Environmental cues that influence communication expectancies
Discuss about the Transforming Curriculum Culturally Diverse Society.
The three environmental cues that influence the expectations of communication are the atmosphere, psychological and physical cues that helps in sending and receiving communication messages. The environment cues also consists of the chairs, tables, sound and lightning that are generally present within the room while making an interaction. The room or the place where the communication is taking place is actually indicates the environment. Therefore, each cue has a direct and indirect effect on the expectancy of the level of communication. For example, most of the people likely to have a intimate conversation if they are physically close to each other and very less likely when they merely can see each other (O'Halloran, Worrall and Hickson 2015).
Yes, the communicator have a huge responsibility towards the audience as the sole purpose of the communicator is to make the audience aware of his or her words and make them understand of the message that is been communicated. Moreover, the communicator not only just communicates the message but also respond to the frequent questions that are been asked by the audience while presenting in front of them. Yes, the audience also has equal responsibility towards the speaker as the level of communication depends on the sound relationship between the speaker and the audience. It is the primary duty of the audience to listen carefully and pay enough attention to the speaker while he or she is speaking. The audience also encourages the speaker by asking questions to make him or her interested while presenting in front of the audience (Carpenter and Lertpratchya 2016).
The article ‘Putin’s war on the West’ that was published in February 2014. The article has followed the five part reading effectively by starting with a brief description about the article then the body is divided into three paragraphs with suitable headings and sun heading and at the last with a measurable conclusion. Yes, the headline ‘Putin war on the West’ attracts lot of readers and it seems to get valuable attention. Yes, the piece of the article supports closure as well the main points are described with the help of sub heading and diagrams respectively (Samraj 2014).
Yes, it is justifiable to use double speak as it consumes less amount of time while speaking and it also helps the way of modern communication. Double speak are often associated with double talk and it is commonly address as distortion, switching and changing of words while speaking. For example, most of the time people say that someone has passed on without saying that the person has actually died. Therefore, instead on focusing grief for the person that has died the speaker put more amount of emphasis on the mere fact that the individual has gone into another one (Jackson and Feldman 2014).
Responsibilities of communicator and audience in communication
Chong, T. and Luo, B. (n.d.). Forbes and Billionaires: A Note on the Productive and Unproductive Entrepreneurial Activities in China. SSRN Electronic Journal. The article has used signpost in order to describe the audience about the productive and unproductive entrepreneurial activities of China. The article consists of several headings, points and a definite structure that is been followed in order to complete the article and make the audience much more aware of the importance of the article accordingly (Samraj 2014).
The field of Psychology says that self-fulfilling prophecy is basically a person unknowingly causes a prediction that often comes true in their day to day life due to simple fact that he or she generally expects that prophecy to come true. Moreover, in other words it can be explained that self fulfilling prophecy is a type of expectation about a particular subject or an event that can directly affect our behavior towards the expected subject that causes the expectation to be realized. It is a type of cycling pattern of prophecy where our actions towards the several impacts of beliefs about us that also dictates action towards us and then reinforces beliefs in us which tends to reinforce our beliefs about ourselves (Merton 2016).
The different types of listening styles are people oriented, content oriented, action oriented and time oriented. The pros and cons of people oriented style are that they basically focus on people emotions and always become more empathetic whereas it disadvantage is that it may seen as intrusive when it connects with others that are not relationship oriented.
Content oriented people are more into in what is said and their benefits are that they focus on facts and evidence and they are quite happy when it comes to probing details. The main disadvantages are they often run into trouble when they ignore wishes and ideas of the other person and rejects information. Action oriented listening style are focused more on what actions will be done and happen and who will do them. They generally react very fast that creates impatient and hurry speakers and they also lack sound ideas and concepts. Lastly, the time oriented have constantly have eyes on the clock and they seek short answers that are to the point that may annoy more number of people (Dailey 2014).
