Students can't be Wrong!
GET BEST GRADE, ORDER NOW
Ethical Decision Making In Organization Assignment
204 Downloads | 9 Pages 2,031 Words | Published Date: 30/01/2015
This paper is basically concerned with a brief discussion on the decision making processes that are being followed in the organizations, in order to effectively meet out the complex demands of the modern customers. In addition to this, the paper will also include a brief discussion on the ways through which managers can transform these decisions into a more ethical one in the context of contemporary organizations. Finally, the paper concludes with a brief conclusion on the major findings from the analysis about the decision making processes in the given paper.
Decision Making Processes
Decision making is an important perspective that persists in case of almost all the organization whether it is big or small organization. It becomes essential for the managers to take decisions in order to conduct the activities of the organization in the most efficient manner. Managers in the organization are best referred to as the decision makers and as such, the success or the failure of the organization to a larger extent depends upon its decision makers. Good decision by managers would lead to overall success and a bad one would lead to the failure of the organization. This implies that decision making is quite crucial for the success of the business organization. Decision making is usually done in case of a complex changing environment which comprises of constantly changing factors. As a result, best managers of the successful companies sometimes make blunder while taking important decision for the entire organization. As the business environment is changing at a rapid pace, managers in organizations are dealing with a higher percentage of non programmed decisions. This implies that the complex decision making environment have increased the difficulties in the decision making process and as such, there is a need for a new decision making processes in the organization, for the purpose of ensuring effective decision making that leads to the overall success of the organization. However, the managers should adopt a rational decision making approach while dealing with the complex problem of the organization. This is because, the rational approach focus on the need for systematic analysis of a problem which is followed by a logical step by step sequence. A systematic procedure should be followed by the managers while taking important decisions. A deep understanding to the managers about the decision making process would help him in taking better decisions even there exists a lack of clear information (Lozano 2001, 126-128). The decision making processes that should be followed by managers in solving the complex problems of the organization is discussed as follows:
1. Monitoring the Decision Environment
The first step in the effective decision making process is to monitor the decision environment. The manager should monitor the internal as well as the external information and should try to find out deviations in the planned and acceptable behavior (Daft 2009, 450-57).
2. Define the Decision Problem
The next major step in the decision making process is to define the problem. The deviations as identified in the first step would help the managers in defining the decision problem in the most effective manner, as it will provide with the exact reason for such deviations.
3. Specifying Decision Objectives
The objectives to be achieved from the decision should be specified by the managers. In simple words, it implies the aim that should be achieved from the entire decision making process.
4. Diagnose the Problem
This implies the critical evaluation of the problem. A proper analysis should be conducted in order to identify the major reason for the occurrence of the problem. In order to facilitate the diagnosis, additional data should be collected if required. A proper understanding of the major reason for the problem would lead to a better solution of the entire problem and would help the managers in taking decisions in future in a more appropriate manner (Daft 2009, 450-57).
5. Develop Alternative Solutions
Before moving towards a decisive action plan, the manager should have a clear understanding of various options that are available to him in the achievement of the desired objectives. In order to have a better understanding, the manager may seek ideas from the other people of the organization.
6. Evaluate Alternatives
The alternatives as identified in the above mentioned step need to be evaluated for the purpose of making the best possible decision to the problem in hand. The ideas from different people in the organization would result into various solutions and as such, the best possible one has to be identified by making a critical evaluation of all such ideas (Daft 2009, 450-57).
7. Choosing the Best Alternatives
The evaluation of all the alternatives would provide with the solution of the given problem with the best possible alternatives. Thus the alternatives that seem to be best among the others should be chosen, so that a better decision can be possible.
8. Implementation of the Chosen Alternatives
The final step in the decision making process is the implementation of the chosen alternatives to achieve the desired objectives. The manager should use his skills and abilities in order to ensure that decision is carried out. This is the important step of the entire decision making processes as an improper implementation of the decision would result into a failed decision. The implementation of alternatives would be followed by a monitoring process (Daft 2009, 450-57).
The first four stage of the entire decision making process can be regarded as the problem identification stage and the next four implies the problem solution stage of the decision making process.
Ethical Transformation of Decisions
One of the major area that needs attention in the current decision making process is the ethical decision making. The management of ethical behavior in the organization is one of the major problems as faced by managers in the organizations today. The decisions of the employees to behave in an ethical manner or not is highly influence by the situational factors. Decision history, personality and the managerial philosophy are the few factors through which the employee’s behavior can be changed towards the more ethical one (Stead, Edward and Stead 1990, 233-42). This implies that the managerial philosophy have a major role to play in transforming the decisions into an ethical one.
In order to ensure ethical decision making by managers and individuals in organization, Thomas M Jones (1991) suggest an issue contingent models which contains a new set of variables known as moral intensity. Moral intensity can be defined as a construct that considers the extent of issue related moral imperative to a particular situation. The moral intensity is not concerned with traits of the moral decision makers or the organizational culture, rather its major emphasis is on the moral issue, so that ethical decision making and behavior can be ensured in the organization by focusing on the characteristics of moral issue (Jones 1991, 366-95).
