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Describe about the Energy Engineering For Kilkenny City Lighting.

Current Literature

The report reflects on the case study of “Kilkenny Lightning Project” which is implemented for providing people energy efficient lightning. The project is very much beneficial as it utilizes solar energy for lightning. Solar energy is renewable source of energy, and thus its use not only helps in saving money but also helps in optimizing energy consumption.

The paper illustrates ISO 15000 and ISO 14000, which reflects energy management system. The assignment discusses the case study of Kilkenny lightning project for upgrading few areas in Kilkenny city with the help of energy efficient lightning. In context to the case study, a solar inverter is implemented in home with the help of a solar panel. The assignment discusses methodologies of the project for analyzing positive result after the solar inverter is implemented.

It is stated by Park (2015), that ISO 5000 assists in specifying the various needs for implementing, establishing, maintaining as well as improving various energy management systems. The main aim of the standard is to enable an organization so that they can follow some of the systematic approach in achieving continued improvement in various energy performances including energy security, energy use, energy efficiency and many more. On the other hand, Kabeya et al. (2014) stated that this standard is quite helpful in improving the EnMS as well as various energy performances. The main objective of ISO 5000 is to improve energy-related performances as well as energy efficiency for identifying various opportunities for reducing the consumption of energy. It is analyzed that proper energy management is very much helpful as it assist the organization in realizing untapped energy efficiency potential. It is a proven framework, which manages energy in various industries as well as in commercial facilities including all the aspects of energy use and procurement.

According to Wiengarten,  Pagell and Fynes (2013), ISO 14000 is considered as a family of standard in context to environmental management that mainly exists for helping organizations in order to minimize their various operations as well as processes with which the environment is negatively affected. The standard is combined with various applicable laws, regulation as well as environment related requirements for improving. On the other hand, it is stated by (Pawliczek and Piszczur (2013) that 1SO 14000 families of standards helps in providing all the practical tools for an organization who wants to manage their various environment related responsibilities.  The standard is generally initiated in the year 1996 and was updated in the year 2004. This standard is not helpful in designing enforcement for environmental laws. It also does not assist in regulating different environmental activities of the organization. ISO 1400 helps in specifying the needs of an organization in context to environmental management system, which is considered as a systematic approach for handling various environmental related issues.

The project “Kilkenny City Lighting” was started by a senior engineer after he achieved success in the project of "Kilkenny Better Energy Community" (Kilkenny-City-Lighting-Project 2017). The project aims at achieving an energy efficient lightning in the city of Kilkenny. It is analysed that the engineer demanded a number of requirements for ensuring the success of the project. The main aim of the project is to keep the system of lightning in the area of Kilkenny energy efficient by maintaining both the value as well as the heritage of the city.

Description of the Case Study

The Engineers of Kilkenny city held a number of meetings with the CKEA for making some of the considerations in context to various residential, commercial as well as the heritage of the city. A number of areas were selected in Kilkenny city by the engineers for upgrading them with the help of energy efficient lightning. The areas that were selected for up gradation include Deans Court, Bishops Meadows, Upper John St, Kieran St and much more (Gerrard and Petley 2013). The designing of the lightning was examined by a consultant, and it was lastly submitted to the tender. The work of the project started in June, and it was completed successfully in the year 2014. It was identified that the engineers mainly uses lamps which include 38W, 50W, 34W AND 43W.

 The project was very much beneficial for Kilkenny city as it helps in providing energy benefits, commercial benefits as well as residential benefits (Kilkenny-City-Lighting-Project 2017).  The energy efficient lightning helps in contributing to the obligations of the Kilkenny for achieving 33% target by 2020.

The implementation of the project is very much beneficial for both residential as well as for commercial areas. The energy efficient lightning in the areas of John St as well as Kieran St have both the areas and the implementation of the project in this areas helps in increasing security (Gerrard and Petley 2013). The business in this area flourished with the help of increased lighting at night. In the residential area, the better light facility provides better security.

The main aim of the project is to implement a solar inverter for using it in the home. The solar inverter utilizes solar energy for its operations, which is one of  the renewable sources of energy. The solar panels are kept at the roof of the house for capturing the sunlight. The procedure is very much advantageous as it helps in converting the solar energy into alternating energy for its various uses in home appliances (Liu et al. 2015). The implementation of solar inverter requires an AT89S52 microcontroller, the power supply of 750mA, 16X2 displays, the solar panel of 12V and lead acid battery.  

