1: The article is containing the key ideas for the manger in order to make them effective managers. In the global environment it is required that managers should be more effective towards understanding practical needs. Hence it is important to provide better managing education, politics and health care which would solve many societal problems. Effectiveness of management, management realities and applications of management are the key concept covered in this article. Here challenges occurred in front of management are discussed and also offered suggestions on it. Management is nothing but require getting things done by others. The suggestions given about what an effective manager can do is, he or she needs to understand psychology and sociology, also needs to be expert on abuse of drugs or alcohol as well as need to know local, federal and state laws (Maxwell, 2002). The articles also explain the tougher functions of managers and it would also help to understand the realities of management. The organizations are facing two most common management problems and that are preferring processes over people and poor managers. The tough roles managers have to perform and listed in article are:
- Selection of human resources which is important for personal growth
- Manage staffing
- To understand realities of diversity
- To maintain balance between rewards, rules and standard operating procedures
- To motivate the employees
- Managing organizations business internationally
- Managing team work
Above are functions are important for managers point of view to manage the organization effectively.
2: Above we discuss the important ideas covered in the article. The article is totally based on the management skills and the function managers have to perform effectively. The problems the managers have to face in their job and what may be the solutions provided on it to perform effective management. All points stated above are important in terms of handling effective management and among those we will discuss importance of two points regarding the organizational management.
Manage staffing: It is important that manager should surround with an inner core which complements their leadership. For an effective manger it is essential to select and retain best people into their organization to increase performance. It is manager’s responsibility to make an organization so that people really want to work with them, to select the qualified and right candidate for right place (Fayol, 1949). Though organization have enough well qualified and hardworking staff but guidance and rewards is very much important to maintain their commitment towards the organization. Good people will stay only if they find link between their performance and salary, if they will get opportunities of growth and enhancement, if authorities recognize their work and give importance to their work, expectations from the staff should be clear and realistic so that they can show their knowledge and talent.
Managing organizations business internationally: Globalization is part of business in this century and when it comes to doing business globally, organizations should require that level manager with appropriate skills because they need to interact with people from different cultures and different countries. The article provides fundamental management-interpersonal skills to develop international management intellect such as managers should be able to establish credibility because with arrogance future business relationship does not work, need to evaluate people instead of just offending them, important to know about strategic mindset because they are different from culture to culture.
3: Today’s business environment is becoming much global and competitive as compare to the business environment few decade backs. Hence organizations require more effective managers to run their organization and get competitive advantage over rival by showing extraordinary performance. This article assist me by discussing the challenges managers have to face, discuss suggestions over that and also explains tougher roles managers have to play. When it comes to incorporating the two points I mentioned above in my working, I will use the above discussion as a guidance to manage my work. When it come to managing the people in the organization one thing I follow the most is motivating the employees and satisfying them from the current job, because only motivated and satisfied employees are more committed towards their organization. It is important to retain the talented worker and to do so rewarding, appreciating and recognizing is key valued. I think managers ability is not being judge on what he achieved personally on his own basis but it is judged by how his team and his organization doing. Another thing I learn and follow in my working is to manage an international business attitude is most important than experience. If I adopt a winning attitude with self confidence I can attend the clients and people coming from other background, other culture and countries very well. To spread organizations business internationally I will require tremendous momentum, I need to know negotiating techniques as it is different culture wise. My first step for handling international business is to know the things that I don’t know then I have to read, study and focus to learn and then will use those things in professional life non-judgmentally.
4: The article includes the concepts and finding of other author’s articles based on the management concepts one of which is ‘A hard look at the soft practice of managing and management development’ by researcher and professor Henry Mintzberg. This article discuss that the management practice is characterized by ambiguity, which leaves the manager with messy stuff. The terms like experience, intuition, and judgment are most commonly used in the management studies and it become management easy fundamentally. The Mintzberg article also explain the mindset followed by managers or leaders and that is first managing themselves, secondly managing the organization, then to manage the context and lastly have to manage collaboration and change (Mintzberg, 2004).
5: The article tries to show the reality of current professional managers and the difficulties they are facing during their management functions. The article explains the things so that managers can improve their skills and can minimize their weakness and proceed towards becoming top organizational leader. People starts their job by supervising or by leading a team and then their journey starts towards becoming high level manager only on the basis of their extraordinary performance (Eilon, 1979). That what the things explained in the article which are all realistic examples. For example it talks about the staffing qualities of managers. When managers keep people on track, then only they can move towards innovative future (Manfred, 2003). This article helps to know the level of leadership quality and guide to perform them for becoming effective managers. It helps to make difference between the realistic things have to face in organization and hypes. It all knows that self understanding and learning about others and about the situations is key to development of effective managers. This article also explain the realistic example, as Sergio Marchionne, CEO of Fiat and Chrysler, discussed about the often-dysfunctional auto industry and also made key point on reality over hype. This article assist by discussing the challenges managers have to face, discuss suggestions over that and also explains tougher roles managers have to play. When it comes to incorporating the points mentioned above in day to day professional working the discussion given in article can be used as guidance.
6: This article primarily includes descriptive theories which explain the fact about controlling and handling people in order to handle common goal within an organization. These articles provide tested theories and some practical applications are shown. I will discuss here the advance on theories covered in this article and it is goal setting and motivation theory. Locke’s pioneer research on this and it gave us modern understanding of goal setting. The articles published on 1968 named ‘Towards a theory of Task motivation’ discussed the about how clear goal setting and feedback given on employees work motivate them and encourage them to make more efforts and it is the key ability of a manager. It is explained in the theory that working for and towards the goal is also one of the kind of motivation and it also help to improve performance.
The theory also explained in detail that talented people will work longer in organization only if they get proper salary as a result of their high performance and work, if they will get opportunities of growth and enhancement, if authorities recognize their work and give importance to their work, expectations from the staff should be clear and realistic so that they can show their knowledge and talent. It is responsibility of a manager that he or she can make an organization so that people really want to work with them and other thing is they have to select the qualified and right candidate for right place. Though organization have enough well qualified and hardworking staff but guidance and rewards is very much important to maintain their commitment towards the organization.
Maxwell, J. C. (2002) Leadership 101: What every leaders needs to know. Nashvillie , TN: Thomas Nelson.
Fayol, H. (1949). General and Industrial Management. New York: Pitman Publishing. pp. 107–109
Eilon, S. (1979). Management control. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.
Manfred F. R.(2003) Kets de Vries The Dark Side of Leadership - Business Strategy Review 14(3), Autumn Page 26
Mintzberg H. (2004) Managers not MBAs: ‘A hard look at the soft practice of managing and management development’ San Francisco: BK Publisher, Inc.