1. Identify and describe the various aspects of culture which affect a person’s worldview, values, and communicative behavior.
2. Understand the diversity of worldviews, values, behavior, traditions, and experiences of co-cultures within Canada and the interactions with these co-cultures.
3. Understand the roles of culture, language, and communication on the development of personal, social and cultural identities throughout the lifespan.
4. Discuss how culture influences verbal and nonverbal communication and how verbal and nonverbal communication influences intercultural communication.
5. Identify and discuss barriers to cultural communication and appropriate strategies to overcome those barriers.
6. Analyze and reflect on the impact of your culture and co-culture on your values, assumptions, perceptions, expectations, and behavior
Culture views and communication practices
First Nations is the group of the Indigenous individuals in Canada. First Nations individuals include the original inhabitants of the Canada often found in the territories of the south Arctic. First nations group had the well-known and recognized patterns of trading and the trade alliances all through the North America (O'Neill, 2011). First Nations ethnic group dwell in Canada were grouping into two different groups as per the language, location, and dialect that is Athapaskan also recognized as Dene and Algonkian. Algonkian ethnic group lives in the eastern Canada whereas the Athapaskan tribes survived in the Western Canada. First Nations is one of the designated groups which include the women, the visible minorities and the individuals with mental and physical disabilities. The group created various diverse cultures that are based on the adaptation to the diverse Canadian environment (O'Neill, 2011). The cultural group includes the numerous nations with similarity in social structure, language and parallel ways of producing the living from the environment. The group is capable of developing the different tools, each group of people developed distinctive housing, tools, clothing, tools, transportation, weapons, and ceremonies (O'Neill, 2011). Known as the group of individuals in the band or tribe knowing the entire history and also related such events to the others in the special events or gatherings. The objective of the paper is to discuss the First nations group and the various aspects of the culture and the strategies which the group is using for the communication among the group. The communication whether visual, written or oral is done strategically and effectively among the group and with other individuals globally (Gates, 2013). The aspect of the intercultural communication and the way of interaction by the First Nation group in the cultural communication influences the behavior and style for the group and helps in creating the relations with the other communities worldwide. An effective communication helps in building the awareness and trust among the individuals with the accountability and transparency (Gates, 2013).
Culture results in the individuals with the way of thinking, hearing, seeing and interpreting the things around the globe. The different culture of the ethnic group develops the different social and ethnic customs. The culture of the ethnic group develops the new technologies, philosophies, and the new political and economic system which are responsible for the growth and the development of the group. Many times such culture having the differences in the languages and customs exists peacefully and sometimes it also results in developing clashes with leaving an inheritance of mistrust worldwide (O'Neill, 2011). The different aspects of the culture in a great way influence the different aspects of the communication among globalization. The communication practices act as an interactive and significant in influencing an effective relationship with the other communities. The intercultural communication of the group helps in analyzing the globalization and developing the business worldwide. Such intercultural communication among the First nation ethnic group influences the beliefs, values, thinking criteria and identity among the different cultural environment (Golumbia, 2013). It is believed that the culture and communication among the group bring the wider societal changes which result in the constant shifting of the society and developing the business among the different culture of the society (Golumbia, 2013). The intercultural communication focus on the social attributes thought the different pattern and different cultures of the individuals. Such communication helps the group in understanding the different languages, cultures, and customs of the individuals worldwide with the significant role in the social sciences of the different countries (Golumbia, 2013).
Strategies for communication with First Nations cultural group
The groups of the First Nations are actively pursuing the opportunities of the economic development through the cultural aspects and within the lands of the traditional territories. The group learns and develops the successful working relationships through the communications and forming the strong respect foundation (Gates, 2013). The culture views in practicing the communications through the face to face interactions and meeting. The group culture is to visit the different communities frequently, supporting and attending the cultural events. For example, European accounts by traders, explorers, trappers, and missionaries give significant proof of the early culture contact (Golumbia, 2013). The non combative history of the First Nations groups has the great impact on the national culture of the Canada
Communication mainly is to maintain and develop the effectual relationships, confidence and mutual trust. Searching the traditions in which a range of groups within the society relates to one another act as the means of opening straits for communication among the diverse cultures. Communication is such a cultured skill, which have need of practice and research (Golumbia, 2013). Strategies that are to be involved while communication with the given Ethnic group is to have the knowledge of the cultural background of the group, this may help in understanding the way the individuals take the decision (Patrick, Machial, Quinney & Quinney, 2017).
Strategies of having certain knowledge of the cultural backgrounds of the individuals which are essential for designing and implementing an effective communication plan and the dedicated required resources to the members having updated information regarding the current initiatives of the First Nations (Patrick, Machial, Quinney & Quinney, 2017). The well developed communication plan will help the in providing the members with the information that is required for the process of decision making among the group.