The implementation of "Solar Inverter" is quite advantageous for various applications including home, garden as well as streetlight. The methodology for this project is very much simple. Solar panels are placed on the roof of the house, and they are connected to a battery, which is further connected to an inverter (Chiu et al. 2014).The main objective is to change the direct current that is generated with the help of photovoltaic panel into an alternating current for utilizing it in various home appliances. As photovoltaic panels help in producing electricity in DC, an inverter is needed by solar power systems for making the electricity usable. The project mainly utilizes 500mA power supply and a 7805 voltage regulator for regulating the voltage appropriately (Han et al. 2014). The project also uses bridge type rectifier for rectifying the alternate current output.

The implementation of Solar Inverter in the home is quite advantageous. By using a solar inverter, following advantages are achieved:

Practical Implementation guide

High Efficiency: The solar inverters are quite efficient in producing outstanding energy harvest with the help of small modular design (Chiu et al. 2013).

Ease of Installation: The solar inverter can be installed by one person thus it helps in saving the money which is required for installation.

Use of solar energy, which is cost effective: The solar inverter uses solar energy, which is a renewable source of energy (Kaatz et al. 2015). Operating the inverter with the help of solar energy not only saves money but also helps in saving the non-renewable source of energy.

Save money: The homemade inverter is totally operated with the help of solar energy. It does not require electricity for its operation. Thus, it helps in saving the electricity bill of the user.

Environment friendly: Solar energy is used in the inverter for its operation, which is clean as well as a sustainable source of energy. It does not pollute the environment by releasing toxic gases like carbon dioxide as well as nitrogen oxide. It also helps in actively reducing the harmful green house gases.

No maintenance: The solar inverter does not require proper maintenance. Once the system is installed, it does not need recurring cost (Reno, Broderick and Grijalva 2013). More number of solar panels can be added if the energy consumption increases.

 It is analyzed that solar inverter helps in optimizing the energy consumption and helps in using renewable source of energy. It is very much important to follow some of the steps described below in order to increase the efficiency of the system much more after implementation.

Increase efficiency: Before implementing the solar inverter, it is very much important to see the optimization of energy provided by the system. All the conventional equipment in the home must be checked properly in order to make the system much more efficient (Wang et al. 2014). This is little bit costly, but it helps in providing much more efficiency by reducing the energy consumption.

Space must be checked: It is very much important to check the space in your home before implementing the solar inverter. The solar panel must be implemented in the south so that the panels can receive sunlight for the whole day. The efficiency is dependent on the installer, system design as well as on the space availability.

Measure of electricity: A solar panel of 3000Wp can helps in providing 8000 Watts of power by subtracting various types of inefficiencies. With the help of a single solar panel, a user can power all fans as well as lights (Lefevre, Degrenne and Mollov 2014).Therefore, the solar panels must place as per the electricity bill of the user or by measuring the needs of power in a home on a daily basis.

Serving and maintenance: The solar panel that is used in solar inverter has a life span of 25 years. It does not contain any moving parts, and as a result, they do not require maintenance in 25 years. Therefore, while buying the products, it is very much important to have reliable equipment from certified suppliers. This helps in minimizing the chances of maintenance much more.

Methodology

 The solar inverter is created in the home with the help of various resources, which includes a microcontroller, power supply, display, solar panel and lead acid battery.  It is created by placing the solar panel on the roof of the home. The implementation of the solar inverter is very much advantageous as it utilizes solar energy, which is a renewable source of energy. The renewable source of energy is converted into alternating current for utilizing it in various home appliances (Reno, Broderick and Grijalva 2013).  Solar inverters are very much efficient, and as a result, it helps in optimizing various energy consumptions. It is analyzed that operating the inverter with the help of solar energy not only saves money but also helps in saving the non-renewable source of energy. The solar inverter does not require proper maintenance. It is identified that the solar inverters can be made more efficient by utilizing various procedures. Solar panels must be implemented in south direction for better efficiency (Kaatz et al. 2015).  Efficiency is also dependent on the installer, system design as well as on the space availability. Therefore, for better optimization of energy, the solar panel must be implemented properly in a proper direction. 

