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Introduction: Define the treatment and overview of topic.

History: Discuss the origin of the treatment, the people who developed and implemented the practice, and include explanation of the conditions that caused the recommendations to use the treatment. Consider weather the treatment reflects public attitude of its time.

Method: How the treatment was conducted

Prevalence/Effects: How long the treatment practiced?

Is the treatment still in use or is some form of treatment used in psychiatric field?

How many recorded cases of treatment were you able to locate?

What effects occur as a result of treatment ?

History

The depressant is a chemical which causes a decrease in activity, stimulus and motivation in the central nervous system. These constituents cause the brain and the body to slow down. There are some terms which are used for depressant are sedatives, hypnotics and downers. Doctors prescribe the depressants to relieve anxiety and sleep problems for the patients. Depressants have high fascination potential. These should be used with extreme attentiveness. The depressants can be effective treatments for lowering stress and the level of anxiety.

The most common depressants are Mebaral, Nembutal, Valium, Ambien, xanas, sonata and more. Prescriptions depressants are prised medical option for treating various health issues. The types of medications are available in mainly three categories barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and sleep medications.  This report includes the history, method and the effects of the depressants. The history includes the origin of the treatment as well as the implementation of the practice. The method describes the way treatment is conducted whereas the effects define the duration of the treatment practised.

The treatment takes into account the kind of medication used and the necessities of the individuals. The appropriate treatment is required for the kind of drug used and the needs of the individuals. The effective treatment may need to integrate numerous constituents comprising decontamination, counseling, and medication whenever possible. There are numerous courses of treatment which is obligatory for the patient to make a full recovery. The major two categories of drug addiction treatment are behavioral treatments and medications (Ghosh & Das, 2014). The behavioral treatments help patients to stop consuming drug by modifying harmful patterns of thinking and behavior. The strategies are taught to manage desires, avoid prompts and situations which lead to deterioration. The behavioral treatment can also undertake the form of individual or group counseling to help patients in improving their personal relationships. It also improves the ability to function at work and in the community as well (Zhou, He, Chen, Yang, Lin & Han, 2015).

The immediate withdrawal of depressants can also result in serious withdrawal symptoms. It is seen that when a person is addicted to the depressants then the activity of the brain is slowed. The conditions such as depressant addiction lead to originate the treatment. The first sign of exploitation is taking depressants without any medical guidance or outside the prescription of the doctor (Menon, 2014). The most common examples are taking depressants recreationally to escape problems or using someone else’s prescription. Other conditions that caused the recommendations to use the treatment are secretive behaviour, mood swings, decreased social activity, periods of depression, decreased work productivity, withdrawal symptoms when not consuming depressants. The excessive use of the depressants can lead to overdose and death (Peacock, et al. 2016).

The medical treatment is strongly suggested to the depressants. A recovery program begins with addressing symptoms of addiction and withdrawal. This program is designed as per the individual needs. It is followed by inpatient treatment and then transitional steps towards a sober life. An initial period of detox is given to the depressant addicts to allow drugs to exit from their system (Zullig, Divin, Weiler, Haddox & Pealer, 2015). It is ensured that the safe cleansing of the body is done in this process. The prescriptions depressants are a valuable medical option for treating various health issues.  There are some health risks which are taken outside of a doctor’s explicit assistance (Soliman, Elkatory, Hashem & Ibrahim, 2018). The depressants and its effects on the mind and body can be treated by knowing and treating the following category:

Method

Barbiturates: The barbiturates such as phenobarbital and pentobarbital have been used for the anti-anxiety and anti-seizure properties. The medical use of it has been deteriorated over the years in favor of benzodiazepines because of the lower risk of overdose.

Benzodiazepines: It has been available since the 1960s and sometimes called benzos. It treats sleep disorders, anxiety, convulsions, and other serious stress reactions. It is considered safe and short-term medical treatment. Common benzodiazepines comprise valium, Xanax, Ativan and more.

Sleep medication: There are specific treatments which are designed to treat sleep disorders specifically insomnia. These depressants are ambient and Lunesta.

The depressants help people to reduce anxiety and get good sleep. But these depressants come with potential side effects and should be used with certain deterrents. Such things should be considered if a person is prescribed a depressant:

  • Take drugs as prescribed. Barbiturates and benzodiazepines have the impending for abuse and should be used only as recommended.

  • The body necessitates time to get habituated to the medication. During the first few days of taking depressant, a person might feel sleepy and uncoordinated. These sensations go away when the body gets used to the drug (Shrimali & Miller, 2016).

