody King has been considered to have a slightly past medical history that is attached to asthma as well as depression thus having currently prescribed to medications. In this light, the general observation of the current patient is as follows.
- BP 95/45mmHg
- Temperature 38.3o Celsius
- RR 22/min and shallow
- SpO2 95% on room air
b) Gather new information
In this section, the paper will tend to identify other assessment information that is required to be collected. I have determined the current state of the patient and realized that she has abdominal pain with a rather cognitive state which includes restless as well as anxiety. On the other hand, I have checked Ms. Melody King’s BP and I have realized that it is now 80/32, with a temperature of 36 degree Celsius while her epidural was running at a rate of 10ml/hr. although the level of nausea was quite high, it is seen to be lower than before being measured at about 6 to 7 on a scale of 0 to 10.
c) Recall knowledge
While the overall collection of cue requires an individual to review as well as gather new data or gather information, it as well requires one to be in a position of recalling the related knowledge regarding the situation of a patient. This said it is clear that the amount of fluid status is often related to the overall blood pressure of a patient. In essence, hemodialysis treatment is often regarded to reduce the level of BP and thus the reduction of BP is directly associated with the overall decrease with the intra-dialectic in the plasma volume (Schultz-Krohn & Pendleton, 2017). On the other hand, epidurals often involve the injection of a local anesthetic drug that is derived from cocaine, particularly into the epidural space. In these circumstances, epidurals are assumed to facilitate a drop in an individual’s blood pressure level because they result in vasodilation (Rencic, Trowbridge, Fagan, Szauter, & Durning, 2017). Moreover, it is important for the surgery to be done with an aim of removing the ruptured appendix from the patient.
In essence, Ms. Melody King blood pressure is regarded to be low especially for people who have in the past been diagnosed with other complications such as asthma as well as depression. While her temperature is considered to be a little up, I am not too worried about it but instead, I have been more concerned about her BP as well as her overall pulse rate. Regarding her part condition, I was interested in assessing the air condition in the emergency room to make sure that she is in good condition for recovery and avoid further complications. In this regards, I established that the overall air condition or rather the SpO2 was close to 95 percent on the room air.
Additionally, I was much interested in checking her urine output as well as her O2 statistics. Her tachycardia, as well as hypertension as a result of depression, could be a clear sign and symptoms of an impending shock. On the other hand, there is a high likelihood that her BP would go down due to the surgery that she is about to undergo (Murphy & Stav, 2018). Additionally, her BP is expected to go down throughout the operation due to loos of high volume of blood in this process (Norman et al., 2017). In case I would not have given her enough fluid before and after the surgery, she would have fallen into an imminent shock or even die in the process. In this light, Ms. Melody King is expected to improve gradually over some few days.
Identify the Problem/Issue
At this stage, I would bring together the entire information that I have collected as well as the inferences that I have made with the aim of establishing a rather definitive nursing diagnosis of Ms. Melody King main issues or rather problems (Vaughan?Graham & Cott, 2017). In this light, Ms. Melody King is Hypervolemia and dehydration, and thus the Peritonitis has worsened her BP thus causing vasodilation. Additionally, due to her increased nausea, she might be considered to be Hypovolaemia and dehydration (Hege, Kononowicz, Nowakowski, & Adler, 2017).
Before I consider implementing any action to improve the condition of Ms. Melody King, it is imperative to consider specifying what I want to happen and when they should take place. In this light, I want to improve the overall hemodynamic status by getting her BP up while setting her temperature and further reduce her level of nausea (Fava, Cosci, Guidi, & Tomba, 2017).
In this step, I intend to arrange the doctor for taking the overall instructions regarding the current patient with the aim of raising her IV scale as well as providing the aramine in case it is required alongside other medications (Lockwood, 2017). Notably, this will come after I have notified Ms. Melody King’s doctor regarding her condition. In this light, I will make sure that Ms. Melody King is reassured of improvement regarding her situation. I will as well make sure that I have measured Ms. Melody King Pain score while ensuring that I have measured her drain, stoma as well as wound. To ensure that her past condition is in check, I will ensure that I have monitor Ms. Melody King’s vital signs as well as oxygen saturation level. Finally, I will make sure that Ms. Melody King’s fluid rate is increased as ordered.
It is now close to an hour since Ms. Melody King was admitted to the emergency department where she was given fluid challenge as well as having her IV increased to about 125 mL per hour every sign and symptom of Ms. Melody King were critical in providing data with the aim of making determination on whether or not the taken interventions have been effective thus illustrating whether her conditions are improving (Lopes, Bregagnollo, Barbosa, & Stamm, 2018). In this light, it is clear that her BP level has increased for now although we need to keep a close eye on it because she may still need some aramine later (Gruppen, 2017). Additionally, her fluid status has no doubt improved to some level and therefore there is a need of contacting the doctor again.
As a medical student, I have gained a lot regarding the current case study especially when handling a patient in the same situation or rather condition. For instance, I have learned the importance of evaluating the issues that a particular patient is undergoing and thus coming up with the correct diagnosis in a specific time. Furthermore, I have learned the importance of considering a patient’s past conditions with the aim of improving their current situations. In case I was involved in a similar situation in the future, I intend to improve patient’s experience more especially by reassuring patients and ensuring that their concerns are attended to in time. The practice has also let me know and understand how the overall potential advantages of the entire clinical governance as a reasoning tool that tend to create excellence in a various nursing procedure is examined
For one to come up with a rather patient-centered type of care, it is important for all the nurses to create a nursing power especially with the overall capability for critical thinking, reflective exercise as well as clinical reasoning.
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