country
$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

RTK GPS For Applications In Macrotidal

tag 0 Download8 Pages 1,777 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT

Question:

Discuss about the RTK GPS for Applications in Macrotidal.
 
 

Answer:

Introduction

Computer aided drafting and design refers to utilization of computer technology for designing as well as its documentation. Manual drafting method uses range of tools like drafter, compass, French curve, protractors, set squares and diagonal scales. Manual drafting requires the draftsman to take extreme caution in the drawing process to avoid the paper getting dirty as well as time required for the completion of project. CAD helps replacing manual drafting with complete process automation and use of information technology to reduce time for completion of the drawing and simplify time consuming drawing components in architecture and structural engineering.

The current essay evaluates survey and civil software and analyses the data recording use for production of digital terrain models as well as its potential in interfacing with computer aided drafting. A brief background has been provided in the essay informing the basic details of equipments. The basic use of the equipments in surveying has also been discussed in the current essay. A critical review of the equipments used has also been presented in the essay.

Few of the questions that the current essay answers to are “What is Computer Aided Drafting?”, “What are the uses of survey and civil software?”, “How are the data recording use for production of digital terrain models are analyzed?” and “What potentials does digital terrain models possess in interfacing with computer aided drafting?”. The answers that are evaluated in the current essay provides the opportunity to get an in depth and insight towards detailed information of the equipments used for surveying. Use of CivilCAD7 and Magnet office has been discussed and its utilization in surveying techniques through optimization with various equipments such as total station and auto leveling has been critically reviewed as well.

Computer aided design and drafting fates back to 1957 with the advent of PRONTO and SKETCHPAD that enables users to execute technical drawings. In early 60s 3D wireframe developments began that featured solid modeler programs. Mathematical representation of surfaces freeform helped enhancement of 3D CAD system capabilities (Annan 2016). From program based technical drawing, there was a strategic shift towards use of parametric design in which Pro/ENGINEER introduced the concept of drawing using defining parameters. Changing the dimensional value in one of the parameters caused the drawing to change in relation of different elements of design. MCAD provided the user with ability to provide and incorporate constraints in the drawing helping to create precise, intuitive and analysis thus making easier application of kinematics to the drawing.  According to Charalampous et al. (2015), currently CAD has been widely used in engineering industries as well as other profession with powerful software capable of drawing with easy user interface and drawing techniques. Complex drawings can be drafted using CAD that helps in creating unique architectures.  

Finite element analysis can be easily performed through using computer aided design and drafting as well as use of 3D modeling using AutoCAD, STAAD.pro and Google sketch up. The upgrading of geographical information system (GIS) and invention of global positioning system (GPS) helps the development with rapid pace in surveying (Koutsoudis 2014). Surveying involves collection of co ordinates and other data to plot the data and represent graphically the contour, location of objects on terrain. 2-D and 3-D drawings and maps helps the operator for generating the survey results integrated to spreadsheets and other databases of GIS.

Carlson software was earlier used for land surveying that employed CAD technology. Carlson Field 2009 that features real time total station data collection, integration and GPS to the CAD such as AutoCAD and InteliCAD helps in directly plotting the terrain surveyed on computer automatically. The earlier prototypes of CAD helped to develop powerful and advanced CAD and surveying software such as the Civil CAD7 and Magnet office.

 

Details and description

Magnet office provides a standalone solution to modeling, surveying and grading application. It has numerous modules that can be used, supporting different construction and surveying applications it has a full 3DMC support of data. Magnet office also imports data from company account for exchange of data. As per Lee (2013), the magnet office tools helps in collecting raw data from office editor, processing of the data and post processes the data that has been collected. Magnet office topo helps in drafting of the survey maps and simple projects that needs to be drawn. Magnet office topo also helps in additional functions to office tools. Magnet office site incorporates all functions of Magnet office topo and has advanced option for drafting, designing in construction. Siebert (2014) stated that magnet office site w/resurfacing incorporates all functionality of office site with additional features of miling, paving and construction ridability.

Magnet office layout is CAD software which has been simplified and ideal in cleanup and importing of design files through uploading the files to cloud as well as sharing instantly to project sites actively. Magnet office site helps in advanced data processing that provides the user to generate and adjust coordinate levels from levels, total stations as well as raw data from GNSS. Magnet enterprise is subscribed and helps in communication as well as gathering of real time data from field. The specific elevated menu helps in elevation for 2D designs to 3D models providing a full functionality of road design, contouring, volume routines, 3DMC support, data cleanup, easy management of projects and creation with once click surface (dtm) as well as creating powerful parallel routine figure (Magnet-enterprise.com 2017).

