Light Rail System Testing Evaluation and Validation
Describe the Analysis Of A Light Rail Transit (Lrt) System for Systems Science and Engineering.
The growth in size and population of the cities has led to pressure over the traditional transport systems as the design capacities of the existing systems are overrun. Another major concern that is prevailing in the world is increasing level of pollution that is affecting the public as well as environment. Hence, various governments have come up with a solution with the increasing pollution level with the introduction of Light Rail Vehicles (LRV’s) which is capable of carrying out adequate passengers thus reducing the presence of number of vehicles on the road. Therefore, this report discusses on the system validation, evaluation as well as testing of the “Light rail transit system”. System design is such an activity to proceed from a recognized set of necessities for a particular system towards a design that can meet the requirements (Siewiorek and Swarz 2012). Apart from that, the lifecycle of system is the proposed view of a system that can address all of the stages of the presence of the system for incorporating conception, development, distribution, design, production, phase-out, retirement, disposal, operation, and support (Neely, Gregory and Platts 2015). This particular report is mainly aimed to implement and analyse the design of this system by illustrating the system test, system validation and the system evaluation of the light rail network along with its efficient operations. Besides that, the study provides a detailed overview of the testing of the system as well as system validation and system evaluation of a particular project of constructing light rail network. On the other hand, the optimization of the design of this project of developing light rail network has also focused to be analysed in this report. Apart from that, the system design operations of the project are also aimed to discuss in regards to the maintainability and reliability. Therefore, the report has focused on giving exact evident in terms of establishing the literature quality with through the suitable evidences.
It has been pointed out that the “Testing and Commissioning (T&C)” of the “light rail system” begins after the idea as well as definite configuration stage. The basic role of “T&C” is for guarantying that the specialized as well as venture prerequisites are addressed, and it should be possible parallel to assessment as well as approval. The evaluation of any specific project is nothing but the systematic process to investigate the worth and the merit of a particular object. As per this project evaluation to construct the light rail network, this particular project can be executed as the light rail network (Goodwin, Graebe and Salgado 2014). Apart from that, the fact can also be portrayed that the project of implementing light rail network include the advanced and innovative technologies that result in the less fuel consumption, lower carbon emission and reducing the traffic congestion. The test plan characterizes additionally the reporting and approving systems for all assets (hardware/staff), the timetable, tests necessary in case of each examination, the wellbeing, and documentation for entire examinations did. A perfect model utilized amid the “T&C” is nothing but the “FAT-SIT-SAT-SATOV”, segmented into 4 phases to be specific: “Factory Acceptance/Inspection Test (FAT)”, “Site Installation Test (SIT)”, and “Site Acceptance Test (SAT)” as well as “Overall Site Acceptance/Performance Test (SATOV)”.
Factory Acceptance / Inspection Test (FAT)
This particular phase is the tools testing component as well as the equipment at the time of the production in the factory or in the same circumstances (Luff, Hindmarsh and Heath 2014). This particular stage of the testing technique confirms that the supply of the equipment as well as the individual components is as per the design and the entire requirements of the project. The factory acceptance test should be accomplished for all the equipment as well as individual components and in association with the systems to all the software and hardware.
This particular testing phase follows the process of installing the subsystem and equipment in-site. The major objective of SITs is for demonstrating that all the sub-systems or equipment are wired and installed, are suitable and are checked for operation (Blanchard, Fabrycky and Fabrycky 2014). The tests are mainly comprised of the no-load or standalone tests, visual inspection as well as few operational tests. The Site Installation Test can be carried out on the basis of site by site as well as the railway line sections in phases are equipped and developed.
This particular testing approach can be demonstrated as the set of operations that can prove that the entire system would satisfactorily operate in the proper service (Massie, Chun and Culler 2014). This particular testing process needs the substantial amounts of system’s operation on a basis of coordination in such a way that is same as the system operation in the commercial service. It would involve the performance of the entire functional tests o all the systems and equipment with the involvement of operator.
In the construction or the design of the light rail network project, the optimization is the integrated process of optimization of the determination of the advanced machineries for the design of the project, revenue, cost of energy, reduction in the traffic congestion and the development of the innovative technology used in this project execution. According to the viewpoint of Friedland (2012), the design of this particular project requires that the engineers should consider that the trade-offs are available among the implementation attributes of the light rail network project in the areas on weight, manufacturability, performance, quality and cost as well. Thus, the system design of the “light rail network project” need to be optimized for the efficiency as well as the performance early in the cycle of the project design as well as reduce the congestion of traffic. The optimization of the proper execution of the light rail network project can be evaluated in regards to the reliability as well as maintainability. In other words, according to Van Gigch (2013), the most important as well as the most essential fact to design the system of “light rail network construction project” is that the optimization of designing the project in case of this project is actually evaluated by with the help of the output of reliability as well as maintainability. The reliability along with maintainability operations and activities and the optimization of design of the Light Rail network project, consist of the availability projection of the operation in future and the design changes of the project aiming in the implications in regards to costs through the analysis of cost-benefit.
