Get Instant Help From 5000+ Experts For
question

Writing: Get your essay and assignment written from scratch by PhD expert

Rewriting: Paraphrase or rewrite your friend's essay with similar meaning at reduced cost

Editing:Proofread your work by experts and improve grade at Lowest cost

And Improve Your Grades
myassignmenthelp.com
loader
Phone no. Missing!

Enter phone no. to receive critical updates and urgent messages !

Attach file

Error goes here

Files Missing!

Please upload all relevant files for quick & complete assistance.

Guaranteed Higher Grade!
Free Quote
wave

Select a current, significant project under construction, or select a refurbishment of an existing structure in your region. Investigate the various types of materials, structure and methodology used in achieving the end product.

This may be a Multi-level Development or High Density Accommodation, a large Commercial Building such as a Shopping Centre or similar. (Please discuss with the course coordinator the selection of a suitable project you will use as the basis for your report.)

Select any 2 of the 3 Topics listed below and prepare a report which describes, analyses and evaluates those items associated with the construction process. In your discussion clarify or suggest how a Building Surveyor would be involved in any of the processes or items that you have selected and make any recommendations in relation to your project.

  1. Materials
  2. Structure
  3. Methodology (Process / Planning of Construction)

In describing and analysing these items of the project, you are to reflect on your engagement with the learning material, readings and other sources relating to these aspects of The Constructed Environment, viz

Substructure of Yarra One

This report presents analysis of the structure and construction process/planning of Yarra One. Yarra One is a27-storey residentialapartment tower located at 16-22 Claremont Street in South Yarra, Melbourne, Australia. The building comprises of 256 dwellings that will be built over a total area of 37, 500 square meters (four penthouse apartments, 42 3-bedroom apartments, 158 2-bedroom apartments and 52 1-bedroom apartments). The developer of the project is EcoWorld International and it was designed by Fender Katsalidis Architect, an internationally-distinguished and award-winning Australian architecture company. Construction of the project started on July 6, 2018 and is scheduled to be completed in July 2020 (construction duration of 25 months). The project is estimated to cost A$243 million (Khoo, 2018).

Basement

The basement of the building is built from a typical retention system that comprises of engineered pile footings. Pile footing is a type of deep foundation that is driven into the ground to create a steady support for the superstructure that is built on it. Pile footings have the capacity to take higher loads and therefore are suitable for buildings with very heavy concentrated loads like a water tank, bridge or high rise building (Letsois, et al., 2014); (Understand Building Construction, (n.d.)). The engineered piles used in this project are made of precast concrete. Since the building is in an urban area and close to other structures, it is necessary to minimize vibrations when installing piles. For this reason, micropiles are the best for this project. A micropile is constructed by digging a hole of a bigger diameter than that of the pile and depth equal to the length of the pile, pushing or lowering a precast concrete pile into the hole, and then pouring a concrete grout into the gap between the earth and the pile. The substructure is completed by constructing a large concrete slab on top of the concrete piles. Other renowned buildings with this type of basement structure include Shard in London and Burj Khalifa in Dubai (BBC, (n.d.)).

The typical retention structure of the building’s basement was selected by considering several factors such as the location of the building, the type and quantity of loads of the superstructure, the intended function of the building.

The main structure of the atrium comprises of timber frames, natural stone and luxurious greenery. These have been selected to create a warm atmosphere for the atrium where the public and residents can enjoy. The atrium is multipurpose and it features retail spaces, restaurants and cafes where people can meet to shop, dine and relax. The structure of the atrium serves its intended purpose of serving as a pronounced entrance to the tower for residents and also a public space where visitors can sit and enjoy (Hickory Building Innovation, 2018). The atrium exterior of the building is as shown in Figure 1 below.

Atrium Structure of Yarra One

Figure 1: Atrium exterior of Yarra One (Baljak, 2018)

The atrium has an open-air roof that is of timber frame style structure cladded with planter beds as shown in Figure 2 below. The timber frame structure is made up of large wooden posts and beams joined together with decorative joinery. The rich timber veneer carpentry used in the atrium makes the timber frame structure to be strong and have an exceptional visual effect. Other advantages of timber framing are: design flexibility, energy efficiency, lightweight, soundproof, minimal maintenance needs, insulation, versatile (easy to use), and durability (Dalton, 2017); (Timber Home Living, (n.d.)). The timber frame and trusses used have given the atrium an open interior thus providing unlimited options for changing the floor plan to create spaces that suit the intended use of the atrium.

