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Background and Context of the study

Discuss about the Dissertation Proposal for Healthcare Information System.

ManagementManagementare Information System (HIS) it is possible to manage the vast volumes of medical records that can help in the purpose of dealing with the issues related to healthcare administration. According to Weaver et al. (2016), in order to make most of the HIS, the healthcare experts need to assess the current position of the industry and make perfect evaluation of the same. This can help in the path of transformation of improving the quality of health care service.

One of the major issues that are faced at the management level of HIS is the lack of awareness and skill among the employees about the application of the same. In spite of the fact that the usage of the electronic medical record system has increased from 21% in 2005 to 86% in 2015, the lack of adaptation capability of the same has increased the risks of medical errors that is caused due to the enhancement of proper healthcare management system (Kaur and Rani 2015). The given study will therefore analyze the current structural process and implementation plan of HIS that are needed to provide advanced forms of medical care. Effective forms of leadership can also be implemented in the given context of the health care industry that can help to implement the advanced forms of technology in practice.  

In the given context the aim of the current study is to identify the management issues that are causing poor implementation of HIS. It will also provide recommendations for enhancing the skill and awareness development among the respective stakeholders.  

  • To identify the management issues that are encountered by HIS
  • To identify the cause of medical errors that occur due to poor implementation of HIS
  • To provide proper recommendations for the management plan that can be incorporated to improve the usage of HIS.
  • What are the management issues within HIS?
  • What cause of medical errors associated with HIS implementation?
  • What recommendations can be provided for improving the management plan for HIS?

According to the guidelines that have been provided by the World Health organization, the healthcare information systems are needed to deal with the issues related to that healthcare decision making. The major underpinnings of data generation that are achieved with the help of HIS include data generation, compilation, synthesis and analysis. The data collection process has to enhance that are ultimately needed to deal with the issues essential clinical decision making process (Radon and Silva 2015). It is important to mention in the given context that with the advanced levels of clinical information that are obtained from the HIS, it is possible to improve the quality and accuracy of the health care service.

According to Yasser et al. (2016) it is important to ensure consistency and effectiveness of Healthcare information system around with proper resources supply. It is important to consider the fact that Healthcare information system is an integrated part of the Healthcare service sector, and the operation of the same is controlled by the Healthcare professionals. After proper Collection of data it is essential to ensure that that is being retrieved in Databases for future reference purpose. The accuracy of the information stored depends upon the effectiveness of Healthcare information system and technological infrastructure be maintained within the Healthcare system.

Rationale

Okpokoro, (2013) have mentioned In the context of the Primary Health care system of developing Nations,  one of the major management issues encounter is due to lack of accurate information and understanding Healthcare operation system. Hence, it is not possible for the Primary Health Care workers to maintain proper mode of communication with the respective stakeholders. The Healthcare facilities that are obtained from the public sector are essential in order to deal with the overall challenges that exist within the primary healthcare system.

Suleiman and Wickramasinghe (2014), have mentioned about the fact that organizational culture plays an important role deciding about the Healthcare information system infrastructure. Advanced society within a nation will be highly aware about the latest technological infrastructure that can be implemented to improve the accuracy of data obtained from information system. It is therefore important to consider the demographics elements that will help on to decide the accuracy of data management plan within the Healthcare sector.

Privacy is another issue that is related with the Healthcare management system. As important information is being stored in Healthcare database, there are high levels of risks for the same to be leaked in public domain. Hence, in the given context, Wager et al. (2017) have mentioned about the security issues, which is another major challenge of the healthcare information system. Optimizing the huge volume of Healthcare information is also another major challenge that is required to accurately diagnose the condition of critically ill patients. Due to lack of effective management planning, in most of the Healthcare organization higher levels of cost are being involved that can compromise on the healthcare infrastructural system. In the given context, it is essential to make use of specific optimizing software related to Healthcare information system that is implemented using the specific protocol of World Health Organization (Carvalho et al. 2016). The overall cost process can be optimized by installing fixed package of the software system package of the software system. 

Majchrzak et al. (2016), have mentioned up on the fact that the future of information system is highly dependent upon the swiftness of innovation application in the Healthcare sector. Technological advancement need to be improved in Holistic way in order to ensure that proper interconnections between define department within the Healthcare sector can be made. This will help to ensure that the Healthcare information system can help to secure the needs of the healthcare organization.

Aim

Nevertheless the major gap in the existing literature about health care information system is due to the fact that it has not discussed in details about the ethical principles that need to be followed by the Healthcare organization while implementing the advanced form of HIS. It is important to implement the Data Protection Act, which will ensure proper confidentiality of private information of application that is being stored in the medical databases (Liu and Wang 2016). It is also important to focus on the advanced training that is needed to accurately implement the Healthcare information system in practice mostly in the primary system.

Research methodology section provides a blueprint for all type of steps that need to be followed in order to obtain necessary information related to the topic and analyze the same for drawing upon conclusion.

