Discuss About The Australian Vocational Education Training.
Vocational Education and Training is the part of the tertiary education and training that provides the accredited training in the jobs related as well as technical skills (Atkinson, 2016). It covers a wide range of trainings which covers numerous careers and industries such as trades, retail, hospitality and technology (Atkinson, 2016). The definition as well as the provision of VET has varied substantially across the countries. The VET system usually ranges from the regulated structures, where they are highly fragmented and apprenticeships have a legally defined identity.
In Australia there has been an increase in emphasis upon the employees’ skills at and for the work. The workers training have assumed a growth in the significance which is part of the employment relationship (Billett, Choy, Dymock, Smith, Henderson, Tyler and Kelly, 2015). This kind of the training has become a highly contested matter in the workplace. How the organization respond on the demands and the challenges has become a matter of interest. Organizations in Australia are engaging in employee education has been a growing significance which is an important aspects to the workplace. In this essay it will discuss on the two interest which the Australian employers have the provision of the VET. Additionally it would discuss the challenges the employers encounter when they are engaging to the VET sector.
The employers have the interest in the VET since it would provide the workers with great opportunity to acquire different skills and this would enhance on the economic growth to the country (Ferns, Russell and Kay, 2016). Through VET they could attain greater utilization of the skills. There has been significant evidence which shows that many individuals existing and recently acquired skills are underutilized. When individuals are involved in VET they gain significantly high levels of the skills (Shaw and Blake, 2016). Among them there would be technicians, managers as well as the trade individuals (Ferns, Russell and Kay, 2016). The sector would have new workers in the new occupations which are related to the environment, sustainability as well as emerging technologies (Ferns, Russell and Kay, 2016). The workers which the employers will hire will have acquired core foundations skills which are crucial to entering and retaining a meaningful employment (Ferns, Russell and Kay, 2016). The keen interest to the employers is the increased workforces who have a higher skill levels which would have a positive effect to the regions in the country and their contribution to the economy as a whole (Sheldon and Thornthwaite, 2005). On the part of the employers through the skilled workers they would help to achieve a high level of the social inclusion which Australia aspires as a fair, and a prosperous society.
Interests of Australian Employers in VET
The employers have a keen interest to VET since it establishes a stronger foundation for the future. With the latest introduction of the Ministerial Council for the Tertiary training and Employment indicators to all the government backing there could be more coherent and integrated method to the tertiary education along with a better links to VET (Griffin, 2017). In the foundation for future skills Australia has supported on the development of the VET market via the increased competition that is a means to stimulate on the demand for the skills (Shaw and Blake, 2016). Balancing on the needs and the interests of people, the employers as well as industry are the central theme when it comes to the market reforms (Shaw and Blake, 2016). There is risk to the skills gap taking place to the vital areas as well as the industry needs to be assured to meet the needs (Simons and Harris, 2014). The employers are more interested in the VET since they want to ensure that they provide skills which would be crucial and would help the organization in the future (Simons and Harris, 2014). Every organization wants their workers to be equipped with the necessary skills that would be crucial to the business need considering there are rapid changes take place each day. These individuals would be equipped to handle any changes when they occur. Therefore, they are focused in VET which would be a foundation for the future workers (Wheelahan, 2015).
The resourcing as well as related issues presents a challenge to the employers who are engaging in VET. Allen Consulting group ( 2006), in a survey they carried out to more than five hundred workers they found out that one of the major challenges to the employers to engage in the VET was that of accommodating it around the demands of the work (Wheelahan, 2015). There was also another challenge which was insufficient financial incentives from the employers (Smith, Pickersgill, Rushbrook and Smith, 2005). When it comes to co-financing arrangements all the costs are usually shared between the state, employer and the individuals (Simons and Harris, 2014). such co-sharing might differ among the countries and it could vary over time especially in Australia according to the economic context variables to more state subsidies particularly during the recession for instance in the form of the premium firms (Smith, Pickersgill, Rushbrook and Smith, 2005).
The part of the challenge to the employer is getting the appropriate information in regards to the kind of training which would be the most suitable to the businesses and at the same time keeping up with the training market (Simons and Harris, 2014). The kind of information to which the employers value in making training decisions includes the return on the investment for a given kind of the VET training as well as the information on the training providers who would offer the training based on the needs of the organizations.
Challenges of Engagement with the VET Sector
According to the Smith et. el (2005), in a study which focused on the use of the nationally recognized training by the organization to their current employees, identified that organization perceived that VET system were complex and at the same time jargon-hidden. This perception evades on all the business sizes, although it is more prevalent to the small and the medium sized organization in Australia (Simons and Harris, 2014). One of the crucial determinants when it comes to understanding on the formal VET system is whether the organizations in Australia have any worker who has formal responsibilities for the training.
Small proportion of the employers was not engaging to the VET since they were dissatisfied with the content of training or perhaps the training providers (Hodge, 2016). VET training packages might not otter all the skills which are believed to be required or the training might not attune to the requirements of the industry. Some of the training such as the retail training was more generic for their needs and sometimes the training providers were unwilling to tailor such kind of programs (Simons and Harris, 2014). VET training entails a highly relevant skills classification levels which are based on the competency standards of a given sector.
In this essay, it would focus on two interests that Australian employers have in the provision of Vocational Education Training (VET). Additionally, it would focus on two challenges that employers face whenever engaging with the VET sector. The essay has pointed out that to meet the labor market in addition to the fiscal challenge; Australia is going to require more individuals who have considerably enhancing on the foundation and higher levels of the skills. The skills need to be applied to the workplace to be able to improve Australia lagging productivity in addition to innovation levels. To make certain that the VET sector could possibly deliver the right skills and avoid shortages of skills there is need to co-ordinate action on the skills strategies to the specialized occupations.
Atkinson, G., 2016. Work-Based Learning and Work-Integrated Learning: Fostering Engagement with Employers. National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER).
Billett, S., Choy, S., Dymock, D., Smith, R., Henderson, A., Tyler, M. and Kelly, A., 2015. Towards More Effective Continuing Education and Training for Australian Workers. National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER).
Ferns, S., Russell, L. and Kay, J., 2016. Enhancing industry engagement with work-integrated learning: Capacity building for industry partners. Asia-Pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, 17(4), pp.363-375.
Griffin, T., 2017. Are we all speaking the same language? Understanding ‘quality’in the VET sector.
Hodge, S., 2016. Alienating curriculum work in Australian vocational education and training. Critical Studies in Education, 57(2), pp.143-159.
Shaw, A.J., Shaw, K.J. and Blake, S., 2016. Examining barriers to internationalisation created by diverse systems and structures in vocational education and training. Intenational Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training (IJRVET), 3(2), pp.88-105.
Sheldon, P. and Thornthwaite, L., 2005. Employability skills and vocational education and training policy in Australia: An analysis of employer association agendas. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 43(3), pp.404-425.
Simons, M. and Harris, R., 2014. To engage or not to engage: what can the national VET system offer enterprises?. In Workforce Development (pp. 303-325). Springer, Singapore.
Smith, E., Pickersgill, R., Rushbrook, P. and Smith, A., 2005. Enterprises' commitment to nationally recognised training for existing workers.
Wheelahan, L., 2015. The future of Australian vocational education qualifications depends on a new social settlement. Journal of Education and Work, 28(2), pp.126-146.
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