  • Long term use of depressants can increase serious risks. It can also result in developing a tolerance for drugs. A person needs a large dose to get the same results that he or she did when started taking the medication. On the other side, continued use of the depressants can also lead to physical dependence and withdrawal once the medication is clogged (Ostacher, Perlis & Geddes, 2015).

  • Talk to doctor if symptoms are withdrawn or likely to stop taking medication. The depressants slow down the brain activity rebounds and race out of control if it is stopped to taking drugs. It possibly leads to the harmful consequences. A person should talk to doctor if he is thinking to discontinuing depressants or suffering from withdrawal of depressants.

The depressants work in various ways and the most common is by increasing production of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). This augmented brain chemical has the effect of slowing brain activity and producing a recreation effect. On the other side, there are frequently various side effects to depressant use. The short-term effects include slowed pulse and breathing, lower blood pressure, dilated pupils, confusion, disorientation, the problem in concentration, fatigue, difficulty in urinating and dizziness (Ross, et. al, 2016). The advanced doses can cause weakening of memory, coordination, judgement, tetchiness, obsession and suicidal thoughts. Some individuals experience the opposite of the envisioned effect like anxiety or violence. The narcotics and sedatives with other constituents, mainly alcohol can slow breathing and the heart rate. It can also cause to death.

The long-term, effects vary on the type of depressant and severity of use. The depressants require developing tolerance and increased doses to maintain the desired effects. The potentiality of the long-term effects comprises chronic fatigue, sexual dysfunction, weight gain, depression, breathing, difficulty in sleeping (Read, Gibson & Cartwright, 2016). The drugs can also upsurge the risk of diabetes, blood pressure and weight gain in the long run.

Conclusion

The depressants are effective treatments for lowering stress and the level of anxiety only if these are used with extreme attentiveness. Doctors prescribe the depressants to relieve anxiety and sleep problems for the patients. Depressants have high fascination potential. But the depressants should not be immediately withdrawn as it can result in the serious withdrawal symptoms. Additionally, it is also seen that when a person is addicted to the depressants then the activity of the brain is slowed and can lead to various health risks. But there are certain things which should be considered while taking treatment such as taking drugs as prescribed, take time to get habituated to the medication, stop long term use of the depressants. A person should discuss to the doctor if the depressants are suddenly withdrawn or withdrawn before the completion of the treatment.

References

Ghosh, P., & Das, M. (2014). Study of the influence of some polymeric additives as viscosity index improvers and pour point depressants–Synthesis and characterization. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 119, 79-84.

Menon, V. (2014). Anti-depressants in bipolar disorder: Quo vadimus?. International Journal of Advanced Medical and Health Research, 1(1), 28.

Ostacher, M. J., Perlis, R. H., & Geddes, J. (2015). Monotherapy antidepressant treatment is not associated with mania in bipolar I disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 172(6), 586-586.

Peacock, A., Bruno, R., Larance, B., Lintzeris, N., Nielsen, S., Ali, R., ... & Degenhardt, L. (2016). Same-day use of opioids and other central nervous system depressants amongst people who tamper with pharmaceutical opioids: A retrospective 7-day diary study. Drug and alcohol dependence, 166, 125-133.

Read, J., Gibson, K., & Cartwright, C. (2016). Do GPs and psychiatrists recommend alternatives when prescribing anti-depressants?. Psychiatry research, 246, 838-840.

Ross, S., Bossis, A., Guss, J., Agin-Liebes, G., Malone, T., Cohen, B., & Su, Z. (2016). Rapid and sustained symptom reduction following psilocybin treatment for anxiety and depression in patients with life-threatening cancer: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of psychopharmacology, 30(12), 1165-1180.

Shrimali, K., & Miller, J. D. (2016). Polysaccharide depressants for the reverse flotation of iron ore. Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 69(1), 83-95.

Soliman, E. A., Elkatory, M. R., Hashem, A. I., & Ibrahim, H. S. (2018). Synthesis and performance of maleic anhydride copolymers with alkyl linoleate or tetra-esters as pour point depressants for waxy crude oil. Fuel, 211, 535-547.

Zhou, M., He, Y., Chen, Y., Yang, Y., Lin, H., & Han, S. (2015). Synthesis and evaluation of terpolymers consist of methacrylates with maleic anhydride and methacrylic morpholine and their amine compound as pour point depressants in diesel fuels. Energy & Fuels, 29(9), 5618-5624.

Zullig, K. J., Divin, A. L., Weiler, R. M., Haddox, J. D., & Pealer, L. N. (2015). Adolescent nonmedical use of prescription pain relievers, stimulants, and depressants, and suicide risk. Substance use & misuse, 50(13), 1678-1689.

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