The choices of words in a document have a major role in depicting the amount of satisfaction the audience will gain after reading it. Topic can be either friendly or controversial and audiences can be either honest or bias audiences. If the topic is honest he or she will respond calmly to the controversial topics as well as friendly topics but in the case of bias audiences controversial topic may arise conflicts among themselves as they dishonest and does not understand the meaning of the documents as well.
Effective article reading with suitable headings and conclusion
Sales letter are letter that provides detail information about the product and sales related transactions to the audiences. If the audience is from a different cultural background it is the duty of the speaker to tailored his or her language according to the understanding of his or her audience and present them. The speaker while speaking to the audience should always keep in mind the cultural difference of the audience and must always provide respect the cultural values and norms of the audiences while presenting in front of them.
The reality of the modern world is that while presenting and speaking in the social community nowadays audiences are of diverse culture they are made up of different people with distinct beliefs and standards of life. The better the speaker understand the diverse audience the better he or she will be able to communicate with them. There are various ways to manage diverse range of audience. For example, keeping things simple while interacting with the audiences put much more emphasis with the audience and try to learn their value system respectively and try to learn the different cultures and their distinctive norms this will provide efficacy while presenting in front of the diverse audiences (Hollins 2013).
Yes, it is very much important to consider rhetorical situations due to the fact that a rhetorical situation is a type of situation in which you write, it is known as the rhetorical event that generally consists of issues. set of constraints and audiences. Rhetorical situations can be described as the art of persuasive and effective writing and is art of discourse writing that helps in employing methods to influence and please different audience (Pare 2014).
Yes, organizing a presentation does involve ethics as most of the presentations are prepared for board meetings and seminars in a brief and formal way to address senior level management employees. The making of presentations are done on the basic standards that been provided by the organizations with a sound structure and in a ethical way. Therefore, non-ethical use of words and actions are strictly prohibited while organizing a formal presentation.
This speech was been delivered by Sachin Tendulkar after retiring from Test cricket. The five structural element of speech consists of knowing the audience, knowing the purpose of the speech, putting entire focus on the message, letting the audience on your structure and emotions. In the above-mentioned speech the speaker is well aware of his audience that is the whole country is watching him along with millions of people in the stadiums. The main purpose of the speech is to covey the retirement message. The entire speech was about the message that Sachin Tendulkar is getting retired from the playing in Test Cricket formats. The message was been sent directly to the audience and they were cheering for him as the speech helps the audience to be in their own structure. Lastly, the speech was emotional as the dream of seeing him play is always cherishing for his audiences and the speech was able to connect the audience emotionally (Trenholm 2016).
The process of perception always tries to expand our view as it provides a sequential steps that basically begins with selecting the perceptions then organizing and interpretation of those stimuli respectively. Yes, we can choose to perceive things, but every individual perceptions varies from each other as self beliefs and cultures and standard of life styles differ from each other on a daily basis (Broadbent 2013).
Broadbent, D.E., 2013. Perception and communication. Elsevier.
Carpenter, S. and Lertpratchya, A.P., 2016. Social Media Communicator Roles: A Scale. Social Media+ Society, 2(1), p.2056305116632778.
Dailey, S.L., 2014. Let's Take a Trip: Exploring the Effect of Listening Styles. Communication Teacher, 28(1), pp.1-8.
Hollins, E.R., 2013. Transforming curriculum for a culturally diverse society. Routledge.
Jackson, P. and Feldman, M., 2014. Doublespeak: The Framing of the Far-Right since 1945.
Merton, R.K., 2016. The self-fulfilling prophecy. The Antioch Review, 74(3), pp.504-521.
O'Halloran, R., Worrall, L. and Hickson, L., 2015. Environmental factors that influence communication between patients and their healthcare providers in acute hospital stroke units: an observational study. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, pp.1-18.
Paré, A., 2014. Rhetorical genre theory and academic literacy. Journal of Academic Language and Learning, 8(1), pp.A83-A94.
Samraj, B., 2014. 14. Move structure. Pragmatics of discourse, 3, p.385.
Trenholm, S., 2016. Thinking through communication. Routledge.
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