Civil CAD helps in design and planning of underground as well as above ground infrastructure design of tools of pipes layout. Earthquake calculations are precisely performed using CivilCad7 having cross platform ability of handling survey data. CivilCAD7 provides engineers, surveyors and designers the ability to calculate precisely thickness and materials, changes of road segment, evaluation visibility and overlapping adjustment. The automatic road segments are also recognized through combines and joined centerline creation. Road design is also extended for increasing demands of authority allowing separate complex layout into particular layers (Sivandesing.com 2017).  

Use in surveying

Data collection process using Total Station is very easy and flexible to maintain the data. The pressure and temperature of the station is initially set and an instrument point name is assigned to the location. The instrument height is provided and entered and a back sight point name is also entered. According to Psimoulis (2013), the back sight height as well as measurement is performed through measurement of horizontal angle, slope distance as well as vertical angle. After setting up the total station, numerous observations are taken and the data is stored accordingly. The data obtained from the GPS and total station is then used to for terrain modeling.

Digital terrain models are usually created from contour maps that are produced from direct surveying of the land or through other surveying methods such as Doppler radar, LIDAR, theodolite and total stations. Using Magnet office, the information is turned into digital contour maps and terrain models that help in turning the raw data into enabled models for visualizing the virtual landscape.  The model that is created includes the Earth’s surface that excludes buildings, man-made structure and vegetation which is also known as bare Earth model (Magnet-enterprise.com 2017).

CivilCAD also works similar to Magnet office the data collected via total station or level is automatically collected and gathered into the CivilCAD software. Survey plotting, terrain modeling, calculations of volume and survey plotting is done automatically through synchronization. A triangular digital terrain model is generated through triangle button operation. The break lines are nominated through incorporation into the model using triangulation. The earthworks are calculated suing specific boundaries as well as total cut and fill methods (Sivandesing.com 2017).

Conclusion

It can be concluded that computer aided design has provided the opportunity to produce accurate drawings and detailing using 2D as well as 3D orientation. Civil and survey software like Magnet office and CivilCAD provides the designers, engineers and surveyors the opportunity to create accurate drawings without much time required for completion of the drawing. Survey data that is usually collected through total stations and auto leveling machines are processed through CivilCAD and Magnet office that helps in creating the data base of raw data and is plotted. The drawing is very accurate in processing of digital terrain modeling. Using Magnet office, the information is turned into digital contour maps and terrain models that help in turning the raw data into enabled models for visualizing the virtual landscape.  The model that is created includes the Earth’s surface that excludes buildings, man-made structure and vegetation which is also known as bare Earth model. The creation of digital terrain is accurate based on GPS method that accurately records the data coordinates helping to get a clear map of the terrain. Use of cloud based data modeling is also essential as it helps to maintaining the data integration between total station and the drafting software. The drafting software also helps in accurately drawing the terrain without additional manual effort by the draftsman. The drawing can be changed anytime at anyplace through changing one of the data in the collected total station data as well as auto level data. 

 

Reference

Annan, R.F., Ziggah, Y.Y., Ayer, J. and Odutola, C.A., 2016. ACCURACY ASSESSMENT OF HEIGHTS OBTAINED FROM TOTAL STATION AND LEVEL INSTRUMENT USING TOTAL LEAST SQUARES AND ORDINARY LEAST SQUARES METHODS. Geoplanning: Journal of Geomatics and Planning, 3(2), pp.87-92.

Charalampous, E., Psimoulis, P., Guillaume, S., Spiridonakos, M., Klis, R., Bürki, B., Rothacher, M., Chatzi, E., Luchsinger, R. and Feltrin, G., 2015. Measuring sub-mm structural displacements using QDaedalus: a digital clip-on measuring system developed for total stations. Applied Geomatics, 7(2), pp.91-101.

Koutsoudis, A., Vidmar, B., Ioannakis, G., Arnaoutoglou, F., Pavlidis, G. and Chamzas, C., 2014. Multi-image 3D reconstruction data evaluation. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 15(1), pp.73-79.

Lee, J.M., Park, J.Y. and Choi, J.Y., 2013. Evaluation of sub-aerial topographic surveying techniques using total station and RTK-GPS for applications in macrotidal sand beach environment. Journal of Coastal Research, 65(sp1), pp.535-540.

Magnet-enterprise.com, 2017, Magnet office, Available at https://www.magnet-enterprise.com/magnet/magnetEnterprise/magnet-tour/en/magnet-office.html [Accessed 3 May. 2017]

Psimoulis, P.A. and Stiros, S.C., 2013. Measuring deflections of a short-span railway bridge using a robotic total station. Journal of Bridge Engineering, 18(2), pp.182-185.

Siebert, S. and Teizer, J., 2014. Mobile 3D mapping for surveying earthwork projects using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) system. Automation in Construction, 41, pp.1-14.