Site Installation Test (SIT)
During monitoring the light rail network project, the fact can be implemented that the average reliability could only be achieved there were the extenuation situations that could be explored over the system designing of the project (Obinata and Anderson 2012). The operation managers as well as team of managing the project of light rail network should make a conscious move in terms of finding the new ways for constructing and designing the new buildings in regards to the assurance of the reliability and maintainability factors. the results in terms of transferability of all the technology those gave been utilized in this project execution can be truly got over the modelling and by making a proper utilization of monitoring the studies as the basics for the parameter settings or assurance of reliability and maintainability in relation to the project.
Apart from that, the light rail network project has to aim on the implementation of the maintenance strategy in terms of ensuring consistency and maintainability in the design operation of the system of “light rail network”. According to the viewpoint of Hays and Singer (2012), the process of maintenance strategy can help this Light Rail network construction project for ensuring the fact that the team of managing the project and the team of development are capable enough for performing the proper safeguarding on the appropriate tools with the proper resources (Milanese et al. 2013). The most important fact in regards to this project is that the ultimate optimization of this Light Rail network construction project is the minimization of the traffic congestion on road. On the other hand, another optimization of the project can be perceived through maintaining the environmental sustainability.
It is a very necessary and crucial fact for considering the human factors in the stage of development of the Light Rail network construction project for achieving the efficiency in terms of operations and the project’s structure usability (Siewiorek and Swarz 2012). Thus, the human elements in the development and design of this particular project of light rail network construction needed for the effective understanding of several structural design parameters of light rail network. Therefore, it can be stated that the designers who deal with the architecture design are one of the most crucial human factors for the execution of the light rail network project.
It is necessary in order to derive different rnecessity for the human factor for designing the factors in regards to the project structure of the light rail network in the procedure of strengthening distinct jobs should be accomplished to complete the process of construction as well as the process of development. As opined by Neely, Gregory and Platts (2015), the efficient breakdown to numerous human elements, which are operating on the light rail network project, assisted in the easy activity management and maintenance. Besides that, according to Luff, Hindmarsh and Heath (2014), the human factors with the execution of the project of light rail network was important for combining of both the responsibilities as well as tasks those have been assigned to them for the proper execution of the activity. The human factor’s responsibilities with the project involve the decision-making, management implementation, task management as well as task completion efficiency in the ambience that is fully optimized.
Overall Site Acceptance/Performance Test (SATOV)
While the stage of project implementation is continued, the preliminary project design of constructing the light rail network, it is essential to implement the validation of the design of the light rail network as well as the efficiency determination and the system effectiveness. On the other hand, the static as well as the dynamic elements of the light rail network project are needed for being accessed and managed very effectively by the workers, engineers, managers as well as the architects who are working in the light rail network project (Blanchard, Fabrycky and Fabrycky 2014). The workers who are actually participating in the development and the design of the light rail network project can give effectively the requirements and limitations of the designed light rail network. However, the engineers and the designers as well participating in this project can assist effectively in the process of evaluating and calculating the stress factor’s impacts and the project’s external factors (Friedland 2012). In addition, the effectiveness of the participants or the workers involved in this project also assists in order to fulfil the goals behind the implementation of light rail network projects.
Conclusion and recommendation
The analysis of the operational stability as well as the structural design for the light rail network project is compulsory and important in order to assure the optimization, reliability and maintainability in order to design the project system. The efficiency and the maintainability n the structural architecture and designing the project can be founded with the conduction and the evaluation of testing the system and several element analysis those are affecting stability, reliability and maintainability of light rail network. As per the optimization of this project, reduction of the traffic congestion is the most desired outcome of this particular project, which cannot be accomplished with proper system testing and evaluation.
The testing and authorizing of such ventures ought to hold entirely fast to the “FAT-SIT-SAT-SATOV model” as already examined. In association with the improvement of the operations for the LRT’s unwavering quality, as a proposal, a broad examination or attainability on the territories through which the “light rail system” would pass. It would give solid input on how best for planning and laying the tracks in regions with the era of high trek.
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