Introduction and effect of one (1) Australian social policy.
Identify and describe one social policy that has been introduced by the Australia government
Discuss the history and reasons behind the social policy change as well as examine the effects and impacts of the change within Australian society
History of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in Australia
This report covers the main concern of tobacco faced by people in Australia. Thus a health policy is developed to control the impact of tobacco consumption in life of an individual. This report describes a policy that is used to solve all the problems related to health. FCTC that is framework convention on Tabaco control is used to Australia to reduce eth overall consumption of tobacco and the entire history of this policy is discussed. This policy came into existence in 1991 and has impacted the entire society. This report covers the reasons behind implementation of such social policies. The effect and impact of Australian society because of this policy has also been listed below in this report.
The social policy (FCTC), framework convention on Tobacco control policy was designed by world health organisation. This policy was designed and used to protect the present and future generation. This policy helps in removing all the social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption (Greenland, Johnson & Seifi, 2016). The rules and regulations were developed by Australian government for reducing the overall sale and production of tobacco products. The consumption of tobacco is increasing day by day in Australia thus this policy is used to remove the peer pressure from the society. The Australian government has initiated such policies to resolve all the concerns and promote healthy lifestyle among the people of Australia (Purcell, O'Rourke & Rivis, 2015). This policy stated that tobacco control should be minimised by increasing the prices, deciding a legal age, banned at public places, high taxes and promoting the health warnings. This policy helped the Australia in achieving major objectives and also helped in reducing poverty, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health and promoting environmental sustainability.
The social policy for Tabaco control in Australia was FCTC that was a framework convention on Tabaco control that was adopted by the country on 21st may 1991. First of all this policy was proposed in May 1996 to world health assembly (Purcell, O'Rourke & Rivis, 2015). The policy got rectified again on 27 February, 2005. The Australian government banned the consumption of Tabaco by the use of media in 1976 and strict laws and policies were designed to stop Tabaco by 1991. This policy named as Tabaco control program was launched in 1990s which focused on banning cigarettes packs and promoting the side effects of smoking among people to make them health conscious. This policy was used to control the taxes fund (Brennan,et. al, 2015). This policy mostly focused on using mass media as a weapon to control the consumption of Tabaco. This policy was introduced in the schools and colleges to keep the building free from smoke. The prices of cigarettes were increasing which somewhere decreased the sale of such products. The importance of such policy arrived because tobacco became the reason of death. Australia is one of the countries who have successfully reduced the impact of Tabaco among people (Nakkash, Torossian, El Hajj, Khalil & Afifi, 2018). From the survey in 2013 it was found that around 7.8% of the burden in Australia is due to consumption of tobacco.
Impact of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in Australia
The reason behind this social policy is to improve the health status of the country. The consumption of tobacco among people has made them unhealthy and unstable that affects the overall criteria of the country. The reason behind social policy is to remove the social burden by monitoring all the health effects that are caused by smoking. The reason behind social policy is used to stop the consumption of tobacco (Bilano, et. al, 2015). This policy is used to prevent the consumption of such activities in their life. This can be done by advertising the warnings of tobacco in the society. The reason for this policy is to encounter pro-tobacco influence in the community. This helps in reducing the products of tobacco from the market. It also helps in increasing the service by helping smokers to quit this habit easily. This policy also provides funds for the society for reinforcement of activities and intervention of programs to reduce the overall intake of tobacco products. One of the main reasons behind this policy is to offer al the rights to people to achieve highest standard of heath (Nakkash, Torossian, El Hajj, Khalil & Afifi, 2018). There are several articles that are used to address all the strategies to reduce both the demand of tobacco and also reduce the supply (Hiilamo & Glantz, 2017). These policies are introduced in the society to prevent eh outcomes of smoking in children’s and teens. This policy helps in introducing all the protective factors by avoiding the risk that is caused on living style of people. The main motive of introducing such social policy in the market is restricting the sale of tobacco and supporting strong influence in tobacco industry. Thus this policy focused on improving the living lifestyle and making people aware about all the issues related to smoking. This showcase the warning by making people visible about all the negative factors associated in the society (Bate, 2016). The implementation of such policies in the society helps in making people aware about all the shortcomings.