Figure 2: Timber frame style structure of Yarra One (Yarra One, (n.d.))

On top of the atrium is the elliptical tower. The general structure of the tower comprises of the conventional reinforced concrete. Stair and lift cores are built through the structure up to the 27th floor. Pre-cast panels are constructed from reinforced concrete and tilted or lifted into place on the concrete foundation with steel load-bearing framework. Therefore the columns and beams of the building comprise of steel frames cladded with reinforced concrete, that is, steel-concrete frame structure, such as the one shown in Figure 3 below. This structure was selected because of its high strength, flexibility, ease of construction, functionality and durability.

Figure 3: Example of steel-reinforced concrete frame structure (Understand Construction, (n.d.))

The external façade structure of the building’s wall is curtain wall system made up of steel frames in-filled with gleaming curved vision glass that offers a full range of spectacular outdoor views. Curtain walls are non-load bearing meaning that they do not carry roof or floor loads of the building (Vigener & Brown, 2016). The type of curtain wall system used in this project is unitized system. In this system, the curtain wall comprises of large modules that are assembled and glazed off-site and then transported to the site where they are installed onto the building (Sader & Hargrove, 2017). The vertical rails or mullions of the curtain walls are fixed onto the beams or slab, the horizontal rails or transoms are fixed to the mullions, and vision glass panels are fixed on the transoms. The curtain walls of the building also have glass that is balustrading to the balconies. The reasons why curtain walls were selected for this building include: they resist water and air infiltration hence increases energy efficiency of the building, they can be installed in large or small units, they are an affordable alternative for exterior casing of a building, they are lightweight, they save cost in the long run and they provide an attractive exterior for modern buildings. The floors of the building consists of sophisticated chevron parquet flooring.

Structure of the Elliptical Tower

In general, the building comprises of the following structure types: reinforced concrete, light gauge metal, steel frame, concrete pre-cast or tilt-up and wood frame. Reinforced concrete is structural concrete combined with reinforcement such as welded wire mesh or rebar (steel bars). Light-gauge metal is a type of building structure comprising of light gauge metal joists and studs and cladded with metal. Steel frame is a type of building structure comprising of load-bearing frame (joists and studs) made of structural steel. The frame can be cladded with different wall materials such as reinforced concrete, metal panels or masonry. Concrete pre-cast or tilt-up is a type of building structure comprising of pre-cast panels constructed from reinforced concrete and fixed into a foundation with metal (usually steel) load-bearing framework. Wood frame is a type of building structure where wood is used to make load-bearing framework (joists and studs) and cladded with oriented strand board panels or plywood (U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2018). Once completed, the expected structure of the building is as shown in Figure 4 below.

Figure 4: Impression of Yarra One (Yarra One, (n.d.))

This building is being constructed using Hickory Building System (HBS). This is an innovative, technological construction method developed and patented by Hickory, the most innovative builder in Australia. HBS combines both the conventional construction process and modern construction process. The construction process starts with deep excavation followed by a reinforced concrete foundation that comprises of engineered pile footings and a concrete floor. This forms the substructure of the building. The engineered piles are pre-cast meaning they are manufactured offsite while other components of the substructure are created on site. The construction of the foundation follows the typical process of digging pile holes, driving piles into the ground, fixing the reinforcement as per the design drawings, mixing and pouring concrete, and vibrating and/or compacting it accordingly.

Construction of the superstructure starts with building the load bearing columns followed by combined wet areas and then a building façade. Most of the components of the load bearing columns (such as steel frameworks), wet areas (such as integrated bathroom pods) and building façade (such steel frames and glass) as are constructed offsite and then delivered on site for assembling. Therefore most of the superstructure components are manufactured and fitted offsite then transported to the site for final assembly. Once the façade walls have been assembled, the building will be ready for finishing. The finishing usually includes installing elements such as interior walls, fire control systems, plumbing pipes, electrical pipes, lighting fixtures, bathroom fixtures, ceiling panels, telephone wires and mechanical components such as heating & cooling systems, air circulation systems and elevators. The last finishing work is installation of a roof at the top of the building. The green roof is made of reinforced concrete and it is waterproofed.