Linda Klebe Trevino (1986), have proposed an Interactionist model in order to ensure ethical decision making within the organization. There has been a huge attention being given to the ethical decision making in organization, particularly because of variety of reasons such as increasing public concern about the ethical behavior of the organizations, managers cynicism etc. The interactionist model of ethical decision making implies that the situational and the individual variables interact with the cognitive component in order to determine the ways in which the managers behave in response to an ethical dilemma. Such behaviors can be identified and necessary actions can be taken in order to transform the decisions of the managers towards a more ethical perspective (Trevino 1986, 601-17).
The decisions of the managers in the organizations would affect by a numerous number of factors in future such as the social, environmental as well as the economic concerns as well. In order to effectively combat such complex situation and to take decision that are ethically acceptable, it becomes essential that the Decision Support System of the organization should embrace procedures that can effectively deal with such complexities and enables the managers in taking a more of ethical decisions (Courtney 2001, 17-38).
Thus, all the above mentioned models as proposed by various scholars in the past can be made use of, in transforming the decision of managers towards more ethical oriented decisions. In addition to all these models, the decision making processes as discussed above, can also be made use of for encouraging managers to take ethical decisions. A study conducted by James W Dean and Mark P. Sharfman (1996) on the importance of decision making process implies that the decision making processes are related to the success of the decision. By following each and every steps of decision making processes, managers can ensure success of the entire decision making and ultimately the compliance of such decision with that of the ethical aspects as well (Dean and Sharfman 1996, 368-96).
MyAssignmenthelp.com delivers assignment help to millions of students of USA. We have in-house teams of assignment writers who are experts on wide ranges of subjects. We have appointed teams of native writers who provide assignment help to students in New York City and all over the USA. They are skilled assignment writers who successfully cater to search terms likeâ€™ do my assignment in the USA' and readily entertain queries related to write my assignments.
Most Downloaded Sample of Management
236 Download | 1 Pages 48 Words
You are required to write a researched argument essay that convinces persuades the reader of your position / stance. This is an academic, researched and referenced do...
184 Download | 9 Pages 2,237 Words
Executive SummaryThe purpose of this report is to elaborate the factors which are considered by individuals before selecting an occupation. Choosing an occupati...
357 Download | 13 Pages 3,112 Words
IntroductionWith the increase enhancement in the field of technology, it has been considered essential by the businesses to implement such technology in their b...
315 Download | 9 Pages 2,203 Words
Executive SummaryIn a merger & acquisition, role of an HR has emerged as a very critical function. At each stage of merger and acquisition process, HR plays a s...
348 Download | 7 Pages 1,521 Words
IntroductionIn this competitive business environment where every business organization is trying to attract the customers of each other, it becomes essential for ...
278 Download | 6 Pages 1,467 Words
Corporate Social ResponsibilityCorporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has become a buzzword in the modern organizations. The reasons for focusing on it may be philan...
125 Download | 17 Pages 4,208 Words
IntroductionAbout Farstad ShippingFarstad Shipping ASA is a major international supplier of large, modern offshore support vessels. It has a fleet of 57 vessels...
204 Download | 9 Pages 2,031 Words
IntroductionThe Decision making process has been an important criteria that has to be given due attention in case of the organizations. The complexity in the busine...
265 Download | 5 Pages 1,153 Words
IntroductionThe Organizational Health and Safety (OHS) Act, 1995 requires all organizations to carry out a risk assessment before making an intervention. Risk ass...
397 Download | 9 Pages 2,225 Words
IntroductionThe successful completion of a project depends upon the knowledge and skills possessed by the project manager in handling the project. The ability of ...
241 Download | 12 Pages 2,813 Words
Project TitleImpact of a stable Customer Service on Loyalty of Clients in the banking domainAbstractWith banking being part of a technology driven ind...
273 Download | 11 Pages 2,550 Words
Executive SummaryChanges can lead to transformation. For any organization to constantly innovate and grow it is critical that the policies should be driven towa...
116 Download | 6 Pages 1,266 Words
Abstract The dynamics of the business and the environment has changed in last decade. There have been cases where the attention has been drawn on the scandals, an...
204 Download | 8 Pages 1,966 Words
IntroductionThe news of BP deep water spill is still fresh in the memories of the people. The deep water oil spill happened in the Gulf of Mexico. However, a more...
57 Download | 4 Pages 786 Words
IntroductionThis paper develops an intelligent approach by comparing two planning models stated in two literature works. The plan is a statement of actual steps...
125 Download | 6 Pages 1,325 Words
IntroductionEvent management plan is a process of planning festival, ceremony, competition, concert, party or any celebration. Various types of event management...
293 Download | 3 Pages 557 Words
IntroductionThe aim of this paper is to provide an explanation with regard to cross-vergence as a concept and to provide an analysis on the claim that culture i...
310 Download | 3 Pages 509 Words
IntroductionAustralia is better known as one of the liberal democracy around the globe. The notion of the liberal democracy suggests a distinctive perspective o...
267 Download | 13 Pages 3,083 Words
Phase 1: Problem of Business and Objectives of the ResearchBackground OverviewSony VAIO is sub-brand for most of the computer products manufactured by Son...
135 Download | 4 Pages 885 Words
Task 2: Stakeholder analysis for Wessex WaterStakeholder group numberStakeholder group nameStakeholder key objectivesTo what extent th...