The consumption of tobacco in Australia was reduced to certain extent, thus the number of deaths due to consumption of tobacco was controlled. The effect of this policy somehow managed the consumption of tobacco wherein on the other hand the impact of tobacco can led to sever health problems like heart disease. The economic impact of the country was also impacted by the ban of tobacco. The sale was also reduced this impacted small businessmen on their economic lifestyle (Levin, 2016). Government of Australia ensure that certain communities are developed that encourages individuals to eat healthy and stay fit by running more to avoid all the issues caused by consumption of tobacco. The health system is used that focuses on individual benefits and action so that risks are diminished regarding all the health determinants. Alertness was created to reduce the danger of tobacco cases (Bosdriesz, 2017). The Australian government designed regulations for healthy cities by removing the reasons due to which the person uses to practise such activities. The reason for such issue is depression or stress thus it is necessary to obtain health literacy in the society. That is adapted by making healthy choices and living in a healthy environment (Steele, Gilmore, McKee & Stuckler, 2016).
This report covers the policy introduced by Australian government that is framework convention on Tabaco control. This report covers the entire history behind this policy. The FCTC is one such policy in Australia that was introduced for controlling the consumption of tobacco among people. The consumption of tobacco was increasing day by day due to increasing stress and depression in people. The policy introduced various laws and regulations that control the consumption of tobacco and promote a healthy lifestyle.
Bate, R. (2016). Smoking out illicit trade: How some policies intended to limit smoking drive illegal trade. AEI Economic Perspectives, 23.
Bilano, V., Gilmour, S., Moffiet, T., d'Espaignet, E. T., Stevens, G. A., Commar, A., ... & Shibuya, K. (2015). Global trends and projections for tobacco use, 1990–2025: an analysis of smoking indicators from the WHO Comprehensive Information Systems for Tobacco Control. The Lancet, 385(9972), 966-976.
Bosdriesz, J. R. (2017). Tobacco control policies and socio-economic inequalities in smoking cessation. Evaluating natural experiments. Amsterdam: Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Brennan, E., Durkin, S., Coomber, K., Zacher, M., Scollo, M., & Wakefield, M. (2015). Are quitting-related cognitions and behaviours predicted by proximal responses to plain packaging with larger health warnings? Findings from a national cohort study with Australian adult smokers. Tobacco control, 24(Suppl 2), ii33-ii41.
Greenland, S. J., Johnson, L., & Seifi, S. (2016). Tobacco manufacturer brand strategy following plain packaging in Australia: implications for social responsibility and policy. Social Responsibility Journal, 12(2), 321-334.
Hiilamo, H., & Glantz, S. (2017). FCTC followed by accelerated implementation of tobacco advertising bans. Tobacco control, 26(4), 428-433.
Levin, M. A. (2016). Puffing precedents: The impact of the WHO FCTC on tobacco product liability litigation in Japan. Asian J. WTO & Int'l Health L & Pol'y, 11, 19.
Nakkash, R. T., Torossian, L., El Hajj, T., Khalil, J., & Afifi, R. A. (2018). The passage of tobacco control law 174 in Lebanon: reflections on the problem, policies and politics. Health policy and planning, 33(5), 633-644.
Purcell, K. R., O'Rourke, K., & Rivis, M. (2015). Tobacco control approaches and inequity—how far have we come and where are we going?. Health promotion international, 30(suppl_2), ii89-ii101.
Steele, S. L., Gilmore, A. B., McKee, M., & Stuckler, D. (2016). The role of public law-based litigation in tobacco companies’ strategies in high-income, FCTC ratifying countries, 2004–14. Journal of public health, 38(3), 516-521.
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