Façade Structure of the Building Wall

The reasons why this construction process was selected for the project are: it accelerates construction time by up to 50%, it minimizes energy and material waste, it maximizes safety, it maximizes quality of the end product, it reduces cost of construction, it offers more sustainable construction solutions, it minimizes impacts on the environment, residents and neighbouring structures, and it is very flexible.

This building is being constructed using a combination of pre-fabricated or volumetric construction, panelized construction and conventional construction processes. This is a hybrid approach hence there is no single alternative construction process that can be recommended. However, the contractor can consider using pre-cast concrete foundation to speed up construction process of the foundation by capitalizing on off-site construction (The Concrete Centre, (n.d.)). It would also be better to incorporate modern technological tools and techniques such as Building Information Modelling (BIM) and lean construction methods so as to improve efficiency, enhance quality, minimize waste, reduce delivery time, enhance communication, cooperation and collaboration of stakeholders involved in the project, and reduce overall cost of the project.

A building surveyor has a major role to play in this project. Some of the services that a building surveyor can provide in this project include: provide advice on building regulations and property legislation; issue building plans, permits and other regulatory approvals; evaluate the design of the building to determine if it meets the statutory requirements; assess if the building design meets the requirements of people living with disabilities; assess and evaluate building plans and specifications; advice the client on suitable procurement routes; conduct feasibility studies of the building; advice the client on appointment of contractors and subcontractors; monitor, assess and approve ongoing construction works and value them; prepare technical reports; provide advice on the supervision and management of building maintenance; manage multidisciplinary teams and/or projects; provide advice on proposed extensions, improvements and alterations; provide expert witness and education services in case of a legal process (Australian Institute of Building Surveyors, (n.d.)); provide advice on the sustainable construction, environmental impact, fire safety and energy efficiency of the building (Murtagh, et al., 2018); and ensure that the project is completed to schedule and on budget. Therefore it is important for the client of the project to appoint a competent, experienced and certified building surveyor. The building surveyor should also be involved in the project from the very early stages of planning.

Conclusion

Yarra One is a multi-level development project under construction in South Yarra, Melbourne, Australia. The building’s foundation comprises of engineered pile footings; its open-air roof atrium has a sophisticated structure of timber frames, natural stone and luxurious greenery; the elliptical tower comprises of steel frames cladded with reinforced concrete and in-filled with gleaming curved vision glass and refined chevron parquet flooring. The building is being constructed using Hickory Building System, which is a hybrid system combining conventional construction process of foundations where components are constructed onsite and pre-fabricated or volumetric construction and panelized construction where components of the building are manufactured offsite and transported to the site for assembling. The structure and construction process of the building have been selected to reduce wastage, enhance safety during construction, ease construction, reduce construction period, reduce environmental impact of the building throughout its lifecycle, minimize effects of nearby structures during construction, and minimize construction cost. A building surveyor has a very crucial role to play for successful delivery of the project. The building surveyor can handle a broad range of issues including, but not limited to: building plans, approvals and permits, financial feasibility of the project, project schedule, legal affairs, completed works valuation, insurance claims, documentation, environmental and sustainability issues, resource efficiency, project supervision and management, building inspection during and after completion, and issuance of final completion certificate or occupancy permit, etc. Therefore it is important for the client or developer of the project to appoint a knowledgeable, experienced and certified building surveyor. Considering the planning and progress of this project, it can be completed on planned budget and time.

References

Australian Institute of Building Surveyors, (n.d.). Our Role. [Online] Available at: https://aibs.com.au/Public/About_Us/About_The_Institute/Our_Role/Public/Our_Role.aspx?hkey=cb4dadf1-4d18-4ff2-a3dd-2094e9d7a41e[Accessed 14 October 2018].

Baljak, M., 2018. Yarra One Adds to Hickory Group's Plump Workbook. [Online] Available at: https://www.urban.com.au/development/2018/06/27/yarra-one-adds-to-hickory-groups-plump-workbook[Accessed 13 October 2018].

