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Theories of Anthropology

Discuss about the Managing Corporate Citizenship and Sustainability.

The current easy report focuses on providing the link between the inequality and sorcery accusations among the people of Sylhet Bangladesh. The relationship between the sorcery accusations along with the social change is regarded as one of the major effects of religious belief among the people of the society. These has one regarded as one of the major issue that is faced by the people of the modern day society and is also believed to be one of the major challenges of globalization.

The essay is about the article “'What else do we Bengalis do?' Sorcery, overseas migration, and the new inequalities in Sylhet, Bangladesh” , which is written by Alyson Callan of London. This article was published in the year 2007, which aims to focus on giving details of the sorcery and superstition belief that exist within the people of the Sylhet society. The article also discuss about the inequality that exists within the people of the society, which caused the women to face struggle and harassment within the society. The argument against the sorcery practice is being described in the essay. The study for the research work was done using qualitative research method and the chosen population for the study includes the local people of Sylhet district of Bangladesh. The researcher carried the investigation for period of 10 years and has used the primary form data collection that is collected from the directly communicating with the people of Sylhet district of Bangladesh (Callan, 2007).

The theories of Anthropology are aimed to describe the cultural beliefs of the people of certain area, within a certain period of time. The social inequality among the people of Sylhet district of Bangladesh has prevented the effects of globalization.

The global capitalism is one of the main theories relevant to the Anthropology, which is believed to be the cause of inequality among the society of Bangladesh. The people from the third world developing country, who migrates to the Western nations also has to face the effect of inequality within the society. The women in the society are also the victim of inequality.

The society of Bangladesh has been practicing the habit of sorcery for cure of disease. This sorcery has been one of the main causes of inequality in the Sylhet of Bangladesh. From various societies all across the world sorcery has been one of the major causes of drawbacks and inequality (Bernard & Gravlee, 2014). However the application of sorcery does not represent the complete picture of the society of Bangladesh. The application of sorcery within the society is regarded as a Taboo that is mainly used in curing of diseases.  Different religion within the community of Bangladesh has different opinion about the use of sorcery. For example in Muslim community sorcery is believed to be punishable by death according to their God. On the other hand for some other religion sorcery is believed to be the blessings of God. The Supernatural belief has been one of the most common and effective ways that is practiced among several backward class societies all across the world. The Global inequality among the people of a community is considered to be one of the major reasons for conflict.

Critical Summary of the Chosen Text

Global capitalism is considered to be one of the main reasons for social inequality that exist within the people of various communities. The Global capitalism is one of the major types of capitalism that is a part of the 21st century. In the process of globalizing the world economy in the mid 20th century, capitalism became an important part of every society in the world. In recent days Global capitalism has 5 important characteristics. The production system, relationship between capital and labor and the financial system is all control by the principles of global capitalism. The policies of global production and Finance have been administrator and are regarded as one of the transformation of state of modern day society. The challenge of world economy has been considered as one of the major drawbacks of modern day Global capitalism which is also responsible for creating inequality within economic and financial capability of individuals (Crane & Matten, 2016).

The chosen article discusses about the inequalities that exist in the society of Sylhet district of Bangladesh due to sorcery and overseas migration. The article was written after a field work that is done in the Sylhet district of Bangladesh from a period of 1999 and 2005. Being one of the third world country most of the Bangladeshi is travel to Western countries like UK for better economic opportunity. It has been seen that 5% of the total Britain's population constituted of immigrants from Bangladesh. This is one of the major causes of inequality among the people of Bangladesh as most of the people do not get equal opportunity to make economic and financial improvement of the life.

The application of witchcraft and sorcery is also one of the major reasons for drawbacks of Bangladeshi society. Many people all across the Bangladesh has strong belief and faith in sorcery form of treatment that has no major scientific evidence and is totally based on superstitious belief.

The Sorcerer is practiced within the communities of Bangladesh by many people in order to cause harm to one another. There are many superstitious beliefs within the community where people thinks giving negative remarks to one another can be destructive and also cause harm to other people. People also use magical spells to harm the perpetrators. Moreover, people across different religion have defined top Indians about the use of witchcraft and sorcery. In spite of the modern form of globalization latest form of Science and Technology supernatural power is believed to be one of the major parts of the society of Bangladeshi. Nevertheless the introduction of modern treatment and medical techniques has neutralized the popularity of sorcery and witchcraft. However, within the Sylhet community, the people refuse to accept the modern treatment techniques as they have strong faith their own traditional form of treatment. The people also fear that use of modern medical techniques can cause harm to their own sentimental and religious belief. There have been several cases within the society why people refused to take treatment from doctors and professional Healthcare experts. The side effects that are associated with the modern medical techniques of treatment have also caused extra fear within the orthodox community. There are many people all across Bangladesh, who still practice this traditional and sorcery form of treatment. There are even several cases, where the people take the advantage of weak people, in order to practice unfair means of medical treatment. These fake people have tremendous influential power on the other people of community as they blackmail people in the name of the lord and supernatural power. They are odd even case where many Agencies have been found where people regularly practice illegal and unorthodox form of treatment. In spite of the modern advancement of the society the practice of witchcraft and sorcery has been a major part of the society of Bangladesh.

Women of Bangladeshi society have also been a victim of inequality that exists due to some orthodox traditional beliefs. There are many traditional beliefs which restrict a married woman to have complete freedom of their own life and also get full support from their family. Hence the economic and financial condition of the woman in the Bangladeshi society are highly compromised due to the social stigma and superstitious belief the people, who are also willing to go to abroad and settle for better prospect and career also face harassment due to inequality. Due to the difference in the culture many people are unable to adjust with the lifestyle of the Western society.

The application of sorcery has flourished in the Sylhet society due to the inequalities and lack of awareness among the people. The application of sorcery is also prevented the people of Sylhet society to get benefit from the effect of globalization. The people who have migrated in the foreign countries have also felt the effect of inequality.

The orthodox religious belief among the people of the society of Sylhet is believed to be the main cause of application of sorcery. The woman within the society has also been the victim of inequality that was caused due to application of sorcery. The women, whose husband live in the foreign country also has not been able to adjust within the society.

Conclusion

The practice of sorcery and witchcraft within the society of Bangladesh has been a major impact that has prevented modernization and also the positive effects of globalization within the nation. Due to the effect of global capitalism inequality has raised in the society of Bangladesh. High rate of migration to Overseas Nation is also considered to be one of the main reasons for inequality that exist within the society. The woman across all parts of the society has also been a victim of inequality. They have to face tremendous challenge from all parts of the society before odd even after marriage. For example the son's wife in the house of in laws faces huge challenge in order to adjust with the family due to lack of support.

The practice of sorcery and irrational forms of treatment has become a popular part of Bangladeshi society. Hans many patients and the people of Bangladesh are denied to avail the modern form of Medical Technology.

The relevant theory of anthropology can be applied within the society in order to improve the quality of life of the people.

Reference

Bernard, H. R., & Gravlee, C. C. (Eds.). (2014). Handbook of methods in cultural anthropology. Rowman & Littlefield.

Callan, A. (2007). ‘What else do we Bengalis do?’Sorcery, overseas migration, and the new inequalities in Sylhet, Bangladesh. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 13(2), 331-343.

Crane, A., & Matten, D. (2016). Business ethics: Managing corporate citizenship and sustainability in the age of globalization. Oxford University Press

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