Conclusion

 It was concluded from the entire assignment that energy management is very much necessary for its appropriate optimization. It is analyzed that the project of "Kilkenny City Lighting" is very much beneficial for Kilkenny city as it helps in providing energy benefits, commercial benefits as well as residential benefits. The project helps in enhancing the business profit of Kilkenny city by providing proper opportunities. A solar inverter is created for the practical implementation of the project. The solar inverter that is created in the home uses solar energy, which is a renewable source of energy, and as a result, the system that is implemented is very much efficient as well as cost-effective. The assignment discusses methodologies, results as well as analysis of the project. It has been analyzed that energy optimization can be enhanced if solar inverters are implemented properly. 

References

Chiu, H.J., Lo, Y.K., Chuang, C.C., Yang, C.Y., Cheng, S.J., Kuo, M.C., Huang, Y.M., Jean, Y.B. and Huang, Y.C., 2014. A module?integrated isolated solar micro?inverter without electrolytic capacitors. International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications, 42(6), pp.572-583.

Gerrard, C.M. and Petley, D.N., 2013. A risk society? Environmental hazards, risk and resilience in the later Middle Ages in Europe. Natural hazards, 69(1), pp.1051-1079.

Gerrard, C.M. and Petley, D.N., 2013. A risk society? Environmental hazards, risk and resilience in the later Middle Ages in Europe. Natural hazards, 69(1), pp.1051-1079.

Han, J., Choi, C.S., Park, W.K., Lee, I. and Kim, S.H., 2014. Smart home energy management system including renewable energy based on ZigBee and PLC. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 60(2), pp.198-202.

Kaatz, G., Grumm, F., Jordan, M. and Schulz, D., 2015, June. Influence of grid-connected solar inverters and mains monitoring systems on the spectral grid impedance. In Nonsinusoidal Currents and Compensation (ISNCC), 2015 International School on (pp. 1-6). IEEE.

Kabeya, Y., Kato, M., Isogawa, A., Takahashi, Y., Matsushita, Y., Goto, A., Iso, H., Inoue, M., Mizoue, T., Tsugane, S. and Kadowaki, T., 2014. Descriptive epidemiology of diabetes prevalence and HbA1c distributions based on a self-reported questionnaire and a health checkup in the JPHC diabetes study. Journal of epidemiology, 24(6), pp.460-468.

Kilkenny-City-Lighting-Projec, (2017). [online] Available at: https://www.seai.ie/Your_Business/Case-Studies/Kilkenny-City-Lighting-Project.pdf [Accessed 5 Mar. 2017].

Lefevre, G., Degrenne, N. and Mollov, S., 2014, August. Thermal management of a low-cost 2kW solar inverter. In Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'14-ECCE Europe), 2014 16th European Conference on (pp. 1-10). IEEE.

Liu, W., Wang, K., Chung, H.S.H. and Chuang, S.T.H., 2015. Modeling and design of series voltage compensator for reduction of DC-link capacitance in grid-tie solar inverter. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 30(5), pp.2534-2548.

Mariappan, B., Fernandes, B.G. and Ramamoorty, M., 2014, October. A novel single-stage solar inverter using hybrid active filter with power quality improvement. In Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2014-40th Annual Conference of the IEEE (pp. 5443-5449). IEEE.

Park, C.K., 2015. Key Layouts of the 5,000 ton'New Scientific Research Vessel of KIOST. Ocean and Polar Research, 37(3), pp.235-247.

Pawliczek, A. and Piszczur, R., 2013. Effect of management systems ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 on enterprises’ awareness of sustainability priorities.

Reno, M.J., Broderick, R.J. and Grijalva, S., 2013, June. Smart inverter capabilities for mitigating over-voltage on distribution systems with high penetrations of PV. In Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2013 IEEE 39th (pp. 3153-3158). IEEE.

Wang, Y., Shi, W.W., Xie, N. and Wang, C.M., 2014. Diode-free T-type three-level neutral-point-clamped inverter for low-voltage renewable energy system. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 61(11), pp.6168-6174.

Wiengarten, F., Pagell, M. and Fynes, B., 2013. ISO 14000 certification and investments in environmental supply chain management practices: identifying differences in motivation and adoption levels between Western European and North American companies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 56, pp.18-28.

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