Sivandesing.com, 2017, CivilCAD, Available at: https://sivandesign.com/products/civilcad/ [Accessed 3 May. 2017]

OR

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). RTK GPS For Applications In Macrotidal. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/rtk-gps-for-applications-in-macrotidal.

"RTK GPS For Applications In Macrotidal." My Assignment Help, 2018, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/rtk-gps-for-applications-in-macrotidal.

My Assignment Help (2018) RTK GPS For Applications In Macrotidal [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/rtk-gps-for-applications-in-macrotidal
[Accessed 08 April 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'RTK GPS For Applications In Macrotidal' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/rtk-gps-for-applications-in-macrotidal> accessed 08 April 2020.

My Assignment Help. RTK GPS For Applications In Macrotidal [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 08 April 2020]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/rtk-gps-for-applications-in-macrotidal.


At MyAssignmenthelp.com, we understand that when students get stuck with tough assignments, they look for affordable services. To assist students with complex assignments, we have built a team of skilled cheap essay writers. MyAssignmenthelp.com has become one stop solution for all students who often look for answers related to their search similar to do my essay at the cheap rate or who can write my essay at affordable prices. Students prefer hiring us as we have the best provisions to render services related to do my essay online at a reasonable rate.

Latest Management Samples

BUS106 Marketing Principles For Designing And Production Of Boats

Download : 0 | Pages : 6

Answer: Introduction OzCo Boats is a family-owned boat building industry based in Coffs Harbour, situated in New South Wales has been operating since 1961. It builds high quality and luxury boats that are made from traditional material. In the current scenario of technological developments, they have to embrace innovative technologies to compete with its competitors and needs to transform its traditional methods of production. If it is contin...

Read More arrow

MBA502 Professional Workshop For Self Awareness And Work Performance

Download : 0 | Pages : 7
  • Course Code: MBA502
  • University: Kaplan Business School
  • Country: United States

Answer: Part one  Chosen topic- Self awareness (From workshop week 2) Activity name Description   Time needed   Expected Outcomes   Things to consider (instructions)   Expected barriers   1. Adjective game  This activity is about giving an adjective to own self and to others and then to see whether self given adjectives and the adjectives chosen by others ...

Read More arrow

BUSN20017 Communication In Business For Email And Employment Letter

Download : 0 | Pages : 9
  • Course Code: BUSN20017
  • University: Central Queensland University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction: Communication is used for the information transformation between different sources. It has different types such as verbal, non-verbal. There are many things to communicate for some purpose. Professionalism is require a better communication for fulfill the basic requirements in business. Business communication is playing a key role in a life of professional person for their professional work.     This essa...

Read More arrow

ACC202 Fair Value Accounting For Financial Assets And Economies

Download : 0 | Pages : 7

Answer: Fair Value Accounting Mark to Market or Fair value accounting shows the current price or the potential of the asset in the market. Assessment of fair value accounting is one to reflect economic reality in the corporate environment. The fair value shows the potential price in which the asset can be bought or sold in respect of the cash flows or the economic benefits flowing from the asset (Goh et al. 2015). The cons and pros of ap...

Read More arrow

BZ100 Introduction To Business And Management

Download : 0 | Pages : 4
  • Course Code: BZ100
  • University: Victoria University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Learning from case study I was able to learn with the help of the case study that Telstra which is a provider of the mobile phones along with broadband internet focuses on strategies that help in protecting the community. The knowledge was gathered through the case study that getting involved with the local communities can help an organization in surviving within the competitive environment. The fostering of the inclusive communities ...

Read More arrow
Next
watch

Save Time & improve Grades

Just share your requirements and get customized solutions on time.

question
We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

1,247,995

Orders

4.9/5

Overall Rating

5,068

Experts

Our Amazing Features

delivery

On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.

work

Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.

time

24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.

subject

Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.

price

Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

248 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Lloyd Bernabe

MSc in Accounting

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

752 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Hugh Cleave

Masters in Human Resource Management (MMgt, HRM)

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1265 Order Completed

97% Response Time

James Cook

Masters in Management

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

154 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Harold Alderete

PhD in Economics

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me

FREE Tools

plagiarism

Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.

essay

Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.

edit

GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.

referencing

Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.

calculator

Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability

1

1

1

Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

Good work. it was on topic base, understandable and relevant. Help me to achieve great mark. Really appreciate.

flag

User Id: 78040 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

got assignment completed on time. I had lot of important information and up to the point.

flag

User Id: 299002 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

I was so excited to share my experience. I had Peter help me with assignment. He did and exceptional job that I couldn\'t believe it. I got an A+ PERFECT SCORE! ALL i can say is WOW! THANK YOU.

flag

User Id: 307193 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Excellent work from the teacher. I got excellent marks and Assignment help had given the. assignment in the time.

flag

User Id: 213317 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?