BBC, (n.d.). How do skyscrapers stay up?. [Online] Available at: https://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zqyr9j6[Accessed 13 October 2018].

Dalton, A., 2017. 10 benefits of using timber frame building. [Online] Available at: https://www.buildersmerchantsnews.co.uk/news/fullstory.php/aid/13950/10_benefits_of_using_timber_frame_building.html[Accessed 13 October 2018].

Hickory Building Innovation, 2018. Hickory official head contractor on Yarra One project. [Online] Available at: https://www.hickory.com.au/news/hickory-news-updates/hickory-official-head-contractor-on-yarra-one-project/
[Accessed 13 October 2018].

Khoo, N., 2018. EWI begins Yarra One tower construction. [Online] Available at: https://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/ewi-begins-yarra-one-tower-construction[Accessed 13 October 2018].

Letsois, C., Lagaros, N. & Papadrakakis, M., 2014. Optimum design methodologies for pile foundations in London. Case Studies in Structural Engineering, 2(1), pp. 24-32.

Murtagh, N., Achkar, L. & Roberts, A., 2018. The role of building control surveyors and their power in promoting sustainable construction. Construction Management, 36(7), pp. 363-374.

Sader, R. & Hargrove, C., 2017. The Basics Of Curtain Wall Construction. [Online] Available at: https://facilityexecutive.com/2017/03/the-basics-of-curtain-wall-construction/[Accessed 14 October 2018].

The Concrete Centre, (n.d.). Modern methods of construction (MMC). [Online] Available at: https://www.concretecentre.com/Building-Elements/Frames/Modern-Methods-of-construction-(MMC).aspx[Accessed 14 October 2018].

Timber Home Living, (n.d.). Timber Framing 101: What is a Timber Frame House?. [Online] Available at: https://timberhomeliving.com/articles/article/timber-framing-101[Accessed 13 October 2018].

U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2018. Structure Type Definitions. [Online] Available at: https://www.fema.gov/structure-type-definitions[Accessed 13 October 2018].

Understand Building Construction, (n.d.). Pile Foundations. [Online] Available at: https://www.understandconstruction.com/pile-foundations.html[Accessed 13 October 2018].

Understand Construction, (n.d.). Concrete Frame Structures. [Online] Available at: https://www.understandconstruction.com/concrete-frame-structures.html[Accessed 14 October 2018].

Vigener, N. & Brown, M., 2016. Curtain Walls. [Online] Available at: https://www.wbdg.org/guides-specifications/building-envelope-design-guide/fenestration-systems/curtain-walls[Accessed 13 October 2018].

Yarra One, (n.d.). Design. [Online] Available at: https://yarraone.com.au/design[Accessed 13 October 2018].

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2020). Structure And Construction Process Of Yarra One. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/abb001-bachelor-of-the-built-environment/analysis-of-yarra-one-project.html.

"Structure And Construction Process Of Yarra One." My Assignment Help, 2020, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/abb001-bachelor-of-the-built-environment/analysis-of-yarra-one-project.html.

My Assignment Help (2020) Structure And Construction Process Of Yarra One [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/abb001-bachelor-of-the-built-environment/analysis-of-yarra-one-project.html
[Accessed 23 June 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Structure And Construction Process Of Yarra One' (My Assignment Help, 2020) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/abb001-bachelor-of-the-built-environment/analysis-of-yarra-one-project.html> accessed 23 June 2024.

My Assignment Help. Structure And Construction Process Of Yarra One [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2020 [cited 23 June 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/abb001-bachelor-of-the-built-environment/analysis-of-yarra-one-project.html.

Get instant help from 5000+ experts for
question

Writing: Get your essay and assignment written from scratch by PhD expert

Rewriting: Paraphrase or rewrite your friend's essay with similar meaning at reduced cost

Editing: Proofread your work by experts and improve grade at Lowest cost

loader
250 words
Phone no. Missing!

Enter phone no. to receive critical updates and urgent messages !

Attach file

Error goes here

Files Missing!

Please upload all relevant files for quick & complete assistance.

Plagiarism checker
Verify originality of an essay
essay
Generate unique essays in a jiffy
Plagiarism checker
Cite sources with ease
support
Whatsapp
callback
sales
sales chat
Whatsapp
callback
sales chat
close