For the given research work there are two type of approach or investigation type that can be implemented. The deductive approach of Investigation helps to ensure that proper and accurate knowledge are being applied in order to use a top bottom framework. In a given process, it helps to devise a particular hypothesis that are needed for the understanding the current situation of the research problem (Silverman 2016). Nevertheless, the current research implements the inductive approach, but the investigator will focus on creating new theory and hypothesis related to the implication of Healthcare information system.

Three types of Research Design are implemented in order to setup the protocol that is needed for the data collection. The given research work will mainly focus on implementing descriptive Research Design, where the data will be collected about the usages of the healthcare information system (Flick 2015). The data collection process will be done specific to the objective, which was not possible in the case of both explanatory and exploratory research design. The major disadvantage of the later two types of research design is due to the fact that it does not consider the positive and negative aspect of data that are being collected. Hence, quality of the research for can be highly compromised.

There are two types of Data Collection process which includes primary and secondary data needed for the analysis of different investigation work. In a primary mode of Data Collection the investigators directly collect information from the sample size of the research work (Taylor et al. 2015). In the given case the research strategy of interview and survey can be implemented.

Objectives

For the given research work primary data will be collected from the Stakeholders of Healthcare sector, which will mainly include the workers at primary department of Health Care. The investigators will randomly choose a few of the major Health Care Centre, where technicians will be invited for the interview process. A minimum of 10 technicians will be chosen for the interview, and 50 other Healthcare workers and different levels for the entire process of primary data collection. The survey and the interview questions will be defined accordingly to obtain optimized information from the given source.

Secondary data will be collected from the respective Healthcare data bases, which will provide information related to the importance and challenges that are faced while implementing the primary healthcare information system.

In order to collect essential data from the given primary sources in the form of interview or survey, the investigators need to follow the ethical protocols by taking proper consent from the same. Proper validation of the collected data will be done before they are published finally (Artal and Rubenfeld 2017). This will increase the reliability of the given collected data.  

Main activities and stages

Week 1

Week 2 to 3

Week 3 to 5

Week 5 to 8

Week 9

Week 10

Week 11

Selection of the topic

Ø   

Literature Review 

Ø   

Planning the proper layout

Ø   

Ø   

Data collection through survey

Ø   

Development of research methods

Ø   

Selecting research approach

Ø   

Ø   

Ø   

Gathering Secondary data

Ø   

Ø   

Data analysis

Ø   

Ø   

Interpretation of findings

Ø   

Conclusion being drawn

Ø   

Partial overdraft

Ø   

Final submission

Ø   

Reference

Ahmadian, L., Nejad, S.S. and Khajouei, R., 2015. Evaluation methods used on health information systems (HISs) in Iran and the effects of HISs on Iranian healthcare: A systematic review. International journal of medical informatics, 84(6), pp.444-453.

Artal, R. and Rubenfeld, S., 2017. Ethical issues in research. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 43, pp.107-114.

Carvalho, J.V., Rocha, Á. and Abreu, A., 2016. Maturity models of healthcare information systems and technologies: A literature review. Journal of medical systems, 40(6), p.131.

Flick, U., 2015. Introducing research methodology: A beginner's guide to doing a research project. Sage.

Kaur, K. and Rani, R., 2015. Managing data in healthcare information systems: many models, one solution. Computer, 48(3), pp.52-59.

Liu, S. and Wang, L., 2016. Influence of managerial control on performance in medical information system projects: the moderating role of organizational environment and team risks. International Journal of Project Management, 34(1), pp.102-116.

Majchrzak, A., Markus, M.L. and Wareham, J., 2016. Designing for digital transformation: Lessons for information systems research from the study of ICT and societal challenges. MIS Quarterly, 40(2), pp.267-277.

Okpokoro, E., 2013. Primary health care: a necessity in developing countries?. Journal of public health in Africa, 4(2).

Rodon, J. and Silva, L., 2015. Exploring the formation of a healthcare information infrastructure: hierarchy or meshwork?. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 16(5), p.394.

Silverman, D. ed., 2016. Qualitative research. Sage.

Sulaiman, H. and Wickramasinghe, N., 2014. Assimilating Healthcare Information Systems in a Malaysian Hospital. CAIS, 34, p.77.

Taylor, S.J., Bogdan, R. and DeVault, M., 2015. Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guidebook and resource. John Wiley & Sons.

Wager, K.A., Lee, F.W. and Glaser, J.P., 2017. Health care information systems: a practical approach for health care management. John Wiley & Sons.

Weaver, C.A., Ball, M.J., Kim, G.R. and Kiel, J.M., 2016. Healthcare information management systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Yassi, A., Adu, P.A., Nophale, L. and Zungu, M., 2016. Learning from a cluster randomized controlled trial to improve healthcare workers’ access to prevention and care for tuberculosis and HIV in Free State, South Africa: the pivotal role of information systems. Global health action, 9(1), p.30528.

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[Accessed 17 July 2024].

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