Strategies for watching the verbal and nonverbal communication; Communication, either done orally, written or through visuals is considered as the tool that is used by each and every individual in their routine activities. The key to the better communication is to use it strategically and effectively (Golumbia, 2013). A well-organized verbal and nonverbal communication develops the commitment, vision, and, most prominently the buy-in for the individuals of the First nation. Such strategies are relevant for the group as the vision of the First Nations comes from the community and hence helps in believing and understanding the community (Patrick, Machial, & Quinney, 2017). Strategies set the consent and provide the judgment, which is required to be in agreement with the outcomes and objectives. Well positioned and strategic communications, lift the outline of the First Nation while producing the optimistic result, such as structuring trust along with associates, relationship, and the wide-ranging public; a heading trustworthiness and improving associations externally and internally (Patrick, Machial, & Quinney, 2017).
Strategy of tracking the community engagement in the communication; influential individuals of the community have documented the necessitate for finely tuned engagement of the community. This Strategy of Communication act as the guiding document which in turn drives the population towards the new-fangled level of contribution whereby the constituent passionately contributes towards the the whole success and wellbeing (Patrick, Machial, & Quinney, 2017). Progressively, through the continual inventiveness, the public will knowledge the intensity of engagement essential for the administrator's team and Council to effectively and efficiently tackle the numerous responsibilities intrinsic to the supremacy of the First Nations.
The perception of the quality health care in a great way depends upon the communication. The better and strategic communication between the patients and the health care develop such a connection which helps the patients to feel comfortable and feels the clinical treatment and medication will ultimately improve the health (Golumbia, 2013). As health care having the knowledge of the cultural background will help in understanding the physiology of the community and will help to treat them as required considering the safety of the patient (Golumbia, 2013). The gap among the cultural background of the First Nations creates a great hindrance in treatment. The verbal and non verbal communication will help to bring the community in confidence and providing them the treatment and medication that in turn will help in providing the better disease free life to the community.
Cultural communication involves several potential barriers to communication that are related to the use of verbal and non-verbal methods to convey meanings that may or may not be the same in the cultures of origin of the participants (Abdin, 2008). Often the message that is communicated, maybe different from the one that was intended because of cultural barriers (Abdin, 2008). The use of different languages often creates a barrier to communication because one or both sides are not articulate as they could be in their native tongue. Linguistic diversity is an important aspect of global diversity. Overseeing a labour force that does not carve up a universal language can present a key confront to both management as well as employees (Abdin, 2008).
Trouble occurs among people of dissimilar cultures above all because persons tend to take for granted that their own civilizing norms are the correct ways to do all things. They incorrectly believe that the precise pattern of behaviour wanted in their own civilization is generally valued. They have stereotypes concerning other culture with the aim of getting in the way with communiqué when persons interact (Abdin, 2008).
Pronunciation is an additional factor creating troubles in communication as a number of people react unenthusiastically to diverse accent. It is yet painstaking rude if somebody does not talk in the official verbal communication. Populace make mental and judgements picture (stereotypes) concerning others which are based on the types of appearance they use as of the district (regional jargon) from which they arrive (Tay, Ang & Hegney, 2012). The information that citizens have dissimilar experience accounts for a lot of problems which happen when they attempt to interrelate cross ethnically. These experiences in a straight line relate to aptitude to converse. racial, Cultural and gender differences have an effect on the personnel experiences (Tay, Ang & Hegney, 2012).
Dissimilarity in communication style plus the non vocal communication can generate troubles. Communication troubles due to variety may turn out to be magnified as people are frightened or otherwise disinclined to talk about explicitly about the issues or the complexities. Faith is a significant factor which plays an important role in interracial, intercultural and the inter-gender contact. A lack of faith or belief may result in acute miscommunication. A skilled communicator must be aware of these barriers and try to reduce their impact by continually checking understanding and by offering appropriate feedback (Tay, Ang & Hegney, 2012).
The cultural competency communication among the health care develops the strong relations and approach in improving the health care of the minority community by reducing the ethnic health disparities. Communication across cultures is challenging, but understating the culture of the group through strategic communications and well planned communication develops the cultural competency among the health providers and helps in providing the better treatment as per the requirement.
Abdin, J. (2008). The Barriers of Communication & Guidance of Effective Communication. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1133343
Gates, K. (2013). Key Questions for Communication and Critical-Cultural Studies: Posthumanism, Network Infrastructures, and Sustainability. Communication And Critical/Cultural Studies, 10(2-3), 242-247. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14791420.2013.812596
Golumbia, D. (2013). “Communication,” “Critical”. Communication And Critical/Cultural Studies, 10(2-3), 248-252. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14791420.2013.806145
O'Neill, A. (2011). Aboriginal Australian and Canadian First Nations Children's Literature. Clcweb: Comparative Literature And Culture, 13(2). https://dx.doi.org/10.7771/1481-4374.1742
Patrick, R., Machial, L., Quinney, K., & Quinney, L. (2017). Lessons Learned Through Community-Engaged Planning. International Indigenous Policy Journal, 8(2). https://dx.doi.org/10.18584/iipj.2017.8.2.7
Tay, L., Ang, E., & Hegney, D. (2012). Nurses’ perceptions of the barriers in effective communication with inpatient cancer adults in Singapore. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 21(17-18), 2647-2658. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03977.x
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